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THE BRITISH NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES AS REPRESENTED

AT THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION.

The British North American Colonies have made a , be better suited for growing the valuable cereals than noble display of their products at the Intornational another, yet everywhere, except on the barrens or in Exhibition, and have quite thrown into the shade the the swamps, fair crops of these may be raised. But no United States. Few persons who have not visited our matter where the farmer settles down, if he is careful, possessions on the other side of the Atlantic could have industrious, and persevering, he will meet with an given them credit for the skill, enterprise, and inge- ample return for his labour. If the district in which puity displayed in the various mechanical contrivances he resides does not produce wheat as abundantly as he and manufactured articles, of which they have sent may wish, it will yield a good crop of corn; or failing specimens. But it is not with these that we would this, buckwheat may be the most remunerative; if deal on the present occasion. We desire rather to call neither of these, it will produce potatoes or turnips, or attention to their agricultural products and capabilities, vegetables of some kind in such quantities as will leave and shall touch upon those of the Lower Provinces, him no cause for complaint. In many places crops of leaving Canada for subsequent notice. It is the first all kinds may be raised to great advantage. International competition in which the four Colonies With reference to agriculture, there is one thing of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, that, in justice to the soil of North America, or its and Newfoundland have taken part.

climate, or both, should not fail to be mentioned. In The province of New Brunswick we have noticed no matter what part of the country a piece of land on some former occasions. The Commissioners may be situated, or how poor it may be, it is capable, of the Colony have sent home very fine specimens of by a little labour judiciously disposed, of being its coreals, pulse, maize, flour, and meals, with agri- bronght to a high state of agricultural perfection. As cultural implements made and used in the Colony, an example, the State of New Hampshire may be such as mould-board ploughs, horse rakes, and har. cited, justly termed the “Granite State," in conrows. There is also a good collection of its timber sequence of the predominance of granite, which seems shown rough and manufactured. The amount of land to cover its entire surface. Here, upon the solid rock, cultivated in New Brunswick does not yet produce any- as it were, are farms that in appearance and productivething like a sufficiency of food for the maintenance of ness can compare admirably with those of more the population. This has not been because agriculture favoured climes. The “harging gardens” of Eastern has not been remunerative, but because of the appa- romance are not more marvellous than those apparently greater inducements held out to the mass of the rently bare rocks teeming with vegetable life. This people by other branches of industry. Lumbering and productive power, which the most barren soil in ship-building, however, are giving place yearly in a America seems to possess, may be due more to the skill greater degree to agriculture. Tho number of farmers of man than either of the causes montioned above. It is rapidly on the increase, and a determination seems is certain, however, if it does not really exist in the to have taken hold of every branch of society to leave soil, it is capable of being introduced into it. no efforts untried for the development of this most im- The province of Nova Scotia, which makes its first portant-this greatest branch of industry.

appearance in European competition this year, has In each county of the Province there is an agricultural spared no expense whatever in bringing its resources society-in some counties more than onemand there has and products before the general public. Its court, lately been established a Provincial Board of Agricul- looking at the extent and resource of the colony, conture, for the purpose of watching and protecting the tains one of the finest colonial collections in the Exhiinterests of the farmers generally. The annual reports bition building, every article being well displayed and of these societies speak in high terms of the increase arranged. The fish, the wood, the minerals, the horthat is taking place in the number of farmers; the ticultural produce, the animals, are all beautifully improvements made in the qualities of crops, and shown, and the great moose standing at the entrance the interest that is being manifested amongst the is an indication of its whereabouts. Its gold fields farmers ; and there is every reason to hope that hun hare lately brought the colony into more prominent dreds and thousands of persons will be induced in a notice ; and with regard to expense in exhibiting, the few years to enter upon the valuable lands now lying provincial government have given Messrs. Baring Browaste, and improve them; thereby enriching them thers, the official agents of the colony, carte blanche. selves and benefiting the country.

Nova Scotia is peculiarly adapted for an agricultural The farmers of New Brunswick are all, so to speak, country, The best lands are alluvial, or in good circumstances. Many of them are rich, and marsh," and " intervale.” The former are formed by are now enjoying the fruits of their labour of former the deposit left by the rapid tides of the Bay of Fundy, years. The majority of them are men who commenced which rise in some places to a height of sixty feet. life twenty or thirty years ago with literally nothing. The fertility of the “dyked marsh" is, it is believed, They went into the woods; the first clearing they quite unparalleled. Some of it, such as the Grand Pro made was of a few yards whereon to build a hut; that (the scene of Longfellow's “Évangeline”), was redone, their clearing has gone on extending year after claimed by the Acadian French about two hundred year (the hut being replaced by a commodious frame years ago, and there are instances of this species of house), until now ii counts a goodly number of broad land having been cultivated for a century without any acres, whose fertility enables their owner to live in manure. Uplands top-dressed with this alluvial depoplenty, oblivious of the trials that surrounded his early sit may be cultivated for twenty years without any malife, and rejoicing in the prosperity Providence has nure. “ Intervale” land is formed by the deposit of bestowed upon him through his own exertions. fresli-water rivers, &c., and is exceedingly productive.

Although the soils vary, and one kind of land may Potatoes in Nova Scotia will yield, on an average,

6. dyked

I

about 230 bushels per acre, and have yielded as much sixty-seven townships or parts of townships, with coras 450 bushels per acre of a very superior quality. This tain reservation to individuals having claims upon the crop is not so much affected with the potato disease as Government, and others upon certain conditions of in other countries. 3,284,864 bushels were raised here settlement and the payment of quit-rents of 28., 48., or in 1860. Twenty-two samples are shown by different 6s. annually

per hundred

acres, commencing exhibiters. Wheat, under very inferior cultivation, five years after the grant, and only half will yield from 25 to 30 bushels per acre. Specimens being required the subsequent ten years. The sent weigh 62 to 641bs. per bushel. The competi- granters were to settle upon each lot one pertors in this department were very few, and the speci- son for every 200 acres, within ten years. If one. mens sent are much inferior to those exhibited at the third of the land in that proportion was not settled in Provincial Exhibition in 1854.

four years, the land was to be forfeited to the Crown. The following is an extract from the official report When the ten years had passed however, no attempt

“Every person who has any real knowledge of agri- had been made to settle 48 out of the 67 townships. culture, and who saw the specimens of grain entered at Repeated and complicated difficulties arose. Lands our exhibition, will readily admit that it was almost all were sold for the quit rents, unoccupied lands were of first-rate quality, and scarcely, if at all, inferior to estreated, a composition of quit rents was attempted. any equal number of samples either in the mother coun- But difficulties contined to exist, even after a reduction try or the United States. The Dumfries Courier states in the price of quit rents to 28. per hundred acres anthat 60 lbs. per bushel for wheat, 50lbs. per bushel for nounced in 1817. About ten years after, public imbarley, and 40lbs. per bushel for oats, have generally been provements were pushed forward with great vigour; considered a kind of standard or medium weight be- roads were widened and improved all over the country, tween the heavier and lighter quality; and it mentions, bridges were built, agriculture was encouraged, imas a specimen of the present crop, that at last week's proved stock was imported, and, to stimulate others, Haddington market samples of new grain were shown the Governor became a farmer. of the following extraordinary weights: Wheat 65lbs. In 1828 the Home Government sent out orders to per bushel, barley 58}bs. per bushel, and oats 48lbs. enforce the arrears of quit rent due for five years, and per bushel

stated to amount to £10,000. The House of Assembly “Now the grain at our Exhibition compares very and the colonists generally petitioned the King to refavourably with this statement, as, out of fifty.four linquish the arrears, and in reply it was stated that the parcels of wheat of various kinds, only two were below rents might be commuted for £1,000 a-year. 60lbs. per bushel, and, to balance this, sixteen par- In August, 1861, the then Commissioners appointed cels were above 64lbs. per bushel, while two parcels were by Royal mandate to inquire into and adjudicate upon above 66lbs. per bushel. In barley, they exceed us in the subjects of dispute in respect to the tenure of nearly one pound per bushel, our heaviest being only lands in this island, brought their labours to a termi. 47lbs. and 14 ounces per bushel ; but we equal them nation. The parties represented in the Commission in white oats, as ours is 48lbs. as well as theirs, and were the Crown, certain large proprietors of lands on then they admit it to be an extraordinary weight in the island, and the tenantry acting through their GoHaddington, one of the greatest grain markets in the vernment. The claims of each party were minutely south of Scotland, more especially for oats. Then we and patiently investigated—with the grand design of have twenty samples of Indian corn, mostly all very converting on fair and equitable terms the leaseholds of excellent, some of it weighing 53 lbs. per bushel; and the whole island into freeholds. The Commissioners twenty-two samples of buckwheat, all verging upon, recommend for this purpose the borrowing of £100,000 and some of it quite 58lbs. per bushel."

by the Local Government, with the guarantee of Barley is a sure and heavy crop; the bald barley interest by the Imperial Government. Twenty years' will yield about 40 bushels per acre, specimens sent purchase is the maximum price to be paid ; but the weighing 54 and 56 lbs. per bushel. Indian corn in land is to be valued by arbitrators. the western counties proves a most profitable crop, According to the census of 1861, the population yielding 60 to 65 bushels per acre ; specimens sent of the island was 80,556. The crops of 1860 yielded weigh 60lbs. per bushel. The climate of Nova Scotia 346,125 bushels of wheat, 223,195 of barley, 2,218,578 is particularly suited for the growth of buckwheat, spe- of oats, 50,127 of buck-wheat, 2,972,335 of potatoes, cimens sent weighing as muoh as 50lbs. per bushel. All 348,784 of turnips, and 31,100 tons of hay. The live kinds of garden and field seeds grow remarkably well stock owned in the island consisted of 18,765 horses, in Nova Scotia, producing excellent and profitable ro- 60,015 neat cattle, 107,242 sheep, and 71,535 hogs. turns.

711,485 lbs. of butter were made in the year, and Prince Edward Island shows an interesting collection 109,233 lbs. of cheese. of its grain, dairy produce, and implements; and these From Newfoundland much was not to be expected are the more attractive, because, although an agricul- in the shape of agricultural produce—the fisheries tural colony of some local notoriety, it is not much being its main stay. But tbat it is not the bleak and heard of here. The climate of the island is highly inhospitable country supposed, is shown by the speci. favourable to the pursuits of agriculture and the health mens of wheat, barley, and oats sent to the Exhibition of the inhabitants. The main difficulty that has stood by the Hon. L. O'Brian. That this island could greatly in the way of its progress and settlement has been the benefit agricultural interests by the manufacture of centralization of the land in the hands of absentoo pro- fish manure to take the place of Peruvian guano, prietors. A short notice of the history of the coloniza- which is now again running up in price, specimens tion and the land question difficulties may here be ad- of seal and cod manure deodorized are shown. There vantageously given.

could be obtained from the refuse of the cod fishing The allotment of the lands in the island was rather alone, about 25,000 tons of manure in a perfectly lavish-the plan of settlement by grants in August, dried' state, and from the seal fishing, with dogfish 1767, being as follows: The island was divided into and other refuse, two or three times as much.

DRYING GRAIN.-1856 AND 1862.

There has rarely been a season of harvest in Scotland more , land in the present year, the answer no doubt must be, that calculated than the present to excite the anxiety of the far- over a wide extent, the actual loss incurred far exceeds the mer, or to put into peril the interests of the consumer of cost of the remedy proposed. grain, and it has been difficult to look at the crops of wheat It may be stated that an excellent and powerful beating and barley, drenched by the rains in the last days of Septem- apparatus may be erected for about £40. The cost of sepaber and in the commencement of October, and in the best parts rating the corn from the straw is taken at 8s. per acre (asof Scotland, without asking the question, whether no means suming five quarters of grain), the probability is, that in praccan be found to prevent the food of man being destroyed to tice it would cost less money. I have a strong persuasion sach an extent, and the just hopes of the best farmers disap- that the whole operation would be practically accomplished for pointed? The quality of all grain crops must necessarily de. less rather than more money than has been estimated, and the pend primarily on the season and sunshine by which they have larger the scale, the smaller must be the cost of the drying been ripened; but it rarely bappens tbat the quality and sam- process—at all events, something between 4d. and 6d. per bush. ple would be seriously deficient, if the moment the crops bave Another consideration arises from the successful adoption ripened they could be secured against the subsequent risks of of this scheme; the present system of thrasbing out the wheat the season. After the period of ripening has come, it may be crop would be no longer applicable, the process of thrasbiog uked, to what amount of deterioration is the crop liable?" It would be applied to the ears alone, the straw would no longer is to be feared that in Scotland, at least in the present year, pass through the thrashing machine, and consequently a much that amount is very serious. It may be assumed that the smaller machine would be required, and much less power to quarter of wheat in perfect condition is worth, at the present work it. Inasmuch as power and labour are the equivalents time, 70s. Its possible deterioration from such a harvest as of expense, 80 the discontinuance of powerful machinery and we have lately had, may be taken at any sum varying from 18. labour implies an important ecouomy in this respect. There to 30s. a quarter ; indeed, if the wheat has sprouted in the would be saved a costly machine, and a costly power of eterm field, it is lost as the material of bread, and is saleable only at or horses, that of water being more rare. The manual labour a low rate for other purposes.

would be much less, from the less bulky nature of the material The question is, whether at a cost which it is reasonable to to be dealt with; a very light machine would separate the inear, the wheat crop can be saved from the risks of the sea- grain from the husk and clear it of the chaff. Here, therefore, son, and its quality preserved at that standard of excellence would be an important saving to set against the assumed ex. to which the season may have matured it. It is similar to a tra expense of 3s. 2d. per quarter, or 5d. per busbel. case of insurance-a sum to be paid to cover a risk-uncertain The result or object to be gained seems to be, to place the in its degree, but the insurance certain to cover the loss, what, wheat crop, after it has ripeved, in circumstances of certainty ever it may be. My belief is, that such a system is attainable, and security, independent of all weather, and to secure its and if it be, it ought to have a fair trial. It seems to me that quality and sample at the highest standard to which the sea. it might consist in the following scheme of operations :- sou may have matured it. There would be co waiting for dry 1. A field of wheat to be cut the moment it is ripe,

weather to commence the cutting down of the crop-it would irrespective of the state of the weather, it being

be a matter of indifference whether it rained or pot during immaterial, so far as the crop is concerned,

harvest, except as regarded the comfort of persons employed ; whether it rains or does not rain-to be cut

a new class of labourers would be introduced into the opera. by the scythe, and at a cost of about 8s. per

tions of harvest, it would no longer be necessary to have the

0 8 0 most able bodied at bigh wages, the labour would be compara2. Each seytbe to be followed by about 8 women or

tively ligbt, and could be performed by the weaker and more young persons, whose duty it shall be, by

numerous, without fatigue aud at moderate wages, although, means of a short kuife, as the grain falls from

no doubt, the principle of contract would be introduced with the scythe, to separate the ears from the straw

advantage, and good wages might and ought to be earned, and at the cost of about 8s. per acre

0 8 0 vigour and despatch recurtd. 3. The ears of wheat to be immediately put into

It is to be observed that the process of drying by corfents sacks or carts properly fitted for the purpose,

of pure and dry and heated air can have no injurious effect on and at once carried to a drying house at the

the taste and delicacy of the flour. It is not a proceso similar farm buildings.

to dryiog in a kile, by wbich the taste of grain is affected-tbe 4. The drying house to be a barn or other building,

processes are totally dissimilar, except that both produce dryness. properly fitted with an apparatus for heating

In conclusion, I may remark that the agricultural world is it with currents of dry air, of a temperature of

at present in pursuit of the important object of reaping by a about 120° or 130°. This temperature would

machine as a substitute for the sickle and scythe, and it seems expel all water and moisture from the ears of

nearly to be attained. When that object is fully attained, it wheat, in four, five, or six hours, according to

would only harmonise with the end and object of the present circumstances, create a condition in which

the

statement. The separation of the ears of wheat from the grain would keep in the husk in the best mau

straw would be readily effected as the crop was laid on the ner, the sample being the best which the sea.

ground by the action of the reaping machine-its position son had produced. All risk is from that

would give every facility for the operation. The substitution moment at an end. The cost of the fuel re

of machinery for manual labour would liberate a greater pumquired for this process could, in no case, it is

ber of persons for the various parts of a new system of barvest believed, exceed Is. per quarter, in many cases

operations. The complete success of the reaping machine only bd., and labour 60. or ls. more; in all per

would only facilitate the success of the drying system, which quarter ..

0 10 0 I am desirous to bring under consideratiou.
October, 1856.

A LANDLORD.
Total cost per acre

1 6 0

Since 1856 a vast progress has been made towards perfectBut from this sum falls to be deducted the cutting

ing a reapivg machine ; judeed it may be said that it is an ondown of the crop in the ordinary way, say .. 0 10 0 tablished implement in farming. The object of drying grain Total extra expense for 1 acre producing 5 quar

by heated air seems, therefore, to have made an advance also. ters of wheat ..

0 16 0

Can it not now make a still further progress? Can a reaper not Nearly 36. 2d. per qr., or 5d. per

bushel.

be found to cut the ears off the crop without the intervention This sum is to be placed against the possible deterioration of manual labour, leaviog tbe straw to be afterwards cut by the in the quality and cousequent money value of grain exposed to scythe ? It seems to be a most important object to secure the all the vicissitudes of weather. Is it reasonable to cover a highest quality of grain in all seasons, risks and secure a certainty at this cost? In the case of Scot- June, 1862,

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SALE OF THE HOLME PIERREPONT RAMS,

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The wo middle months of the great International | lence or purity"; and in returning thanks for himself, year will always be memorable in farming annals, he advised those who "thought it was so easy to breed as having witnessed the first English congress of animals

rams to try and do it, and, when they had done it, to

get other people to judge them." of all nations, and the dispersion of our finest flocks of

It was nearly two o'clock before Mr. Strafford Leicesters and Southdowns. We have not, however, mounted his waggon and called for the first shearling, the pleasure of recording that Mr. Sanday is only with the preliminary announcement that ten guineas in selling his celebrated flock with a view to establishing every case must be the opening bid. The third-prize another herd of shorthorns. No new arrivals supply

shearling at Battersea did not long lack a bidder, as the places of the Fame and Garland tribes which Mr. Borton got him at 40 gs. In point of gaiety and form

" the waggoners" were uncommonly busy; and Mr. Strafford dispersed in October ; and the only reinnant he was not equal to the first-prize one; but in quality of that sale, an Old Foggathorpe heifer, died in calving of mutton and amount of fleece he decidedly beat him, during the Battersea week. The Leicester flock takes and in the latter respect his 11f1bs. placed him at the its departure in three divisions. Seventy-two rams

head of the shearlings. Mr. Hall, jun., took the lead, were sold on Wednesday ; thirty more, which were not ushered in the prize shearling. Mr. Briscoe led off for

and kept it, for No. 2 (25 gs.); and then “ George'' quite forward enough to bring into a sale ring, and him, and the bid rested with him at 30. Mr. Lees then about 240 ewes, follow in the second week of Septem- put on another guinea ; and scarcely had the last sand ber; and about 160 shearlings, ewos, and rams, a great run out, when Mr. Briscoe, who (bý a remarkable proportion of which are by the Battersea gold-medal sheep,

cess of reasoning) ascribed his absence of mind to the complete the clearing out next summer : and then Mr. presence of a grey body between himself and the auc

tioneer, went up with a rush to 35. The disappointSanday and “ George" will be, in truth, a general and

mens did not seem to prey upon him much; and when a colonel without the army with which they have fought " Mr. C. Wright, 24 gs.," and “Mr. G. Turner, jun., and won such rich spoils in many a battle-royal. 20 gs.,” had been entered against a couple, there was

Notts seems to have been pretty well favoured in its some sharp firing over Lot 6; but Mr. Hall's mind was hay time; and although we encountered a heavy pour- made up, and "the G A dam by M Y” shearling of nice down on our road, things promised well for the sale, both old character became his for 28 gs. The next lot as regards weather and attendance, when we met the brought out Mr. Beaseley, jun., who had the fullest Yorkshire division at Granthum. It had been rumoured scope, from his front position, for bidding by sight that Sir Tatton Sykes intended once more to revisit the as well as sound; and he and Northamptonshire spot where he purchased his first lot of ewes from Mr. would not be shaken off. Mr. George Mann, brotherSanday's father, nearly seventy years ago, and to which in-law to Mr. Sanday, took the next lot, “gr. g. d. by for the first fifty years of the century he had been so Burgess's Fatbeck," for 20 gs., to Scawsby; and then constant each summer; but the venerable baronet did Mr. Singleton, after an escape" by a sand" of having not appear in person, and it is not his custom to buy by his 26-guinea bid affirmed, got No.9 at 2 gs. beyond it. proxy. Spain, however, furnished what Sledmere de- There was nothing to mark Mr. G. Wood's 22-guinea nied in the Marquis of Peralles and Don Constantius closer for No. 10; but with No. 11 Spain—which stood Ardanus, " Director of Agriculture”; but we need in a cluster, leaning again the hurdles — showed hardly say that the rash and mysterious “nobleman,'' her hand successfully at 18 gs. No. 12 was a great, who makes expensive purchases, and never seems, either good sheep, related through its grandam to “the 111from lack of money or paternal acres, to take them guinea sheep;" and "W. Hurlstone, 42 gs.," was the home, did not deem it wise to confer his invisible pre- return of the struggle over it. After Lot 15, the sence on the assembly. Sixteen counties furnished average stood at about_26 gs. On went the booktheir crack flockmasters for "a last word” with Mr. entries-Scott 21 gs., Briscoe 16 gs. ("thick and Strafford. Yorkshire sent ten, Nottinghamshire seven, cheap," as his friends assured him), Dester 15 gs. – Warwickshire four, Leicestershire, Staffordshire, and rather slowly, till a commended shearling, with remarkDevonshire three, and Northamptonshire and Cornwall ably good wool, was marched round the ring, and put two, and the rest one each. Mr. Thunder did not cross in at 20 gs. Mr. Luke Borman was always handy for the Channel this July, but county Cork was embodied it; and at 45 gs. he had shaken off all his opponents, to some purpose in Messrs. Briscoe and Mcade. and gave in Mr. Torr's name as purchaser. Mr. Meade,

The ring was pitched on the same spot as that selected of county Cork, then went in at 26 gs. The Spaniards for the shorthorns; and “George," as master of the followed twice in succession at 16 gs. and 13 gs. ; and ceremonies, had brought down the two Battersea pens of two more shearlings, each at 15 gs., completed their theaves and some of his choicest flock matrons into the business for the day. Biddings, which had rather meadow, to give us a foretaste of September. One of drooped, began in earnest at the sight of the last shearthem lay apart in splints, and, as capricious Fortune ling (No. 30); but Mr. Hawkes, of Ratcliffe, stuck to wonld have it, she proved to be the dam of the gold his text, and the son of LX, dam by CS, will not go medal two-shear. Barring the absence of the shorthorn far from “ the classic land" (we again quote the Presi. men, and about half the company of that day, the tent dent) " of his birth, nurture, and disposal.”. So much preliminaries differed in no way from those in October; for the shearlings; and the quickest calculators said, and Mr. Torr, the president, was in as good form as Not quite 24 g8. for 30!" the Nottingham Eleven, when they routed Cambridge- With the two-sbears matters mended, and Mr. Tarshire a week before, at Trent Bridge. In proposing ner, jun., soon showed fight for No. 31, a very fat one Mr. Sanday's health, he well said that in his hands at 20 gs. He was let for 61 gs.,” said Mr. Torr; " the Leicesters of Burgess had lost none of their excel- “ 65 gs.,” interposed George, “Mr. Hall had him,"

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and at one time it seemed as if Mr. Hall.it ded to

SHEARLINGS, have him again. We marked that gentlem au's 55

21 guinea nod, and we believe he took the odd biddings up

1. Mr. T. Borton...... 40 16. Mr. Scott..

2. Mr. J. Hall.... 25 17. Mr. R. Briscoe 16 to 59 gs., when 60 guineas from Mr. Wippell from

3. Mr. J. H. Lees 31 18. Mr. Dester

15 Devonshire was not advanced upon. The third prize

4. Mr. C. Wright
24 19. Mr. W. Torr

45 shearling of Leeds and the highly commended of Batter

5. Mr. G. Tarner .. 20 20. Mr. R. M. Meade 26 sea was rather deficient in his rumps, but thought by 6. Mr. J. Hall ........

28 21. Marquis de Peralles.. 16 many to be almost the best on the ground. Mr. Hall 7. Mr. J. Beaseley 27 | 22. Marquis de Peralles.. 13 hired him last year, and would take no denial this. 8. Mr, G, Mann 20 | 23. Mr. Partiogtou 29 Mr. Torr, Mr. Turner, and Mr. Briscoe were all 9. Mr, T. R. Singleton . 28 24. Mr. Eden..

21 "in" by turns, but it was no use, and to Scorboro' he 10. Mr. G. Wood...... 22 25. Mr. Whalley

25

25 went at 68 gs. The sight of the gold-medaleist caused a 11. Marquis de Peralles. 18 26. Mr. Scott... regular “ fight for the standard” at first, and the wag

12. Mr. W. Harlstone .. 42 27. Marquis de Peralles.. 15 13. Mr. Partington 23 28. Mr. Bell

16 gon was the scene of action. Mr. Turner, father or

14. Mr. Bromhead.. son, we did not note which, began him at 50 gs., Mr.

1929. Marquis de Peralles.. 15

15. Mr. Whalley 2030. Mr. H. Hawkes .... 29 Borton stopped at 100, Mr. Turner at 110, and Mr. Cresswell was the man in possession at 135 ; then there

TWO-SHEARS. was a long pause, and anon came a mysterious "five's so indistinct and so late from beneath the waggon, that

31. Mr. Wippell

60 42. Mr. J. Yorke...... 15

68 43. Mr. W. Lesmu 15 Mr. Strafford did not hear it at all, and Mr.

Cresswell 32. Mr. J. Hall
33. Colonel Inge.... 140 44. Mr. E. Wood

15 at first pencilled himself down against the lot in his

34. Mr. Tremayne 28 45. Mr. G. Hassell 15 catalogue. However, that gentleman made no demur,

35. Mr. T. Stamper..
50 46. Mr. J. Hall

22 and Colonel Inge's bailiff, who must really learn to fight 36. Mr. Kendal 27 47. Mr. Foster....... 17 quicker, was returned as the winner for a very beautiful 37. Mr. Olver ........

14 48. Mr. J. Yorke.... 13 sheep, who has told his own tale by a rare crop of lambs 38. Mr. G. 8. Foljambe. 14 49. Mr. Scorer..

21 at Holmpierrepont. Mr. Tremayne of Cornwall had 39. Mr. Biddle.. 16 50. Mr. Josb. Mann 11 then a 28-guinea taste of the Buckley sort, and then 40. Mr. Meade

21 | 51. Mr. J. Hall

35 Mr. Stamper made his first venture with the second 41. Mr. Bosworth 16 52. Mr. T. Hamper....

11 prize Leeds shearling and Irish gold medaleist, a large

THREE-SHEARS, sized sheep, with rather a light skin, and let to Mr.

LOT. Thunder for 7lgs. last year. His twin brother went for 27 53. Mr, H, Hawkes .... 30 60. Mr. G. Mann. 11 gs. to Mr. Kendal, and George's interpellation that lot 54. Mr. G. Turner...... 41 61. Mr. Knight .. 13 37 and the gold-medal sheep are from two sisters" 55. Mr. Cresswell 70 62. (Withdrawn-lame). did not help lo: 37 beyond 14 gs., and with the excep- 56. Mr. 8. Umbers 1763. Mr. Marsh

10 tion of a 35-guinea sheep of good stamp, which was

57. Mr. Mellors........
10 64. Mr. W. Torr

34 purchased by Mr. Hall, the rest of the two-shears went

58. Mr. Spencer........
21 65. Mr. Dixon

82 lon. However, five out of the 22 saved the average,

59. Mr. Briscoe

101 which was £30 148. 9d.

FOUR-SHEARS. The three shears began well with the thrice second LOT.

GS.

56 69, Mr. W. Torr........ 16 sheep at the Royal; but even that and his 111.guinea 66. Mr. Dixon letting did not get him beyond 30 gs., and he only

67. Mr. G. S. Foljambe.. 13 70. Mr. Dabbs

........ 16 68. Mr. Marsh

14 goes to the next village. No. 54 was a commended one at Battersea ; and a very good one he looked as he

FIVE-SHEARS. turned his beautiful breast towards the waggon.

LOT. "Mr. Wedge had him two years," was George's reply 71. Mr. Potter

2078. Mr. Oakley ....... 11 to a shower of questions; and Mr. Turner has him

72. Mr. James Mann.... 12 DOW, with 41 gs. on his head. Mr. Torr took a great The following is the summary :-fancy to No. 55, and so did Mr. Cresswell, who got

£ o. d.

d. him at 70 gs., just half the price of the gold medallist 30 Shearlings ....

...... 749 14 0 Average.... 24 19 he had lost; but his opponent had much easier work 22 Two-shears.. 676 4 0 Ditto.... 30 34 9 in securing his 50-guinea protege of last year for 34 gs. 12 Toree-shears 313 19 0 Ditto.. 26 3 3

5 Four-shears His wondrous fore-quarters are still there, but service

120 15 0 Ditto...... 24 3 0

3 Five-shears...... at home and Aylesby has sadly crippled him since he

45 3 0 Ditto.. 15 0 was the first prize shearling among the “Canterbury

72 Pilgrims." Mr. Key's style of bidding, on behalf of

£1,905 15 0

£26 94} Mr. Dixon, of Brandsburton, for the next and last

We may state, by way of comparison, that in 1860 three-shear lot, was of the most short, sharp, and de- Mr. Sanday let forty-two rams at £25 178. and 7d., and cisive nature. His energy had not expended itself by

fifty-nine last year at £25 4s. And thus ended act the winning it at 32 gs., as he set-to on the first four-shear :

first of the Holme Pierrepont flock sale. & winner of a first at the Yorkshire, and a first, a second, and third at the Royal, in quite a Victory or Westminster-Abbey style. There was a little history about this grand old hero, which, with lettings and prizes, had earned nearly £300. As a three-shear, Mr.

THE HOBBS' TESTIMONIAL.-A private meeting of Dixon just missed him ; but as Aylesby had already the friends of Mr. W. Fisher Hobbs has been held at the two crops of lambs by him, opposition in that quarter

offices of Mr. Brandreth Gibbs, in Half Moon-street, now ceased, and Mr. Key closed his bargain at

The honourable Colonel Hood presided, and arrauge. 56 gs. with such a snap, that there was quite a roar

ments were made for proceedivg with the subscription for

a testimonial to Mr. Hobbs, ia "acknowledgment of his round the ring. None of the few lots after that made distinguished services in the cause of agricultural progreso." more than 20 gs. ; and a very fair sale, damaged not a Mr. Hall Dare, of the Royal Agricultural Society ; Mr. Bran. little by the breaking down in training of five of the dreth Gibbs, of the Smithfield Club; and Mr. Henry Corbet, best L x shearlings, demands no further comment of the Farmers' Clab, have consented to act as Honorary Secrethan the conventional return.

taries; and a committee is in the course of formation,

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LOT.

LOT.

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