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Authority of the same, That this Act shall take effect from and Commenceafter the First Day of January in the Year One thousand eight ment of Act. hundred and forty-six, except any Provisions for the taking effect of which any other Time shall be herein-after specially limited; all which last-mentioned Provisions shall take effect from and after such Time as shall be herein-after specially mentioned in that Behalf.
II. And be it enacted, That in this Act, unless another Sense Interpretation shall be plainly shown by the Context, or by some positive Enact of Act. ment to the contrary, the Words "Print Work" shall be taken "Print Work:" to mean any Building or Shed, and any Part thereof, within which any Persons are employed to print Figures, Patterns, or Designs, by means of Blocks or Cylinders, or by means of any other Tool, Instrument, or Mechanism, upon any woven Fabric of Cotton, Wool, Hair, Fur, Silk, Flax, Hemp, or Jute, either separately or mixed together, or mixed with any other Material; or upon any felted Fabric of Wool or Fur, either separately or mixed with any other Material; or upon any Cotton, Linen, Woollen, Worsted, or Silken Yarn; and the Words "incidental " Incidental printing Process" shall be taken to mean any Process of preparing, printing Prodyeing, bleaching, cleaning, calendering, dressing, or finishing incident or necessary to the Completion of the chief Process of printing Figures, Patterns, or Designs upon any of the aforesaid Materials, and carried on within Buildings, Sheds, Fields, or Portions of Ground lying adjacent to each other, or forming a Part or Parts of the Establishment where the chief Process of printing as aforesaid is carried on; and the Word "Child" shall be taken to mean a Child under the Age of Thirteen Years; and the "Young PerWords "young Person" shall be taken to mean a Person of the son:" Age of Thirteen Years and under the Age of Sixteen Years; and "Parent:" the Word "Parent" shall be taken to mean Parent, Guardian, or Person having the legal Custody of any such Child; and any "Masculine Word denoting the "Masculine Gender" and "Singular Number" Gender," &c. : shall be taken to include a Female as well as a Male, and any Number of Persons; and any Person who shall work in any Print " EmployWork, whether for Wages or not, or as a Learner or otherwise, ment:" either in printing or in any incidental printing Process, or in cleaning any Part of the Print Work, or in cleaning any Block, Cylinder, Tool, or Machine used therein, or in any other Kind of Work whatsoever, save in the Cases herein-after excepted, shall be deemed to be employed therein within the Meaning of this Act; and the Word "Inspector" and "Sub-Inspector" shall be "Inspector," taken to mean respectively an Inspector and Sub-Inspector of &c.:
Print Works; and the Word "Agent" shall be taken to mean " Agent:" any Person having on behalf of the Occupier of any Print Work
the Care or Direction thereof or of any Part thereof, or of any
Person employed therein; and the Word "Month" shall be taken "Month:"
to mean a Calendar Month; and the Word "Day" shall be taken " Day:"
to mean from Six of the Clock in the Morning until Ten of the
Clock in the Evening of the same Day; and the Word "Night" "Night:" shall be taken to mean from Ten of the Clock in the Evening of any one Day until Six of the Clock of the next following Morning; and any Part of such Print Work may be taken to be Exception to a Print Work within the Meaning of this Act; but this Enactment the Term
Exception in favour of Mechanics.
shall not extend to any Part of such Buildings used solely for the Purposes of a Dwelling House; and nothing in this Act contained shall extend to any Person, being a Mechanic, Artisan, or Labourer, working only in making or repairing the Machinery or any Part of the Print Work.
III. And be it enacted, That the Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors Sub-Inspectors. of Factories appointed or to be appointed by virtue of an Act passed in the Fourth Year of the Reign of His late Majesty, 3&4 W.4.c.103. intituled An Act to regulate the Labour of Children and young Persons in the Mills and Factories of the United Kingdom, and of another Act passed in the Seventh Year of the Reign of Her 7&8 Vict. c. 15. Majesty, intituled An Act to amend the Laws relating to Labou in Factories, shall respectively be Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors for carrying into effect the Powers, Authorities, and Provisions of this Act.
IV. And be it enacted, That every Inspector and Sub-Inspector Inspectors and shall have Power to enter every Part of any Print Work at any Sub-Inspectors. Time, by Day or by Night, when any Person shall be employed therein, and to enter by Day any Place which he shall have Reason to believe to be a Print Work, and to enter any School in which Children employed in Print Works are educated, and at all Times to take with him into any Print Work the certifying Surgeons of the District herein-after mentioned, and any Constable or other Peace Officer whom he may need to assist him, and shall have Power to examine, either alone or in the Presence of any other Person, as he shall think fit, every Person whom he shall find in a Print Work or in such a School, or whom he shall have Reason to believe to be or to have been employed in a Print Work within Twelve Months next preceding the Time when he shall require him to be examined touching any Matter within the Provisions of this Act; and the Inspector or Sub-Inspector may, if he shall see fit, require such Person to make and sign a Declaration of the Truth of the Matters respecting which he shall have been or shall be so examined; and every Inspector and SubInspector shall have Power to examine the Registers, Certificates, Notices, and other Documents kept in pursuance of this Act; and every Person who shall refuse to be examined as aforesaid, or who shall refuse to sign his Name or affix his Mark to a Declaration of the Truth of the Matters respecting which he shall have been examined, or who shall in any Manner attempt to conceal or otherwise prevent any Child or other Person from appearing before or being examined by an Inspector or SubInspector, or who shall prevent or knowingly delay the Admission of an Inspector or Sub-Inspector to any Part of a Print Work or School, or shall prevent an Inspector or Sub-Inspector from examining any Register, Certificate, Notice, or other Document kept in pursuance of this Act, shall be deemed guilty of wilfully obstructing the Inspector or Sub-Inspector in the Execution of the
Inspectors to report.
Powers intrusted to him.
V. And be it enacted, That every Inspector shall keep full Minutes of all his Visits and Proceedings, and shall report the same to One of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State twice in every Year, and oftener if required, and shall report the State and Condition of the Print Works, and of the Persons employed
therein whose Labour is regulated by this Act, and whether such Print Works are conducted according to the Provisions of this Act.
connected therewith to
VI. And be it enacted, That every Person carrying on Business Owners of Print at any Print Work shall, within One Month next after the passing Works to send of this Act, or within One Month after beginning to carry on such Particulars Business, send a written Notice, addressed to the Office of the Factory Inspectors, London, containing the Name of such Print Inspectors of Work, together with the Place, Township, or Parish, and County, Factories. where the same is situated, the Post Town to which he desires his Letters to be addressed, the Nature of the Work, and the Name of the Firm under which such Business is or is to be carried on.
VIL And be it enacted, That the certifying Surgeons appointed Appointment or to be appointed by virtue of the said Act of the Seventh Year of certifying of the Reign of Her Majesty shall be certifying Surgeons for Surgeons. carrying into effect the Powers, Authorities, and Provisions of this
VIII. And be it enacted, That the Certificates of Age required Form of Surby this Act, herein called Surgical Certificates, shall be given gical Certificate. according to the Form and Directions contained in the Schedule (A.) annexed to this Act; and the Name of every Person for whom a Surgical Certificate is required by this Act, and the Date of the First Day of Employment or Re-employment of such Person, shall be registered in the Form and according to the Directions given in the Schedule (B.) annexed to this Act, before it shall be lawful to employ such Person in a Print Work.
IX. And be it enacted, That no such Surgical Certificate given Certificates not by any Person who is not an appointed certifying Surgeon shall be given by cerof any Force unless it is given by a Person duly authorized by an tifying Surgeon University or College, or other public Body having Authority in must be by Persons duly that Behalf to practise Surgery or Medicine, and countersigned, according to the Form and Directions given in the Schedule (A.) countersigned to this Act annexed, by some Justice of the Peace, not being the by a Magistrate. Occupier of a Print Work, and not being the Father, Son, or Brother of the Occupier of a Print Work; and no Person shall countersign any such Surgical Certificate in the Absence of the Person named therein, or without Proof that the Person brought before him is the same to whom the Certificate was granted.
X. And be it enacted, That no Person shall grant any Surgical Surgical CerCertificate required by this Act, except upon personal Inspection tificates to be of the Person named therein; and no certifying Surgeon shall given at the examine any Person for the Purposes of this Act, or sign or issue any such Surgical Certificate, elsewhere than at the Print Work where such Person is to be employed, unless for special Cause, to be allowed by an Inspector; and if a certifying Surgeon shall refuse to grant a Certificate of Age to any Person presented to him for such Examination, he shall give, when required, instead of such Certificate, a Paper specifying under his Hand the Reasons for such Refusal, in the Form and Directions given in the Schedule (A.) to this Act annexed.
XI. And be it enacted, That if the Occupier of a Print Work Agreement shall agree in Writing with the certifying Surgeon of a District between Occufor the Payment to be made by the Occupier of the Print Work pier of a Print to the certifying Surgeon for the Examination of Persons for whom Surgical Certificates are required by this Act, and if the
Work and certifying Surgeon.
Inspector may fix Surgeon's
Terms of such Agreement shall be in conformity with suc Regulations for the Guidance of the Surgeons as shall be made b the Inspector of the District, and shall be countersigned by th Inspector in token of such Conformity, all Penalties which ma be incurred by any Party for Breach of such Agreement may b recovered as other Penalties under this Act may be recovered, an shall be applied as other Penalties under this Act are directed be applied, and no such Agreement shall be liable to any Stam Duty.
XII. And be it enacted, That an Inspector shall fix the Amour of Fees to be paid by the Occupier of a Print Work, and th Times when such Fee shall be paid to the certifying Surgeon, an also the Times when such certifying Surgeon shall visit a Pri Work, provided he shall be required to fix such Fees and Visit by the Occupier of a Print Work; and the Fees so to be fixed b the Inspector shall not in any Case where the Surgeon sha examine more than One Person exceed One Shilling for eac Person who shall be presented to him at the Print Work by th Occupier thereof or his Agent to be examined, together with Six pence for every Half Mile that the Distance of the Print Wor from the Residence of such Surgeon shall exceed One Mile, an such Fees, including Mileage, shall not be less than One Shilling and shall in no Case exceed Five Shillings, for any One Visit except when upon such Visit the certifying Surgeon shall examine for the said Certificates of Age more than Ten Persons who may be brought before him as aforesaid, in which Case he shall receive Sixpence for each Person that he may so examine, instead of all other Fees; and in any Case where a Print Work is situated within the Distance of One Mile from the Residence of a certifying Surgeon the Fee for such Print Work shall not exceed Two Shil lings and Sixpence for each Visit, except when at any One Visit he shall examine for the said Certificates of Age more than Five Persons who may be brought before him as aforesaid, in which Case he shall receive Sixpence for each Person that he may so examine, instead of all other Fees; and no certifying Surgeon shall receive more than Sixpence for any Certificate which he may be allowed by an Inspector, as herein-before provided, to sign or issue otherwise than at the Print Works where the Person is to be employed; and the Occupier of any Print Work shall pay such Fees to the certifying Surgeon at the Time of signing such Certi ficates, or at any other Time when he may be directed by the Inspector to do so; and the Occupier of such Print Work may deduct the Fee, or any Part thereof, not exceeding in any One Case the Sum of Three-pence, from the Wages of the Person for whom the Certificate may have been granted; but in any Case where such Agreement as aforesaid has been executed between an Occupier of a Print Work and the certifying Surgeon, the Amount named in such Agreement shall be instead of the Fees fixed by any Inspector in virtue of this Act: Provided always, that no certifying Surgeon shall be required to visit any Print Work situated within Three Miles of his Residence oftener than once in each Week, or to visit any Print Work situated at a greater Distance than Three Miles oftener than once in every Fortnight, unless with the Consent of the Occupier of the Print Work.
XIII And be it enacted, That every Inspector and Sub- Inspectors and Inspector may annul any Surgical Certificate granted under this Sub-Inspectors Act by writing across the Surgical Certificate the Word "An- may annul nulled," with his Name, and the Date of annulling such Certificate; provided that in either Case he shall have Reason to believe the real Age of the Person mentioned therein to be less than that mentioned in the Certificate, or provided the certifying Surgeon of the District shall, upon Reference made to him, deem such Person to be then of deficient Health or Strength, or by Disease or bodily Infirmity incapacitated for Labour, or liable to be injured by continued Employment; and no Certificate so annulled shall be valid in respect of the Person named therein for the Purposes of this Act from the Day when the Certificate shall have been so annulled; and the Production of the Certificate shall be Evidence that the Certificate was annulled on the Day so stated.
XIV. And be it enacted, That in case any Person shall be Certificates of desirous of proving the real Age of any Person for whom a real Age may certifying Surgeon shall have refused to grant a Certificate of Age be obtained. for the Purposes of this Act, or whose Surgical Certificate any Inspector or Sub-Inspector shall have annulled, the Inspector or Sub-Inspector shall, on demand, give to such Person a Requisition under his Hand in a Form to be approved of by the Inspectors and by the Registrar General, for the Production of a duly certified Copy of the Entry of the Birth or Baptism of such Person, provided the Party demanding the same shall declare the Names of such Person and of his Parents, with the Place where and the Year in which he was born or baptized, which Particulars shall be set forth in the Requisition; and every Party to whom such Requisition shall have been given shall be entitled, upon Payment of One Shilling, to receive, on personal Application, or on Application in Writing in such Form and under such Regulations as shall be approved of by the Inspectors and Registrar General, from any Minister, Registrar, or other Person having the Care of any Register of Births or Baptisms in which the Birth or Baptism of such Person is entered, a duly certified Copy of the Entry in such Register, which shall be endorsed on the aforesaid Requisition, and shall be signed by the Minister, Registrar, or other Person having Charge of such Register; and such Payment of One Shilling shall be instead of all other Fees or Payments to which such Minister, Registrar, or other Person shall be entitled; and if the said certified Copy proving the Age of the Person named therein to be such as to entitle him to have the Surgical Certificate required shall be produced to the certifying Surgeon of the District, he shall examine the same, and if it shall appear to him that the said certified Copy has not been altered or falsified in any Manner the certifying Surgeon shall thereupon, without further Fee or Reward, give a Surgical Certificate in the Form provided for that Case in Schedule (A.) to this Act annexed, and shall write the Word "Examined" upon the certified Copy of the Entry of the Birth or Baptism which he shall have received, with his Signature, and the Date of such Signature, and shall send such certified Copy by the Post to the Sub-Inspector of the District, who shall send a Receipt for the same by Post to the said Surgeon, and shall keep such certified Copy of the Entry of the Birth or