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THE

LIVES

OF

THE CHIEF JUSTICES

ENGLAND.

FROM THE NORMAN CONQUEST TILL THE DEATH

OF LORD TENTERDEN.

BY

JOHN LORD CAMPBELL, LL.D., F.R.S.E.,

AUTHOR OF

" THE LIVES OF THE LORD CHANCELLORS OF ENGLAND."

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. III.

c LONDON:
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET,

Bu 188.20 1860, March 19.

60. + Ś = $ 1.67

fray

Fund.

LONDON : PRINTED BY W. CLOWES AND SONS, DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET,

AND CHARING CROSS,

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PREFACE

TO THE

THIRD VOLUME OF THE LIVES OF THE

CHIEF JUSTICES.

I COMPLETE my engagement with the public by bringing down this work to the death of Lord Chief Justice Tenterden. A quarter of a century having elapsed since that event, I hope that I may now continue my series of Chief Justices from Lord Mansfield, without being liable to the censure of wantonly wounding the feelings of the relations and friends of those whose names appear in my narrative.

I cannot think that the circumstance of my having myself in the mean time become a Chief Justice disqualifies me for being the biographer of my predecessors, or that it should induce me in any measure to vary the principle on which my “Lives” have been composed. I still consider it my duty to extenuate nothing, being sure that I do not set down aught in malice. By some persons, probably very respectable, though given to HERO-WORSHIP, I have been blamed for following this course,-even with respect to Judges who for centuries have been reposing in the tomb. I have incurred much obloquy by representing that Lord Chancellor Sir Christopher Hatton, so deservedly eminent for his dancing, was “no lawyer;" and for saying that Lord Bacon, the greatest philosopher, and one of the finest writers his country ever produced, was justly liable to the charges of taking bribes from suitors on whose causes he was to adjudjićate,--of inflicting torture on a poor parson whom he wished to hang as a traitor for writing an unpublished and unpreached sermon, and of labouring to blacken the memory of the young and chivatrous Earl of Essex, from whom he had received such signal favours.

But, at all hazards, in relating actions and in drawing characters, I shall still strive to discriminate between what is deserving of praise and of censure. · I add, with perfect sincerity,

-hanc veniam petimusque damusque vicissim.

If my own humble career should ever become the subject of biographical criticism,—with what measure I mete, be it measured to me again. And this I say not in arrogance or self-confidence, but deeply conscious of deficiencies which may be imputed to me, and of errors into which I have fallen,—yet hoping that the slender merit may be allowed me of having attempted well.

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