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And here and there ambitiously display'd Were torn reluctant from the tender side
A purple shired of some rich robe, prepard of their fond mothers, and by faitours † strong,
Erst by the Muses or th' Aonian Maid,

By pow'r made insolent and hard by pride, [tide. To deck great Tullius or the Mantuan bard, 'Were driv'n with furious rage, and lash'd into the Which o'er each notley vest with uncouth On the rude bank with trembling feet they stood, splendor glar d.

And casting round their oft reverted eyes, And well their outward vesture did expresslif haply thoy mote 'scape the hated food, The bent and habit of their inward mind, Filld all the plain with lamentable cries : Affecting Wisdom's antiquated dress,

But far away th' unheeding father flies, And usages by tine cast far behind :

Constrain'd his strong compunctions to repress; Thence to the charms of younger Science blind,While close behind, assuniing the disguise The customs, laws, the learning, arts, and phrase, Ofnurt'ring Care and smiling Tenderness, (press. Of their own countries they with scor declin'd; With secret scourges aru'd those grisly saitours Ne sacred Truth herself would they en brace As on the steepy margin of a brook, Unwarranted, unknown in thcir forefathers days. When the young Sun with flowry Maja rides, Thus ever backward casting their survey' With innocent dismay a bleating flock To Roine's old ruins, and ihe groves forlorn Crowd back affrighted at the rolling tides, Of elder Athens, which in prospect lay [torn The shepherd-swain at first exhorting chides Stretch'd out against the mountain, would they Thcir seely I fear; at length, impatient grown, Their busy search, and o'er the rubbish mourn, With his rude crook hc wounts their tender sides, Then gath'ring up with superstitious care And, all regardless of their piteous moan, (down. Each little scrap, however foul or torn, . Into the dashing wave compels them furious In grave harangues they boldly would declare, Thus urg'd by mast'ring fear and dolorous teen g This Ennius, Varro, this the Stagirite, did wear. Into the current plung'd that infaut crowd: Yet ander names of venerable sound, [rod, Right piteous was the spectacle I ween, While o'er the world they stretch'd their awful of tender striplings ştain'd with tears and blood, Thro' all the provinces of Learning own'd Perforce conflicting with the bitter flood, For teachers of whate'er is wise and good; | And lab'ring to attain the distant shore, Als from each region to their drad * abode Where holding forth the gown of manhood stood Caine youth unnumber'd, crowding all to taste The Siren Liberty, and everinore The streams of Science, which united flow'd Solicited their hearts with her enchanting lore. Adown the mount from nine rich sources cast, Irksome and long the passage was, perplex'd And to the vale below in one rude torrent past. With rugged rocks, on which the raving tide O'er er'ry source, protectress of the stream, By suddeu bursts of angry tempests vex d One of those Virgin Sisters did preside, Oft dash'd the youth, whose sirength moteillabide Who dignifying with her noble name

With head uplifted o'er the waves to ride ; Her proper Hood, aye pour'd into the tide, . Whence many wearicd ere they had o'erpast The heady vapors of scholastic pride,

The middle stream (for they in, vain have tried)

| Again return'd astounded and aghast, Fierce in debate, and forward to decide, Ne one regardful look would ever backward cask. Vain love of praise with adulation join'd,

Some, of a rugged more enduring frame, And disingenuous scorn and iimpotence of mind.

Their toilsome course with patient pain pursu'd, Extending from the hill on ev'ry side,

Andtho' with many a bruise and muchelblane, In circuit vast a verdant valley spread, Eft hanging on the rocks, and eft embroid Across whose uniforma flat bosoin glide Deep in the muddy stream, with hearts subdu'd, Ten ihousand streams, in winding mazes led And quaild by labor, gaind the shore at last; By various sluices from one common head; But in life's practis'd lear** unskill'd and rude, A turbid mass of waters, vast, profound ! Forth to that forked hill they silent pacid, Hight of Philology the lake, and fed

Where hid in studious shades their fruitless By ihat rede torrent which with roaring sound hours they waste. Came tumbling from the hill, and flow'd the others of rich and noble lineage bred. level round.

Tho' with the crowd to pass the flood constrain d, And ev'ry where this spacious valley o’er. Yet o'er the crags with fond indulgence led Fast by each streani was seen a numerous throng By hireling guides, and in all depths sustain d. Ofbeardless striplings, to the birch-crown'dshore Skimın'd lightly o'er the tide, undipt, unstain 'd, By rrurses, guardians, fathers, dragg'd along, Save with the sprinkling of the wat'ry spray, Who, helpless, mcek, and innocent of wrong, And aye their proud prerogative maintaiu'd

• Drad, dreadful. . . . + Faitour, doer, from faire, to do, and fait, deed ; commonly used by Spenser in a bad sense.

Seely, simple, Ś Teen, pain, grief. Astounded, astonished. Muchel, much. ** Lear, learning.


Of ignorance, and ease, and wanton play, Constrains ev'n stubborn Nature to obey, .
Soft harbingers of vice and premature decay. Whon dispossessing oft he doth essay
A few, alas! how few! by Heaven's high will
With subtle spirits endow'd and sinews strong,

“ So soft and gentle dorh he win his way, P. Albe* sore maied † by the tempests shrill

'That she unwares is caught in his embrace; That bellow'd fierce and rise the rocks among. And tho' deflour'd and thralled nought feels hier By their own native vigor borne along, .

I foul disgrace.
Cut briskly thro' the waves, and forces new For nurl'ring even from their tenderest age
Gath'ring from toil, and ardor from the throng The docile sons of inen withouten pain,
Of rival youths, outstript the lab'ring crew, By disciplines and rules to every stage
And to the true Parnasset and heaven-throng'd Of life accommodate, ho doth them train
glory flew.

Insensibly to wear and hug his chain;
Dire was the 'tumult! and from ev'ry shore

| Als his behests or genile or severe, Discordant echoes struck the deafen'd ear,

Or good or noxinus, rational or vajn, Heart-thrilling cries, with sobs and singults & sore

He craftily persuades them to revere Short interrupted, the imploring tear,

As institutions sage and venerable lear. And furious stripes and angry threats severe, Protector therefore of that forked hill, Confus'lly mingled with the jarring sound. And mighty patron of those Sisters Nine, Of all the various speeches that whilere il Who there enthron'd with many a copious rill, On Shinars's widespread champaign did astound Feel the full streams that thro' the valley shine, High Babel's builders vain, and their proud He deemed was, and aye with rises divine, works confound.

Like those which Sparta's ** hardy race of yote Much oras the knight empassion'd at the scene;

Were wont perform at fell Diana's shrine, But inore his blooming son, whose tender breast

He dotlı constrain his vassals to adore Empierced deep with sympathizing teen

Perforce their sacred nanies, and learn their saOn his pale cheek the sign of drad impress'd,

cred lore. And filled with tears his eyes, with sore dis- And to the Fairy knight now drawing near Up to his sire he rais'd in mournful wise, stress', With voice terrfic and imperious inien Who with sweet smiles paternal soon redress'd|(All was he wont less dreadful to appear (seen) His troublous thoughts, and clear'd each sad When known and practis'd than at distance • surmise :

And kingly stretching forth his sceptre sheen, Then turns his ready steed, and onhisjourneyhies. Him he commandeth upon threaten'd pain But far he had not march'd ere he was stay'd Of his displeasure high and vengeance keen, Bva rude voice that like it united sowd" From his rebellious purpose to refrain, [train. Of shouting myriads thro' the valley bray'd And all due honors pay 10 Learning's rev'reud And shook the groves, the floods, and solid So saying, and forestalling all reply, The distant hills rebellow'dall around. [ground; His peremptory hand without delay, “Arrest, sir Knight,"it cried, “ thy fond career, As one who little card to justify Nor with presumptuous disobedience wound (His princely will, long us'd to boundless sway, “That awful majesty which all revere ! Upon the Fairy youth with great dismay “In my commands, sir Knight, the voice of In ev'ry quaking limb convuls'd he lay'd, “nations hear."

And proudly stalking o'er the verdant lay it Quick turn'd the knight, and saw upon the plain Him to those scientific streams convey'd Advancing towards him, with impetuous gait, With many his young coinpeers, therein to be And visage all inflam'd with fiercé disdain,

embay'd it. A monstrous giant, on whose brow elate The knight his tender son's distressful stout $$ Shone the bright ensign of imperial state;

Perceiving, swift to his assistance flew, Albeit lawful kingrlom he had none

Ne vainly stay'd to deprecate that pow'r But laws and kingdoms wont he oft create, which from submission aye more haughty grew: And oft times over both crect his throne,

For that proud giant's force he wisely knew While senates, priests, and kings, his sovran T Not to be meanly dreaded, nor defied sceptre own.

With rash prosumption; and with courage true, Custom he bight, and aye in er'ry land Rather than stop from virtue's path aside, Usurp'd dominion with despoiic swag

Oft had he singly scorn'd his all-dismaying O'er all he holds, and to his high command


• Albe, although.
+ Mated, amazed, scared.

Parnasse, Parnassus.
& Singulles, sighis.
Whilere, formerly.

Sovran for sovereign. ** The Lacedemonians, in order to make their children hardy and endure pain with constancy and courage, were accustomed to cause them to be scourged very severely. “And I myself," says Plutarch, in his Life of Lycurgus," have seen several of them endure whipping to death at the foot of the altar of Diana, surnamed Othia." tf Lay, mead. # Embav'd, bathed, dipt. S9 Stour, trouble, mistortune, &c.


And now, disdaining parle, his courser hot They, when their bleeding king they did behold He fiercely prick'd, and couch'd his rengeful and saw an arined knighi him standing near, spear,

Attended by that palmer sage and bold, Wherewith the giant he so rurlely smot, \l'hose vent'rous scarch of devious truth whilere

That him perforce constrain'd to wend * arrear ; Spread thro' the realıns of learning horrors drear,
Who much abash'd at such rebuke severe, Y seised were at first with terrors great,
Yet his accustom'd pride recov'ring soon, And in their boding hearts began to lear
Forthwith his mass sceptre 'gan uprear, Dissension factious, controversial hate,
For other warlike weapon he had none, And innovations strange, in Custom's peaceful
Ne other him behord io quell his boldest fonet stale.
With that enormous mace the Fairy knight But when they saw the knight his falchion sheath,
So sore he bet t that all his armor bray'ds, and climbing to his sterd march thence away
To pieces well nigh riv'n with the might With all his hostile train, they 'gan to brealle
Of so tempestuous strokes ; but he was stay'd, With freer spirit, and with aspect gay
And ever with delib’rate valor weigha Soon chas'd ihe gath'ring clouds of black asray:
The sudden changes of the doubtful fray,.. Als their great monarch, clieered with the victy
From cautious prudence oft deriving aid, Of myriads who confess his sovran sway,
When furce unequal did him haril assay ; His ruffler pride began to plume anew
So lightly from the steed he leap'd upon the lay And on his bugle clear a strain of triumph blex.
Then swiftly drawing forth his trenchant U blade, Thereat the mihiude that sted around
High o'er his head lie beld his feuceful shield, Sent up at once a universal roar
And warily forecasting to evade

Or buistrous jor: the sudden-bursting sound,
The giant's furious arui about him wheeld, Like the explosion of a watlike store
With restless steps aye traversing the field, Tor nitrous grain, th' aflicted welkin $$ tore:
And ever as his fue's inteinp'rate priile

Then turning tow'rds the knight with scoffings Thro' rage defenceless niote advantage yield, Heart-piercing insults and revilings sore, (lesd, With his sharp sword so oft he did biai gride, Loud bursis of laughter vain, and hisses rude That his gold sandal'd feet in crimson floods As thiro' the throng he pass'd his parting sleps were dy'd.

pursued. His baser parts he mairn'd with many a wound ; Als from that forked hill, the boasted seat But far above his utinost reach were pight ** Oi studious Peace and mild Philosophy, The sorts of life; ne never to confound

Indignant murunurs' niote be heard in threat, With utter ruin, and abolish quite

Just'ring their rage ; eke baleful Infanıy, A pow'r so pujesant, by his single might Ruus'd fronı herilen of base obscurity Did he presume to hope : himself alone By those fam'd Mailléns Vine, began to sound From lawless force to free in bloody fight Her brazen trump of black'ning obloque, He stood, content to bow to custoni's ihrone, While Sarire, withidark clondsencompass'd round So reason mote not blush his sovran rulc to own. Sharp secret arrows shot, and aim'd his back to So well he warded and so fiercely presti

wound. His foe, that weary wax'd he of the fray. But the brave Fairy knight no whit dismay'd, Yet nould he algates ft lower bis haughty crest, Hold on his peaceful journey o'er the plain, But masking in conteinpt his sore dismay, With curious eye observing, as he stray'd Disdainfully releas'd the trembling prey Thro' the wide provinces of Custom's reign, As one unworthy of his princely care : . What mote afresh adınonish him remain Then proudly casting on the warlike Fay 11 Fast by his virtuous purpose ; all around A smile of scorn and pity, thro' the air So many objects mov'd his just disdain, 'Gan blow his shrilling horn; the blast was heard Him seein' that nothing scrious, nothingsound, afar.

In city, village, bow'r, or castle, mote be found. Eftsoons astonish'd at th' alarming sound, In village, city, castle, bow'r, and hall,

Each sex, cach age, each order and degree, Confus'dly trooping from all quarters round, To vice and idle sport abandon'd all, Came pouring o'er the plain a nuncrous throng Kept one perpetual gen'ral jubilce, Of ev'ry sex and order, old and young, Ne suffer'd anglit disurb their merry glee ; The vassals of great Custom's wide domain, Ne sense of private loss, ne public woes, Who to his lore inurod by usige long

Restraint of laiv, religion's drad decree, His ev'ry suinmons heard with pleasure fain, Intestine desolation, foreign foes, svulsive throes. And felt his ev'ry wound with sympathetic pain. Norlicaven's tempestuous threats, nor earth scon.

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• Wend arrear, move backwards. Fone, foes. Pet, bcat. # Trenchant, cutting.

Gride, cut, hack 11 Nould he algates, would not by any means. 1 Fay, Fairy

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Butchicfly they whom Heaven's disposing hand To Pleasure's num'rous temples, that beside
Had seateid high on lortune's upper stage, The glist'ning streams, or tuficd groves among,
And plac'd within their call the sacred band |To ev'ry idle foot stood open wide,
That waits on Nurture and Instruction sage, | Avd ev'ry gay desire with various joys supplied.
If haply their wise hests * moie them engage For there each heart with diversecharnis to more
To climbiliru' knowledige to more noble praise, The sly enchantress summon'd all her train;
And, as they muunt, enlighten ev'ry age Alluring Venus, queen of vagrant love,
With the bright inflacnce of fair virtue's rays, The boon companion Bacchus loud and vain,
Which from the awful heights of grandeur And tricking Hermes, god of fraudful gain.
brighter blaze :-

Who when blind Fortune throws directs the die,
They, 0 perverse and base ingraiitude! And Phæbus, tuning his soft Lydian strain
Despising the great ends of Providence, To wanton motions and the lover's sigh, (ry.
For which abore their mates they were endued And thought-beguiling show and masking revel-
With wealth, anthority, and enuinence, Unmeet associates these for noble youth
To the low services of brutal sense

Who to true honor meaneth to aspire, Abus'd the means of pleasures more refin'd, And for the works of virtue, faith and truth, O knowledge, virtue, and beneficence; Woulil keep his manly faculties entire ; A nd, fett'ring on her throne th'immortal Mind, The which avizing well the cautious fire The guidanceofberrealmto passions wild resign'd. From that soft Siren land of pleasaunce vain Hence, thonghtless, shameless, reckless,spiritless, With timely hastc was minded to retire, Nought worthy of their kind did they essay, Or ere the sweet contagion inote attain [stain. But, or benunib'd with palsied idleness, liis son's unpractis'd heart, yet free from vicious In merely living loiter'd life away,

So turning from that beaten road aside, Or by false taste of pleasure led astray,

Thru' many a devious path at length he pac'd, For erer wand'ring in the sensual bow'rs As that experienc'd palmer did him guide Of feverish Debauch and lustful Play,

Till to a inountain boare they came at last, Spent on ignoble roils their active pow'rs, Whose high-rais'd brows, with sy'ran honors And with untimely blasts diseas'd their vernal Majestically frown'd upon their plain, (grac'd, hours. ..

| And over all an awful horror, cast; Een they to whom kind Nature did accord Seein'd as those villas gay it did disdain, (train, A fratne more delicate and purer mind, Which spangled all the vale like Flora's painted Tho'the soul brothel and the wine-stain d board The hill ascended straight, crewhile they came Of beastly Comus loathing they declin'd,

To a tall grove, whose thick embow'ring shade, Yet their soft hearts to idle joys resign’d;; . Impervious to the sun's meridian flame, Like painted insects thro' the summer air E'en at mid-noon a dubious twilight made, With random flight aye ranging unconfin'd, Like to that sober light which, disarray'd And tasting ev'ry flow'r and blossom fair

Of all its gorgeous robe, with blunted beams; Withouten any choice, withouten any care. Thro' windows dim with holy acts pourtray'd For choice them needed none who only sought Along some cloister'd abbey faintly gleams, With vain amusements to beguile the day ; Abstracting the rapt thought froni vain earthAndwherefore should they takeor careorthought musing themes. Whom Nature prompts and Fortune calls to play? Beneath this bigh o'erarching canopy “Lords of the earth, be happy as ye may !"

Of clust'ring oaks, a sylvan colonnade, So learn'd, so taught, the leaders of mankind

| Ave list'ning to the native melody Th' unreasoning vulgar willingly obey,

Of birds sweet echoing thro' the lonely shade, And, leaving toil and poverty behind, [find. On to the

JOn to the centre of the grove they stray'd ; Ran forth by diff'rent ways the blissful boon to which in a spacious circle op'ning round, Nor redious was the search ; for ev'ry where, Within its sholt'ring arms securely laid, As nigh great Custom's royal tow'rs the knight Disclosd to sudden view a vale profound, Pass'd thro' thi'adjoining liainlets, mote he hear With Nature's artless smiles and tranquil beau. The merry voice of festival dlelight

ties crown'd. Saluting the return of morning bright

There on the basis of an antient pile, With marin reyels by the mid-day hours

| Whose cross-surmounted spire o'erlook'd the Scarce ended, and again with dewy night

A venerable matron they erewhile [wood, In cover'd theatres or leafy bow'rs, [pow'rs.

Discover'd have beside a murm'ring food, Offring her ev'ning vows w Pleasure's joyous

Reclining in right sad and pensive mood : And ever on the way mote he espy

Retir’d. within her own abstracted breast, Men, women, children, a promiscuous throng She seem'd o'er various woes by turns to brood, Of rich, poor, wise, and simple, low and high, The which herchanvirgcheer by turns expressid, Hy land, by water, passing aye along

Now glowing with disdain, with grief now overVishnurmurs, anticks, music, dance and song, I kestt • Hests, behests, precepts, commands.

Overkeat, for overcabi.

Her Her thus inmers'd in anxious thoughts profound |“ Contempt of order, manners profligate, [state. When as the knight perceiv'd, he nearer drew, “The symptoms of a foul, diseas'd and bloated To weet what bitter bale did her astound, 'Ev'n Wit and Genius, with their learned train And whence th' occasion of her anguish grew; “ Of Arts and Muses, tho' from heaven above For that right noble matron well he knew, " Descended, when their talents they profane And many perils huge and labors sore

To varnish folly, kindle wanton love, Had for her sake endur'd, her vassal true, " And aid eccentric sceptic pride to rore Train'd in her love, and practis'd evermore " Beyond celestial truth's attractive sphere, Her honor to respect, and reverence her lore. “This moral system's central sun, aye prote “O dearest Drad!” he cried, “fair Island Queen! “ To their fond votaries a curse severe, “ Mother of heroes! Empress of the main ! " And only make maukind more obstinately err. " What means that stormy brow of troublous" And stand my sons herein from censure clear? " teen,

[train“ Have they consider'd well and understood « Sith* heaven-born Peace, with all her smiling - The use and import of those blessings dear “Of Sciences and Arts, adorns thy reign " Which the great Lord of Nature hath bestow'd “ With wealth and knowledge, splendor and " As well to prove as to reward the good? “ renown?

[plain!" Whence are these torrents then, these billowy « Each port how throng'd! how fruitful ev'ry " Of vice, in which as in his proper flood [stas “ How blithe the country! and how gay the “ The fell Leviathan licentious plavs " town!

"And upon shipwreck'd Faith and sinking “ While Liberty secures and heightens ev'ry " Virtue preys ? boouo

“To you, ye noble, opulent, and great! Awaken u rom her trance of pensive wo 1. With friendly voice I call an honest zeal; By thesfair flat ring words, she rais d her head; “Upon your vital influence wait And bending on the knight her frowning brow, “ The health and sickness of the common weal: " Mock'st thou mny sorrows, Fairy Son?” she said; “ The maladies you cause yourselves must heal, “Or is thy judgement by thy heart misled : " In vain to the unthinking harden'd crowd ** To deem that certain which thy hopes suggest? " Will truth and reason make their just appeal, "To deem them full of life and lustihead † “In vain will sacred wisdom cry aloud, rblood.

Whose cheeks in Hebe 's vivid tints are dress'd, " And justicedrench in vain her vengeful swordin ** And with joy's careless mien and dimpled “ With you must reformation first take place : “ smiles impress'd!

You are the head, the intellectual mind “ Thy unsuspecting heart how nobly good. " Of this vast body politic, whose base * I know, how sanguine in thy country's cause, “Andivulgar limbs to drudgery consign'd, " And mark'd thy virtue singly how it stood

, virtue singly how it stood "All the rich stores of science hare resiivn'd - Th'assaults of inighty custom, which o'erawes “ To you, that, by the craftsman's various wil, “ The faint and tim'rous mind, and oft withdraws “ The sea-worn inariner and sweating hind, “ From Reason's lore th' ambitious and the vain," In peace and affluence maintain'd, the while “By the sweet lure of popular applause, “ You for yourselves and them may dress the “ Against their better knowledge to maintain "mental soil. - The lawless throne of Vice or Folly's childish " Bethink you then, my children! of the trust “reign.

" In you repos d ; ne let your heaven-born mind “How vast his influence, how wide his sway, "Consume in pleasure or inactive rust, “Thyself erewhile by proof didst understand, " But nobly rouse you to the task assign'd, " And saw'st, as thro' his realms thou took'st " The godlike task, to teach and mendinankind! .. " thy way,

Learn, that ye may instruct: to virtue lead " How vice and folly had o'erspread the land : “ Yourselves the way; the hotd will crowd be. " And canst thou then, O Fairy Son ! demand “hind, “The reason of my wo? or hope to ease “And gather precepts from each worthy deed: « Thethrobbingsofmy heart with speeches bland, “ Example is a lesson that all men can read. ." And words more apt my sorrows to increase, But if (to all or most I do not speak) • The once-dear naines of wealth, and "liberty, In vain and sensual habits now grown old " and peace?

“ The strong Circæan charm you cannot break, * Peace, wealth, and liberty that noblest boon," Nor reassume at will your native mould I .“ Are blessings only to the wise and good; " Yet envy not the state you could not hold, “ To weak and vicious minds their worth un- " And take compassion on the rising age; known,

“ In them redeem your errors manifold, “And thence abus'd, but serve to furnish food“ And by due discipline and nurture sage «r For riot and debauch, and fire the blood "In virtue's lore betimes your docile sons engage. "With high-spic'd luxury, whence strife,debate, “ You chiefly who like me in secret inourn “ Ambition, envy, Faction's vip'rous brood, T« The prevalence of custom lewd and vain, • Sith, since. + Lustihead, strong health, vigor... Mould, shape, form.

" And

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