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ties and Allowances of Customs, and also by an Act passed in the Session of Parliament holden in the First and Second Years of 1&2 Vict. c. 33. the Reign of Her present Majesty, intituled An Act for granting to Her Majesty, until the Fifth Day of July One thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, certain Duties on Sugar imported into the United Kingdom, for the Service of the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, and by the said Act passed in the 7&8 Vict. c. 28. Session of Parliament holden in the Seventh and Eighth Years of the Reign of Her present Majesty, shall, from and after the Fourteenth Day of March One thousand eight hundred and forty-five, cease and determine; and that in lieu thereof there shall be paid and allowed the following Bounties; (that is to say,)
3&+W. 4. c. 58.
Commissioners of Customs to
provide standard Samples of
White Clayed, &c. Sugar.
Upon Double Refined Sugar, or Sugar equal in £ S. d.
Upon other Refined Sugar, in Loaf, complete and
or being ground or powdered Sugar, pounded
- 0 17
or crashed or broken, for every Hundred Weight 0 14 0 XI. And be it enacted, That the several Duties, Bounties, and Allowances by this Act imposed and allowed shall be under the Management of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs, and shall be ascertained, raised, levied, collected, paid, recovered, allowed, and applied, or appropriated under the Provisions of an Act passed in the Third and Fourth Years of the Reign of His late Majesty King William the Fourth, intituled An Act for granting Duties of Customs, and of another Act passed in the same Year, intituled An Act to grant certain Bounties and Allowances of Customs, and of any other Act or Acts in force relating to the Customs.
XII. And be it enacted, That the Commissioners of Customs shall forthwith provide Samples of White Clayed Sugar, and of Sugar rendered by any Process equal in Quality to White Clayed Sugar, with reference to Colour, Grain, and saccharine Matter, which Samples shall be deemed to be standard Samples, for the Purpose of comparing therewith such White Clayed Sugar, or Sugar rendered by any Process equal in Quality to White Clayed Sugar, as from and after the Fourteenth Day of March One thousand eight hundred and forty-five may be entered for Home Consumption; and such standard Samples shall from Time to Time be renewed whenever the said Commissioners may deem it expedient; and no Sugar shall, as regards the Payment of Duty, be deemed or taken to be White Clayed Sugar, or Sugar rendered by any Process equal in Quality to White Clayed, unless it shall, with reference to Colour, Grain, and saccharine Matter, equal the standard Samples so respectively provided by the said Commis
XIII. And be it enacted, That it shall be lawful for Her Council may be Majesty, by an Order in Council, from Time to Time to revoke or
alter any Order in Council previously made under the Authority of this Act.
XIV. And be it enacted, That every Order in Council to be Orders in made under the Authority of this Act shall, as soon as may be Council to be after the making thereof by Her Majesty in Council, be published published. in the London Gazette.
XV. And be it enacted, That a Copy of every Order of Her Copies of Order Majesty in Council made under the Authority of this Act shall in Council to be be laid before both Houses of Parliament within Six Weeks after laid before Parliament. issuing the same, if Parliament be then sitting, and if not then within Six Weeks after the Commencement of the then next
Session of Parliament.
XVI. And be it enacted, That this Act may be amended or Act may be repealed by any Act to be passed in this present Session of amended, &c. Parliament.
CA P. VI.
An Act to repeal the Duties and Laws of Excise on Glass.
of His late Majesty King George the Fourth, intituled An 6 G. 4. c. 81. 'Act to repeal several Duties payable on Excise Licences in Great 'Britain and Ireland, and to impose other Duties in lieu thereof; and to amend the Laws for granting Excise Licences, a certain 'Duty of Excise is imposed for and upon every Excise Licence 'to be taken out by every Glass Maker for each and every Glasshouse: And whereas by another Act passed in the First and 'Second Years of the Reign of Her present Majesty, intituled An 1&2 Viet. c.44. 'Act to consolidate and amend the Laws for collecting and securing the Duties of Excise on Glass, it is provided that upon all • Glass made in the United Kingdom there shall be charged and 'paid the several Duties, and there shall be allowed and paid the 'several Drawbacks, specified in the Schedule to the last-mentioned • Act annexed, and made Part thereof: And whereas by another 'Act passed in the Third and Fourth Years of the Reign of Her
' said Majesty, intituled An Act to impose upon Broad or Spread 3 & 4 Vict. c. 22. Glass the same Duties of Excise that are payable upon German Sheet Glass, it is provided that upon all Broad or Spread Glass 'there shall be charged and paid the same Amount of Duty, and there shall be allowed and paid the same Drawbacks, as on • German Sheet Glass, under the Provisions of the said recited 'Act of the First and Second Years of Her said Majesty: And 'whereas by another Act passed in the Seventh and Eighth Years
of the Reign of Her said Majesty, intituled An Act to repeal 7&8 Vict. c.25. the Duty of Excise on Vinegar, and to make the Duties and Drawbacks now payable on Flint Glass the same as on Bottle 'Glass, the Duties and Drawbacks granted and allowed by the 'said recited Act of the First and Second Years of Her said Majesty upon Flint Glass are repealed, and other Duties and 'Drawbacks granted and allowed in lieu thereof: And whereas "it is expedient that the said several Duties and Drawbacks should 'cease: Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and
After 5th April 1845, the Duties and Draw
backs on Glass
to cease, save as
and as to Arrears and Pe.
Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That from and after the Fifth Day of April One thousand eight hundred and forty-five, all Duties of Excise now payable upon or for or in respect of any Glass Maker or Glass-house, or any Glass made in the United herein excepted, Kingdom, and all Drawbacks on the Exportation of such Glass from the United Kingdom, shall cease, and be no longer charged, raised, levied, collected, allowed, or paid, and that the several Acts, Clauses, Provisions, and Regulations for charging, raising, levying, collecting, allowing, and paying the said several Duties and Drawbacks shall not from and after the said Fifth Day of April be enforced or executed; save and except for the Purpose of recovering any Duties incurred or charged on or before the said Fifth Day of April, or any Arrears thereof, the same not being Duties charged on Glass which has been warehoused on the Manufacture thereof free of Duty on or after the Fifteenth Day of February One thousand eight hundred and forty-five; and save and except for or in respect of any Drawback payable under the said recited Acts or any of them for Glass exported at any Time previous to the Fifteenth Day of June One thousand eight hundred and fortyfive, which Glass has been packed for Exportation under the usual Regulations on or before the said Fifth Day of April; and save and except for the Purpose of recovering any Fine, Penalty, or Forfeiture for the Breach of any of the said Acts, Clauses, Provisions, or Regulations committed previous to the said Fifth Day of April; but that all such Duties and Arrears (not being as aforesaid), and all such Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures, may be recovered, levied, enforced, and applied, and all such Drawbacks allowed and paid, in the same Manner, and by the same Powers and Authorities, as if this Act had not been passed.
may grant an Allowance in respect of the
Duties on the Stock in hand of Manufacturers of and Dealers in
Crown or Plate
Glass or Manu-
been taken by
II. And whereas for the Purpose of making certain Allowances to Manufacturers of and Dealers in Plate Glass, Crown " or German Sheet Glass, and to Manufacturers of Bottle Glass, 'made and manufactured in the United Kingdom, for and in respect of their Stock in hand of such Glass respectively, on 'which the respective Duties thereon have been paid or secured 'to be paid, such Glass has been permitted to be packed as the like Goods when intended for Exportation to Foreign Parts, and 'warehoused under the Charge of the Officers of Excise, or other'wise deposited with and taken account of by the Officers of
Excise;' be it enacted, That upon all Crown and German Sheet Glass, and upon all common Bottles, Vessels, and Utensils of common Bottle Metal, which have been so warehoused, deposited, or taken account of as aforesaid, and which on or before the Twelfth Day of April One thousand eight hundred and forty-five are, on Re-examination, found conformable to such previous Account thereof as aforesaid, the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland may, for and in respect of the Duties thereon respectively paid, allow to the Manufacturers or Dealers to whom such Glass respectively belongs a Sum of Money equivalent to the Drawback to which such Glass respectively would have been entitled if the same respectively had been exported to Foreign Parts previous to the Sixth Day of April One thousand eight hundred and forty-five,
deducting therefrom Twenty-five per Centum; and that upon all Plate Glass which has been so warehoused or taken account of as aforesaid, and which on or before the said Twelfth Day of April is, on Re-examination, found conformable to such previous Account thereof as aforesaid, the said Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury may, for and in respect of the Duties thereon paid, allow to the Manufacturers or Dealers to whom such last-mentioned Glass belongs the Sum of One Shilling and Ten-pence Halfpenny for every Square Foot of all rectangular Pieces of such Plate Glass of Six Inches by Four at the least, and not less than One Eighth of an Inch in Thickness, and the Sum of Four Pounds Four Shillings for every Hundred Weight of such Plate Glass if polished, and not One Eighth of an Inch in Thickness, deducting Twenty-five per Centum from the Sum to be allowed as last mentioned.
III. And be it enacted, That no Glass or Glass Wares for or Glass exported in respect whereof any Drawback of Excise has been received or on Excise claimed on Exportation from the United Kingdom shall be im- Drawback not ported into the United Kingdom, unless by the special Permission to be imported of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs, and on Repay- ment of such ment of such Drawback; which Drawback the said Commissioners Drawback. of Customs shall collect, recover, and account for as Her Majesty's Duties of Customs, and under the Laws and Regulations in force relating to such Duties at the Time of such Importation, and notwithstanding that such Drawback on the Exportation of the like Goods from the United Kingdom is at that Time repealed.
IV. And be it enacted, That this Act may be amended or Act may be repealed by any Act to be passed in this present Session of Par- amended, &c. liament.
CA P. VII.
An Act to repeal the Duties of Customs due upon the Ex-
Cement Stone and Flint, ground or unground, Clay and China Stone, and also upon Coals, Culm, or Cinders, exported ' in a British Ship from the United Kingdom, should cease and
' determine : Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excel- Export Duties lent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords on Cement Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament Stone and Flint, Clay and China assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That on and after Stone, Coals, the Twelfth Day of March One thousand eight hundred and forty-five the said Duties shall be and are hereby repealed.
An Act for punishing Mutiny and Desertion, and for the better Payment of the Army and their Quarters.
[24th April 1845.] [Number of Forces, 100,011. This Act is the same, except as to Dates and the Sections here inserted, as 7 & 8 Vict. c.9.]
Culm, or Cinders, repealed.
The ordinary Course of Law not to be inter
II. And be it enacted, That nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to exempt any Officer or Soldier from being proceeded against by the ordinary Course of Law; and any Commanding Officer who shall neglect or refuse, when Application is made to him for that Purpose, to deliver over to the Civil Magistrate any Officer or Soldier accused of any Capital Crime, or of any Violence or Offence against the Person, Estate, or Property of any of Her Majesty's Subjects which is punishable by the known Laws of the Land, or shall wilfully neglect or refuse to assist the Officers of Justice in apprehending such Offender, shall, upon Conviction thereof in any Prosecution in any of Her Majesty's Courts at Westminster, Dublin, or Edinburgh, be deemed to be ipso facto cashiered, and shall be utterly disabled to have or hold any Civil or Military Office or Employment within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or in Her Majesty's Service, and a Certificate thereof shall be transmitted to the Judge Advocate in London; provided that no Person, being acquitted or convicted of any Capital Crime, Violence, or Offence by the Civil Magistrate or by the Verdict of a Jury, shall be liable to be punished by a Court-martial for the same otherwise than by cashiering; and whenever any Officer or Soldier shall have been tried before a Court of ordinary criminal Jurisdiction the Clerk of the Court, or other Officer having the Custody of the Records of such Court, or the Deputy of such Clerk, shall, if required by the Officer commanding the Regiment to which such Officer or Soldier belongs, transmit to him a Certificate, containing the Substance and Effect only, omitting the formal Part, of the Indictment, Conviction, or Acquittal of such Officer or Soldier, and shall be allowed for such Certificate a Fee of Three Shillings; and every such Certificate, containing the Substance and Effect of an Indictment and Conviction, and purporting to be signed as aforesaid, shall be sufficient Evidence before a Courtmartial of such Conviction, and it shall not be necessary to prove the Signature or official Character of the Person appearing to have signed the Certificate, nor, if the Court be satisfied from all the Circumstances of the Case that the Prisoner under Trial is the Person mentioned in such Certificate, shall it be necessary to give other Proofs of the Identity of the Person of the Offender.
VI. And be it enacted, That a General Court-martial convened in any Part of the Queen's Dominions, (Bermuda, the Bahamas, St. Helena, Africa, Jamaica, Honduras, Newfoundland, the Australian Colonies, and the Settlements on the Coast of China excepted,) or in the Settlements of the East India Company, Prince of Wales's Island, Singapore, and Malacca excepted, shall consist of not less than Thirteen Commissioned Officers; if convened in Jamaica, Newfoundland, Bermuda, or the Bahamas, or out of the Queen's Dominions, excepting Saint Helena, Africa, Honduras, the Australian Colonies, and the Settlements on the Coast of China, shall consist of not less than Seven, and in Saint Helena, Africa, Honduras, the Australian Colonies, and the Settlements on the Coast of China, and Prince of Wales's Island, Singapore, and Malacca, of not less than Five Commissioned Officers; and the President shall in no Case be the Officer commanding in chief, or Governor of the Garrison where the Offender shall be tried,