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Persons selling by deficient weights and measures
Existing weights and measures may be used, if properly marked
Disposal of weights and
Weights and Measures
7. And be it further enacted that if from and after the first day of May next any person shall wilfully and knowingly sell or attempt to sell any kind of goods or wares, dry or liquid, by a weight or measure not in accordance with such standard weights or measures as aforesaid or by a false balance and with intent to defraud any other person, every person so selling or attempting to sell, being thereof convicted, shall for every such offence, forfeit the deficient weight or measure or false balance so fraudulently used, and any sum not exceeding ten pounds; and also all costs and charges of conviction.
9. And be it further enacted that all contracts, bargains, sales and standard weights dealings, which shall be made or had, from and after the first day of
May next, in any part of the said Colony for any work to be done or for any goods, wares or merchandise or other thing to be sold, delivered, done or agreed for by weight or measure-where no special agreement shall be made to the contrary-shall be deemed to be made and had according to the standard weights and measures to be provided under this Act.
Bakers' loaves of certain specific weights
8. And be it further enacted that it shall be lawful for any person or persons to sell any goods, wares or merchandise by any weights and measures in his, her or their possession at the time of the passing of this Act, although such weights and measures may not be in conformity with the standard weights and measures aforesaid: Provided that such weights and measures shall bear upon them, either painted or marked, the ratio or proportion which they bear to the said standard weights and measures respectively.
10. And be it further enacted that all deficient weights and measures and false balances, seized and forfeited under this Act, shall be broken, destroyed or disposed of as shall be directed by the Justice, before whom any conviction in respect of such weights, measures or balances shall take place.
11. And whereas it is especially necessary to protect the poor from any such frauds as aforesaid in the sale of bread, and the detection of such frauds will be best secured by requiring retailers of bread to make and sell their loaves of some specific weight: Be it therefore further enacted that from and after the first day of May next no baker or dealer or retailer of bread in this Colony shall sell or exhibit for sale any loaf of wheaten or other flour, not being of one of the weights following, that is to say, one pound, two pounds or four pounds avoirdupois weight, under pain of forfeiting any sum not exceeding five pounds Provided always that no baker or retailer of bread shall be forty-eight hours liable for any deficiency in the weight of any loaf, unless the same
Loaves to be within
shall be weighed in the presence of some Justice of the Peace, within forty-eight hours next after the same shall be baked; and unless evidence be given at the hearing of any information in respect of such deficiency by one disinterested witness, that such loaf was in the same state when produced to be weighed before such Justice as when the same was taken from such baker or retailer, reasonable allowance being made for the drying of the bread: Provided also that it shall be lawful for the Justice who shall hear any information for selling loaves small deficiencies contrary to the provisions of this Act, to make reasonable allowance
for any small deficiency of weight which shall appear to him fairly attributable to accident, negligence of servants or any other cause than
Weights and Measures
rolls, cakes and
the wilful act or culpable neglect of the party accused: Provided Exceptions of further that nothing herein contained shall be construed to extend to such bread as is usually sold under the denomination of rolls, cakes or pastry.
12. And be it further enacted that all informations and proceedings on account of any offence under this Act shall be heard and determined, and all forfeitures and penalties in respect of the same shall be awarded and imposed in a summary way, by any one Justice of the Peace, who shall summon before him the party accused and all necessary witnesses; and upon appearance of the party accused (or in his absence upon proof by oath of his having been served with the said summons, either personally or by the same being left at his usual place of abode) such Justice shall hear the matter of such information, and examine all necessary witnesses upon oath, and make such order thereon as to him shall seem meet; and in case the party accused shall be by him convicted, and shall fail to pay any fine or penalty, costs or expenses awarded by such order, within three days next after such order shall have been personally served on him or left at his usual place of abode, it shall be lawful for such convicting Justice to levy and raise such fine or penalty, costs or expenses by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the party so convicted; and in case such goods and chattels shall be insufficient for that purpose, it shall be lawful for the convicting Justice to commit the party so convicted to any gaol or house of correction for any term not exceeding six calendar months.
13. And be it further enacted that on the hearing of every information under this Act for the offence of using or having in possession any deficient weight or measure, the weight or measure alleged by such information to be false or deficient shall be compared with the said standard weights or measures in the presence of the Justice who shall hear such information.
before one Justice of the
Who may enforce the condistress and sale, not exceeding six calendar
deficient shall be
Weights, &c., compared with standards in Magistrate hearing informa
14. And be it further enacted that on the hearing of any such Examiners to be information as last aforesaid or of any information for using or possessing a false balance, any such examiner as aforesaid shall be admitted as a competent witness to prove the fact that the weight, measure or balance alleged to be false or deficient was found in the shop, store-house or out-house or otherwise in the possession or apparent ownership of the party accused, notwithstanding that such examiner may by conviction of the party accused become entitled as informer to part of the penalty incurred by such conviction.
may be indicted
15. And be it further enacted that if any person who shall have Persons guilty of been twice summarily convicted of any offence against the provisions of this Act, shall afterwards be guilty of any such offence, every such at Quarter person being thereof convicted by indictment at the Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said Colony shall be subject to such fine, not exceeding the sum of fifty pounds, and to such imprisonment not exceeding the term of six calendar months, as the said Court shall in its discretion award; and that it shall be lawful for the Justice who shall hear the information charging such third offence to require the accused party to enter into recognizance with one sufficient surety at the discretion of such Justice for the appearance of the accused party at the next Sessions of the said Court to take his trial for such third
Informations, when to be laid
Right of Appeal
Appropriation of penalties
Weights and Measures
offence; and in default of such surety, it shall be lawful for such Justice to commit the accused party for trial.
16. And be it further enacted that all informations and proceedings in respect of offences against this Act shall be commenced within one calendar month next after the offences thereby respectively charged shall have been committed.
17. And be it further enacted that if any person shall think himself aggrieved by any judgment or conviction made under this Act, such person may appeal therefrom to the next Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said Colony; which Court shall hear and determine the matter of such appeal, and shall summon all necessary parties and witnesses, and shall make such order in affirmance or reversal of the judgment or conviction appealed from, and for payment of the costs of appeal, as to such Court shall seem meet; and shall enforce such order, if necessary, by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of any person refusing or neglecting to obey such order; or by imprisonment of any such person for any time not exceeding six calendar months: Provided that notice of such appeal be given by the appellant to the Justice from whose judgment or conviction such appeal shall be made, within three days next after such judgment or conviction; and that such appellant deposit the sum of five pounds with such last-mentioned Justice or enter into a recognizance with two sureties for the purpose of securing payment of the costs of such appeal.
18. And be it further enacted that all fines, forfeitures and penalties recovered under or by virtue of this Act shall be payable in equal moieties to the use of His Majesty, his heirs and successors, and to the party or parties informing.
GUL. IV. REGIS
An Act to regulate the Fencing of Town and Suburban
WHEREAS the cultivation and improvement of located lands lying in and adjacent to town sites in the Colony of Western Australia may be much promoted by compelling, under certain restrictions, the erection of party fences thereto Be it therefore enacted by His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of Western Australia and its Dependencies, with the advice of the Legislative Council, that the proprietor or tenant of a town or suburban allotment or his or her
on a written
agent respectively being desirous of erecting the common boundary Boundary fence fence between the same and any next adjoining land (not being Crown to be erected land reserved for any special purpose), whether within or without any requisition town site, may require in writing the proprietor of such adjoining land between town (or the agent of such last-mentioned proprietor if absent from the said Colony) to erect a moiety of such common boundary fence in such manner and of such kind or description as may thereafter be mutually agreed on by or on behalf of both the said proprietors, or as for want of such agreement shall be determined by two arbitrators, of whom one shall be named in writing by the party making such requisition, and the other shall be named in like manner by the party to whom such requisition shall be addressed.
2. And be it further enacted that every requisition made under Mode of serving the provisions of this Act shall be served either personally on the party to whom the same shall be addressed or by leaving the same at the last or usual place of abode of such party, and that every such requisition to fence any adjoining ground whereof the proprietor shall be unknown When proprietor or absent from the said Colony without any known agent within the same, shall be made and published by three successive advertisements in the Government Gazette' of the said Colony.
3. And be it further enacted that if the proprietor or agent on whom any such requisition shall be served or to whom the same shall be notified by three successive advertisements as aforesaid shall not within fourteen days after such service, or within the like period after the last of such advertisements, either execute a written agreement for the erection of the boundary fence so required or join in appointing arbitrators as aforesaid for determining the nature and mode of constructing of such fence; in such case the Government Resident at the town site in which the land required to be fenced is situate (or any neighbouring Justice of the Peace, in case there shall be no Government Resident at such town site or such Resident shall be sick or absent) shall proceed on the application and together with the arbitrator of the party making such requisition to determine in writing the kind or description of such common boundary fence, and the particular moiety thereof to be erected by the party to whom such requisition shall be addressed, and a copy of such determination shall be served on such last-mentioned party in the same manner as such requisition, or in case of the absence of such last-mentioned party from the said Colony, shall be notified by an advertisement in the said 'Gazette.'
served shall not
If the party within fourteen days determine the boundary fence; mode of same
4. And be it further enacted that any such written agreement or Agreement or determination as aforesaid or any award made by arbitrators appointed be binding after in pursuance of any such requisition as aforesaid, of which agreement, publication in award, or determination, notice shall be published in the said Gazette,' shall from the date of such notice be binding on the heirs and assigns of the parties making such agreement, or affected by such award or determination.
5. And be it further enacted that if any proprietor or agent, having been served with any such requisition, or to whom any such requisition shall be notified by advertisement as aforesaid, shall not within three calendar months after the execution of any written agreement made in pursuance of such requisition, or within the like period
If the part
served shall not
erect the fence required within months from date of agree
ment, &c., the
after the date of any award made by arbitrators appointed in pursuance of such requisition, or within the like period after the service or notification by advertisement of any such determination made on default of appointment of arbitrators as aforesaid, erect and finish a moiety of the fence referred to by such agreement, award, or determination, and in conformity therewith respectively; in either of the said cases, the party making such requisition as aforesaid may proceed, without any further notice or demand, to erect the particular moiety required to be erected by such requisition, of the common boundary fence therein referred to; and for that purpose to enter with all necessary workmen, servants, cattle and vehicles, on the adjoining sary timber, &c. ground so required to be fenced off, and may there cut down, dig up,
And may enter on the land and cut down neces
and prepare all necessary timber, earth, or other materials for constructing such moiety; and may cut down and remove any tree or trees which may in reasonable probability endanger such fence when erected; or which may obstruct the erection thereof.
party making the requisition may proceed to erect such fence
6. And be it further enacted that any proprietor, tenant, or agent, ing costs of such who shall have erected a moiety or other less portion of any party
Mode of recover
fence from the opposite party
fence under the authority of this Act, and shall be desirous of recovering the costs thereof in the mode hereby provided, shall make affidavit, to be sworn before any Justice of the Peace, that such moiety or other portion of party fencing has been erected at the costs therein mentioned on or in respect of the adjoining allotment therein described, in conformity with the provisions of this Act; to which affidavit shall be annexed a certificate, under the hands of two respectable householders, certifying that such costs are according to the market prices of fencing labour and materials; and every such affidavit and certificate may be registered in the office of the Registrar of Deeds and Transfers.
7. And be it further enacted that the costs sworn to in any such become a charge affidavit shall, from the time of such registration thereof as aforesaid,
Such costs shall
on the allotment, with interest
become a charge, in the nature of a mortgage debt, on the allotment described in such affidavit; and shall bear interest after the rate of ten pounds for one hundred pounds by the year, to be raised, if not sooner paid, at the same time and in the same manner as the said costs.
If such costs not paid the land charged there
8. And be it further enacted that if any such costs as aforesaid shall not be paid on or before the expiration of twenty-four calendar with may be sold months from the date of registration thereof, together with all interest
due thereon, the party expending the same may, after fourteen days' notice in the 'Government Gazette,' require any Government Auctioneer to sell the allotment charged with such costs.
Governor may order the erection of dividing fences between streets, &c., and private allotments
Costs thereof certified and registered
9. And be it further enacted that it shall be lawful for the Governor, or other Officer for the time being administering the Government of the said Colony, to order the erection, at the public expense in the first instance, of any common boundary fence between a street or highway, and any town allotment not being fenced in the time and manner prescribed by the conditions and regulations under which such allotment was granted; and the costs of every such fence, so erected as last aforesaid, being estimated according to the market price of labour and materials, shall be certified, together with a description of the allotment thereby fenced off, under the hand of the Government Resident, or other Officer under whose