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of the fleet to ply up and down, and not to anchor. “The Admiral was the first to give the charge, showing great valour and gaining great honour; the last of all was the Vice-Admiral, getting close to the shore, where he came to an anchor, continually fighting with the town, the fort, the galleys and carrack, all together; for he brought them betwixt him, that he might play both his broadsides upon them. The galleys still kept their prows towards him; the slaves offered to forsake them and swim to us; and every thing was in confusion amongst them; and thus they fought till five of the clock in the afternoon.” Sir William further says of himself:-" The Vice-Admiral was anchored in such a place that the galleys rowed from one side to another, seeking to shun him; which Sir R. Lewson observing, came on board him, and openly, in the view and hearing of his whole company, embraced him, and told him, He had won his heart for ever."*

All seemed to remain quiet during the night; and on the following day, by coming to a parley, and obtaining from the enemy certain conditions, the chief of which was: “ to surrender without practice or treason the carrack with her goods, and that the castle should forbear shooting while the English remained in the road.” The carrack, according to Monson, was valued at two hundred thousand pounds.

* Monson.

The Portuguese galleys, under Santa Cruz, moved off in the middle of the fight; those of Spain, under Frederic Spinola, continued the fight, but two of them were sunk in the battle. But we have Monson's account in his own words. He says_“I must not omit to describe the behaviour of the galleys in the fight, that every man may have that honour that is due to him. Those of Portugal, being of the squadron of the Marquis of Santa Cruz, betook themselves, with their General, to fight in the middle of the fight; but Frederic Spinola, who was to convey his galleys out of Spain into the Low Countries, followed not the example of the Marquis, but made good the road; which the other seeing, with shame returned, but to both their costs; for before they separated they found the climate so hot, that they were forced to fly, their galleys being so miserably beaten, and their slaves so pitifully slain, that there wanted nothing but boats to possess them all, as well as the two we took and sunk; which is a thing has been seldom seen or heard of, for ships to take and destroy galleys."*

The carrack was taken possession of and carried to England ; and Spinola was making the best of his way to Flanders, when Sir Robert Mansel, cruising off the South Foreland, attacked and sunk the whole of his remaining galleys, except the one in which the chief himself was, that made her escape to Dunkirk. Camden says that Spinola, with six galleys

* Monson.


he had saved, in sailing for Flanders met in the Channel some English and Dutch ships, with whom he had a sharp engagement; two of his galleys were sunk, one taken, and with the other three he entered into Sluys. This brave officer was killed the following year in a naval action with the Dutch. Frederic was the younger brother of Ambroise (Admiral of King Philip III. of Spain), born of an ancient and illustrious family settled at Genoa. Frederic entered the same service in 1597, and furs nished six armed galleys at his own expense, and with them proceeded to the Low Countries to act against the Dutch, and to assist in an attack against Ostend. * On the return of the fleet from the coast of Portugal, Monson was ordered forthwith to take the command of a squadron of six or seven ships to watch the coast of Spain; and finding there no appearance of preparation for Ireland, to the affairs of which he was ordered to give his particular attention, he cruised about for a short time and returned home. His instructions, which are not very clear, are contained in Secretary Cecil's letter, which follows:EARL OF NOTTINGHAM AND SIR ROBERT CECYLL TO SIR R. LUSON AND SIR W. Monson.

August 29th. After our verie hartie commendacons, we have now re. ceaved intelligences dyrectly shewinge that there is noe great likelyhood of the Spaniards cominge for Ireland, soe as if the jorney of you, Sir William Monson, weare to

beginne agayne, we would peradventure be advised before the Queen should be putt to charge ; but because we will not moove to sodaynly uppon this advertisment, though for my owne part I, the Secretarye, hold it trew; and because it may fall out that yet before wynter he may transport some nombers thether, the rather when he shall fynde that the Queene hath noe fleete at sea, addinge allsoe that a great part of Her Majestie's charge is [provided ?], Her Majesty is contented the same shall goe on, if in any convenyent tyme the wynde shall serve : wherein we have thought good to dyrect you thus farr in your proceedinges : That you, Sir William Monson, accordinge to your former instructions, doe repaire to the coast and visite the Groyne and Lisbone, where if you shall fynde that your owne intelligence concurre with this inclosed, and that there be noe preparation for Ireland, then doth her Majesty committ it to your discretion in what height to lye and how to governe your self, for interceptinge of any such matter as may countervayle her Majesty's charge. In which kynde, because you shall uppon the coaste best gather knowledge whether the ffleets be come in or noe, her Majesty leaveth it to your discreation to send hoame or retayne such and soe many of the shippes as you shall thinke fitteste for all considerations of Her Majesty's service: and soe for this tyme we committ you to God's proteccon. ffrom the Court at Oatlands, the 29 of August.

Your verie lovinge freinds,

Ro. CECYLL.* Monson gives in his . Tracts' a long account of his cruise, which turned out a barren one. He had an action with a galleon off Cape St. Vincent, and says, “ The fight was not long, but sharp and dangerous. * MS., State Paper Office.


The Castle played her part, and rent his ship, so that a team of oxen might have crept through her, under the half-deck; and one shot killed seven


This was the last of his employment under Elizabeth; and he pronounces it “no profit at all :" but Lewson and Monson continued, under James, watching the Narrow Seas. In 1614, he was appointed Admiral in the Narrow Seas about England, Scotland, and Ireland ; and we find him still employed under Admiral Lindsey as second in command in the year 1635. But, in the year 1616, King James sent him a prisoner to the Tower, from whence, however, he was soon released, after an examination by Coke and Winwood. “I must confess," he says, “my folly and misfortune: the one made me too forward in complaining, and wishing a reformation of his Majesty's navy, which has purchased me much envy; the other procured me as much hate in taking the Lady Arabella : and then perhaps the cause of my imprisonment may appear.” If this lady had anything to do with his imprisonment, it was his suffering her to escape, and not retaking and bringing her back, as he was ordered to do. He mentions a more probable cause than either: a pinnace of his shot at a Dutch man-of-war, having an agent or ambassador on board, for not striking his topsail, of which a grievous complaint was made.

* Monson's Tracts.

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