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Eagle, monkey-eating, 117
Easter Island, 269
Eciton hamata, 20

predator, 17
Ecitons, 17, 22
Egrets, 44

white, 44
Elam, Jacob, 375
Elaps, 320
Elateridæ, 379
Elephantiasis, 160
Elizabeth steamer, 388
Elote, 54
Elvan dykes, 96
Emigration in Nicaragua, 386,

387
Endives, 70
Epidemic amongst insects, 181

amongst wasps in Great
Britain, 181
Epiphytes, 6, 57, 183
Eriosoma, 229
Erythrina, 130, 345

cacao made from, 345
Esquipula, 52
Essequibo, carved rocks of, 53
Estely, 249
Eumomota superciliaris, 158
Evander nobilis (Bates), 317
Extinction of intermediate va-

rieties that connected extreme
forms, 182

Floating plants, 44
Florida, 55
Flour-mill, 296
Flowers, 279
fertilised by birds, 130

insects, 70
Florisuga mellivora, 111
Fly-catchers, 123, 158, 291,

313
Foraging ants, 198
Forbes, Mr. David, on auriferous

quartz veins, 96
Forest of the Atlantic slope, 57,

185
Forest region, limit of the, 185

effect
of fertilisation on the, 186
Forest vegetation, 58
Fornicarium, 72
Foxglove, fertilisation of, 131
Franklin on whirlwind in Mary-

land, 302
Fresh-water animals, 331

plants, 331
Frogs, 321

in Peña Blanca, 143

EAIRBAIRN, Mr., 154
Farina, 55
Fauna of the Malay Archipelago,

268
Felspar, 97
Ferns, 6, 57, 238
Fertilisation of flowers by birds,
130

foxglove, 131
marcgravia, 130

palosabre, 130
Festa, 49
Festivals, 278, 287
Fig-trees, 66, 69
Fireflies, 103, 317
Fissure-veins, 87
Flight of birds that soar, 200

Gage, Thomas, on the Indians'

respect for their priest, 282
Garrapatos, 210
Glacial beds, 248, 260

period, 264

scratches, 260
Glaciers, 263
Glands on plants, 219
Gneiss, 258, 277
Goascoran valley, 378
Gold, 88

bars, 93
distribution of, in quartz

veins, 91
concentration of, near the

surface, 89

mining, 86
Gosse, P., on grassquit of Ja

maica, 291
Gourd-shaped pottery, 47
Gracias a Dios, Cape, 3
Granada, 341, 345

courts of law at, 345

Granitie intrusive rocks, 96 Hewitson, W. C, 479
Grass Pará, 3:48

Hickory, 46
-Guinen, ss

Hides, 4, 342
Grasshoppers is

Hollenbeck, Mr., 9, 4, 42, 371, 380,
Grassquit, 91

383
Graves of chiefs 10

Homoptera, 226
Iniiss, 154

Honduras, Gulf of, 378
Green, Dr., 4

Honey glands, 219
Greenstone, 88, 96

Hornet, 319
Gregarious birts 123

Horse-ffies, 313
Grenstillos, 66,

Horses, 48
Greytown, 1, 4, 13

Hot winds of Australia, 305
trade of, 4

Huaco, 202
salubrity of, due to its Hoexlotl, 205
fatness, 5

Humble bee, 70
Groase, 197

Humboldt on hairless dogs, 205
Gustuse, the, SS

on origin of the Mexican
Gustuses. Inlans Si

and Eastern Asiaties,
Gaara jells, 6

370-373
Guayara, 136

on origin of whirlwinds,
trees 6

301
Guians, British, final of the people Humming-binis, 58, 159, 315
ot, 55

abundance of, 139
Guinea grass, 141, 308

nests of, 140
Gummifenz, 215

rapidity of flight,
Gurman, Senor Fernando, 316

140
Gyrinida, 299, 331

bathing, 137
Gyrinus, 331

fertilising flowers,

131

- tongue of, 113
HALF-BRKENS, 63

Humuya valley, 378
Harlequin beetle, 31

Hydrophilidæ, 331
Hart, Prof., on glacial drift in Hydrophilus, 331

South America, 205; on the Hymenoptera, 27, 28
elevation of Brazil in the glacial Hypodlinea, sp., 20, 181, 227
period, 267
Hawk, crabenting, 161
Hawks, 128, 25., 310
Hayti, 55

“Ibis," the, 377
Heavy rains, 104

Ice, influence of, in volcanic erup-
Heer, Prof., on the Miocene Flora, tions, 356
265

Icterida, 290
Heliconiæ, 13, 15, 5S

Icterus pectoralis (Wagl.), 328
Heliconide, 7, 354

Iguana, the, 338, 339
Heliconii, the, 266, 316

Igneous injections, 97
Heliomaster pallidiceps, 112, 130 India-rubber, 4, 32-31, 59, 328,
Heliothrix barroti, 113

342
Helix, 333

Indian antiquities, 50, 165
Hemiptera, 315

carvings, 217
Herrania purpurea, 116

- children, 38
Hesperide, 103

cooking vessels, 293

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Indian graves, 154, 166, 169,

170
houses, 40
love of flowers, 279

names of towns, 293
Indians, brown, 364

red, 365
origin of the, 363
wholesale baptism of, by

Spanish conquerors, 167
Indigo, 4, 297, 328, 342
Indolence of natives, 298
Insect life at night, 174

traps, 183
Insectivorous birds, 7
Insects, instinct of, 313

- mimetic, 315, 381
Instinct of ants, 26

butterflies, 109

cockroaches, 109
Interoceanic canal, 36
Iscodes bovis, 209

JACANAS, 3, 158
Jaguar, 30, 144, 174, 286
Jamaily, 251
Janson, Mr., 380
Jatropha manihot, 70
Javali lode, 89

mine, 60

river, 106
Jicara, 46, 156
Jinotego, 204, 240, 293
José, San, 15, 45

plains, 374
Juan, San, river, 1, 15, 35

bar of, 2; del Norte, 1
Juigalpa river, 150, 156, 157, 163,

176

LACANDONES of Guatemala, 155
Lagoon, 5
Lamellicorns, 379
Lampyridæ, 317
Land-shells of the West Indies, 238
Landslips, 86, 95
Las Lajas, 60
Lasso, 189
Laurentium rock, 259
Laziness of natives, 215
Led, 89
Leaf-cutting ant, the, 127, 219, 225

destructive-
ness of, 73; method of eradicat-
ing, 77 ; growers of mushrooms,
79; nests of, 80, 81; food of,
81 ; duties, &c., 82 ; reasoning

powers, 83
Leaf-hoppers, 226

ants attending, 227

- wasps attending, 223
Leaf-insect, 8, 381
Legrand d'Aussy, 367
Lenca Indians, 155
Leo Amontli, 356
Leptalides, 385
Lettuces, 70
Leucopternus ghiesbreghti, 340
Lianas, 6, 33, 57
Libertad, 150

mines, 95, 150
Linie, 74

trees, 65

- stone, 310
Lizards, 12, 312

tree, 339, 310
Locust, 19
Lodes, 86; Consuelo, 89; San

Benito, 89; San Antonio, 89;

Javali, 89
Lodes, deterioration in depth of,

90 ; direction of, 86 ; dip of, 86
Logwood, 4
Longicorn beetles, 7, 69, 104, 127,

159, 173, 180, 379, 380
Lorenzo, San, 323
Los Cocos, 330
Louisiana, 55
Lowering of the level of the sea in

the glacial period, 266
Lymnæa, 333

KIDNEY-BEANS, 73
Kingfishers, 158
Kingsley, Canon, account of vol.

canic eruption of St. Vincent.
350-355 ; on the dry land con-
necting the islands of the West

Indies, 267
Kotzebue's voyage round the world,

372

Miau-tsze, 367, 369
Mice, 23
Michel, 367
Mico river, 52, 150, 151, 188
Microchera parrirostris, 138
Microscopical cavities in rocks, 97
Migrations of buttertlies, 152
Miguel, San, volcano, 350
Miguelito, San, 177
Mimetic forms, 8; explanation of,

383

insects, 315, 381
Mineral veins, 96 ; formation of, 99
Mineralogical specimens, 99
Miners, Indian, 63
Mines, 86, 89; Javali, 60 ; Santo

Domingo, 86 ; Libertad, 95 ; El

Coquimba, 258
Miocene Flora, 265
Mirage, 300
Mocomi, the, 209
Mollusks, marine and freshwater,

335; land and fresh.

water, 332-337
Melania, genus of, 336

of the isthmus of Darien,
264
Mombacho, volcano of, 345
Momotus lessoni, 123

- martii, 123
Monkeys, 35; sagacity of, 119;

speech of, 120

white-faced, 118-120,
316, 341
Monedula Surinamensisi Fabr.), 313
Montezuma, 47
Mordellidæ, 318
More, Sir Thomas, account of

l'topia, 29
Morphos, 7
Morren, Dr., 70
Mosas, 63
Mosquitoes, 14, 32, 103, 374, 375
Moss insect, 382
Moths, 104, 174

migratory, 153
Mot-mots, 16, 22, 122, 123, 158,

199

Lympeacea, 333

Macaws, 196
Maceio, subject to fevers, 5
Machuca, 31
Mackleunia, 142
Madeira peaks, 147
Mahogany, 34, 328
Malacatoyo river, 314
Malayan dialects, 269
Mallocera spinocollis (Bates), 315
Maize, 53–56, 328, 386

cultivation of, 53
eaters, 54, 55
stone grinders, 55

food of the people of north-
east Brazil, 55 ; of Mexico, 55 ;
of British Guiana, 55 ; of western
side of tropical America, 55 ; of

the Caribs, 55
Mammalia, 28
Mandioca, 55
Mango trees, 4, 66
Mangos, 1.1
Manihot aipim, 55
Mantos, origin of, 95
Marcgraria nepenthoides, 128, 129
Marcgravia fertilized by birds, 130

pitchers of, 130
Masaya, 330, 346; lake of, 346.

347, 355 ; volcano of, 347, 355 ;
strata at, 348; origin of strata at,

349
Masaya Indians, marriage custom

tails of, 121
Mountain hens, 121
Mules, 48

of, 36

Matagalpa, 203, 217, 231
Mauray, Prof. T. B., on origin of

cyclones, 301
Mayas, 156

of Yucatan, 363
McCrae, Colonel, 32
Melastomæ, 13, 58, 222
Melzer, 60
Membracis, 226
Mercury, 93, 94
Metlate, 56, 293
Mestayer M., 341
Mestizos, 92
Mexico, maize in, 53

food of people of, 55
Miasma, 6

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Mules, bitten by spiders, 323

sagacity of, 189; thieves,
256
Murderers, punishment of in Ni.

caragua, 275
Muscovy ducks, 203
Muy-muy, 214
Mycetes palliatus, 35
Mygale, 323
Myriapods, 140

Ocon, Senor Trinidad, 328
Ocotal, 255
Ecodoma, 71–84
Olama, 203
“Old man's beard," 237
Omotepec, 43; island of, 362;

peaks, 147
Onions, 70
Oniscus, 115
Opossums, 23, 174
Orange trees, 4, 65, 68
Orchids, 6 ; on Peña Blanca, 142
Ore, extraction of, 92 ; reduction

of, 93 ; testing of, 89
Orinoco, carved rocks of, 53
Orinthorhynchos, 142
Oropendula, 290
Orthopetra, 381
Owls, 174

NAMES of natural features of a

country important in an inquiry
as to the original inhabitants,

106 ; of places corrupted, 107
Nahuatls, 44, 155, 364, 365, 370,

371, 373
Nancito, 6, 156
Nandasme, 358
Nectarina, 228
Negroes, 63
Nelson, Lord, capture of Castillo, 31
Neoclytus (Esopus (Bates), 315
Nephila, 108, 317
Nequen, 360
Nests, of birds, 289 ; of wasps, 290
Neuwied, Prince Maximilian, on

nest of Tody, 291
Nicaragua, bird fauna of, 377 ;

civil war in, 342 ; conquest of
by Spaniards, 359 ; division of,
into three zones, 328 ; emigra-
tion in, 386, 387; insects of,

379
Nicaragua, name of chief, 359
Nicaraguan judges, 105

soldiers, 63
Nicaraguans, hospitality of, 275,

285 ; litigious, 105

and Mexicans closely
related, 362
Nicoya, Gulf of, 359
Night-jars, 174
Nispera, 92, 116
Nispral, 59
Nocturnal animals, 173

PALACAGUINA, 249, 283
Palms, 4, 13, 35, 58
Palosa bre, 130
Papaws, 66
Papilio, 108, 299
Pará grass, 141, 308

Melastomæ at, 224
Parasites, 84 ; on wasps' nests, 134
Parasitical insects, 209
Parrot, green-leek, 197
Parrots, 6, 22, 158
Parsley, 70
Passiflora quadrangularis, 69
Passion-flower, 224
Patagonia, migrations of butterflies,

153
Paton, Mr.,

5
Pavon, 60
Pavónes, 121
Pávos, 121
Peaches, 183
Peas, 70
Pediculi, 210
Pedrarias, 359
Peña Blanca, ascent of, 143; rocks

of, 146, 148 ; precipice of, 146
Penelope, 121
Pentaloma punicea, 127
Peopling of barren spots, 246
Pernambuco, healthiness of, 5

Ocalca, 216
Ocelots, 174

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