Journals of the first, second and third voyages for the discovery of a north-west passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 5. köide

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Page 32 - Winter after winter, nature here assumes an aspect so much alike, that cursory observation can scarcely detect a single feature of variety. The winter of more temperate climates, and even in some of no slight severity, is occasionally diversified by a thaw, which at once gives variety and comparative cheerfulness to the prospect.
Page 240 - ... left, the driver usually addresses himself. This choice is made without regard to age or sex, and the rest of the dogs take precedency according to their training or sagacity, the least effective being put nearest the sledge. The leader is usually from eighteen to twenty feet from the fore part of the sledge, and the hindmost dog about half that distance ; so that, when ten or twelve are running together, several are nearly abreast of each other.
Page 274 - When not more than eight years old, the boys are taken by their fathers on their sealing excursions, where they begin to learn their future business; and even at that early age they are occasionally intrusted to bring home a sledge and dogs from a distance of several miles over the ice. At the age of eleven we see a boy with his water-tight boots...
Page 208 - Esquimaux use two lumps of common iron pyrites, from which sparks are struck into a little leathern case, containing moss well dried and rubbed between the hands. If this tinder does not readily catch, a small quantity of the white floss of the seed of the ground willow is laid above the moss. As soon as a spark has caught, it is gently blown till the fire has spread an inch around, when, the pointed end of a piece of oiled wick being applied, it soon bursts into a flame, the whole process having...
Page 243 - Wo, woa," exactly as our carters do, but the attention paid to this command depends altogether on his ability to enforce it. If the weight is small and the journey homeward, the dogs are not to be thus delayed ; the driver is therefore obliged to dig his heels into the snow to obstruct their progress ; and having thus succeeded in stopping them, he stands up with one leg before the foremost cross-piece of the sledge, till, by means of laying the whip gently over each dog's head, he has made them...
Page 242 - ... the dogs form an angle of thirty or forty degrees on each side of the direction in which the sledge is advancing. Another great inconvenience attending the Esquimaux method of putting the dogs to, besides that of not employing their strength to the best advantage, is the constant entanglement of the traces by the dogs repeatedly doubling under from side to side to avoid the whip ; so that, after running a few miles, the traces always require to be taken off and cleaned.
Page 272 - It must be confessed, indeed, that the gentleness and docility of the children are such as to occa.sion their parents little trouble and to render severity towards them quite unnecessary. Even from their earliest infancy, they possess that quiet disposition, gentleness of demeanor, and uncommon evenness of temper, for which in more mature age they are for the most part distinguished.
Page 262 - ... its due share of our admiration and esteem. While thus their guest I have passed an evening not only with comfort, but with extreme gratification ; for with the women working and singing, their husbands quietly mending their lines, the children playing before the door and the pot boiling over the blaze of a cheerful lamp...
Page 9 - from this time (says Parry) the obstructions from the quantity, magnitude, and closeness of the ice, were such. as to keep our people almost constantly employed in heaving, warping, or sawing through it ; and yet with so little success that, at the close of July, we had only penetrated seventy miles to the westward.
Page 38 - warming apparatus,' — ' a contrivance,' he says, ' of which I scarcely know how to express my admiration in adequate terms.' ' The alteration adopted on this voyage of placing this stove in the very bottom of the hold, produced not only the effect naturally to be expected from it, of increasing the rapidity of the current of warm air, and thus carrying it to all the officers' cabins with less loss of heat in its passage ; but was also accompanied by an advantage scarcely less important which had...

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