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by rotation among the archiepiscopal sees; and that three

one of the richest of all Ireland." He is mentioned by Strafford with high commendation in a letter to Laud, and is there called (in allusion to his name) a truly Royal Bishop. Since his time po prelate who could speak the Irish language has held this see.

Bishops OF CloxFERT. Clonfert, in the reign of Elizabeth, was held by Stephen Kerovan, or Kirwan, a native Irishman, who was translated to this see from Kilmacduagh in 1582, and died about 1602. He was succeeded by Roland Lynch, also a native, who succeeded his predecessor at Kilmacduagli, and in 1602 was translated to Clonfert, holding Kilmacduagh in commendam. He died in 1625, and was succeeded in 1627 by Robert Dawson, an Englishman; and no prelate capable of using the Irish language has ever since been appointed to Clonfert.



Bishops or KILLALLA AND ACHONRY. In the reign of Elizabeth the see of Killala was held by “the wicked archbishop" Miler Magrath, to whom allusion has been made, who held this see with that of Achonry in commendam for almost 15 years, being at the time also Archbishop of Cashel, and commendatory Bishop of Waterford and Lismore !!

He was succeeded in 1623 by Archibald Hamilton, a native of Scotland, who had likewise Achonry in commendam ; and was translated to Cashel in 1630. Since his time no bishop who could speak the language of the population has occupied this see.

For a List of Irish Prelates and Dignitaries, vide Archdeacon Cotton's Fasti Ecclesiæ Hibernicæ. The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies in Ireland.” Dublin. 1847. 8vo.

When these facts are fairly considered, there cannot be much astonishment that the Reformed Church has made but little impresa sion on the people of Ireland ; and that the natives (technically so called) of the west and south still continue disaffected generally to the English Crown, and in point of civilization very nearly in the same condition of ignorance and barbarism in which they existed in the reign of James I. : and, if we revert to the past pages of history, the

of the eighteen bisliops should sit in like manner, by rotation among the episcopal sees ; that the Primate of all Ireland should sit in the first session, then the Archbishops of Dublin, Cashel, and Tuam, successively, and so by rotation of sessions for ever : and that the three suffragan bishops should in like manner sit according to rotation, from session to session, in the following order : the Bishops of Meath, Kildare, and Derry, in the first session; the Bishops of Raphoe, of Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe, and of Dromore, in the second session; of Elphin, of Down and Connor, and of Waterford and Lismore, in the third session; of Leighlin and Ferns, of Cloyne, and of Cork and Ross, in the fourth session; of Killaloe and Kilfenora, of Kilmore, and of Clogher, in the fifth session; of Ossory, of Killala and Achonry, and of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh, in the sixth session.

The Act of Union * received the royal assent on Friday, the 1st of August, 1800 : and the Primate of all Ireland, and the Bishops of Meath, Kildare, and Derry, became the

religious policy of England towards Ireland seems to justify the opinion which was expressed by Archbishop King, in an unpublished letter of the date of July 21, 1724, and cited by Bishop Mant (2 Hist. Church of Ireland, 230.), “It is plain to me by the methods that have been taken since the Reformation, and which are yet pursued by both the Civil and Ecclesiastical powers, that there never was nor is any design that all should be Protestants.”

* Vide 2 Stephens, Ecclesiastical Statutes, 1536-1595.

The following is a list of the principal statutes (Vide etiam, 1 Stephens, Ecclesiastical Statutes, 1022, 1467, 1894, 1927, 1989, 2156, 2232,) enacted since the Act of Union, relating to the Church

representatives of the lords spiritual of Ireland in the


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Advowsons, Powers to compromise conflictirg claims

11 & 12 Vict. c. 76. I. to Patronage of Building, repairing or otherwise providing of churches

and chapels, and of houses for ministers, and the 43 Geo. 3, c. 108.
providing of churchyards and glebes....

E. & I.
Amended by......

51 Geo. 3, c. 115.)
more effectually providing for the building and
rebuilding of churches, chapels, and glebe

houses, and for the purchase of glebe 48 Geo. 3, c.
lands, glebe houses, and impropriations..
Amended by

49 Geo. 3, c. 103. I.

3 & 4 Gul. 4, c. 37. Repealed, and other provisions made by 4 & 5 Gul. 4, c. 90.

6 & 7 Gul. 4, c. 99. Chapels of ease, amending 1 Geo. 2 (Irish act), for

6 & 7 Gul. 4, c. 31. 1. encouraging the building of lands for the improvement of .

4 Geo. 4, c. 86.
Amended by

5 Geo. 4, c. 8.
7 Geo. 4. c. 72.


3 & 4 Gul. 4, c. 37. Repealed, and other provisions made by

4 & 5 Gul. 4, c. 90.

6 & 7 Gul. 4, c. 99. Oran and Drumtemple, in the diocese of Elphin,

repealing 9 Anne (Irish act), so far as relates to 10 Geo. 4, c. 58. I.

the parishes of Rates and rithes, for the more easy recovery of 54 Geo. 3, c. 68.

4 Geo. 4, c. 86.

I. Repealed in part, and other provisions made by 7 Geo. 4, c. 72.

3 & 4 Gul. 4, c. 37. Rates and money advanced by the trustees and com.

missioners of first-fruits, amending the laws for 4 Geo. 4, c. 86. collecting ...

6 Geo. 4, c. 130.

I. Repealed, and other provisions made by { 3090 Gui. 4, c. 37.

Geo. 4, c. 72. altering and amending the law as to church

6 Geo. 4, c. 130. rates, and for regulating the same .........

7 Geo. 4, c. 72. I. Repealed, and other provisions made by {

3 & 4 Gul. 4, c. 37. ................ consolidating and amending the laws which

regulate the levy and application of
church rates and parish cesses, and the 7 Geo. 4, c. 72.
election of churchwardens, and the main.

I. tenance of parish clerks

Repealed in part, and other provisions made by 3 & 4 Gul. 4, c. 37. Sites of churches, removing doubts respecting

53 Geo. 3, c. 66. See further....

4 Geo. 4, c. 86. for churches and churchyards, empowering

I. rectors and vicars to grant glebe land for $54 Geo. 3, c. 117. Temporalities, altering and amending the laws relating to 3 & 4 Gul. 4, c. 37.

4 & 5 Gul. 4, c. 90.
6 & 7 Gul. 4, c. 99.

Amended by

3 & 4 Vict. c. 101.
6 & 7 Vict. c. 57.

} 1.

Parliament of the United Kingdom, for the first session thereof.

The Act of Union was altered by stat. 3 & 4 Gul. IV., c. 37., not only as to the jurisdiction of the archbishops and bishops, and the alternate sessions in which they are to sit in Parliament; but it destroyed ten bishopricks and reduced two archbishops to the rank of bishops.

The Editor cannot sufficiently express the obligations he is under to the Rev. Dr. Elrington for the trouble he has taken in examining all the proof sheets with the original Manuscript, and for many suggestions which he has received from him.

To the Rev. James Henthorn Todd, D.D., Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, the Editor is likewise under very great obligations, for valuable assistance.

The Editor has experienced every possible attention and facility from Mr. Hatchell, of the Rolls Office, in Dublin, when examining the proof sheets with the Manuscript Book, and for which he begs to express his best acknowledgments.

The Editor having collated the proof sheets with the Manuscript Book, is exclusively responsible for any inaccuracies that may exist in them.

61, Chancery Lane,







WTIERE at the death of our late Sovereign Lord

King Edward the Sixth, there remained one uniform order of Common Service, and Prayer, and of the Administration of Sacraments, Rites and Ceremonies in the Church of England, which was set forth in one Book, intituled, (The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies in the Church of England,) authorized by Act of Parliament, holden in the said Realm of England, in the Fifth and Sixth Years of our said late Sovereign Lord King Edward the Sixth,

The text has been collated by the Editor with the Statute Roll, preserved in the

Rolls Office, Dublin, of which it is an accurate copy, with the alteration only of the contractions, old spelling, and supplying the necessary capital letters. In the following notes are shown the variations from the original Manuscript Statute in the professed copy contained in the Book of Common Prayer, printed in 4to. in 1846 by “George and John Grierson, Printers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty” in Ireland.

Queen's Printers'.

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