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mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth, and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty."
The unclean spirits, here described, are like frogs, amphibious animals, belonging neither to the land nor to the water, although partly to both; but of no fixed or determinate character. One of them is from out of the mouth of the dragon, which may be heathen Rome, or that Old Serpent, called the Devil and Satan; it is probably the spirit of infidelity: the second is from out of the mouth of the beast, or the civil power of the ten Roman Catholic kingdoms; and it may be the same revolutionary spirit of insubordination, which burst forth at the French Revolution : the third is from out of the mouth of the false prophet, or the Romish hierarchy, and it can be no other than that spirit of Popish superstition and bigotry, by which ecclesiastical Rome has been distinguished from the first; and which now urges them forward to renew their old forms and maxims of government, at an era of the world, to which they are by no means adapted. A short reference to the leading features of the times, will shew that these three spirits have already gone forth into action. The infidel, and the revolutionary spirits, may be traced in every part of Europe; and it is not a ltttle singular that, in July
depend upon this circumstance.
be passing away.
Verses 13, 14.
frogs, come out
e seen laws to restore the ec
sanction new concordats, to
ts, the monasteries, the inquisirabominations, which were revolutionary times: whilst the sthood is again employed, in rocessions, masses, and saint e temples, which had fallen to andlesticks upon the altars, and false glosses upon Scripture. fis sending forth his bulls, to Scriptures in all places which trol. These things are well n; and if the three unclean one forth upon the face of the Il to attend to the admonition Is which follow, and to the blespronounced.
Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is and keepeth his garments, lest he walk e his shame. And he gathered. them to. lace called in the Hebrew tongue Arma
on, the place of gathering together, has sed to signify the mountain of Megiddo, own of Palestine; and again, the destrucLegiddo. And it is inferred, that a battle
1819, exactly thirty years from the first bursts of popular fury, in the French Revolution of 1789, there are held in England immense popular meetings, regularly organized, in which opinions are avowed, and resolutions passed, of a completely revolutionary cast, and utterly subversive of the government; and that at one of them the first blood was shed, which was followed by a much larger effusion of blood at Manchester a month afterwards. The other countries of Europe are said to be equally disturbed, perhaps, even more so, from the operation of the same spirits: and, speaking after the manner of men, it seems impossible to conjecture, how and when these things shall end. The zealous spirit of the old Papal power, in renewing old forms, and bringing back all things, as far as may be to the old regime, has also been abundantly displayed since the expulsion of Buona. parte from France; and the Papacy has reared its head, striving to strengthen and extend its dominion in the several nations of the earth. How much longer, and to what extent these things may proceed, it is not for us to say; but, with the passing events before us, it is not possible to deny, that these three unclean spirits have gone forth into action; and the purpose, which Scripture declares, is to gather together the kings of the earth, and of the whole world to battle. The setting up of the Papacy is very re
markable. Already are seen laws to restore the ecclesiastical power, to sanction new concordats, to re-establish the Jesuits, the monasteries, the inquisition, and many other abominations, which were brought to nought in revolutionary times: whilst the Roman Catholic priesthood is again employed, in setting up images, processions, masses, and saint worship, rebuilding the temples, which had fallen to decay, replacing the candlesticks upon the altars, and in republishing their false glosses upon Scripture. And the Pontiff himself is sending forth his bulls, to prohibit the use of the Scriptures in all places which are subject to his control. These things are well worthy of our attention; and if the three unclean spirits have indeed gone forth upon the face of the earth, it may be well to attend to the admonition contained in the words which follow, and to the blessing which is there pronounced.
Verses 15, 16.--" Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he gathered them to. gether into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon."
Armageddon, the place of gathering together, has been supposed to signify the mountain of Megiddo, which is a town of Palestine; and again, the destruction of Megiddo. And it is inferred, that a battle