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Oft shall wearied love re - tire, Oft shall death and
sor-row reign, Ere
we all shall meet
Though in distant lands we sigh, When the dreams of life are fled, Parch'd beneath the hostile sky; When its wasted lamps are dead, Tho' the deep between us rolls, When in cold oblivion's shade, Friendship shall unite our souls, Beauty, wealth, and fame are laid;
And in fancy's wide domain, Where immortal spirits reign, There shall we all meet again. There may we all meet again.
THE CITY OF QUEBEC. The city of Quebec, the capital of Lower Canada, is situated on a promontory on the north-west side of the St. Lawrence, formed by that river, and the St. Charles. The ridge of land which terminates in this promontory runs from east to west, and separates the two rivers above named. Its general breadth is from one to two miles. Quebec is divided into two distinct parts by the peculiarity of its site. The upper town is situated above the steep cliffs, which rise from one to two hundred feet perpendicularly from the level of the shores of the St. Lawrence and the Charles rivers, on which the lover town is built. The citadel is an enclosure of about forty acres on the summit of the rock, surrounded by walls, bastions, embankments, and batteries of immense strength. The upper town is entirely surrounded by walls, and can be entered from the lower town only through the embrasures of five gates—that on the side of the St. Lawrence being called the Prescott gate; on the northern side, where the eminence is not as high as elsewhere, there are two entrances, Hope gate, and Palace gate. These gates are on the quarter which is washed by the river Charles. On the land side of the city, leading from the plains of Abraham, the two avenues to the upper town, are named Louis gate and John's gate. Half a mile in advance of the upper town and the bastions of the citadel, along the further bounds of the plains of Abraham, are four Martello towers of great strength, as the outer defences of the citadel; they are so constructed, that if they should fall into the hands of a besieging force, they may be easily demolished by the batteries of the citadel,
being slightly built on the sides nearest the city. 'linis line of towers extends over and commands all the space between the St. Lawrence and Charles rivers. The conspicuous public edifices are the Castle of St. Lewis, the Parliament House, Court-House, General Hospital, New Exchange, the Catholic, Episcopal, Presbyterian, and St. Roch's churches, and the Trinity, St. Johns, and Methodist Chapels. The public and private edifices of the city present a singularly impressive species of Architecture, in good keeping with the war-like sublimity of the fortress—the walls are of a dark colored stone, with deep narrow windows, high sharp roofs, covered with tin, which brightly flashes back the beams of the sunwhile the entrance cut through the rocks, the gates, and the massive walls of the city, carry the mind back to the feudal ages of ditch and moat, drawbridge and tower.
The military history of Quebec, is of deep interest, and confers renown upon the names of Wolfe, and MONTCALM, and MONTGOMERY. The two former having fallen at the head of opposing armies, in the conflict on the plains of Abraham, which transferred the sovereignty of the Canadas from France to England. General Richard Montgomery is remembered with grateful emotions by his country—the United States of America. He was appointed commander-in-chief of the American force destined for the siege and assault of this formidable fortress, in the winter of 1775. He was killed on the morning of December 31st, 1775, by a discharge of artillery, loaded with grape, which swept away the head of the column he was leading to storm the eminence. The attempt proved unsuccessful, and the greater part of the American force was captured.* Quebec is one hundred and eighty miles north-east of Montreal, and four hundred from the sea. The present population is supposed to amount to about thirty thousand.
DESCRIPTION OF THE ENGRAVING.
“ This scene,” says Professor Silliman, " which we thought not to be exceeded in beauty by any that we saw in Canada, was sketched from the left bank of the Chau
*For a particular account of this unfortunate expedition, the reader is referred to Marshall's Life of Washington