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Explanation of common abbreviations or contracting

of words.

Note, A point, or full sop, is always to be writ

ten after a word thus abbreviated.

Ans. Answer

Mrs. Mistress A. D. Anno Domini, or, Mty. Majesty

the year of our Lord Obj, Objection Acct. account

Qu. Question Abt. about

Rev. Reverend Agt.'against

S. T.P. Profeffor of, or, B. A. Batchelor of arts

Doctor in divinity Bp. Bishop

Sr. Sir B.D. Batchelorin divinity St. Saint Bart. Baronet

Sol. Solution Chap. Chapter

wch. which D. D. Doctor in divinity ye, the Dr. Doctor Efq. Esquire i. e. id eft, that is yr. your Empr. Emperor Hon. Honourable

&. and Xt. Knight

viz. videlicet, to wit, or, LL. D. Doctor of laws

that is to say M. D. Doctor of physic &c. et cetera, and the Mr. Master

rest, (or what follows)

yt, that yn. then

ym. them

But one ought to avoid those contractions of words as much as possible, unless it be for one's own private use, and where it would be ridiculous to write them in letters at length: as, &c. for and

So forth, or the rest, Mr. for Master, Mrs. for Mistress, &c. It argues likewise a disrespect and slighting to use contractions to your betters, and is often puzzling to others, except in such cases as above mentioned.

A table of NUMBERS and FIGURES.


CUMBERS are usually expressed either by

these seven Roman capital letters, I. V X. L. C. D. M. which are called numerals, or by these ten characters, viz. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, which are called figures, and o, which is a cipher.

Their signification.

I. One. V. Five. X. Ten. L. Fifty, C. a Hun. dred. D. Five Hundred. M. a Thousand.

1 One. 2 Two. 3 Three. 4 Four. 5 Five 6 Six. 7 Seven. 8 Eight. 9 Nine. o Nothing.

Observe concerning the numeral letters, that if a less numeral letter be placed before a greater, it takes away from the greater so much as the lesser stands for ; but, placed after a greater, it adds so much to it as the lesser stands for ; as the letter V. stands for Five ; but having I. placed before it, it takes one from it, and makes both stand but for Four; thus, IV. But I. being set after V, adds One to it, and makes it thus, Six, VI.

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Observe, concerning the characters or figures, that ciphers at the right hand of figures increase their value ten times; as i One, 10 Ten, 100 Hundred, 7 Seven, 7000 Seven Thousand; but at the left hand they lignify nothing at all, as 01,

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oor, make One ; 002 but Iwo.-A figure at every remove from the right hand increases its value ten times as 9 Nine, 98 Ninety-eight, 987 Nine hun. dred and eighty-leven.

Note, Numbers are sometimes expressed by small Roman letters, as i. one, ii. two, xvi. sixteen, lx. sixty, &c.

Note also, Where books, chapters, sections, and verses, are cited, the numeral letters are generally used to lignify the book or chapter ; and the fi. gures to signify, the sections, verses, or smaller parts: as, Exod. xii. 17. Exodus, the twelfth chap. ther, and the seventeenth verse. So, B. IX. Sect. 24. signifies Book the ninth, and the twenty-fourth section.

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Figures are also used to express the things follow

ing, viz.

1. The order or succession of things, as, if, 2d, 3d, 4th, 1oth, 39th ; first, second, third, &c.

2. The fractions or parts of a thing, as į one half, į one third part, one fourth, or quarter,

three quarters, five eighths.

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O N T E N T S.


vii The Introduction, containing some general directions for writing letters, and how to address persons of distinction in writing or difcourse, &c.

7 Some farther directions and observations on epiftolary

correspondence, and fubfcribing and directing letters 15 Some neceflary orthographicaldirections for writing cor

rectly s and when to use capital letters, and when not 11

P A R T I.

Miscellaneous Letters on the most useful and common



ib. 25 26



Letter I. From a brother at home to his fifter abroad

on a visit, complaining of her not writing
II. His fifter's answer
III. A young gentleman's letter to his papa, written by

a schoolfellow
IV. Another on the same subject
V. To a friend against waste of time
VI. In answer to a friend
VII. To a young gentleman
VIII. From a young lady in answer to a letter she had

received from her mamma, advising her to persevere

in the Christian duties she had been instructed in IX. From a young lady to her mamma, requesting a

favour X. From a young gentleman to his papa, desiring that

he may learn to dance XI. From a young lady to her papa, who lately embark.

ed for the East indies, in the Company's fervice, but

was detained at Portsinouth by contrary winds
XII. From a young woman, just gone to fervice, to her

mother at home
XIII. Her mother's anfwer
XIV. The daughter to her mother
XV. The mother's answer and advice
XVI. A son's letter at school to his father



36 38 41

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XVII. A letter of excuse to a father or mother




XIX. From a young apprentice to his father, to let him

know how be likes his place, and goes on


XX. From a daughter to her mother, by way of excuse,

for having neglected to write to her


XXI. From Robin Redbreast in the garden to Mafter

Billy Careless abroad at school

XXII. From one fifter to another

XXIII. In answer to the foregoing


XXIV. From Lady Goodford to her daughter, a girl of

fourteen years old, then under the care of her grand-

mother in the country


XXV. To a young lady, cautioning her against keeping

company with a gentleman of bad character


XXVI. A letter of thanks, &c.


XXVII. From an apprentice to his parents


XXVIII. From an elder brother to a younger

XXIX. A letter from a nephew to an uncle, who wrote
to him a letter of rebuke


XXX. Letter from a niece to her aunt


XXXI. Letter from a youth at school to his parents ib.

XXXII. Letter from an apprentice in town to his pa.

rents in the country

XXXIII. From Miss R at S. to her fifter in Salisbury 59

XXXIV. From an elder brother in the country to his

younger brother put apprentice in London


XXXV. A letter of excuse for filence, assuring that it

was not out of disrespect


XXXVI. A letter from a servant in London to his mas-

ter in the country

XXXVII. From a father to his fon just beginning the


XXXVIII. To an intimate acquaintance to borrow



XXXIX. To an acquaintance, to borrow a sum of mo-
ney for a little time


XL. An answer to the foregoing


XLI. Miss , in answer to Mrs , making an

apology for not answering her letter sooner

XLII. Miss J- to Miss Lovelace, on the present let.

ter writers, and her opinion of a well-wrote letter 68

XLIII. TO MIss L- in answer to her description of


XLIV. Miss - to Miss L from an-ing on the

road, giving an account of her journey


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