« EelmineJätka »
On our belief, that all from them proceeds: Or fancied so, through expectation high
of knowledge; nor was godhead from her thought
And heighten'd as with wine, jocund and boon, That whoso eats thereof forth with attains
Thus to herself she pleasingly began.
And thy fair fruit let hang, as to no end
Created; but henceforth my early care, In heavenly breasts — These, these, and many more Not without song, each morning, and due praise, Causes import your need of this fair fruit.
Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease Goddess humane, reach then, and freely taste.” Of thy full branches offer'd free to all;
He ended; and his words, replete with guile, Till, dieted by thee, I grow mature Into her heart too easy entrance won:
In knowledge, as the gods, who all things know; Fix'd on the fruit she gaz'd, which to behold Though others envy what they cannot give. Might tempt alone ; and in her ears the sound For, had the gift been theirs, it had not here Yet rung of his persuasive words, impregn'd Thus grown. Experience, next, to thee I owe, With reason, to her seeming, and with truth; Best guide: not following thee, I had remain'd Meanwhile the hour of noon drew on, and wak'd In ignorance; thou open'st wisdom's way, An eager appetite, rais'd by the smell
And givist access, though secret she retire. So savory of that fruit, which with desire, And I perhaps am secret: Heaven is high, Inclinable now grown to touch or taste,
High, and remote to see from thence distinct Solicited her longing eye; yet first
Each thing on Earth ; and other care perhaps
May have diverted from continual watch
As yet my change, and give him to partake
But keep the odds of knowledge in my power
Superior: for, inferior, who is free?
And death ensue? then I shall be no more!
Shall live with her enjoying, I extinct;
A death to think! Confirm'd then I resolve, Bind us with after-bands, what profits then
Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe : Our inward freedom ? In the day we eat
So dear I love him, that with him all deaths Of this fair fruit, our doom is, we shall die! I could endure, without him live no life.” How dies the serpent ? he hath eat'n and lives, So saying, from the tree her step she turn'd; And knows, and speaks, and reasons, and discerns, But first low reverence done, as to the Power Irrational, till then. For us alone
That dwelt within, whose presence had infus'd -Was death invented ? or to us denied
Into the plant sciential sap, deriv'd . This intellectual food, for beasts reserv'd ?
From nectar, drink of gods. Adam the while For beasts it seems: yet that one beast which first Waiting desirous her return, had wove Hath tasted envies not, but brings with joy Of choicest flowers a garland, to adorn The good befallin him, author unsuspect,
Her tresses, and her rural labors crown; Friendly to man, far from deceit or guile.
As reapers oft are wont their harvest-queen. What fear I then? rather, what know to fear Great joy he promis'd to his thoughts, and new Under this ignorance of good and evil,
Solace in her return, so long delay'd : Of God or death, of law or penalty ?
Yet oft his heart, divine of something ill, Here grows the cure of all, this fruit divine, Misgave him; he the faltering measure felt; Fair to the eye, inviting to the taste,
And forth to meet her went, the way she took Of virtue to make wise: what hinders then That morn when first they parted: by the tree To reach, and feed at once both body and mind ?" Of knowledge he must pass ; there he her met, So saying, her rash hand in evil hour
Scarce from the tree returning; in her hand Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd, she eat! A bough of fairest fruit, that downy smild, Earth felt the wound, and Nature from her seat, New gather'd, and ambrosial smell diffus'd. Sighing through all her works, gave signs of woe, To him she hasted ; in her face excuse That all was lost. Back to the thicket slunk Came prologue, and apology too prompt ; The guilty serpent; and well might; for Eve, Which, with bland words at will, she thus addressid Intent now wholly on her taste, nought else
“ Hast thou not wonder'd, Adam, at my stay? Regarded ; such delight till then, as seemd, Thee I have miss'd, and thought it long, depriv'd In fruit she never tasted, whether true
| Thy presence; agony of love till now
Not felt, nor shall be twice ; for never more Is not so heinous now, foretasted fruit,
Lives, as thou saidst, and gains to live, as Man, Of danger tasted, nor to evil unknown
Higher degree of life: inducement strong Opening the way, but of divine effect
To us, as likely tasting to attain To open eyes, and make them gods who taste
i Proportional ascent; which cannot be And hath been tasted such: the serpent wise, But to be gods, or angels, demi-gods. Or not restrain'd as we, or not obeying,
Nor can I think that God, Creator wise, Hath eaten of the fruit; and is become,
Though threatening, will in earnest so destroy Not dead, as we are threaten'd, but thenceforth Us his prime creatures, dignified so high, Endued with human voice and human sense, Set over all his works; which in our fall, Reasoning to admiration; and with me
For us created, needs with us must fail, Persuasively hath so prevail'd, that I
Dependent made; so God shall uncreate, Have also tasted, and have also found
Be frustrate, do, undo, and labor lose ; The effects to correspond; opener mine eyes
Not well conceiv'd of God, who, though his power Dim erst, dilated spirits, ampler heart,
Creation could repeat, yet would he loth And growing up to godhead; which for thee Us to abolish, lest the adversary Chiefly I sought, without thee can despise. Triumph, and say; •Fickle their state whom God For bliss, as thou hast part, to me is bliss ;
Most favors; who can please him long? Me first Tedious, unshar'd with thee, and odious soon. He ruin'd, now Mankind; whom will he next ?' Thou therefore also taste, that equal lot
Matter of scorn, not to be given the foe. May join us, equal joy, as equal love;
However I with thee have fix'd my lot, Lest, thou not tasting, different degree
Certain to undergo like doom: if death Disjoin us, and I then too late renounce
Consort with thee, death is to me as life; Deity for thee when Fate will not permit." So forcible within my heart I feel
Thus Eve with countenance blithe her story told; The bond of Nature draw me to my own; But in her cheek distemper flushing glow'd. My own in thee, for what thou art is mine : On the other side, Adam, soon as he heard Our state cannot be sever'd; we are one, The fatal trespass done by Eve, amaz'd,
One flesh: to lose thee were to lose myself.”
So Adam; and thus Eve to him replied.
Engaging me to emulate ; but, short
Adam ? from whose dear side I boast me sprung, “O fuirest of creation, last and best
And gladly of our union hear thee speak, Of all God's works, creature in whom excell'd One heart, one soul in both ; whereof good proof Whatever can to sight or thought be form'd, This day affords, declaring thee resolvid, Holy, divine, good, amiable, or sweet!
Rather than death, or aught than death more dread How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost,
Shall separate us, link'd in love so dear,
Whose virtue, (for of good still good proceeds ;
Were it I thought death menac'd would ensue How can I live without thee! how forego This my attempt, I would sustain alone Thy sweet convérse, and love so dearly join'd, The worst, and not persuade thee, rather die To live again in these wild woods forlorn! Deserted, than oblige thee with a fact Should God create another Eve, and I
Pernicious to thy peace; chiefly, assur'd Another rib afford, yet loss of thee
Remarkably so late of thy so true, Would never from my heart: no, no! I feel So faithful, love unequallid: but I feel The link of Nature draw me: flesh of flesh, Far otherwise the event; not death, but life Bone of my bone thou art, and from thy state Augmented, open'd eyes, new hopes, new joys, Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe." Taste so divine, that what of sweet before So having said, as one from sad dismay
Hath touch'd my sense, flat seems to this, and harsh. Recomforted, and after thoughts disturb'd
On my experience, Adam, freely taste, Submitting to what seem'd remediless,
And fear of death deliver to the winds." Thus in calm mood his words to Eve he turn'd. So saying, she embrac'd him, and for joy
“ Bold deed thou hast presum'd, adventurous Eve, Tenderly wept; much won, that he his love And peril great provokid, who thus hast dar'd, Had so ennobled, as of choice to incur Had it been only coveting to eye
Divine displeasure for her sake, or death. That sacred fruit, sacred to abstinence,
In recompense (for such compliance bad Much more to taste it under ban to touch.
Such recompense best merits) from the bough But past who can recall, or done, undo?
She gave him of that fair enticing fruit Not God Omnipotent, nor Fate ; yet so
With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat, Perhaps thou shalt not die, perhaps the fact Against his better knowledge; not deceiv'd,
But fondly overcome with female charm.
To counterfeit man's voice; true in our fall, Earth trembled from her entrails, as again
False in our promis'd rising ; since our eyes In pangs; and Nature gave a second groan; Open'd we find indeed, and find we know Sky lour'd; and, muttering thunder, some sad drops Both good and evil; good lost, and evil got; Wept at completing of the mortal sin
Bad fruit of knowledge; if this be to know; Original : while Adam took no thought,
Which leaves us naked thus, of honor void,
Of innocence, of faith, of purity,
And in our faces evident the signs
Of foul concupiscence: whence evil store They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel Even shame, the last of evils; of the first Divinity within them breeding wings,
Be sure then.—How shall I behold the face Wherewith to scorn the earth: but that false fruit Henceforth of God or angel, erst with joy Far other operation first display'd,
And rapture so oft beheld? Those heavenly shapes Carnal desire inflaming: he on Eve
Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze Began to cast lascivious eyes; she him
Insufferably bright. O! might I here
In solitude live savage; in some glade
“ Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste, To star or sun-light, spread their unbrage broad And elegant, of sapience no small part;
And brown as evening : cover me, ye pines ! Since to each meaning savor we apply
Ye cedars, with innumerable boughs And palate call judicious; I the praise
Hide me, where I may never see them more! Yield thee, so well this day thou hast purvey'd. But let us now, as in bad plight, devise Much pleasure we have lost, while we abstain'd What best may for the present serve to hide From this delightful fruit, nor known till now The parts of each from other, that seem most True relish, tasting ; if such pleasure be
To shame obnoxious, and unseemliest seen; In things to us forbidd'n, it might be wish'd, Some tree, whose broad smooth leaves together sew'd For this one tree had been forbidden ten.
And girded on our loins, may cover round But come, so well refresh'd, now let us play, Those middle parts; that this new comer, Shame, As meet is, after such delicious fare ;
There sit not, and reproach us as unclean.” For never did thy beauty, since the day
So counsell'd he, and both together went I saw thee first and wedded thee, adorn'd Into the thickest wood; there soon they chose With all perfections, so, inflame my sense
The fig-tree; not that kind for fruit renown'd, With ardor to enjoy thee, fairer now
But such as at this day, to Indians known, Than ever : bounty of this virtuous tree !" In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms
So said he, and forbore not glance or toy Branching so broad and long, that in the ground Of amorous intent; well understood
The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire. About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade Her hand he seiz'd; and to a shady bank, High over-arch'd, and echoing walks between : Thick over-head with verdant roof embower'd, There oft the Indian herdsman, shunning heat, He led her nothing loth; flowers were the couch, Shelters in cool, and tends his pasturing herds Pansies, and violets, and asphodel,
At loop-holes cut through thickest shade: those And hyacinths; Earth's freshest softest lap. There they their fill of love and love's disport They gather’d, broad as Amazonian targe; Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal, And, with what skill they had, together sew'd, The solace of their sin: till dewy sleep
To gird their waist; vain covering, if to hide Oppress'd them, wearied with their amorous play. Their guilt and dreaded shame! O, how unlike Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit,
To that first naked glory! Such of late That with exhilarating vapor bland
Columbus found the American, so girt About their spirits had play'd, and inmost powers With feather'd cincture; naked else, and wild Made err, was now exhal'd ; and grosser sleep, Among the trees on isles and woody shores. Bred of unkindly fumes, with conscious dreams Thus fenc'd, and, as they thought, their shame in part Encumber'd, now had left them; up they rose Cover'd, but not at rest or ease of mind, As from unrest; and each the other viewing, They sat them down to weep; nor only tears Soon found their eyes how open'd, and their minds Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within How darken'd: innocence, that as a veil
Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate, Had shadow'd them from knowing ill, was gone ; Mistrust, suspicion, discord ; and shook sore Just confidence, and native righteousness,
Their inward state of mind, calm region once And honor, from about them, naked left
And full of peace, now tost and turbulent: To guilty shame; he cover'd, but his robe For Understanding ruld not, and the Will Uncover'd more. So rose the Danite strong, Heard not her lore; both in subjection now Herculean Samson, from the harlot-lap
To Sensual Appetite, who from beneath
Usurping over sovran Reason claim'd
Adam, estrang'd in look and alter'd style, Confounded, long they sat, as strucken mute: Speech intermitted thus to Eve renew'd. (staid Till Adam, though not less than Eve abash'd, • Would thou hadst hearkened to my words, and At length gave utterance to these words constrain'd. With me, as I besought thee, when that strange
"O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give ear Desire of wandering, this unhappy morn, To that false worm, of whomsoever taught I know not whence possess'd thee; we had then
Remain'd still happy; not, as now, despoil'd
committed, resolve to sit no longer confined Of all our good; sham'd, naked, miserable!
in Hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve place of Man: to make the way easier from The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail." highway or bridge over Chaos, according to the To whom, soon mov'd with touch of blame, thus track that Satan first made; then, preparing for Eve.
Earth, they meet him, proud of his success, re“ What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe! turning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan Imput'st thou that to my default, or will
arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates of wandering, as thou call'st it, which who knows with boasting his success against Man; instead But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, of applause is entertained with a general hiss by Or to thyself perhaps ? Hadst thou been there, all his audience, transformed with himself also Or here the attempt, thou couldst not have discern'd suddenly into serpents according to his doom Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake;
given in Paradise ; then, deluded with a show of No ground of enmity between us known,
the forbidden tree springing up before them, they, Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm.
greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust Was I to have never parted from thy side ?
and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and As good have grown there still a lifeless rib.
Death; God foretells the final victory of his Son Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head,
over them, and the renewing of all things; but Command me absolutely not to go,
for the present, commands his angels to make Going into such danger, as thou saidst ?
several alterations in the Heavens and elements. Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay ; Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen conNay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
dition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me.” then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their off:
To whom, then first incens'd, Adam replied. spring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which “ Is this the love, is this the recompense
he approves not; but, conceiving beiter hope, Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve! Express'd
puts her in mind of the late promise made them, Immutable, when thou wert lost, not I;
that her seed should be revenged on the serpent; Who might have liv'd, and joy'd immortal bliss, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the Yet willingly chose rather death with thee?
offended Deity, by repentance and supplication. And am I now upbraided as the cause Of thy transgressing ? Not enough severe, MEANWHILE the heinous and despiteful act It seems, in thy restraint: what could I more? Of Satan done in Paradise ; and how I warn'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold
He, in the serpent, had perverted Eve, The danger, and the lurking enemy
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit, That lay in wait; beyond this had been force; Was known in Heaven; for what can 'scape the eye And force upon free-will hath here no place. Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart But confidence then bore thee on; secure Omniscient? who, in all things wise and just, Either to meet no danger, or to find
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind Matter of glorious trial; and perhaps
Of Man, with strength entire, and free-will, arm'd; I also err'd, in over-much admiring
Complete to have discover'd and repuls’d What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. No evil durst attempt thee; but I rue
For still they knew, and ought to have still reThat error now, which is become my crime,
And, manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.
The angelic guards ascend, mute, and sad, The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning, For Man; for of his state by this they knew, And of their vain contést appear'd no end. Much wondering how the subtle fiend had stol'n
Entrance unseen. Soon as the unwelcome news
From Earth arrived at Heaven-gate, displeas'd BOOK X.
All were who heard ; dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet, mix’d
With pity, violated not their bliss.
About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes
forsake Paradise, and return up to Heaven to How all befell; they towards the throne supreme,
Over the ver'd abyss, following the track
Fair daughter, and thou son and grand-child both , Of Satan to the self-same place where he High proof ye now have given to be the race First lighted from his wing, and landed safe Of Satan, (for I glory in the name, From out of Chaos, to the outside bare
Antagonist of Heaven's Almighty King.) Of this round world: with pins of adamant Amply have merited of me, of all And chains they made all fast, too fast they made The infernal empire, that so near Heaven's door And durable! And now in little space
Triumphal with triumphal act have met, The confines met of empyréan Heaven,
Mine, with this glorious work; and made one realm, And of this world ; and, on the left hand, Hell Hell and this world, one realm, one continent With long reach interpos'd ; three several ways Of easy thoroughfare. Therefore, while I In sight, to each of these three places led. Descend through darkness, on your road with ease, And now their way to Earth they had descried, To my associate powers, them to acquaint To Paradise first lending; when, behold!
With these successes, and with them rejoice ; Satan, in likeness of an angel bright,
You two this way, among these numerous orbs, Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering All yours, right down to Paradise descend ; His zenith, while the Sun in Aries rose :
There dwell, and reign in bliss; thence on the Earth
Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly kill.
Issuing from me: on your joint vigor now
If your joint power prevail, the affairs of Hell He fled ; not hoping to escape, but shun
No detriment need fear; go, and be strong!" The present; fcaring, guilty, what his wrath
So saying, he dismiss'd them; they with speed Might suddenly inflict; that past, return'd
Their course through thickest constellations held, By night, and listening where the hapless pair Spreading their bane; the blasted stars look'd wan Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, And planets, planet-struck, real eclipse Thence gather'd his own doom; which understood Then suffer'd. The other way Satan went down Not instant, but of future time, with joy
The causey to Hell-gate : on either side And tidings fraught, to Hell he now return'd; Disparted Chaos over-built exclaim'd, And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot
And with rebounding surge the bars assail'd, Of this new wondrous pontifice, unhop'd
That scorn'd his indignation : through the gate, Met, who to meet him came, his offspring dear. Wide open and unguarded, Satan passid, Great joy was at their meeting, and at sight And all about found desolate ; for those, Of that stupendous bridge his joy increas'd. Appointed to sit there, had left their charge, Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair
Flown to the upper world; the rest were all
“O parent, these are thy magnific deeds, Of Pandemonium ; city and proud seat
There kept their watch the legions, while the grand My heart, which by a secret harmony
In council sat, solicitous what chance
As when the Tartar from his Russian foe,
Of Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond
To Tauris or Casbeen: so these, the late
Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch Within Hell-gates till now; thou us empower'd Round their metropolis ; and now expecting To fortify thus far, and overlay,
Each hour their great adventurer, from the search With this portentous bridge, the dark abyss. Of foreign worlds; he through the midst unmark'd, Thine now is all this world; thy virtue hath won In show plebeian angel militant What thy hands builded not; thy wisdom gain'd Of lowest order, pass'd ; and from the door With odds what war hath lost, and fully aveng'd Of that Plutonian hall, invisible Our foil in Heaven; here thou shalt monarch reign, Ascended his high throne ; which, under state There didst not; there let him still victor sway, of richest texture spread, at the upper end As battle hath adjudg'd; from this new world Was plac'd in regal lustre. Down awhile Retiring, by his own doom alienated ;
He sat, and round about him saw, unseen: And henceforth monarchy with thee divide At last, as from a cloud, his fulgent head Of all things, parted by the empyreal bounds, And shape star-bright appear'd, or brighter; clad His quadrature, from thy orbicular world ;
With what permissive glory since his fall Or try thee now more dangerous to his throne.” Was left him, or false glitter: all amaz’d
Whom thus the prince of darkness answer'd glad. At that so sudden blaze, the Stygian throng