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which no one would bave expected from him. Surrounded by a hostile population, hemmed in, on both elements, by a superior force, he bribed, threatened and intrigued most successfully. Our author is careful to register his disapprobation of the convention of Cintra, for no other reason, it would seem, but that Sir Arthur had opposed it. Now any one who will investigate the circumstances and the stipulations of the treaty, will come to the conclusion that as far as the British commander had information, this convention was more than he could expect. And so likewise when Junot's position is considered, it seems wonderful how he conld have obtained such terms. Indeed, both governments were dissatisfied with the convention of Cintra, and Bonaparte exclaimed that the British government, by sending their general before a court martial, saved him the pain of punishing an old friend.

We find a great deal of sentimentalism expended upon the subject of French plunder, French rapacity, French coveteousness, French sacrilege, just as if the hands of the British had never meddled with the spoils of Catholic churches; it must have been perplexivg to discover that general Loison had shirts made for himself out of the linen destined for the imperial family, especially if some Major Monsoon” had an eye to the linen for himself. If the British soldiery, on entering Lisbon, really found that the French had left them nothing to take, we sympathize with them in their indignation, but on no other grounds. Honor among thieves, we say.

Pressed by our limits, we shall only mention one more instance of flagrant misrepre. sentation. During the retreat of Sir John Moore, the noble writer, while venting his spleen against his general, takes every opportunity of immortalizing British valor as exem. plified in manifold skirmishes, precisely as some of the French writers are wont to do on iheir side of the question. But the Marquis of Londonderry shows more zeal than taste or information in most of the actions which he celebrates. Take for instance a cavalry affair at page 147, wherein the Marquis was personally engaged. His account is to the effect that 200 British horse charged and kept in check some 600 cavalry of the imperial guards, and the 10th hussars coming up the French were driven in disorder from the field. But by consulting British authorities it will be found that the 200 British horse were only intended to lure the French, andt hat the latter, although greatly outnumbered, when the force in ambuscade came up, charged repeatedly their superior foe, and crossed the stream in squadrons without breaking their ranks; formed for another charge on the opposite bank, and were induced to retreat by the fire of a masked battery; quite a different story-and yet his lordship was there ; quorum pars magna. General Lefebre Desnouettes was made a prisoner on that occasion, and not the individual mentioned in the text under review.

We might multiply such examples ad infinitum ; they swarm, at least as far as the fall of Ciudad Rodrigo-we confess we read no further, being given to understand, in the preface, that the rest was the work of “the Editor"-an individual, who not satisfied with the nauseous self-gratulations of the text, loads every other page or so with some note of bis own, refining upon the noble lord's obnoxious partiality, until the whole, in combination, becomes inexpressibly sickening and offensive. He seldom quotes from a respectable source,-his favorite authority is Southey, “ Rob Southey raving." He might as well cite Charles O'Malley. Il it be true that,

,-as the preface states, -"scarcely any work on the subject of the war in the Peninsula has enjoyed a more lasting popularity" than his lordship's sketch, we can ouly account for it by citing a truism which that acute and sagacious writer, Napier, has clothed in the following language: “ The English are a people very subject to receive and cherish false impressions; proud of their credulity, as if it were a virtue, the majority will adopt any fallacy, and cling to it with a tenacity proportioned to its grossness.' The OAK OPENINGS; or, The Bee-HUNTER. By James Fennimore Cooper, author of

** The Pioneer," &c., &c. In two volumes. Burgess, Stringer & Co., New-York.

The scene in Mr. Cooper's last novel is laid in Michigan; the period is the beginning of the last war with Great Britain ; the scene is admirably adapted to the display of his peculiar kuowledge of the Indian race; the period is fraught with humiliating recollections, which Mr. Cooper seems to have called up purposely to chasten our pride at a moment of great national exultation.

The plot itself is simple to a fault. It opens in a wild spot of the "oak openings," up the Kalamazoo river, where Ben Boden the bee hunter follows his favorite pursuits in the presence of several strangers, who have dropped in upon him. Pigeons ving, a friendly Indian runner, Elksfoot, a red skin in British pay, and Gershom Waring, a drunken white vagabond, compose the party. The Indians de part in different directions, and the two white men are left to range through the openings to their heart's content. From conversation they indulge in their rambles, we find that of Gershom's family, his wife and sister are awaiting alone his return in his shanty at the mouth of the river. Meinwhile war has broken out; hostile Indians in the pay of Great Britain are known to have dug up the hatchet. The two whites find the body of Elksfoot whom Pigeonswing has scalped;

and they determine to go back to the settlement, first visiting "Whiskey Centre "—the residence of Gershom, whose characteristic nickname attaches to his habitation-in order to remove the lonely women to a place of greater security. Ben, who during the voyage has become much interested in the sister of his companion by hearing the latter speak of ber, tumbles into love al her sight, and highly ingratiates himself in her favor, by staring a couple of barrels of whiskey, the stock in trade of Gershom, who unfortunately was his own best customer. This same spilt whiskey plays as conspicuous a part in the novel as the handkerchief in Othello. A sudden alarm compels our party to hide their effects and take refuge in or near a swamp on the banks of the river; this is done in the nick of time, and the Indians disembark at the mouth of the river and take possession of the shauty, Night lends her veil to the fugitives, and during an hour's moonlight Ben Boden, from the top of a tree, watches the enemy, while carrying on a flirtation with pretty Margery, Gershom's sister; be sees all their movements, indeed he sees a great deal more than ever mortal man did at that distance, in that light, and during that interval. True, he is proprietor of a spy-glass. Among other circnmstances, he discovers that the savages have a prisoner,--no other, depend upon it, than Pigeonswing, the friendly Chippewa, and Ben determines to save him. This purpose he accomplishes after the usual average of incidents and hair breadth escapes, and the whole party, reinforced by the released savage, take to the river, and towing away the canoes of the Indians, soon-place the whole breadth of the stream between themselves and the foe. Safe from immediate pursuit, it would seem that instinct would prompt the fugitives to take advantage of a fresh southerly wind, to spread their big sails, or in default of sails, a bush, and sail down the lake. It raised no obstacle to this course that Gershom had pilfered the bee hunter's brandy and become intoxicated, because being dead drunk,-not boisterously s0,-his carcass would furnish quiet and harmless ballast for one of the canoes, whilst Pigeonswing and Ben could easily steer a boat apiece. This obvious course, however, is open to one insurmountable objection; it would have wound up the novel in the middle of the first volume.

The bee hunter therefore, feeling the necessity of getting into another scrape in order to prolong the story, ventures out to reconnoitre, is discovered by the Indians, and plays the part of a necromancer; he proposes to lead the savages to a whiskey spring, deceives them by the fragrant smell and some remaining drops of the spilt liquor, which he discovers in little pools arrong the rocks, makes good his escape in spite of rifle bullets, shoves his canoe through the wild rice plants, and delivers from the hands of a couple of Indian swimmers, his sweet Margery, who had also crossed the river, heaven koows why, bul most providentially as it happens, since she supplies him with a paddle. Here another opporiunity of escape occurs; the lake is open, the wind is southerly, pursuit impossible; bui our friends perversely enough, determine to camp out and make a pic nic party of it; they cook, sup, sleep soundly, eat a good breakfast, and Margery and Ben make love in their own way; but nobody dreams of Aight until too late ; a canoe heaves in sight, and its passengers are prevailed upon to land on the southern side of the river. These turn out to be Scalping Peter, a terrific Indian chief, a clergyman and a corporal, both Americans. Peter, a perfect Talleyrand of an Indian, contrives to persuade the whole party to repair to Castle Meal, the bee hunter's former residence, to bide events, he himself having an Indian conference to attend on the openings. The hostile savages are induced through his diplomacy to break up their camp at the mouth of the river, and Ben with his friends safely reaches his domicil, where he entertains Pigeonswing and Scalping Peter, together with Parson Amen and the corporal; the latter, by way of making himself useful, fortifies Castle Meal, whilst the parson holds forth on his favorite topic, the identity of the Indians with the lost tribes of Israel. In due time a council of chiefs assembles, and the death of the whites is passed nem. con., excepting the dissenting voice of Peter, who has taken a lively interest in Margery, and strives to save her; he induces the young couple to marry, and furnishes Ben with an opportunity of showing his necromancy in hiving bees. Finding his efforts unavailing, he propitiates the wrath of the savages by sacrificing the corporal and the clergyman, and sends timely warning to the rest, who effect their escape after

adventures and perilous passes.

At the end of the story, Scalping Peter, who has seen the clergyman die, blessing his enemies, feels the power of grace and becomes a thorough couvert to Christianity.

No one shall gainsay the morality of the story. T. 8. Arthur could not have done better. The book begins with a downwright temperance lecture, and ends with the conversion of a dangerous chief. Only, it is as dull as many “tracts” equally moral sometimes happen to be. Mr. Cooper's laiter day Indians are degenerate; there is a century of decline and fall between “Uncas" and Pigeonswing; the savages of this story are constantly deceived and overreached; they have lost their keenness and sagacity, their quickness of perception. That the Chippewas and Pottawattamies of this tale are more like real red men than the Delawares and Mohicans of Mr. Cooper's former works, we readily believe, but though more truthful, they are less interesting. We never professed intense admiration for the style of Mr. Cooper, to which we would apply the epithet of gothic; but we always appreciated the power which he possesses of painting scenery, and of investing the chief

episodes of a fable with keen interest; but in this respect, the work before us is far infe. rior to its predecessors. It contains occasional passages not unworthy of the author; for instance, the bear scene in the third chapter; the capture of the corporal and the parson is told with infinite humor, and their death is almost affecting. But what are a few jewels in a heavy setting of lead?

Mr. Cooper is fond of French quoting; will he permit us to say that his style is excessively négligé; such slipshod sentences as the following abound in the "oak openings :"

“ The first afoot next morning was the bee-hunter himself, who arose and left his cabin just as the earliest streaks of day were appearing in the east. Although dwelling in a wilderness, the ‘opeuings' had not the character of ordinary forests. The air circulates freely beneath their oaks, the sun penetrates in a thousand places, and grass grows, wild but verdaut. There was a little of the dampness of the virgin woods; and the morning air, though cool, as is ever the case, even in midsummer, in regions still covered with trees, was balmy; and, at that particular spot, it came to the senses of le Bourdon loaded with the sweets of many a wide glade of his favourite white clover. Of course, he bad placed his cabiu near those spots where the insect he sought most abounded; and a fragrant site it proved to be, in favourable conditions of the atmosphere."

“Those who felt for a husband's and a brother's weakness, with a liveliness of feeling-"

“ The hur stood on a low and somewhat abrupt swell, being surrounded on all sides by land so low, as to be in many places wet and swampy.”.

Taking her hand, therefore, he spoke with a simplicity and truth, that imparted to his manner a natural grace that one bred in courts might have envied.”

“He almost shrunk from taking the hand of one of whom he had heard the tales of which this savage had been ihe hero."

Napoleon, when he returned from the campaign of Austerlitz; or Wellington, when he entered the House of Commons to receive the thanks of its speaker, on his return from Spain ; or the chief of all the battles of the Rio Bravo del Norte; or him of the valley of Mexico, whose exploits fairly rival those of Cortes himself, could scarcely be a subject of greater interest"

Sometimes these negligences produce absolute obscurity.

"But Parson Amen would as soon have believed that his old congregation in Connecticut was composed of Philistines, as not to believe that the red men were the lost tribes, and that Peter, in particular, was not especially and elaborately described in the Old Testament."

We have neither time nor place to notice the loose political views, the slurs against American manners, the flippant lectures on orthoepy, cooking, grammar and lexicography, the bursts of trite religions enthusiasm, invariably out of place and character; the threadbare iruisms, adorned with all the point and dignity of original aphorisms, and in a word the filling up à la James, of the skeleton of a meagre plot. Indeed, the work scarcely deserves the time we have expended upon it; and we have been chiefly induced to notice it by the well earned reputation of the author, and by a hope that timely warning would awake him to exertions worthy of his former self.

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An Universal HistoRY, IN A SERIES OF LETTENS: Being a complete and impartial

narrative of the most remarkable events of all pations, from the earliest period to the present time, forming a complete history of the world. By G. C. H bbe, LL.D. Vol. 1, Ancient History. New York : Dewitt & Davenport, Tribune Buildings.

This beautiful octavo forms the initial volume of a new and greatly improved work, devoted to the history of the universe, based, not merely upon the usually received data of former bistorians, bui derived from the best authorities, attested by the revelations of modern discovery. The recent researches in archæology by Chevalier Bunsen, and other learned investigators, among ancient monumental records, have so entirely changed the aspect of primitive times, and revealed so much important new data, that the wonder has been not that such a work as the present should make its appearance, but rather ihat the task should not have been before attempted in Europe. From a somewhat carefnl examination of this volume, however, we find no cause to regret that the theme should have been reserved for the judicions and laborious pen of Dr. Hebbe. In a word, we seem to possess in the present production the results of modern science and discovery, given not in the technical phraseology of the pedant, but in a popular style, and to a great extent in an enthusinstic and earnestuess of spirit that will be likely to win many to its perusal whose predilections usually incline them to prefer less grave and instructive read

ing., To such as cannot command the leisure for a more systematic conrse of study, this work must prove eminently important and valuable, since, when completed, it will form a compendivus library of universal history, the most accurate and complete extant, and written up to the spirit of the age. The Sketch Book of GEOFFRY Crayon, Gent. The author's revised edition. George P.

Putnain, 155 Broadway.

This forms the second volume of the new and splendid edition of the works of Washington Irving, Esq. in process of publication by Mr. Putnam. The sheets coming from the hands of the great author after an elaborate revision, may now be considered to form the standard edition, and it is got up in a manner every way worthy of such a character. The style is such as to conter great credit upon the enterprising and popular publisher, who has also in press an illustrated copy of the same work. The engravings are numerous, and designed to be finished specimens of the highest order of the art in America. The Life of Fourier. By Ch. Pellarin, M. D. Second edition, with appendix; trans

lated by Francis G. Shaw. LOVE IN THE PHALANSTERY. By Victor Hennequin. Dewitt & Davenport.

The singular notions of Fourier and of other projectors of Socialist schemes, appear to be the necessary result of the wretchedness of a people like those of France, Treland, and other European countries, ground down by centuries of bad government. The policy of the rulers of those countries has ever been to isolate the people individually, and to make each dependent upon the central head. The consequence has been great misery, and this misery suggested io some superficial brains the idea that it might be lessened by association ; that instead of allowing all to be done by a government in which they had no voice, the people by “ association" might do much for themselves. This idea was correct, but utterly impracticable in Europe. It was dwelt upon by Fourier, and became to him an idée fire, until it was elaborated into a comprehensive air-castle. In the United States, from the first settlement, the colonists always depended upon each other. They “associated" to come to this country, and “ associated” to defend themselves from savages, and continued to “associate” until they had carried out and refined the principle to its utinost practical extent, having effected by it all the good that the crazed Fourier ever dreamt of. A state of bappiness and comfort exists in the United States never hoped to be realized in Europe, and mainly because the principle of "association" was necessarily familiarized to the people from their first formation as a society. To recur to the wild theoretic notions of European socialists as something by which Americans can be benefited, is to the last degree absurd; yet there are many day-dreamers who long for Fourier's El Dorado as they do for Aladdin's lamp. To them the life of their apostle, his vagaries and contradictions, are matter of interest. Their formula is apparently as follows:

It is the fate of every great man to be deemed a fool;
Fourier is deemed a fool :

Therefore Fourier is a great man.
PATHOLOGY OF THE CROUP; with remarks on its treatment, &c. By Horace Green, A.

M., M. D. John Wiley, 161 Broadway. This most important subject is treated in a manner which must ensure to the able writer a high place in his profession. AN ELEMENTARY PRACTICAL Book for learning to speak and write the French Language.

By J. Girard, P. L. Collins & Brothers, 254 Pearl-street. This appears to be a short and clear method of imparting the principles of a language which is daily becoming more important to all classes in the United States. ELLEN MIDLETON: A Tale. By Lady Georgiana Fullerton, authoress of “Grantly

Manor." D. Appleton & Co., 200 Broadway. The productions of Miss Fullerton are so well-known as to be generally appreciated and admired, and the present volume is second to none in interest. XENOPHON'S MEMORABILIA OF Socrates: With English Notes, critical and explanatory;

the Prolegomena of Kuhner, Wiggers' Life of Socrates, &c. By Charles Anthon, L. L. D., Prof. of Greek and Latin Languages in Columbia College, &c. New-York, Harper Brothers, 82 Chiff-street. 1848.

The great merit of the work of Xenophon is its accuracy and trnthfulness. We feel that these are in reality the memoirs, the table-talk, and the household words of the wisest of the Grecians. The beauty of the lecture Socrates gives his disobedient son, might melt the heart of a schoolboy. It is almost needless to remark that its outward appear

ance is perfectly uniform with the works previously edited by him and published by the Harpers. The ample and judicious notes clear up all grammatical difficulties, while the interest in the great subject of the volume is sustained by the addition of a life of Socrates, and a treatise on his worth as a philosopher. The French REVOLUTIONS from 1789 to 1848. By W. T. Redhead. In three vols.

Gould, Kendall & Lincoln, 59 Washington-street, Boston.

Late events in France have produced a multitude of new works and republications illustrative of the political phases of that great people. The great struggle for popular rights, which commenced in 1783, has now reached a point when monarchy is no longer possible. The volumes before us have the advantage of presenting in a concise form a connected account of the revolutions that have succeeded each other throughout the whole period of 65 years. The History of Mary QUEEN OF Scots. By Jacob Abbot. Harper Brothers.

The interesting history of the beautiful and unfortunate Mary is here set forth to great advantage, accompanied by accurate illustrations of the scenes of her sufferings; it is an admirable edition.

A HISTORY OF France, from the conquest by Julius Cæsar to the reign of Louis Philippe.

By Mrs. Markham; prepared for the use of schools by Jacob Abbot. Harper Brothers.

This is doubtless an able and deserving history, and of great merit, as far as what are held to be the truths of history are adhered to, and is beautifully illustrated. It is welladapted to the use of schools. Notes Of A Military ReconnOISSANCE from Fort Leavenworth, in Missouri, to San

Diego in California, including part of the Arkansas, Del Norte, and Gila Rivers. By Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory. Made in 1846-7, with the advance guard of the army of the West.

This comprises the report of a most ably executed reconnoissance by Col. Emory of the Topographical Engineers, who accompanied Col. Kearney in his march to the conquest of New Mexico and California. It is characteristic of the Americans, that with the army of conquest marched those who were to ascertain the value and availability of the territory to be possessed. The West Point Academy sends forth numbers of officers whose ability in every respect is equal to the services required of them through the nature of our spreading institutions. An unexplored country of thousands of miles in extent, is to be conquered, surveyed and possessed, and an officer with a few troops perfects the whole, almost at the word of command. The report of Col. Emory, although but notes taken as other duties would permit, is of exceeding interest, making the reader acquainted with the people and localities of our recent conquests. We shall in a future number go more at length into its details. A First BUOK IN GREEK ; containing a full view of the forms of words, with Vocabu

laries and copious Exercises, on the method of constant imitation and repetition. By John M'Clintock, D. D., and George R. Crooks, A. M. Harper Brothers. These gentlemen, celebrated for their thorough scholarship and success in this method of communicating knowledge, have produced in this instance a most acceptable book. Both philosophically and practically its arrangement is most effective. ELEMENTS OF PLANE AND SPHERICAL TRIGONOMETRY: with the application to Mensu

ration, Surveying, and Navigation. By Elias Loomis, A. M., Professor, &c. Harper Brothers.

This volume constitutes the third for a course of Mathematics, those on Algebra and Geometry forming the other two. It contains the most important principles applicable in their counection, with other parts of mathematical study.

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