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assures us; He is truly “A lamp | deed, it is, that “ He who giveth tó to our feet, and a light unto our path.” the poor, lendeth to the Lord;” and Never, never then, relinquish the hope the relieving the wants of our fellowwhich your religion gives you, and you creatures was always regarded by our will find it be an anchor to your soul Saviour and his Apostles as a presure and steadfast. It will guide your eminent part of charity, as I shall prefootsteps here, unto the ways of peace sently show you ; but St. Paul here -it will console you when you shall wishes to inculcate that it is not all. be stretched upon the bed of death He therefore proceeds to detail to us with nothing else to console you—it the other features of charity.
“ Chawill uphold you in trembling confi- rity,” says he, “ suffereth long, and dence at the tribunal of your everlast- is kind; charity envieth not; charity ing Judge.
vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up; Lastly, I shall call your attention to doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh that most excellent gift of CHARITY not her own." That is, seeketh not her which the Apostle has mentioned last, own praise, profit, or pleasure, to the giving it at the same time a preference injury of others, but inclines men to to the two former. As a better illus- seek the good of others; or, in other tration of the meaning and properties words, is not self-interested. “ Is not of charity cannot be given than that easily provoked, thinketh no evil.” which St. Paul himself has given, I That is, it neither meditates mischief will entreat you to accompany me in a to others, nor suspects any from them. review of a part of the chapter; and “Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but relet us hope that we may imbibe some joiceth in the truth.” That is, depart of the Apostle's spirit, and be riveth no malicious satisfaction from filled with good will towards men. the misconduct of others, but delight
“ Though I speak with the tongues eth in following the truth itself, and of men and of angels,” says he, “and in seeing others follow it with her. have not charity, I am become as Beareth all things ;" that is, beareth sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.” with the follies, frailties, and transThat is, though I could speak the lan- gressions of others, knowing that itself guages of all nations, or knew how to is also encompassed with infirmities. converse even with angels themselves, “ Believeth all things, hopeth all yet if I have not charity, I am totally things ;” that is, believing whatever insignificant. The charity which is may be urged in mitigation of a fault ; here recommended, consists not merely and even where nothing is urged, in outward acts, but also, in the in- hoping the best that the case will adward disposition of the heart; for says mit of.“ Endureth all things ;" that the Apostle, “ Though I bestow all is, patiently sustaining and enduring my goods to feed the poor, and though every wrong, or as it is elsewhere exI give my body to be burned, and have pressed, “ When reviled, it revileth not charity, it profiteth nothing." It not again." is possible for a person to give alms We see then, my brethren, that chawithout any true Christian love for his rity, according to St. Paul's definition brethren ; and to give his body to be of it, is a concentration of all those burned, that is, to become a martyr amiable feelings which still charactefor religion without any true love to rize our nature, fallen as it is, and of God? Vain glory and superstition, all those mild graces which Chrismay be, and perhaps too often have tianity has introduced amongst us. It been, the motive of both. True, in- is patience it is kindness--it is the
absence of envy and of pride of intel- God, when instructing his creatures lect—it is disinterestedness—it is in their duty, and in the allegiance mildness of disposition—it is harm- they owe to him, necessarily delivers lessness and unsuspecting confidence- perfect rules; and as those creatures it is fellow-feeling in the welfare of are deeply entangled in the trammels others—it is a readiness to believe and of sin, their allegiance will be unato forgive-and it is a love of peace voidably deficient; and here it is that and unanimity. Not, then, without the atonement of Jesus Christ steps in reason does the Apostle prefer it even to our aid, and renders us admissible to faith and hope : for if such a com- into those mansions which must otherprehensive virtue as this was univer- wise have been barred against us for sally embraced and universally prac-ever. Some degree of this blessed tised amongst us, this world would charity is attainable by us even in be itself a paradise, and we should this life; and unless we strive to athave no occasion to desire another. tain it, in vain shall we look to Jesus The effects of faith and hope are con- for the supply of our deficiencies. fined to the individuals in whom they We can check, if we cannot subdue reside ; but the effects of such a cha- our angry passions—we can forgive, rity as this are diffused over all crea- and we can ask forgiveness—we can tion. Faith will guide each of us to be kind and affable and condescending heaven, and without it there is no -we can administer to the wants and admission there; and hope will cheer bodily infirmities of others—we can enand invigorate us in our efforts to reach deavour to cultivate peace and good will, it; but charity will benefit not ourselves each in his own narrow circle. Thus only, but all those, with whom in the we may in part adopt the spirit of St. varied walks of life, we may chance Paul, and I may add too, the spirit of to meet, or over whom our actions our blessed Lord, as it was manifested may have any influence. Our faith in every accent of his lips, and in and hope will save ourselves ; but our every work of his hands. charity may promote the salvation of Having dwelt thus at length upon others.
charity in its general and diffusive naHave you then, my brethren, this ture, let me now call your attention to excellent gift of charity? Do you in that particular branch of it, which reyour intercourse with your fellow-lates, more immediately, to the object mortals act on such principles as I of my present address. The relief of have above enumerated ? Are you the wants and the distresses of our thus patient, long-suffering, kind, hum- fellow-creatures is, as I observed, a ble, unsuspicious, disinterested, for- pre-eminent part of Christian charity. giving, and peaceable ? Alas! there it is that too, which is of the most are few of us, perhaps, that can pressing obligation ; as the sufferings answer altogether in the affirmative. of the unfortunate are, alas, constantly The pattern is too perfect for us accu- presenting themselves to our sight. rately to imitate ; yet, let us remem- In discharging this duty, then, we ber though we cannot obtain perfec- have two methods to adopt :-First, tion, we may, nevertheless, so far that of privately relieving those of the practise the pure precepts laid down afflicted whose sufferings may fall for us in the Gospel, that at the great within the sphere of our observation day of account, the all-sufficient me. or knowledge ; and Secondly, that of rits of our Redeemer may be pleaded contributing to the support of public on behalf of our imperfect services. institutions which have been established, for the purpose of doing col-, of the spirit of the religion of England, lectively, that which could not be ef- that is, of the pure and unadulterated fected by any individual exertion or Gospel of Christ, all of them being liberality.
indisputably good, and practically beTo your spirit of private benevolence, neficial-all of them combining to form I am not now called on to appeal. I the subject of national exultation, of will only on that head remind you, which we might be justly proud, and that whatever you may do, in relieve which, at the same time, we cannot ing the sorrows of your Christian be too zealous or too liberal in upholdbrethren, will be recognized by your ing. I would entreat you therefore, Redeemer and Judge, as having been brethren, as a minister of that religion done to himself—that he sees and no- from which all these excellent fruits tices from his throne above, the slight- have sprung, to be ever ready to give est benefit, even a cup of cold water, your aid to any institution that applies that may be bestowed in his name, to you in the name of Christ, having and that to every such act of goodness been established through the influence he has promised with his own lips an of his doctrines on the hearts of the appropriate reward at the resurrection faithful, and being devoted to the beof the just. “Be ye not weary with nefit of his afflicted followers. well doing; for in due season you shall One such institution now prefers its reap, if you faint not.”
claim for your aid; and that claim is Public benevolence, which is the of so peculiar a nature that I feel bound topic with which I am more imme- to lay it before you in its several feadiately to deal on this occasion, con- tures. The St. Ann's Society, in comsists of permanent support to as many mon with many other institutions of a institutions as you may be enabled per- scholastic nature, trains the minds of sonally to support, and occasional con
the young in useful knowledge, and in tributions to such as may be brought principles of sound religion. The St. to your notice in a manner similar to Ann's Society, in common with a few the present; and it is gratifying, to be others, clothes, maintains, and wholly able to state, that the spirit of public supports and provides for the greater charity in this country has been so ju- part of the objects of its care. But the diciously exerted, thatit is scarcely pos- St. Ann's Society differs from all others sible even for a single charitable in- in points of the first and paramount stitution to be put forward for your importance. It receives the children, aid, which does not well deserve it.- which are to partake of its blessings, The benevolent establishments of Eng- from every part of the country and land partake in a remarkable manner without the slightest restriction.
(To be continued.)
London : Published for the Proprietors, by T.GRIFFITHS, Wellington Street, Strand;
and Sold by all Booksellers in Town and Country.
Printed by Lowndes and White, Crane Couri, Fleet Street.
SERMON BY THE REV. E. RICE.
THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1831.
(The Rev. E. Rice's Sermon concluded.)
It is not, therefore, a parochial school ; abled like Christ's Hospital, to mainit is not a local school; but it is already tain upwards of one thousand children, in some degree, and may hereafter educating and clothing and wholly become in the fullest sense, the Charity providing for them all. Its establishSchool of England. It partakes of the ment at Brixton gives it the means of advantages of all benevolent institu- an indefinite increase in point of lotions for the young; for in one of cality; and nothing but the extensive them, the orphan is sheltered—in an-co-operation of the benevolent is want. other, the child of the soldier-in a ing to enlarge it into a great and truly third, the child of the sailor is received national institution. Its patrons and -in a fourth, the unhappy offspring supporters are zealous and active in the of the wretched convict is sheltered— highest degree. They have, indeed, in a fifth, the deserted child that never in a praiseworthy reliance on Christian knew a parent's smile finds a home. sympathy, gone beyond the means of In various other institutions, the des- the society, and incurred a debt in the titute or orphan children of persons of erection of the Brixton establishment particular professions are sheltered ; which they trust to the benevolent to but in the St. Ann's Society Schools defray : a sum of two thousand pounds all are admitted : distress alone is the still remains to be discharged on that qualification there required. In this account. réspect, indeed, it differs in some de. That the institution is conducted in gree from the only institution, to which a manner calculated to deserve your it bears in other respects a resemblance, support, may be gathered from the best as far as its limited means at present of all testimonies, the testimony of admit of; I allude to Christ's Hospital, those who were themselves educated an institution with which I myself am within its walls, many of whom are connected, a third of whose presenta- annual subscribers, many life govertions are restricted to the children of nors of the school, and still more, parents who are free of the city of whose humbler means have not yet London : but here, there is not even enabled them to give either of those that partial limitation, the door is greater testimonies of their gratitude, freely opened to all whom early sorrow have formed themselves into an auxihas qualified to be its inmates. And lary society in aid of the establishsincerely do I hope, (I may be allowed, ment, that out of individual subscripperhaps, on this occasion, to express tions of a small amount they may this hope) that it may so increase in the periodically present to the society a approbation and support of the country collective sum. The last annual conat large, that it may one day be en-tribution from this source amounted
to twenty-five pounds; and most va- by constant calamity and distress. The luable must that contribution appear affliction of such persons is hard, into the managers and supporters of this deed, to bear. It is painful to be, institution, conveying to them, as it themselves, the victims of continual does, the cordial approbation of those disappointment—it is more painful to who have felt, and therefore can esti- be cast down from a state of affluence mate, the blessing imparted.
into a state of poverty, which they In regard to the necessity of this in. are ill prepared to encounter—but it is stitution, a point on which perhaps most painful of all, to look around you might be induced to found an upon their offspring, and feel that enquiry, one fact alone will be suffi- there is no hope for them. The parent cient to convince you ; though it will endure the wretchedness of his wholly supports one hundred children, own lot, perhaps, without repining; and partially fifty more, yet at the but for his children, we who are paJuly election last year, the immense rents well know, that he must feel, number of one hundred and twenty- and feel acutely too. Could he but two candidates were unavoidably re- have a hope for them he might yet be jected, whilst nine only could be ad- happy. Let us then, my brethren, mitted. It cannot, therefore, at pre- impart our aid, whether as contributors sent, receive even a tenth of those, on this occasion, or as permanent supon whose behalf its necessary aid is porters of the St. Ann's Society-let from time to time earnestly and loudly us contribute our aid to administer implored.
one drop of consolation, at least, to And who, alas, are those on whose the bosom of many an afflicted pabehalf its aid is, as I said, earnestly rent-let us assist in keeping open, and loudly implored? Let me con- and in enlarging the source of relief, clude, by again reminding you of this which will draw down many a blessing point; they are peculiarly the children on the heads of its benevolent supof the unfortunate, the offspring, in porters, and which will cause many a many instances, of those who have thanksgiving from grateful lips to seen better days, or who have been ascend to the throne of God in the prevented from rising to the station, for name of his Son Jesus Christ Our which they otherwise were qualified, Lord.
DELIVERED BY THE REV. HENRY JOHN OWEN,
AT PARK CHAPEL, CHELSEA, JAN. 9, 1831.
Psalm xxiii. 4.—“ Yea though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
I will fear no evil: for thou art with me, thy rod and thy staff they comfort me." Great danger is to be apprehended of character of the sublime and interestour being attracted and enchained to ing subjects of which it treats : and the study of the word solely, or even thus, mistaking delight in its language, principally, by the beauties of its imagery and general contents, for holy composition, and by the general joy at the contemplation of its in