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Drake. In proceeding to the northward he blames himself for not discovering where the ship was, before passing Callao, the port of Lima: however, they passed on to Valparaiso, where they descried four ships at anchor, manned their boats, and made towards them; but they, knowing what the English were, “ ran ashore with that little they could save, and leaft us the rest, whereof we were masters in a moment, and had the rifling of all the storehouses on the shoare.”

Another ship came in, of which they took possession, and found in her “ some good quantity of gold.” “ Of this ship,” we are told, “ was pilot and part owner Alonzo Perezbueno, whom we kept for pilot on the coast, but moved with compassion (for that he was a man charged with wife and children) we set him ashore between Santa and Truxillo.” “ To one of the partners whom it was found the greatest part of the gold belonged, and who seemed to be an honest man, we gave up the ship, and the greatest part of her loading freely.” There are many other traits of benevolence in the course of this voyage, that prove Sir Richard Hawkins to have been an amiable and compassionate man.

But here, upon this coast, Sir Richard says the enemy he feared most was wine, which, with all the diligence he could make use of, overthrew many of his people. “A drunkard,” he says, “is unfit





for any government, and if I might be hired with many thousands, I would not carry with me a man knowne to put his felicitie in that vice, instiling it with the name of good fellowship.” He contrived, however, in spite of the wine, to get his ship out of Valparaiso, and sailed directly to Coquimbo, Arica, and Ariquipa, capturing only a few fishing-vessels as he coasted along. “In Coquimbo,” he says, “ it raineth seldome, but every showre of raine is a showre of gold unto them, for with the violence of the water falling from the mountains, it bringeth from them the gold.”

Information had been conveyed from various quarters to the Marquis de Cañete, the Viceroy of Peru, resident at Lima, of Hawkins being on the coast; and he immediately ordered six ships to be fitted out, and, under the command of Don Beltran de Castro, to proceed in search of him. This fleet got sight of Sir Richard's single ship, then two leagues to windward of the Spanish ships. “About nine o'clock,” says Sir Richard, “ the breeze began to blow, and wee to stand off into the sea, the Spaniards cheeke by jole with us, ever getting to the windward upon us." The rolling sea which is said to be ever beating upon this coast, and the working to windward, caused the mainmast of the Spanish Admiral “ to snap asunder ; the ViceAdmiral split her maine-sail, being come within


shotte of us, but to lee-ward; the Reare-Admiral cracked her maine-yard asunder in the middest, being ahead of us."*

With all “ these disgraces upon them and the hand of God helping us,” Hawkins discovered by the light of the moon that he was completely beset in the midst of them, but at some distance. At a consultation as to what was best to be done, it was decided to dash through them, and, having in this succeeded, they made sail to the northward, while Don Beltran de Castro repaired with his fleet to Callao to make good his damages. “The people of the Spanish fleet,” Sir Richard says, “ began to goe ashore, where they were so mocked and scorned by the women, as scarce any one by day would shew his face; they reviled them with the name of cowards and golnias, and craved licence of the Viceroy to be admitted in their roomes, and to undertake the surrender of the English shippe.”t

Hawkins, having got clear of the enemy, and pursuing his course to the northward, captured a Spanish ship, half laden with wheat, sugar, and hides, and burnt her, landing the crew near Trux , illo. In a bay near Cape San Francisco he repaired his pinnace, and took in water. On the 20th of June, when the Dainty and her pinnace were getting up their anchors, two large ships and a small bark were observed near Cape de San

* Observations of Sir R. Hawkins, &c. † Ibid.



Francisco, steering towards the bay. The pinnace being sent out to reconnoitre was soon driven back, one of the ships“ gunning at her all the way.” Sir Richard, judging it better to have sea-room to fight in than to lie at anchor in the bay, stood out to meet them, and, when within musket-shot, he says “ we hayled first with our noise of trumpets, then with our waytes, and after with our artillery, which they answered with artillery, two for one; for they had double the ordnance we had, and men almost ten for one.”

In order to strengthen the Dainty, Hawkins took all the men out of the pinnace, and abandoned her. For three days the unequal fight continued, in the course of which the mainmast of the Spanish Admiral was shot away close to the deck; she dropped astern, but very soon was enabled to come up and renew her part in the action. It speaks not much for Spanish seamanship that two large ships of war, together with a third vessel, should have required three days and nights to batter and board a little merchant vessel of something more than three hundred tons, and after all to be obliged to grant her an honourable capitulation before she would surrender.

“In all these boardings and skirmishes,” says Sir Richard Hawkins,“ divers of our men were slaine, and many hurt, and my selfe amongst them received sixe wounds; one of them in the necke,



very perillous; another through the arme, perishing the bone—the rest not so dangerous. The Master of our shippe had one of his eyes, his nose, and halfe his face shott away. Master Henry Courton was slaine. On these two I principally relyed for the prosecution of our voyage, if God, by sicknesse or otherwise, should take me away.” While suffering from his wounds the Master came to him, and announced that a parley had taken place with the enemy, and that the Admiral had offered us life and liberty, and to send us to our own country ;—and he added, “ that if I thought it so meete, he and the rest of the company were of opinion that we should put out a flag of truce, and make some good composition. The great losse of blood had weakened me much. The torment of my wounds newly received made me faint, and I laboured for life, within short space expecting I should give up the ghost.”*

Nothing now was left but to surrender on capitulation, much against the will of the gallant Hawkins, though the conditions were very honourable to both parties—promise of the lives of all of treatment according to the fair rules of war-and of being speedily sent to their own country: in confirmation of which agreement, and as a pledge of his strict observance of it, Don Beltran de Castro sent his glove to Sir Richard Hawkins. The

* Observations.

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