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MOUNTAIN.

This, the International Year, has drawn forth prizes
Class,
Prizes

No. of
Age. Girth.

to the value of £4,335, with 8 gold, and 38 silver
awarded.
entries,

medals ; also, 32 gold, 32 silver, and 32 bronze medals

offered for foreign cattle. Of this amount £1,888 were yrs. mo. ft. in.

appropriated for cattle alone, prizes being offered for 1 1st Ram

11 1 3 4 5 2

li 7 3 4 71

nearly every breed produced, viz. :Ewes..

£ G. M. S. M. 123 4 2 BLACKFACED. 1 lat Ram

13

Shorthorps
3 3
In their Herefords

300

2
1st

17
Ewes..
wool.

300

2 3

12
Sussex..

80
CHEVIOT.
1 1st Ram

80 2 23

Loog-horned

4 1 2

80 1st

1 24

Norfolk and Suffolk polled..

4 0 3

80 Ewes..

North Wales

2 2 2 3 10 4

80 6

South Wales
4,3,2 yrs.

3 9
Channel Isles ..

105 The competition was both varied and numerous, and Scotch polled

234

12 in every class animals were to be found representing the Higbland..

117

6 true type of their respective breeds. This was essen- Ayrshire

7 tial to the fulfilment of the objects of the exhibition. The English, Scotch, and Foreign breeders have dis

£1888

6 25 played their samples, and await the extension of their Before we enter upon our duties as to the merits of market. The animals from the many counties added the several breeds, it may be well to enumerate their materially to the interest of the show. The Society strength at Battersea, with a comparative statement of appears to bave gained the public estimation, and will entries in the two preceding years; as also to show return to its migratory system with increased vigour. what progress the Shorthorns, Herefords, and Devons But while the public reflect upon the results at Bat- have each made in location in the different counties, tersea, they must not be indifferent to the thought that the other breeds being chiefly confined to the district or such a display could only be realized by unity of purpose. 'county of the name they bear.

No. of ENTRIES AT BATTERSEA.

132

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1862.. IBattersea.. 7 36 16 1 11 16 48 16 1 17 3 10 7 1 6 193 DISTRIBUTION OF ESTABLISHED BREEDS.

Shorthorns. Herefords. Devons. Shorthorns. Herefords.

Devous. COUNTIES. No. of No. of No. of No. of No. of No. of COUNTIES. No. of No. of No. of No. of No. of No. 01

Wales. exhi- en- exbi

en- exbi. en England. exhi

en- exhi.
exbi- en-

biters. tries. biters. tries biters. tries. biters. trics. biter. tries. biters. tries. Radnor ..

1 2 Northumberland 3 3 Montgomery..

1 6 Cumberland 1 1 Glamorgan

3 Lancashire 19 Carparvon..

5 Yorkabire 11 28

Scotland. Cbeabire 2

Glasgow

2 5 Lincoloshire 1

Perth...

4 7 Nottinghamshire

3

Haddington

1 7 Derbyshire 1

Fife

1 Staffordshire.

Ireland. Salop.......

Meath Herefordshire

21 57

Limerick Warwickshire 1

Monaghan..

1 Northamptonshire

7 Hantingdonshire 1

12 81 5 12
Cambridgeshire
18

England
91

65 Suffolk

2 11 Essex

Total ...... 103

40 96 18 65 Hertfordshire

8

1 2 Bedfordshire...

The above tabular statement of “the distribution" Buckinghamsbire.. 12

of what are aptly designated the old-established breeds, Oxlordsbire 13

points most forcibly to the rapid strides made by the Berkshire ...

9
10

5 Shorthorns, representing 241 entries, against 96 HereGloucestershire. 13

fords and 65 Devons; the amount of prizes being the Wiltshire

13 Hampabire

same, the West Midlands claiming the Herefords, *i

and the Western Counties the Devops. The interKent.

mediate spaces have their own district breeds, and Middlesex..

with these are mingled new comers, trying to effect an Surrey Dorsetshire

15

invasion of the local sorts. Devonshire

7 30

THE HEREFORDS. Somersetshire

12 Cornwall

The great similarity of these animals--with their

placid countenances, uniformity of colour, viz., a rich 91 210 35 84 18 65

red budy, with face, mane, throat, under portion of the

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body, inside and lower part of the legs and tip of the several local prizes. Silvius (1726), exhibited by Mr. tail white, spreading horns, straight backs, full eye, Thomas Rea, Westonbury, Pembridge, Hereford, who and cylindrical appearance--gives them a high position obtained second honours at Leeds, was unnoticed. in the English market; and they have been even more Milton, exhibited by Mr. R. Hill, of Golding Hall, freely sought after, of late. This extension may be Shrewsbury, winner of the first prize in Class 2, was mainly attributed to the Hereford Hord Book, now also first at Leeds and at Hereford last year. Unity, edited by Mr. Duckham, Baysham Court, from which the property of Mr. James Taylor, Stretford Court, it appears that the earliest breeders had a linger- Leominster, who stood first in Class 3, has also gained ing fancy for “ the greys :" these seem to have now first honours at Leominster, Ludlow, Hereford, and merged into the “ rods, with white faces,” the males Tredegar. He is of good quality, with heavy flesh, but usually of a darkcr red colour than the females, and we doubt of its being judicous to continue keeping him the hair, in too many instances, of a harsher touch. as a prize animal. This was a large and good class, as The Herefords appeared in greater numbers than at

also that for bull calves, in which Battersea, exhibited any previous meeting of the Society, and in proportion by Mr. Charles Vevers, of Ivington Park, Leominster, to the numbers became the difficulty of the judges.

gained the first, and Percy, the property of Mr. Turner, thus it was that we heard their judgment questioned

of The Leer, Peinbridge, the sccond. by the disappointed exhibitors, endorsed in some in- The cows may be said to be the best lot ever exhistances by the public. We have on some former oc

bited. Mr. H. Coates's (Sherborne, Doreet) Matchcasions seen more striking animals; but for uniformity

less was selected as first, Mr. George Pitt's (Chadnor we have not seen them surpassed. This is supported Court, Leominster) Perfection, second, and Mr. Capby the general commendation of so many classes. In per's Ada, third. The first and second prize animals looking over the Leed's cataloguo, we wissed many from Leeds were unnoticed, although certified to have well-known names from the seat of the breed : this bred, and we confess that we should have preferred year they rallied again. Many of the winners were seeing the gold medal awarded to a more even animal produced from an insusion of new blood, the success of than Mr. Coates's Matchless. She was, nevertheless, which will, doubtless, be a further stimulant for a grand cow, when out, of massive frame and good Royal honours. Of the prizes, only two firsts go into quality, and will have produced five calves before seven Herefordshire, the others into the counties of Berks, years old. Her origin is worthy of record. Mr. Henry Surrey, Salop, Dorsot, Gloucester, and Warwick. The Coate commenced his Hereford herd in 1855, with one dispersion of the Cronkhill herd, which had been so cow, Mystery by Venison. Her produce now amounts successfully bred by the late Lord Berwick, had somo to seven, the first of which, Eva, won the first prize at little to do with this : indeed, we have never seen so

Dorchester, 1860, beating Mr. Taylor's Fancy Leominmany prizes awarded to them at one meeting, as at ster, the first prize cow at Canterbury, and ten other Battersea; Adela (from the Royal herd), of Leeds prizes at local shows. The next produce Matchless, celebrity, maintaining the position she then gained, the Battersea gold medal cow, was also first at Wells, her sister Adelaide, exhibited by Mr. John Baldwin, and has won eleven prizes at local shows, never having Luddington, occupying a similar one to hers at Leerls; been beaten. Two bulls have been sold, and three theso, with Mr. R. H. Capper's (Northgate, Ross) heifers are in stock. The bull Ranger, winner of the Ada, third prize, and Mr. Hewer's (Vern House, Here

first prize at Wells, and four other prizes, was a son of ford) Beauty, commended in the cow class, are daugh- Matchless. The peculiar squareness of her frame in. ters of the Cronkhill Silver Cow. Mr. James Reed's ducoil us to take her dimensions. Height, only 4 feet (Elkstone, Cheltenham) Theora, first among the hei-5 inches ; girth, 8 feet 1 inch; width of pins, 2 feet 4 ters in Class 6, and his Miss Southam, a good second inches ; length from first joint of shoulder to end of to Adelina, are both out of Lord Berwick's cow Cherry rump, 5 feet 3 inches. 7th, and Heiress, exhibited by Mr. J. Naylor, Leigh- In Class 6, Theora, as referred to, stood first with ton Hall, Welshpool, was also bred at Cronkhill. In Mr. Tudge's (Ardforton, Leintwardine) Butterfly seaddition, we may name that the sires of Milton, cond, and Mr. H. R. Evans (Swanstone Court, Leominexhibited by Mr. R. Hill, Golding Hall, Shrewsbury, ster) Sylph, third. Theora, first at Battersea, was third and Victor, exhibited by Mr. Duckham, winners of first at Leeds, and Mr. Naylor's Plum, second at Leeds, was and third prizes in Class 2, were both by sons of, unnoticed. The heavy fleshed level cow, Rose, from Mr. and the commended bull Alcephron a son, of Cherry Naylor's herd, and Picture from that of Mr. James, 7th. Thus, eighit prizes, besides commendations, were Mappowden, Dorset, were also annoticed, though of awarded to animals, either bred by, or descended from, undoubted good quality. Could the young bull VicLord Berwick's herd, founded by him in 1844, with tor, exhibited by Mr. Duckham, have appeared in cows purchased at the Ashley Moor Sale, of Knight's Class 3 instead of Class 2, for which he was only 15 grey blood. These were crossed with red with white days too old, he must then have been first in the class, face bulls, from the herds of Messrs. Hewer, Carpenter, having to contend in Class 2 against animals which Longinan, and Williams. A similar strain of blood had been in preparation nearly 12 months longer; he may be traced in many others of the prize animais, was thus overmatched rather by weight than merit. particularly those of Mossrs. Evans, Tudge, and This young bull has been sold to Mr. Lewis Lloyd, Vevers. The conntenance and general appearance of Addington, Surrey, for 100 guineas, who also purthe aged bull Maximus, from the Windsor herd, chased Butterfly and Sylph, the second and third prize showed that he claimed close affinity to the Tomkins heifers, and Mr. Evans's Flora, for the commenceor mottled-faced tribe of Herefords, and a refer- ment of a herd at Addington. Rarely have we witence to the Herd Bouk shows that in him is amal- nessed a prize list without a Monkhouse, and our gamated some of the best or mottle face, grey, and curiosity has led us to ascertain that he had shown red, with white face Herefords. He was also a first seven times, and never before returned without a prize. prize animal at Warwick. This herd now numbers Mr. James Rea and his son Thomas Rea have been 43 cows, 3 bulls, 35 calves, and 20 store beasts. equally successful, particularly the latter : we well reCourtier (1194), exhibited by Mr. Thomas Davis, member his beautiful cow at Warwick. The stock Boulton Court, Hereford, and Salisbury, exhibited by purchased for Canada were principally from the herds Mr. John Naylor, winners of the second and third of Lord Bateman and Lord Berwick. prizes in the class for aged bulls, have also gained Mr. Richard Davy, M.P. for West Cornwall, has

lately established a herd at Truro, having purchased | food. The first volume of the Devon “Herd Book” several animals at the sale of the late Mr. Sobey, of was published in 1851, the second in 1854, the third in Teocreek, and subsequently some cows and heifers at 1858, and the fourth is just ready. These records, like Baysham. During the past few years many breed- the “Stud Book," are ratber aristocratic documents : ing animals have been sent to Australia, Canada, none but " the best and true' can gain a place. and America, and a considerable number have gone to The first card played in Class I. was in favour of Ireland, where thoy do well. Herefords are also gain- Davy's Duke of Flitton, dam Lady Bess (the Tiverton ing favour in Warwickshire, Dorsetshire, Berkshire, prize medal cow). A close race ensued for second and Surrey, and some parts of Wales.

third honours ; Mr. Newbery's Bonaparte, a winner of The most familiar names, as breeders, are those of several former prizes, beating Mr. Palmer's Lord Cary, Lords Bateman and Berwick, Messrs. Hewer, also a former winner. These three prize bulls were all Price, Jefferies, Perry, Monkhouse, Hayton, Jones, by Quartly's Napoleon, and will be remembered as a Tomkins, Smythies, Knight, Taylor, Naylor, Williams, popular trio. Vevers, Evans, Duckham, Rea, Clive, Roberts, In the class for bulls under three years old, Mr. WalHiggins, Edwards, Judge, Davis, and Hill. Some ter Farthing's Viscount by Sir Peregrine walked over have excelled in show animals, others in the produc- the course, Mr. Bodley's Champion by Quartly's Nation of the popular Hereford steer, which, to be seen to poleon being second, and Mr. Woodhouse's Zemindar advantage, should be viewed when shown in numbers, by Zeluco third. Viscount_has already won tive first at the Hereford October fair.

prizes, viz.: At Taunton, Truro, Leeds, Wells, and

Battersea. His girth at the age of 2 years 7 months THE DEVONS.

reaches 8 feet 6 inches, the largest girth on record for a This race of cattle seems peculiar to the western

Devon of that age. His form is in every way proporcounties. Although of one family, they have in some

tionate for a highly developed animal of his order--the way become different in their properties. Devonshire

Somerset Devon. His short legs formed a curious has its North and South Devons ; Somerset, its Somer-spectacle below his massive frame : we thus see what an set Devons ; while those of the adjacent counties of animal may be brought to at an early age, but sadly Cornwall and Dorset partake to some extent of their spoiled for propagation. nearer brethren, but in each of these counties (on the The yearling bulls were not so good as the other verge of Devonshire) other animals are kept; a few classes. Here again a son of Quartly's Napoleon, viz., Shorthorns in Cornwall, and Herefords in Dorset.

Crown Prince, claimed first honours for the Windsor The North Derons are bred in the northeru division herd; his dam, Peace and Plenty, waa purchased when of the county, around North and South Molton, Mol- | in calf at Mr. Quartly's sale. land, &c., verging away from the centre in every di- The first prize bull-calf, Prince Alfred, was also rection, until they meet the neighbouring breeds. Thus, from the Windsor herd. He is by Colonel (387) out of at and about Wiveliscombe, in Somerset, the Somerset a Farthing cow, which has given him great substance. Derons begin. These are extended eastward to Stowey The second and third prizes went to Mr. G. Turner's Court and neighbourhood, as also to the borders of stock : the former was a favourite with the public, and Dorset, where the mixed breeds begin.

the latter is out of the noted cow Piccolomini by The The South Devon breed claims for its fatherland the Little Known. Mr. Farthing's calf by Sir Peregrine South Ham district, and away to the Cornish breeders was highly commended. This was an interesting class, on the one hand, and the North Devon men on the containing eleven aspirants for future honours. other. These are singular facts : each class of breeders The cow class presented eleven first-rate animals. asserting their superiority as to the rent-paying proper - Mr. Davy's cow Temptress, by Davy's Napoleon, was ties of their animals. The North Devon is best adapted soon returned as No. 1, Mr. Turner's Piccolomini, by to the show-yard, the Somerset to the grazier, and the Duke of Devon, second ; and Mr. A. Smith's (Bradford South Ham to the dairy.

Peverill, Dorchester) Rachel, by Davy's Palmerston, The symmetrical proportions of the North Devon, bred by Lord Portman, third. Mr. Turner's Vaudine, with fine texture of flesh and hardihood of constitution, highly commended. The strength of the class is supmake him a desirable beast for collecting food upon ported by the remaining seven, each being commended. hilly ground and inferior pastures. The Somerset Davy’s Temptress is a most beautiful animal, combining Devon is a more growing beast, and generally less com- all the essential elements so eagerly sought after. She pact in form, and scarcely so rich in quality. Their is of the famous Old Pink tribe of the Flitton herd, and increased size gives them a good position, and the steers sister to the Princess of Devon, for which Mr. Davy has are much sought after at the local fairs.

refused a long figure. Piccolomini and Vaudine are The Devons were seldom in better force than at Bat- also of note, the former having been a winner at Leeds tersea ; North Devon being represented by Messrs. and Poissy, and the latter at Chester, Barnstaple, WarDavy, Merson, Turner, W. Hole, Bodley, and New. wick, Dorchester, and Canterbury, with a high.combery ; Somerset, by Mr. Farthing, Sir A. Hood, and mendation at Battersea. Mr. James Merson exhibited Messrs. J. Hole and Perkins ; Dorset, by Messrs. E. a cow, Young Pink, of great merit. Pope, W. Paull, A. Smith, and Farquharson; and The in-calf heifers were also good. Here again, Cornwall, by T. Palmer–65 entries. But we regret Lord Portman's berd was well represented by Mr. that the Messrs. Quartly's, Mogridge, and Halses of Paull, Piddletown, Dorchester, who took first honours Molland did not exhibit on this occasion, to have made with Young Hebe, by Davy's Napoleon 3rd (464). Mr. the show of Devons still more complete. The eye as it James Merson's two heifers Profit and Favourite were ran along the line was refused a resting-place, the uni- again placed, as at Leeds (when yearlings), second and formity of the family cast being most complete. They third ; these are good animals, and of high descent. are cast in a peculiar mould, different to all other cattle, Two others of Lord Portman's breeding were also shown have a degree of elegance in their movement not to be by Messrs. Paull and A. Smith, the former receiving a excelled, and are beautifully covered with silky coats of high commendation, and the latter we thought specially a medium red colour.

good. The object of the Devon breeder has been to lessen Eleven yearling heifers competed for the three prizes. those parts of the animal frame which are least useful, This public decision excited much interest, however, and to increase such parts as furnish man with the best | Mr. Davy's Princess Alice, by Duke of Flitton, soon

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