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THE

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA

A

DICTIONARY

OF

ARTS, SCIENCES, LITERATURE AND GENERAL

INFORMATION

ELEVENTH EDITION

VOLUME XVIII

MEDAL to MUMPS

NEW YORK
THE ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA COMPANY

1911

Kef

v. is

Copyright, in the United States of America, ion,
by

The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company.

INITIALS USED IN VOLUME XVIII. TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL
CONTRIBUTORS,1 WITH THE HEADINGS OF THE
ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUME SO SIGNED.

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Arthur Everett Shipley, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.

Master of Christ's College, Cambridge. Reader in Zoology, Cambridge University.
Joint-editor of the Cambridge Natural History,

Axpert Frederick Pollard, M.A., F.r.hist.s.

Professor of English History in the University of London. Fellow of All Souls'
College. Oxford. Assistant Editor of the Dictionary of National Biography, 1893-*
11. Lothian Prizeman (Oxford), 1892; Arnold Prizeman, 1898. Author of
'under the Protector Somerset; Henry VIII.; Life of Thomas Cranmer; &c.

Rev. Alexander Gordon, M.A.

Lecturer on Church History in the University of Manchester.

Arthur George Doughty, M.A., Litt.d., C.M.G.

Dominion Archivist of Canada. Member of the Geographical Board of Canada.
Author of The Cradle of New France; &c. Joint-editor of Documents relating to the
Constitutional History of Canada.

Adolf Harnack.

See the biographical article, Harnack, Adolf.
Sir A. Houtusc-schindler, CLE.

General in the Persian Army. Author of Eastern Persian Irah.
Rev. Alexander James Grieve, M.A., B.D.

Professor of New Testament and Church History at the United Independent College, J

Bradford. Sometime Registrar of Madras University and Member of Mysore

Educational Service.

Andrew Jackson Lajioureux.

Librarian, College of Agriculture, Cornell University. Formerly Editor of the
Rio News, Rio de Janeiro.

Andrew Lang.

See the biographical article, Lang, Andrew.

Agnes Mary Clerke.

See the biographical article, Clerke, A. M.

Morton, John.

Monlus; '.
Merino, I
Morone.

Mercler, Hooore.

I Millennium; Montanlsm. { Meshed.

(in part).

Alfred Newton, F.R.S.

See the biographical article, Newton, Alfred.

Adam Sedgwick, M.A., F.R.S.

Professor of Zoology at the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London.
Fellow, and formerly Tutor, of Trinity College, Cambridge. Professor of Zoology
in the University of Cambridge, 1907-1909.

Baron Alfred Von Gutschmid. f

See the biographical article, Gutschmid, Alfred, Baron Von. I

Arthur Waugh, M.A. f
New College, Oxford. Newdigate Prize, 1888. Author of Gordon in Africa; Alfred,
Lord Tennyson. Editor of Johnson's Lives of the Poets; editions of Dichens, Tenny.

son, Arnold, Lamb; &c I

1A complete list, showing all individual contributors, appears in the final volume.

Mexico: Geography.

{Koliere.

•f Mouchez.

Megapode; Merganser;
Mocking Bird;
Moor-Hen; Morlllon;
Motmot; Mouse-Bird.

Metamorphosis.

Moses of Chorene (in part)

Morris, William.

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