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me, and spare them. I have written to my Lord of Buckyngham to be my mediator to Your Majesty in this behalfe, which I assure myself he will nobly performe, as well as he hath formerly done, in being my means to Your Majesty in obtaining this great begunn favor. To conclude with my prayer to God that your Majesty may ever find the same zeale and love to your person in whomsoever you shall employ that my hart's sole affection dyd, and ever shall carry unto you; which God knows was and ys more to your Mąjesty then to my wyfe and children, and all other worldly things; which God measure to me according unto the truth, as Your Majesty's humble subject and seryaunt,


Weldon, a slanderous writer of this age, accuses the Countess of receiving bribes for her assistance in procuring the peace so advantageous to Spain ; and says that Audley End, that great and famous structure, had its foundation in Spanish gold, “Weldon,” says Mr. Lodge, “well knew that the Earl derived his means of building that palace, once the glory of the county of Essex, and still, in its present state of curtailment, a magnificent mansion, from the sale of estates in the north of England, then annually let for ten thousand pounds. The building of Audley End is said to have cost one hundred and ninety thousand.”+

Notwithstanding the foregoing humble expostu

* This and another letter are stated to be found in the Harleian Collection.

† Lodge.

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lation, the King still persisted; and to mark more strongly his displeasure, proceeded to something so severe, that both these young men were virtually compelled to resign their respective appointments; after which the King, having carried his point, immediately restored them both.

The Earl of Suffolk was twice married: by the first marriage he had no children; the second wife was the widow of a son of Lord Rich, a celebrated beauty, by whom he had eight sons and two daughters; the younger of the latter was the notorious Frances, the wife of Essex, from whom she was divorced, and then married Carr, the favourite of James I., who created him Earl of Somerset, who, with his infamous wife, were tried, convicted, banished, and disgraced, for the poisoning of Sir Thomas Overbury.

The Earl of Suffolk died at his house at Charing Cross, on the 28th of May, 1626, and was interred at Walden in Essex.


1586 to 1598.

GEORGE CLIFFORD - was the son of Henry, second Earl of that family, whose ancestor is supposed to have come into England with William the Conqueror. His grandfather, Henry, was advanced to the dignity of Earl of Cumberland in the year 1525. George, the third and last Earl, and the thirteenth peer in regular descent, was born in the year 1558, and educated at Peter House, in the University of Cambridge, where he applied himself closely to the study of mathematics and astronomy, which probably gave him a taste for navigation ; and to that succeeded those great enterprises, for which he became distinguished, and which, at an early period of his life, attracted the notice of Queen Elizabeth.

It appears that, in the year 1586, then in the twenty-eighth year of his age, he was employed as one of the peers who sat in judgment on Mary Queen of Scots.* About that time it was the fashion for young noblemen and sous of great


* Camden.


families to enrol themselves in the land or sea service, emulated with the honourable ambition of assisting the Queen, in defeating the deep-laid designs of Philip of Spain, who, through the means of Popish emissaries, was tampering with the allegiance and the established religion of her subjects; and who was also known to be making vast preparations for the invasion of England. The Earl, therefore, first volunteered in going over to Sluys, to assist the States of Holland against the designs of the Duke of Parma, the Spanish governor of the Low Countries. He had previously, however, fitted out, at his own charge, a small fleet of three ships : the Red Dragon, of 260 tons and 130 men; the bark Clifford, of 130 tons and 70 men; the Roe, a smaller ship; to which was added the Dorothy pinnace; but without any intention of proceeding himself on the projected expedition. .

The prosperous circumnavigation of the globe, accomplished by Sir Francis Drake, and his recent return with the reputation of having brought with him enormous wealth, were well calculated to excite in the mind of the Earl of Cumberland a desire to try his fortune in the same quarter; and accordingly he gave instructions to the commander of his little fleet to proceed through the Strait of Magelhaens into the South Seas, and to levy contributions upon the Spanish settlements in that ocean, so successfully opened by Drake. The ships left


Dartmouth on the 29th of August, 1586, and nothing particular occurred till the 21st of October, when they reached Sierra Leone. Here a party having gone on shore, they wantonly set fire to a town of negroes, and brought away a few tons of rice; and having supplied the ships with wood and water, again put to sea on the 21st of November, and steered a course for the Strait of Magel. haens, falling in with the coast of South America in 30° 40'S. · Near Rio de la Plata they captured a Portuguese vessel, and a second on the following day. On the coast of Brazil they took another Portuguese ship, in which were twenty-five negro women, four or five friars, and an Irishman. Their books, beads, and pictures, with other spiritual trinkets, were valued at 1000 ducats. In plying for the Strait, the want of provisions obliged them to return to the northward. After a little plunder on the coast, and a few captures, from which they procured some meal, sugar, and other provisions, the month of June, 1587, having now arrived, the crews getting uneasy and desirous of returning home, it was deemed expedient to indulge them, and they arrived at Plymouth the last day of September, after an unprofitable voyage.

This first voyage, therefore, so far from relieving the Earl from the embarrassments which, it was said, his gay and irregular life had occasioned,

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