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"I direct and appoint, that, upon the first Tuesday in Easter Term, a Lecturer be yearly "chosen by the Heads of Colleges only, and by "no others, in the room adjoining to the Printing-House, between the hours of ten in the "morning and two in the afternoon, to preach "eight Divinity Lecture Sermons, the year following, at St. Mary's in Oxford, between the "commencement of the last month in Lent "Term, and the end of the third week in Act "Term.


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"Also I direct and appoint, that the eight “Divinity Lecture Sermons shall be preached upon either of the following Subjects—to con"firm and establish the Christian Faith, and to "confute all heretics and schismatics-upon the "divine authority of the holy Scriptures-upon "the authority of the writings of the primitive "Fathers, as to the faith and practice of the pri"mitive Church-upon the Divinity of our Lord "and Saviour Jesus Christ-upon the Divinity "of the Holy Ghost-upon the Articles of the "Christian Faith, as comprehended in the "Apostles' and Nicene Creeds.


"Also I direct, that thirty copies of the eight "Divinity Lecture Sermons shall be always printed, within two months after they are



"preached, and one copy shall be given to the "Chancellor of the University, and one copy to "the Head of every College, and one copy to "the Mayor of the city of Oxford, and one copy to be put into the Bodleian Library; and "the expence of printing them shall be paid "out of the revenue of the Land or Estates


given for establishing the Divinity Lecture "Sermons; and the Preacher shall not be paid, "nor be entitled to the revenue, before they ❝ are printed.

"Also I direct and appoint, that no person "shall be qualified to preach the Divinity Lec"ture Sermons, unless he hath taken the de66 gree of Master of Arts at least, in one of the "two Universities of Oxford or Cambridge; "and that the same person shall never preach "the Divinity Lecture Sermons twice."


JOHN Xvii. 20, 21.

Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one

in us.

No single precept could have recommended the duty of Unity so forcibly to the hearts and consciences of Christians, as this petition of their Saviour. The thoughts of the blessed Jesus, now ready to offer himself upon the cross, as a sacrifice of atonement for mankind, were wholly occupied in providing for the welfare of those, whom he was about to leave. The last legacy he bequeathed to them, was peace;" the last commandment he issued, that they should b"love one an

a 6

a John xiv. 27.


b John xv. 12.

"other;" the last prayer he uttered on their behalf, that they might be " one." That this prayer should have been unavailing; and that man, for whose benefit it was preferred, should have opposed obstacles, as yet insurmountable to its accomplishment; are facts, to which experience alone could have extorted our assent. Such however is the truth; Christian unity has been hitherto unattainable, because Christians would not be united; and the state of the world, from the Apostolic age to the present time, has constantly verified the melancholy prediction of our Lord, that © he "came not to give peace on earth, but ra❝ther division."

It would be waste of time to prove, that this is no necessary result of Christianity; for the very supposition would involve absurdity, if not blasphemy: it would infer, in direct opposition to the testimony of Scripture, and the dictates of reason, that God is the author of confusion; it would represent the divine Founder of our holy


c Luke xii. 51.

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