Page images
PDF
EPUB

thorough acquaintance with domestic philosophy; and that to furnish our daughters with any thing beyond this, and particularly to instruct them in any of the branches of solid learning and science, is a superfluity that ill befits their condition and employment.

But how contracted are such views, and how far do they fall short of qualifying females, for some of the more useful and important duties of their sex! Mind is a glorious endowment; and there is no reason why the mind of a female should not be cultivated with unwearied assiduity. Particularly to a female of keen perception, intuitive judgment, vivid fancy, and ready and attentive memory, every facility of developeing and improving her intellectual faculties, which her means and condition in life can furnish, should be afforded. I know of nothing which a woman may not study and acquire to advantage. If she is ambitious of deserving well, if she is diligent, as her experience and reflection become matured, I would not only have her well grounded in all the branches of a good English education, but I would delight to see her plodding her steady course through the departments of classical knowledge—introduced to the masters of science in every agefamiliar with the history of other times, and the biography of other men-well acquainted with the power of numbers--not meanly instructed in physi. cal and intellectual philosophy—and especially, taught to think and reason, and to express her thoughts with propriety, force, and elegance. No reason exists why the temple of science should be interdicted to an enterprising female, and why its ascent should be deemed so rough and difficult that her modest foot may not attempt it. Every step she gains will reward her exertion, and facilitate her progress; and though it may not be her ambition to flourish in the republic of letters, yet if she would be esteemed and honored in human society, and become one of its most invaluable blessings she need not fear extending her acquisitions.

But while we advert to her intellectual cultivation, let us not slightly pass over the peculiar advantage of a thorough acquaintance with moral science. Here, every female should be at home. Last of all should

!

the science of God and salvation be hidden from her eyes; last of all, should she be a stranger to the prin. ciples and obligations which ought to govern her thoughts, her affections, and her conduct, every hour and moment of her existence. How humiliating if it were only in an intellectual view, that she should be ignorant of the topics and wonderful themes of contemplation, and powerful persuasiveness of enterprise, and unrivalled exhibitions of classical beauty and elegancc, and matchless examples of purity of thought, with which the great text-book of moral science, the Bible, is so richly fraught! There, is revealed what nothing else has disclosed, and what none but God knew. From one page of this wonderful volume, a female may gain more knowledge of the great end of her being, and of what is useful and necessary to be known, than philosophy could acquire by the patience and toil of centuries. There, too, is developed the great system of truth, which philosophers and sages have sought in vain-every where inculcating the most excellent maxims of wisdom-every where embodying counsels more paternal, admonitions more alarming, consolations more precious, expostulations more touching, than all the schemes of human instruction; and every where recounting events and transactions that cannot be communicated without the deepest interest and delight. The wonders of the Bible have interested and amazed the strongest intellects in creation. And if a female would be interested in subjects that can expand, and captivate, and transform her mind, that can crucify her affections to the pursuits and enjoyments of the world, then must her heart be endeared to the excellences of the Bible. ·

All these courses will strengthen and cultivate her intellectual powers, and fit her for usefulness. And if she be pious, how is her character invested with additional power, when it can put in requisition the force and furniture of a well disciplined and richly cultivated mind. The great variety of intellectual accomplishments she possesses, the more respectable she will become, and the more influence will she exert in any sphere she is destined to occupy.

[merged small][graphic][ocr errors]

THE PEACOCK. This remarkable bird is one of the most beautiful of the feathered creation. It is usually about three feet in height from the ground to the top of its head. The feathers of its tail frequently measure four feet. Its legs are rough, and its feet appear ugly. The head, neck, and breast, are of a beautiful blue color; on the top of its head is a plume of greenish feathers; the back and upper part of the wings are light ash mixed with black stripes. Its wide spreading train is exceedingly beautiful, the feathers of which have a mixture of shining green, blue, and gold color, ornamented with regular dark spots surrounded with green, and having the appearance of numerous eyes.

The train thus variegated has a splendid effect when displayed against the rays of the sun, and then it exhibits a very great variety of colors. The peahen is a smaller bird, and not near so beautiful in its appearance.

The peacock, though possessed of so much dazzling finery, is both cruel and stupid : its loud screaming is very disagreeable, and is said to be a sign of approaching bad weather.

In the early ages of the world the elegance of the peacock attracte ? admiration, and the Scriptures inform

us that the ships of Solomon, which traded once in three years to Tarshish, brought, among other curious things, peacocks to grace the establishment of that great monarch, 1 Kings x. 22.

VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES-LIVERWORT.

As many persons may feel interested to know something more of this newly discovered medicine for consumption, an engraving of which is here given, a medical gentleman has furnished the following botanical description. The cut is about one third the size of the plant, and is sufficiently accurate to enable any person to recognize it at first sight. Its leaves will be perceived to be three-lobed, entire, in shape resembling the human liver. It continues green through the winter, and the leaf is preferable to the root for use. The leaves and not the root are to be used.

“ It is a circumstance not a little perplexing to students," says Mr. Bigelow in his Florula Bostoniensis, " that the first plant in a genus without a calyx should have a calyx of three leaves. Linnæus, in associating this plant with the Anemonies, considered the calyx from its remoteness to be an involucsum, and not a perianth. Leaves radical, or hairy petioles, with three broad oval lobes. Peduncles and ivolucre hairy. Petals red. This elegant little plant is one of the earliest visiters in spring, flowering in sunny spots before the snow has left the ground." It is perennial, and grows in the woods, and most abundantly on the north side of hills. It may be found in almost every part of America, and although it flowers in April according to the books, yet it may be gathered in February.

The Liverwort is the Anemone Hepatica of Linnæus, belonging to his 13th class, Polyandria; and included in the seventh order of this class, Polyginia. It is also called by botanists Herba trinitatis, Jercorasia, and Mechantia polymorpha. It is nearly allied to the Linchen Islandicus, or Iceland moss, but it has been long esteemed as superior to it as an aperient, resolv. ent, and anti-scorbutic. It has a penetrating though mild pungency and bitter taste, sinking as it were info VOL. II.

15

the tongue. It is known to possess mildly astringent and corroborant virtues, and has been given both in the

form of dried leaves in powder to the dose of half a tea spoonful occasionally, and in the form of tea prepared in the proportion of a handful of the leaves to a quart of boiling water. When the water is poured on at a boiling temperature, it ought to boil twenty or twenty-five minutes only in a covered vessel. This is to be drank when cold, it being then of the color of Madeira wine, which is an evidence of its being of proper strength. It may be used as a common drink to the exclusion of either tea or coffee, and accompanied by a diet of milk and vegetables.

So much noise has recently been made unjustly about the Skull Cap, Pippisseway and Iceland moss, that it is not wonderful that people should be incredulous with respect to any of the newspaper eulogies bestowed upon these and other remedies, particularly when announced as specifics for “incurable diseases."

« EelmineJätka »