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It may be stated quite definitely that labour is doing With regard to trainees, the agreement made with the well on this scheme. The average number of bricks Labour and Trades Council was that one trainee to laid per man per day has steadily increased, and although seven skilled operatives would be accepted, and trainees when bricklaying was commenced a very inferior class are slowly being drafted on to the work, where they are of brick was supplied, causing a certain amount of unrest, being treated sympathetically by the labour. the output was constantly good, when this was remedied. As to improvers, they are being brought on to the site
At present six tilers and three tilers' mates, and two by the skilled operatives who know men who can answer slaters and two slaters' mates are working on the sites, to the term “improver," and they work upon the job the aim being to keep them constantly employed as the under the conditions laid down by the Labour and roofs are battened ready for their work.
Trades Council, viz., that they shall have some knowledge The relations between the Office of Works and the of the use of tools and that their number shall not exceed Borough Council and the Trades and Labour Council are the ratio of one in seven. of the most cordial nature. The Office of Works' Labour The difficulty with regard to apprentices has been to Officer attends meetings of the Trades Council and hears indenture them for the period of their apprenticeship, all grievances at those meetings, and acts in conjunction the natural fear of the Labour and Trades Council being
with their officers and also with the manager of the that apprentices might be taken on for one job only and Employment Exchange. The local feeling between the afterwards would be turned on to the trade as inunion officials and the manager of the Employment complete workmen. · Exchange is excellent, and has proved very helpful
Materials and Transport. throughout the progress of the work.
One of the most convincing signs of satisfaction with Materials are obtained so far as possible through the the job is that practically no labour has left the site Director of Building Materials Supply, and where that since its first engagement, with the exception of a very source fails materials are bought directly by the few men dismissed for inefficiency, etc. Further, the Department. For small orders, to prevent delay in the Labour and Trades Council have agreed with the Office work, the Chief Clerk of Works may place direct orders of Works to the principle of dilution of the skilled with local merchants, forwarding a covering order to operatives by utilising trainees and improvers who are the Department with particulars of his action. disabled ex-soldiers, and also, under certain conditions, Haulage for the whole of the sites is carried out by apprentices.
contract; stock bricks being used on the Hawkslade Road and Lanbury Road sites, to the number of 30,000 entirely responsible for the purchase of material, the per day, are brought by barge to Peckham High Street control of the site staff and a system of costing. wharf and thence by motor-lorry to the sites. Fletton The system of costing is under the skilled Quantity bricks for the Casino House site are delivered by rail Surveyors of the Office of Works, and full data as to and by motor-lorry from Herne Hill station. All the costing can be given at the end of the job. roads leading to the sites are hilly, and the cost of The site is under the control of a principal clerk of haulage is somewhat high. Motor-lorries capable of works, with assistant clerks of works under him, and hauling from 3,500 to 4,000 bricks per journey cost also a general foreman and sub-foremen and leading £5 10s. per day, while cart and horse haulage for 600 hands, plus the necessary timekeepers. bricks per journey works out at roughly 28s. to 30s. Materials are requisitioned from the sites through the per day.
general foremen, and headquarters send covering orders
in respect of all material ordered to the chief clerk of Joinery.
works. All materials are checked by qualified material It was proposed at one time to sub-let work such as checkers, and the accounts passed through the checkers joinery, slating, tiling, plumbing, etc., but the Labour to the general office, and passed on by the chief clerk of and Trades Council gave a definite undertaking that works to the measuring surveyors at the head office, they would supply first-rate labour for executing this who in turn transmit them for payment. work if it was undertaken by direct administration, and The local costing on the site for labour is forwarded this work is also proceeding efficiently and economically by the leading hands to the general foreman, who
transmits to the costing clerk. The joinery work has all been manufactured in the borough, the Borough Council giving accommodation at
With regard to wages and timekeeping, the time-sheets their Grove Vale Depot at an agreed charge of 2 per
are prepared and sent by the timekeepers through the cent. on the capital cost of the joinery. This charge general site office to the Finance Division at headincludes the use of shops, storage, power, light and quarters, the wages being paid to the sites from the machinery, with the exception of small extra machinery general office. obtained to give the necessary output. At the moment, Conclusion, there are 29 joiners and machinists and nine labourers at the depot.' Sufficient costing has already been taken
The Housing Committee of the Borough Council take of the joinery to show that it is working out economically,
the liveliest interest in the scheme, and visit the whole while the standard is very satisfactory.
of the sites at regular intervals.
It is anticipated that the majority of the houses will Organisation.
be all roofed in before the winter, and that houses will It was made clear to the Labour and Trades Council
be ready for occupation within a month's time. in the beginning that the organisation of the work must
There can be no question that by the execution of this
work by direct administration with sympathetic help rest with His Majesty's Office of Works, but an under
from labour the progress is excellent, and the scheme taking was given to the Labour and Trades Council that
will be economical and rapid in execution. The standard all costs of administration and supervision, which should
of building is very good throughout, but it must always not exceed 5 per cent. of the total, and will be below this, would be kept separately and the figures would
be recognised that direct labour work requires the closest
knowledge of organisation and the most careful superbe open for their inspection at any time.
vision and control. This is now recognised by labour The organisation of the work is upon a very simple in the borough, and in no case is that supervision and basis, the Headquarters Staff of the Office of Works being control resented by them.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH (Miscellaneous Provisions) BILL. ON
N 16th August, the Minister of Health introduced
in the House of Commons a Bill covering a
number of subjects. Part I of the Bill, relating to Housing, is reprinted below, together with a number of clauses from Part II, which are of interest from a housing standpoint.
Provided that the term for which a house may be hired under this section shall be not less than twelve months and shall not extend beyond the twenty-fifth day of December, nineteen hundred and twenty-three.
(2) The provisions set out in the First Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the compulsory hiring of houses under this section. Amendment of s. 1 of 9 & 10 Geo. 5. c. 99.
2. Subsection (2) of section one of the Housing (Additional Powers) Act, 1919 (which prescribes the conditions under which grants may be made to persons constructing houses), shall have effect as though two years were therein substituted for twelve months. Amendment of s. 5 of 9 & 10 Geo. 5. c. 99.
3. Section five of the Housing (Additional Powers) Act, 1919 (which gives power to local authorities to prohibit building operations which interfere with the provision of dwelling houses), shall be amended as follows :(1) The powers and duties of a local authority under the
said section may, subject to such terms and conditions as may be imposed by the authority, be exercised and performed by a committee appointed by the
authority out of their own number: (2) For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of the
said section, either generally or in any special case, any local authorities having powers under the said section may appoint a joint committee consisting of
members of their own bodies or otherwise act jointly in any manner, and where any local authorities so appoint a joint committee the said section shall have effect as though the areas of those authorities were a single area and as though the joint committee were
the local authority for that area : (3) Where the Minister of Health (in this Act referred to
as “the Minister ") is satisfied that the provision of dwelling accommodation within the area of a local authority is or is likely to be hindered
(a) by reason of the construction in the area of some other authority of buildings of less public importance than the provision of dwelling accommodation; or
(6) by reason of the failure of the local authority to make adequate use in their area of their powers
under the said section ; the Minister may make such order as he thinks proper in the circumstances of the case for prohibiting or restricting the construction of works or buildings in
the area in question : (4) The tribunal to which appeals under subsection (2) of
the said section are to be referred by the Minister shall, instead of being a standing tribunal consisting of five persons to be appointed by the Minister, be constituted as follows:
(a) The Minister shall constitute a panel of persons to act as chairmen of the tribunal and a panel of persons to act as ordinary members of the tribunal ;
(6) The tribunal shall consist of one person selected by the Minister from the panel of chairmen and not less than two persons selected by the Minister from the panel of ordinary members ;
(c) The tribunal shall sit in such number of divisions as the Minister may from time to time
determine : (5) The costs of an appeal under subsection (2) of the
said section shall be in the discretion of the tribunal hearing the appeal, and the tribunal may direct to whom, by whom, and in what manner those costs or any part thereof are to be paid, and may settle the amount of the costs to be so paid or any part thereof.
An order of the tribunal for payment of costs may by leave of the High Court be enforced in the same manner as an order of that Court, or if the amount thereof does not exceed fifty pounds, may
be recovered summarily as a civil debt : (6) The following shall be substituted for subsection (3) of the said section :
(3) An order made by a local authority under this section shall have effect as from the date specified in the order in that behalf, but any person who is aggrieved by and has appealed against the order may apply to the tribunal of appeal, and the tribunal may, on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit, suspend the operation of the order pending the determination of the appeal or for
such shorter period as it thinks fit." Execution of works, etc., by local authorities outside their own
districts in connection with housing schemes and otherwise. 4.-(1) Where a housing scheme approved under section one of the Housing, Town Planning, &c. Act, 1919, is being carried into effect by a local authority outside their own district, that authority shall, subject to the approval of the Minister, have power(a) to execute any works which are necessary for the
purposes of, or are incidental to the carrying out of, the scheme, and to enter into agreements with the councils of any counties or districts in which the scheme is being carried out as to the terms and conditions on
which any such works are to be executed : (b) to borrow money for the purpose of defraying any
expenses (including interest payable in respect of money borrowed under this section) incurred by the local authority in connection with any such works
as aforesaid : (c) to advance to any such council as aforesaid such sums
as may by reason of any agreement made under this section be required by that council in connection with the construction by the council of any such works as aforesaid.
(2) The council of any county or district in the area in which a scheme is being carried out as aforesaid shall have power, with the approval of the Minister, to borrow money for the purposes of any agreement entered into by the council under this section. Extension of s. 7 (2) of 9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 99.
5. The power conferred on the Minister by subsection (2) of section seven of the Housing (Additional Powers) Act, 1919, of imposing by general or special order conditions with regard to the raising by a county council of money lent by the council to a local authority within their area for the purposes of the Housing Acts, 1890 to 1919, shall be deemed to include and always to have included a power to impose conditions with respect to the borrowing by a local authority from a county council of money so raised. Power to provide houses for employees of local authorities.
6.---(1) Any local authority may, with the approval of the Minister, provide houses for persons employed by them (including in the case of a local authority being a local education authority, persons who are teachers in schools maintained but not provided by the authority), and for that purpose may be authorised to acquire land in like manner a local authority may be authorised to acquire land for the purposes of Part III of the Housing of the Working Classes Act, 1890.
(2) Any expenses incurred by a local authority under this section shall be paid out of the rate or fund out of which are paid the wages or salaries of the persons for whom the houses are provided.
(3) A local authority shall have power, with the approval of the Minister, to borrow money for the purposes of this section and the maximum period for repayment shall, as respects money so borrowed, be eighty years.
(4) In this section the expression " local authority” means any authority having power to levy a rate within the meaning of the Local Loans Act, 1875, and includes a joint hospital board constituted under the Public Health Act, 1875, and a committee constituted under the Isolation Hospitals Acts, 1893 and 1901.
MISCELLANEOUS. Rate of interest on certain advances and expenses. . The rate of interest on advances under section one of the Small Dwellings Acquisition Act, 1899, and on any expenses recoverable by a local authority under section two hundred and fifty-seven of the Public Health Act, 1875, or under section fourteen of the Private Street Works Act, 1892, or incurred by a local authority under section twenty-eight of the Housing, Town Planning, &c., Act, 1919, shall be such rate as the Minister may from time to time by order direct. Amendment of ss. 61 and 285 of 38 & 39 Vict. c. 55.
8. Section sixty-one of the Public Health Act, 1875, (which empowers a local authority to supply water to an authority of an adjoining district), and section two hundred and eighty-five of that Act (which empowers a local authority to execute works in an adjoining district), shall have effect as though the words
other district were therein substituted for the words “ adjoin. ing district
wherever those words occur in those sections. Expenses in connection with associations of local authorities and
in connection with meetings, conferences, etc. 17.--(1) Subject as hereinafter provided, a local authority may pay out of such fund or rate as the Minister may direct(a) any reasonable subscriptions, whether annual or other
wise, to the funds of any association or institution formed for the purpose of assisting local authorities in the exercise of their powers or the performance of their duties, including any industrial council established by or with the approval of the Minister
of Labour ; and (0) any reasonable expenses incurred by the local authority
in connection with meetings or conferences held by any such association or institution as aforesaid and any expenses incurred by a local authority with the approval of the Minister in connection with any meetings or conferences held for the purpose of discussing any matters connected with the powers and duties of local authorities, including the expenses of persons attending the meetings or conferences as representatives of the local authority, and the expenses of purchasing the reports of the proceedings of any such association, institution, conference or meeting; and
(c) any expenses incurred by members of the local authority Purchase and appropriation of land. or of'any committee thereof in travelling to and
23.-(1) The council of a county or a metropolitan borough from meetings of the authority or committee, and
may, subject to the approval of the Minister, appropriate for a subsistence allowance to any such members attending any such meeting, subject in either case
any purpose for which they may be authoriesd to acquire land to regulations made by the Minister and in
any land acquired by the council for some other purpose and accordance with a scale approved by him :
not required for that purpose :
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to the Provided that
appropriation of any land for educational purposes or to the (i) no payment shall be made in respect of any of the matters appropriation of land acquired for educational purposes for any specified in paragraphs (a) and (6) aforesaid, unless- other purposes, or effect the operation of any enactment relating (1) the expenditure has been specially authorised
to any such appropriation. or ratified by a resolution passed at a meeting of the
(2) Section ninety-five of the Public Health Acts Amendment authority held after special notice has been given to
Act, 1907 (which makes provision with respect to the purchase the members of the authority of the proposal to
and appropriation of land by certain local authorities), shall authorise or ratify the expenditure :
extend and apply to every district in England and Wales to
which it has not been applied by an order made under section (2) the association or institution is an association three of that Act as if had been so applied. or institution which has been previously approved by the Minister for the purposes of this section, and in Short title, extent, and repeal. the case of an association of local authorities, is an association which in the opinion of the Minister
26.-(1) This Act may be cited as the Ministry of Health
(Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1920.
(2) This Act shall not apply to Scotland.
(3) The enactments specified in the Second Schedule to this aforesaid, the meeting or conference has been previously
Act are hereby repealed to the extent mentioned in the third
column of that Schedule.
BY LOCAL AUTHORITIES.
1. Where a local authority propose to hire a house compulsorily (iii) a subsistence allowance shall not be paid unless the member,
under this Act they may make an order for the purpose in the by reason of attending the meeting, is obliged to be
prescribed form. absent for more than six hours from his ordinary place
2. The order shall be published, and notice thereof shall bo of abode, and the amount of the allowance shall not
given to the owner of the house, in the prescribed manner. exceed a sum sufficient to meet such actual expenses
3. The order shall be submitted to the Minister and shall be of as ought reasonably to be incurred by the member. no effect until it has been confirmed by him, and confirmation
by the Minister shall be conclusive evidence that the requirements (2) Any approval given by the Minister or Board of Education
of this Act have been complied with, and that the order has been under this section may be withdrawn at any time by the Minister or the Board, as the case may be.
duly published and made and is within the powers of this Act.
4. No compensation otherwise than by way of rent shall be (3) Nothing in this section shall affect the provisions of the
payable in respect of the house compulsorily hired and in County Councils Association (Expenses) Act, 1890, the Poor determining the amount of the rent no additional allowance Law Unions Association (Expenses) Act, 1898, or the County shall be made on account of the hiring being compulsory. Councils' Association Expenses (Amendment) Act, 1920, or
5. The local authority shall be entitled to enter into possession authorise any payment in respect of any matter in respect of
of the house as soon as the order has been confirmed by the which a payment may be made under those Acts. (4) In this section the expression “local authority
Minister, notwithstanding that the amount of the rent has not
been determined. any authority having power to levy a rate within the meaning of the Local Loans Act, 1875.
6. In default of agreement as to the amount of rent to be paid
by the local authority, or as to the other terms of the tenancy, Power of trustees to invest in county council mortgages.
the amount of the rent or the other terms shall be fixed by an
official arbitrator appointed under the Acquisition of Land 19. Section one of the Trustee Act, 1893, (which specifies
(Assessment of Compensation) Act, 1919, and the provisions the securities in which trust funds may be invested), shall have of that Act shall apply for the purpose, subject to the prescribed effect as though there were included therein mortgages granted modifications. after the passing of this Act by a county council under the authority of any Act or Provisional Order and secured on the
7. In fixing the amount of rent to be paid regard shall be had
to any sums which may have been, or may require to be, spent by county fund or on any revenues or any part of any revenues of the council.
the local authority in putting the house into a condition reasonably
fit for human habitation. Sanction of contributions by officers of a local authority to
8. Where the amount which was originally estimated as authority's loans.
sufficient to put the house into a state reasonably fit for human 20. Notwithstanding anything in section one hundred and
habitation subsequently appears to the local authority not to be ninety-three of the Public Health Act, 1875, or in any other
sufficient for that purpose, the local authority may with the enactment prohibiting any officer or servant of a local authority
consent of the Minister apply to have the rent payable reassessed from being concerned or interested in any bargain or contract
by the official arbitrator. made with that authority, no officer or servant of a local
9. In this schedule the expression "prescribed ” means
owner authority shall be incapable of holding any office or employment prescribed by the Minister, and the expression under that Act or otherwise, or be liable to any penalty. by
any person who would at any time during the term for which reason only of his having, whether before or after the passing
the house is compulsorily hired have been entitled to the of this Act, lent any money to that authority on any mortgage
possession thereof if the house had not been so hired. or other security.
SECOND SCHEDULE. Subscription by local authorities to local savings committees.
ENACTMENTS REPEALED. 21. A local authority may, subject to the approval of the Minister, contribute to the expenses of any local savings committee established for their area, or any part thereof, and any
The Housing, Town Planning, etc., Act, 1919. 9 & 10 Geo. 5. c. 35. sums contributed by a local authority under this section shall In subsections (3) and (4) of section twenty-eight the words be paid out of such fund or rate as the Minister may direct. "at a rate not exceeding five pounds per centum per annum.”
Luxury Building. Mr. Hancock asked the Minister of Health whether the London County Council has exercised the powers given to local authorities by the Housing (Additional Powers) Act relative to the restriction of luxury building; and, if so, whether he will give particulars ?
Dr. Addison : Up to the 31st July the London County Council had issued prohibition orders under Section 5 of the Housing (Additional Powers) Act in respect of 60 buildings, comprising 42 cinemas, eight commercial buildings, three theatres, three clubs, three buildings for billiards and other games, and one music hall.—16th August, 1920.
Direct Labour Schemes. Mr. Lunn asked the Minister of Health whether he will publish in the Official Report a list of the local authorities which have adopted schemes for building by direct labour, together with the number of houses contained in the scheme, and the estimated average cost per house ?
Dr. Addison supplies the following list, in accordance with his answer of 6th July last :
897 1,035 (Not to exceed tendered prices of other contract.) 867/886 839/945
650 (Estimated cost-No
figure fixed.) 848/850
750 1,400 per pair.
987 No tenders. 847
720 No tenders. No tenders.
No. of Houses.
room and three bedrooms.
Parlour, living room and three bedrooms.
1,328 (Including drainage and fences.)
875 (Exclusive of drainage and fences.)
- 16th August, 1920.
Building Operatives. Mr. Kiley asked the Minister of Health whether he will have a Return laid upon the Table of the House showing what proportion of the building operatives of each type is engaged on the building of working-class houses ; and what proportion is engaged on other kinds of building, respectively?
Dr. Addison supplies the following statement of the numbers of skilled operatives in the building trades and of the numbers employed on State-aided housing schemes of local authorities and public utility societies in England and Wales, in accordance with his answer of 4th August last :
*Total Number of men employed in the Building Number employed
Industry or on the on State-aided Occupation. construction of works in Housing Schemes,
January, 1920. 30th June, 1920. Carpenter
7,031 Slater and Tiler
773 These are the latest figures of the numbers of operatives insured against unemployment: they do not include building operatives employed in other industries, e.g., shipbuilding.
† These figures do not include the numbers of operatives employed in the building of working-class houses not included in the schemes of local authorities or public utility societies. — 16th August, 1920.
Rents. Lieut.-Colonel Fremantle asked the Minister of Health if he will make a definite statement of the intention of his Majesty's Government to secure an economic rent at an early date for all State-aided houses, and will emphasise publicly the fact that every concession in building plans or in cost of labour or material will eventually fall on the tenant.
Dr. Addison : It is the intention of the Government to adhere to the regulations which require that after 31st March, 1927, economic rents on the cost of building at that time shall, as far as possible, be obtained. Any alteration in building plans which adds to the cost of building will clearly increase the rent which will require to be paid.
Sir F. Hall : Will the right hon. gentleman say what is an economic rent, and what will be an economic rent ?
Dr. Addison : I must ask for notice of that.—16th August, 1920.
Llantrisant and Llantwit
mum price.) 200 No limiting price 925/975 1,037/1,190
arranged. 200 740
840 No tenders. 1,000 200 750
929 100 1,000 aver.
1,104 &1,130 500
No tenders. 50 800
No tenders. 12
No tenders. 15 800
No tenders. 64 940 1,024
(including increase in
rates, material to current date.)