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LETTERS.

(No. 1.) LORD C. HOWARD TO HIS VERIE GOOD LORD THE High

TREASURER OF ENGLAND.

1587, December 22nd. MY VERIE GOOD LORD,-I nowe remayne aborde the Beare, and as yet the provisione for the shippes colde not be taken all in, by reason of the wether which hathe bin soe tempestuous, as that noe boats cold lye aborde them to put in the same, yet I hope that within ij (2) or iij (3) daies all things wilbe in a readines.

Here is a verie sufficiente and hable companie of saylers as eaver were seene, and bicause theire longe jorneyes oute of all places of this realme, and this bad seasone makes them unprovided of aparell, and suche necessaries, it were good for theire releife to paye them one Monethes wages before hande.

Many greate charges extraordinarie hathe growne this quarter, which I cold hardlie have beleved unlesse with myn owne eyes, and good examinatione I had seene ; wherfore, in respecte of those causes, and for the furtherance of service, I am to entreate youre good Lordship to geave order that the reste of the warrant latly granted for the whole navie maye be paied to Mr. Hawkins, and ijmi. more uppon the olde warrante of xxixmli. for the furnishinge of those extraordinarie charges wherin youre Lordship shall further a good service.

We have entered into sea victualles this day, beinge the 22 of this instante December, and not before, for the preservinge of the vj weeks victualles, and Mr. Quarles hathe sente downe divers supplies, more then allowance, for the nombers weer graet befor we entered into the 6 weeks

vytells. Wherfore I praye youre Lordship that he maye be paied the reste of his allowede warrant, and that consideratione for the rest which I spake to youre Lordship for hertofore, and soe I bid youre good Lordship moste hartelye farewell. From aborde the Beare the 22 of December, 1587. Your Lordship’s most assured lovyng frend

To Command,

(Signed) C. Howard.*

(No. 2.) LORD C. HOWARD TO HIS VERY LOVING FRIEND SIR F.

WALSYNGHAM. SIR,—I most hartely thank you for your letters: I chanot tell what to thynk of my browther Staffords advertysment, for yf it be trew that the King of Spaynse forses be disolved, I wold not wyshe the Queenes Majestie to be at this chargis that she is at, but yf it be but a devyse, knowing that a lyttell thynge makethe us to carles, then I know not what may coume of it, but this I am seur of, yf heer Majestie wolde have spent but a 1000 crounes, to have hade some intelygence, it wold have saved her twenty tymse as muche. Assure your selfe he knowethe what we dow heer, and yf the army be or dow disolve, it is the preperasion that heer Majestie hath maed, that is the cause, for he chanot abyde this heet, that is provyded for him. He did never thynke that we wold this have provyded for his comyng, but that the nomber of false alaromse that he hath gyvne heer Majestie wold have maed heer to have taken no alarome, and so to have had the vantage and the chopping up of his frends heer. I am sure he dowthe not lyke, and yf they be

* MS., State Paper Office.

up I wyshe they shuld contynew so, tell ther be a good pece wyche I pray to God to send us.

Sir, yf your nexst advertysments dow assure the disolvyng of the army in Spayne, then it weer good we did so heer, yet yf the Duke of Parme contynew his, and that ther be any dowte of any thynge intended for Scotland, put but 3 or 4 shyps mor to them in the Narro Sees, and I dare assure you it shall beet any pour he shalbe able to make, and impeche him of any atempte in Scotland, and I wyll take apone me the sarvys my selfe, for I assur you it dowthe gryve me to see heer Majestie at mor chargis then is nedfull, and this charg wyll not be graet. I wold fayne kype the Narro Sees 3 or 4 months : I pursuad my selfe I shall dow some sarvys apon your next advertysment, as the cause apon that shall requyer I wyll wryght to you, Sir, my good frend, my openyon, and then you may youse it as you shall thynke best, and so I pray you to wryght unto me frankly, for I dow assur you I wyll take it kyndly and frendly at your handse, and thynke my selfe much beholdyng unto you for it, for I may sometyms, apon a good conceit in my openyon, make suche a journy as I did now to Harwyge, and yet it may not be so well taken ther, but I know no cause why it shalbe but well taken. I dow assur you, on my honor, it cost not the Queen's Majestie on halfpeny, nor shall not ; when I make any such journy I wyll rather spend my selfe on hundred pounds, then to spend heer on peny. This, good Mr. Secretory, I am bolde with you as my speciall good frend, and so byde you most hartely farwell, and God send you helthe and strenkethe. From the Beer the 24 of Ja.

Your assured lovynge frend to youse,

(Signed) C. HOWARD.*

* MS., State Paper Office.

(No. 3.)
LORD C. HOWARD TO Sir F. WALSYNGHAM.

1587-8, January 27th. SIR,—I moste hartelie thanke you for youre letter, and for youre advertisments : if it were not for you, I shold live in a deade place from hearinge of anie thinge.

Touchinge Sir ffrances Drake, I have likewise receaved a letter from him with the like advertisments. There happened a mischance in one of his shippes at Portsmouthe, that a peece brake and killed a man, with som others hurte : yf you would write a worde or twoe unto him to spare his pouder it would do well.

Sir, I send you herewith encloased all the copies of the letters from my Lord Chamberlaine againe, which I moste hartelie thanke you for, and I praie to God the Scotishe kinge doe deceave me, but I am afeard he will not. For my owne parte I have made of the ffrenche kinge, the Scotishe kinge, and the kinge of Spaine, a trinitie that I meane neaver to truste to be saved by, and I wold others were in that of my opinione.

Sir, there was neaver since Englande was England suche a stratageme and maske, made to deceave Englande withall, as this is of the treatie of peace. I praye God we have not cause to remember one thinge that was made of the Scots by the Englishmen, that we doe not curse for this a longe gray bearde with a white heade witles that will make all the worlde thinke us hartles: you knowe whom I meane.

I have receaved a letter eaven nowe from Sir Henry Palmer that there is at Dunkirke diverse hoies and lighters, that be filled with ballaste and greate stones surlie (ment) for the stopping of som haven ; I will have a watch on them. .

I pray you, Sir, send me worde when you thinke the Commissioners wilbe sent over, that I maye have all things readie for them, and I praie you let me knowe if anie goe in Sir Amias Pawlet's place, for if he be hable to goe himself, yf I maye knowe of it, I will have espetiall care of him that he maye goe at ease.

It will aske a good time to furnishe oure fleete againe with men as they were ; I doe not looke to see it eaver bettered; I praie God it be as well when ther shalbe cause, and soe geavinge you moste hartie thanks for youre moste frendlie dealinge with me in all causes, and your frendlie remembrance, I bid you moste hartelie farewell, from aboarde Her Majestie's good ship the White Beare, the 27 of Januarye, 1587-8.

Youre assured lovinge freind,

(Signed) C. HOWARD.*

(No. 4.)
LORD C. HOWARD TO SIR F. WALSYNGHAM.

1587-8, January 28. Sir,—I had forgoten in my last letter to aunser the matter you did wryght in towchynge Capten Morgayne, my man. Yf he had byne heer I wolde have sente him unto you, but he is exstreme sike at london, and as I dow understand in sume danger, wyche I am verry sorry for, for he is a tall gentelman, he hathe the charge of all my sogers in my shype, and hathe donne his deuty very well : I hope he wyll auncer all honestly and well.

Sir, yf the Comysyoners be wonse gonne over, and that therbe a surcese of armse, it shalbe but folly and to no pourpose, for me to ly heer; I thynke bothe I and the noble men, levynge souffysent lyvtenants in our shyps, and the offysers, as Sir W. Wynter, Mr. Hawkynse, and Mr. Bowros, (to) remayne heer with the navy, wylbe soffysent, for befor

* MS., State Paper Office.

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