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received her " red card," and his Young Empress by three years since, nine Royal prize females grazing to-
Prince Alfred was selected as second. A cluster of ad- gether; and the other day we again numbered five
mirers surrounded these gems, the next decision being well-known cows in one field, which told of the vic-
rather a difficult one, Mr. Merson's Beauty by Davy's tories won at the Royal show-yards, viz., Gloucester,
Napoleon 3rd at length winning the third prize, and Chelmsford, Salisbury, Chester, and Warwick.
Mr. W. Hole's Isis, by Comet, highly commended. The South Devon breeders rarely exhibit at any
The whole class was then again reviewed in place, and agricultural meetings, contenting themselves with the
called for a general commendatiou.

grazing and dairy qualities of their animals. Not The heifer calves were an interesting lot. Mr. Davy's quite 80 with the Somerset Devons, although the Lady of Fortune, by Prince Alfred, was placed first in breeders generally leave the Farthing herd to fight a class of eleven, her name proving rightly chosen.

their battles--a good resolve, as Mr. Walter Parthing The second and third prizes were awarded to Sir A. is certainly at the top of their tree. The herd has Hood for his Sir Peregrine calves, out of Daisy and been established upwards of fifty years, Mr. W. FarQueen. Mr. Turner's Lurline out of Vaudine showed thing succeeding his uncle, the late Mr. S. Farthing, her high descent.

about the year 1854. Since which time, this herd The leading interest in the Devon classes centred in

has been brought prominently forward, Mr. W. ParMr. James Davy's (Flitton, North Molton) herd, who, thing having gained upwards of a hundred prizes at from six entries gained four firsts, and one second (to the Royal, Bath and West of England, Paris, Smithhis own first) and both gold medals, for the best male

field Club, Birmingham, Taunton, and Bridgewater

shows. and female animals in any of the classes. Of these

His principal winners during the last three we prefer his second prize yearling heifer. Mr. James years bave been Sir Peregrine, Viscount, Nelly, Duchess Merson, North Molton, winner of four Deron prizes at

of Leeds, Duke of Leeds, and Lady. Sir Peregrine Battersea, has, like Mr. Davy, a large home trade, as

was bred by Sir A. Hood, from the stock of Mr. James also with Ireland and the Colonies. Mr. Bodley, Hole, Dunster ; the others were all of the Stowey Court Stockley Pomeroy, has also figured in numberless tribe. The young bulls are eagerly sought after, both

at home and abroad. prize-sheets. His herd is chiefly descended from the tribes of the Earl of Plymouth (189), Napoleon (462),

THE SUSSEX CATTLE. and Perfection the Leeds prize bull; and has been The Lewes Royal meeting, in 1852, first brought out established upwards of fifty years. Mr. G. Turner, the Sussex cattle to public notice. Neither their numBeacon Downes, Exeter, has long been a noted breeder bers (75) nor quality disgraced their county, but sustained of North Devons. Mr. E. Pope, Great Toller, Dorset, for them a good position amongst the other breeds. has an extensive herd of high repute. Mr. Pope has Although less in numerical strength at Battersea, their been a breeder about twenty-five years; his favourite progress since 1852 is considerable, and they are stea. tribes are the Fancy's Rachaels and the Tidy's. The dily growing into favour. The Sussex cattle were former have been the most successful as prize animals ; among the earliest recognized breeds in the island. this herd has won fifty prizes, eight of them at the They were originally very dark in colour, some apRoyal. The bulls Prince Alfred (103), Billy Trix by proaching to black, but now bear a strong resemblance Baronet (6), Bodley's Napoleon 2nd (463), and Pioneer to the Devons. Like Herefords and Devons, they were have been successfully used in this herd. Mr. James originally propagated to fit them for the yoke, which Hole, Dunster, Somerset, has a select herd, bred di- has been retained longer in Sussex than the other counrectly from the Messrs. Quartly's best bulls, several of ties. They are bred extensively in East Sussex, and which have been purchased at high prices. Mr. W. also through the Weald, and some in Kent. On the Hole, Hannaford, is another close adherent to the present occasion nine were sent from the neighbourhood Quartly stock, and has a select herd near Barnstaple. of Lewes, six Rye, four Arundel, three Cuckfield, two Lord Portman has produced in Dorset some of the Hurstpierrepont, and one each from Staplehurst, Seabest prize stock, rarely bringing them out himself, but ford, Crawley, and Horsbam-together, 28 entries. when sold to other breeders, become distinguished. A great many Sussex are now sold at two and three Another staunch supporter of the Devons is the Hon. years old, for grazing; but the demand for working Colonel Hood, who established the Windsor herd for oxen enables the breeders to obtain higher prices than the late Prince Consort, the success of which is best would pay for feeding purposes. They are generally illustrated by the prizes won since its formation : a entered to the yoke when three years old, and kept in history of this herd is given in the Mark Lane harness until they are six or seven, many a farmer Express of Dec. 2nd, 1861. The Devons at the priding himself on his team of Sussex oxen. When Norfolk Farm now consist of 4 bulls, 26 cows, 20 fattened, many of them weigh 200 stone (of 8lb.) each, calves, and 31 store animals. While reviewing the and find their way in considerable numbers, as old above herds, I cannot refrain from a remark upon worked oxen, to the Smithfield Christmas market. the Quartly stock, the parent herd of the North Devon Subsequently, they have taken a favourable stand at the cattle. The bulls now in use at West Molland are, as Smithfield Club Cattle Show-an evidence that their usual, first-prize winners, a practice that Mr. Quartly forms have been materially improved. There is a fleshy, bas now followed up since the formation of the Royal stout, healthy cast about their frames, tbat indicates Society. Warrior and the King of the Bretons were hardihood for the purposes assigned them. Some few each first in their class at the Canterbury Royal. attempts have been made at crossing with the Devon ; These bulls have succeeded the famous-in-history but it is spoken of as injurious. The Sussex breeders bull Napoleon-of which so much has been recorded have also a “ Sussex Herd Book," wherein to record in the prize lists of late years-numbering about forty the purity of their animals. This Herd Book was first winners. In 1860 thirteen of his calves were showd, started by the Messrs. E. Crane, of Berwick Court; and all gained prizes - first in each class. At Batter. G. C. Coote, of Torrington ; and A. Heaseman, of sea the 3 prize bulls in Classes 1, the 2nd prize Angmering, in 1860. It is to be continued annually. bull in Class 2, and 1st prize bull in Class 3 We find it recorded by them, “ There are as many as

all sons of Quartly's Napoleon. Napoleon's 180 gentlemen, breeders of Suffolk stock, and 34 only dam was first prize cow at the Smithfield Club of that number have made returns." The bulls reach and Birmingham Shows in 1859. A visit to West No. 63, the cows No. 495. With this is also published Molland is a treat. We have seen at one time, some a list of the prize-takers up to 1860.

Messrs. J. and A. Heasman, of Angmering, Arundel, I lowed the Bushy Grove sale of 59 animals, in 1857, at received three first prizes for a two-years-old bull, The £90 28. 5d. eacb. Duke ; two-years-old in-calf heifer, Lily; and a year- The Messrs. Collings' sales gave rise to the “Shortling heifer, all by Marquis (16). These were large horn Herd Book," in 1822, which was first edited by animals, with a strong family likeness to each other. Mr. G. Coates, of Pontefract, and subsequently, since Mr. Botting's (Westmeston Place, Hurstpierrepont) | 1842, by Mr. Henry Strafford, of London. In 1842, first-prize ball Midsummer, aged 4 years, was a robust just twenty years from the commencement, the number and useful animal, girtbing 7 feet 10 inches. Mr. Mar- of entries had multiplied to 6,699. In 1860, the fouraball's (Bolney Place, Cuckfield) second-prize two-teenth volume contained no less than 19,176 bulls and years-old bull Prince Alfred girthed ? feet 3 inches ; 2,670 cows! The next volume is in progress. These Mr. Woodman's (Glynde, Sussex) prize cow, 7 feet 2 records are of immense value to new beginners, while inches; first-prize longhorned cow, 7 feet 3 inches ; for the older breeders they create a fame. These pedifirst-prize Suffolk cow, 7 feet; and first-prize Devon gree records are supported by “ The Druid's” well-told cow, 7 feet 1 inch. These four cows were all upon history of the several Shorthorn tribes, as now represhort legs, with deep chests, especially the Longhorn. sented in the “ Herds of Great Britain." These are to But the longhorned aged bull surpassed the whole of be found in the recent volumes of the Farmer's Maga the males in these classes, girthing 8 feet 2 inches-zine. within 2 inches of the Hereford and Shorthorn prize

The public appetite for sborthorns has steadily grown bulls, 8 feet 4 inches each.

along, and they are now feeling their way over the midSHORTHORNS.

lands (sec tabular statement in our last). England

must have food for every taste the shorthorn for the This, the International year, brought out a national million, and the smaller “cutters" for monied men. gathering of Shorthorns from the herds of Great The public had thought too lightly of the “food proBritain. These numbered about 250, occupied 24 ducer”; hence the grand review at Battersea Park must pages of the Society's Catalogue, carried away £300 have made its mark, endorsed by the visitors' comments. and two gold medals in prizes, and, if taken as samples “ This is a business that requires to be understood” ; and of the several berds at £100 each, alone represented they turn from the massive piles of meat, to rest their the round sum of £25,000 - an advertisement to all comers, and worthy of the men who had thus produced eyes upon the picturesque foreign

breeds. This business

of producing improved shorthorns lays with eminent them. If this be the money value of the few, what breeders, who possess that valuable mental quality, shall be our estimate of the many herds in England ?

accurate observation. This, together with sound judgWe leave it as an untold sum, in contrast with the past. ment, decision, perseverance, and self-reliance, is essenTradition points to Holland as the birthplace of the tial to success in such a course. Numbers may be brought Shorthorns, to the banks of the Teeswater as their first to a show; animals may be good at home; but when exresting-place on English soil, to Charles Collings as posed to severe competition before judges, men who their founder, and to Chillingham Park for the pic- really know what to look for, none but the best-bred turesque beauties of the wild tribes.

ones can win. Men may be chosen as judges wbo have The distribution of Charles Collings' herd of 47

a fancy for certain tribes; but as there are three judges, Shorthorns, in 1810, at an average of £151 8s. each, it is better to have prejudiced men than “those you and Mr. R. Collings' sale of 61, in 1818, at an average know not of," who know no herd-book stories or qualiof £128 16s. 6d. each, may be registered as the starting- ties of the several tribes. In fact, before a man can points of our several tribes of Shorthorns. Another judge a shorthorn, he must himself have been to school. sale-that of the Chilton herd (Mr. Mason's)-followed In this wise we commend the very excellent and approin 1829, when 102 head averaged £54 6s. each. These priate notice, as placed on the Royal agenda by Hon. were too numerous: a Collings would have drafted Colonel Hood, and carried ananimously at the Council them down. The animals bought at these sales were Meeting, July 3rd—“That a permanent list of judges, evidently the foundation of the three noted tribes known both for live stock and implements, sball be formed as the Mason, Bates, and Booth blood. The old under the supervision of the Stock and Implement ComCherry tribe was derived from the same source, through mittees.” This is in the right direction. A judge must Colonel Cradock's herd. Mr. Douglas's Queen of now have “done something" to become a recognised Trumps, winner of the three national prizes in one year, man. One word more, and we turn to the classes. We is a great-grand-daughter of Old Cherry. The Barmp- hope that men may be chosen that can and will see ton Rose family is another tribe of money-making through the absurdities of making these breeding classes animals, many of them having been sold at three, four, an arena for displaying fat cattle before the Christmas and five hundred guineas; while Master Butterfly, a shows arrive. Surely, when we hear and read so descendant from this tribe, reached 1,200 guineas. The much of the natural excellences of this and that tribe, same amount was refused for his brother, Royal Butter- that judges are yet to be found whO DARE break the fly, at the Warwick Royal meeting.

lance with obesity, and give to the genuine animal his The formation of the Royal Agricultural Society fol. own. Fat may cover faults, but can never change the lowed, in 1839. This, the Oxford Royal year, brought sort." Then let the sort be determined upon as a guide out the Bates' blood, when the late Mr. Bates carried off to the future, and constantly adhered to throughout the all the Shortborn prizes, excepting for bull-calves (for award, and not, as we have recently seen it, varied in which he did not exhibit), with his descendants from many of the classes. In a word, all awards should have Young Duchess, a heifer purchased at Mr. Collings' for their data a principle of action; this principle being sale. This Duchess family of Shorthorns has since confined to pointing out the description of male and fegrown into world-wide fame. At the decease of Mr. male animals best calculated to perpetuate the breed, Bates, the herd of 48 females and 20 bulls was sold, at apart from the artificial elements that may have been ins an average of £69 15s. 7d. each. These events occurred troduced to deceive the public. Let it be remembered, at an interval of about ten years. It would seem that that while local shows have for their object the producbreeders were not then alive to the value of this herd, tion of local stock, the national Society is established as will be shown by a statement of Lord Ducie's sale, for encouraging the production of pure-bred male which followed in 1853, when 49 females and 13 bulls animals to reproduce their kind, as also to correct the fetched £9,361 16s., averaging £151 each. Then fol- 1 scattered herds that are being daily brought to notice.

The Classes.-Although the meeting at Battersea was The bull calf class, containing a very large entry characterised by a larger number of shorthorns than any (42), with the exception of five or six, presented but former gathering, it falls short of real merit and rare few promising animals. Mr. Webb's first prize and excellence in almost the whole of the prize animals ; yet, gold medal calf, First Fruit, by Englishman, was wonas a whole, it must be regarded as a full average show. derfully got up for his age, showing his tendency to In the aged bull class there was a lack of first-class fatten, with a robust constitution. His bringing out animals. We must write them a moderate lot; indeed, had been well timed, as he was getting very shaky on the first-prize animal was not a good specimen of the his fore legs, and if not slackened and relieved will breed, but excelled in merit by five or six animals in the soon be the worse for his high keep. It is said that his class. In our opinion, Lord Oxford, exhibited by the owner refused 400 guineas for him on the ground. AlDuke of Devonshire, should have been prominently no- though the gold medal was awarded to First Fruit, ticed. He was evidently not made up for exhibition, many good authorities think that a bull calf is so liable being only in working condition, but showed a wonder- to change, and so much indebted to milk and high feedful frame, good constitution, and quality of flesh, though ing for his appearance, that it should not form criterion some considered him on too large a scale. He was bred to warrant the awarding of the highest prize in all the by Mr. Thorne, of New York, sire Duke of Gloster classes. It would certainly be safer, or more strictly (11382), dam Oxford 13th ; in fact, a pure Bates' bull. carrying out the object in view, if it were given to an Mr. Wood's (Darlington, Yorkshire) prize bull Lord animal fit for service, and not so likely to change in gene. Adolphus, by Booth's Cardigan (12556), had an uneven ral appearance. Still First Fruit was highly deserving frame; his length overpowered his middle-piece. He of his prize; he was so much admired by the public, is half-brother to Champion (17525), a successful winner that at times it was difficult to get a sight of him. The at Yarm in 1861. Two heifers, relatives of the above, re-appearance of this animal in public will be looked are now in the Emperor Napoleon's herd. Lord of the for with much interest, as more than one breeder Harem (16430) by Duke of Buckingham (14428), the thought he had done his best. Mr. Pawlett's (Beeston, second-prize bull, possesses a tolerable share of Booth Sandy, Beds) second prize Hopewell, by Sheet Anchor, blood. He is of good size, with fair quality, looks best is a square, well proportioned animal, and will train on when on parade,” but has rather a steer-like look about for another day. This calf did not show to advantage the head. The third-prize bull, Prince Frederick, was at Battersea, having just cast his coat, and seemed bred by J. H. Langston, Esq., M.P., Chipping Norton, shaken with his journey. We have since seen him in Oxon, sire Gloster's Grand Duke (12949), the second-public, at the Northamptonshire meeting, as a second prize bull at Salisbury, and brother to Mr. Sandy's Va- prize bull in the yearling class, and thought him tican, the first-prize bull at Lincoln. The remaining much changed for the better. Mr. Robinson's (Newanimals were commended.

port Pagnell, Bucks) third prize younger calf, Jericho The under three years old class was, upon the whole, by Hayman (16245), was of a rich roan colour, fall of better than the first, and the three prize animals very quality, and a very taking animal.

Had he been more fair specimens. Mr. Sterling of Keir's first prize, furnished, and bis ribs let down a little more, he would Forth by Florist (16064), is a heavy fleshed useful

have been a formidable opponent. The public will see animal, but lacks grandeur and elegance; he had some him again. 42 entries, and all commendation. But no unmistakable spots on his nose that we should object

further venture was made beyond the actual award, to. The second prize, Gamester, exhibited by Mr.

which was wound up by a general commendation" of H. Ambler, Halifax, and Mr. Balford's third 'prize, all four classes. Great Seal, were fair average beasts. There were 27

The cow class was not especially good, and scarcely entries ; independent of the three prize animals, no equal to former years. Mr. Booth's Queen of the Ocean, mention was made of the remaining 24 ; amongst by Crown Prince (10087) out of Red Rose, by Harbinger which we found Mr. Webb’s Englishman, by Sir (10297), own sister to Queen of the May, Queen Mab Charles (16948). We regret to say that the latter 2nd prize cow at Leeds, and Queen of the Vale, 1st animal met his death on removal from the Battersea prize cow at the Highland Meeting at Perth, stood yard, after having been detained up to the 15th ult. by first; also gaining the gold medal for the best female, epidemic, caught at the show. This loss will indeed This was her first appearance in a show-yard. This enhance the value of his son the Englishman, which it and Queen of the May 2nd were the only two animals is rumoured Mr. Webb has refused to sell at any price. exhibited by Mr. Booth. Queen of the Ocean, although He was the sire of First Fruit, the gold medal bull calf. a nice young cow, was faulty in many of her points, her

The bulls under two years we considered the best hind-quarters very much so. She is not to be compared class of the whole, not as very superior specimens, but to many cows Mr. Booth has shown at previous meet. equal and good animals. Whipper-in, by Cock of the ings of the Society. The second prize cow, Pride of Walk (15782), exhibited by Mr. s. Marjoribanks, Southwick, by Mac Turk (14872), the property of Watford, Herts, received first honours. He is lengthy, Lady Pigot, was a level animal, but had not one point of with good proportions, a rich dark roan, with good great excellence. The third prize, Lady Elizabeth hair, and of fair promise. Colonel Towneley's Royal | Yorke, by Thorndale (17123), exhibited by Mr. Webb, Butterfly 10th, by Royal Butterfly, was placed second. was of the same stamp, but superior in scale and subThere were many opinions as to this animal; with stance. Why Mr. Douglas's Maid of Athelstane was some he was a favourite, while others thought his red unnoticed is a mystery, for we considered ber equal, in and white colour objectionable, and that he bad rather many respects, to Queen of the Ocean; at all events it too much of the steer about him. Mr. Ambler's third was generally admitted that she was second in her class. prize roan, Windsor Augustus by Windsor (14013), Mr. Webb's display of five cows in this class attracted was of great promise, and we were inclined to write much notice; although not altogether so complete in him A l in his class of 42. Mr. Ambler's young bull, their forms as the two cows exbibited by Mr. Booth and Rifle Prince, by Prince Talleyrand (16765), Mr. Mr. Douglas, they were nevertheless tine massive Ruck's lean bull, 15th Duke of Oxford, by 4th Duke animals, but too fat for the purposes assigned to a of Oxford (11387), dam by Tortworth Duke (13892), breeding class. Mr. Ambler's Wood Rose was also too Mr. Eastwood's Starlight, by Priam, and others were fat to show herself to advantage, while Mr. Stratton's also highly commendable animals. Not a single com- Lady Hinda was not in trim to make the most of hermendation was given in this class.

self. This cow will yet be seen in a better position. The heifers in-calf or in-milk, under three-years old, Mr. Webb’s white bull calf exhibited in class 4. We were very creditable. The first prize, May Morn, by have already expressed an opinion upon this award, viz., Victor Emmanuel (15460), exhibited by the Duke of that a gold medal should not be given to a calf, but to Montrose, with good flesh and hair, would be a superior an animal in the older classes. If so, the competition animal were she better finished at the rump and tail, would lay between the prize animals in classes 1, 2, 3. and her hocks more under her. Mr. Lane's second prize, As the white bull in class 1 is by no means a gold Maid of Athens, sire Sir Richard (15298), is by no medal animal, the final race would be between Mr. means an elegant animal; the most that can be said of Stirling's 2 years and 5 months bull Forth and Mr. her is that she is on a large scale, and was fortunate Marjoribank's Whipper-in 1 year and 6 months : we enough to obtain the second place. Lord Feversham's heard it remarked by many that Forth, as they then third prize, Cecilia, by Charming Lad, had more of the stood, was the better animal of the two. The gold Shorthorn character, but was faulty in some points, with medal for the best female was awarded to Mr. Booth's too much bone. Many good judges considered Mr. very beautiful cow Queen of the Ocean. We should Douglas's Queen of Athelstane superior to May Morn, like to see her, and Mr. Douglas' red heifer, Queen of yet she was only highly commended. Some objected to Athelstane, out together, when one walk round might her shoulders. We thought her true throughout. possibly convince us which was the better animal. Having so good a neck vein, with the outside muscles of We have already remarked that most of the best the shoulders so well developed, may have been the herds of Great Britain were represented at Battersea, cause of such an opinion, while in reality they were too that we have seen better specimen beast in the classes, good. Had this heifer been altogether unnoticed, in- but never a larger entry. This arises from their extenstead of receiving a high commendation, we should have sion to other hands, who try a throw at the older herds. concluded that her weight at 2 years and 2 months had There is a withholding of entries from the parent berds. surprised them, and that she had too great a propensity The force of example by over-feeding may have told its to fatten. We cannot understand this award, and the story upon the female generations. We had only two more so when we see animals with faulty forms placed so entries from Mr. Booth, and no females from Captain much above her. Either this heifer or Mr. Booth’s Gunter, and in the Devon classes the Messrs. Quartley's prize cow would have been our choice for the gold names were absent. medal. Mr. Douglas's Gem by Cherry King (15765), In fact, England is upon the verge of spoiling her Mr. Wood's Bonny belle by Cardigan (12556), Mr. parent tribes, and we echo the oft-repeated story—"This Wm. Hewer's Maria by Economist (15977), and Col. state of things cannot go on.The remedy lies in the Towneley's Young Butterfly by Royal Butterfly were appointment of judges who can see, or feel through deservedly commended. Lady Pigot’s Victoria 35th artificials, so as to distinguish form and quality. also deserved a notice.

The Lords. Althougn this paper is already exThe yearling heifers, taken as a whole, were certainly tended beyond our limit, we must use the opportunity the best in the Shorthorn classes-nearly all superior for saying a word or two upon this marvellous breed of well-grown animals, with beautiful symmetry and heavy / animals. Yet, we start under water, as some thirty-six fesh. The first prize was obtained by Mr. Booth's articles have already appeared upon “The Herds of Queen of the May 2nd, by Windsor or Sir Sample out Great Britain," in the Mark Lane Express. We of Queen of the Vale, r pleasing-looking animal, briefly enumerate them. Chapter 1.-A glance at the young, and consequently smali in size, with good flesh past, with earliest data, the year 1770, and “Hubbok” and hair, and fine bind-quarters, but deficient at the story. We then find" the Druid,' in the fields at Warheart and elbows, and rather flat in the ribs; never

laby, admiring Crown Prince, and his relatives, and theless a beautiful animal. The second prize, Col. telling us of their origin. Journeying South, the Towneley's Frederick's Faithful, by Frederick, is a good, Bushey herd is given; again, North, Mr. Wetherell's, well-grown heifer ; but we much preferred his red and

next comes Captain Gunter's, and all about the Duchwhite Roan Knight's Butterfly. Lord Feversham's

esses. Then, the Townoley herd, and how it became esthird prize Barefoot, by Charming Lad, was also a good tablished; followed by Mr. Torr's, dating back to specimen, and the same may be said of five or six others. Aylesby (44); Mr. Bolden's with his Dukes and DuchMr. Atherton's Lady barrington 6th, by Duke of

esses, the Athelstaneford, the Feversham, the Fifth Cambridge (12743), was highly commended ; and three Duke of Oxford, and the herd of which he is the farof the Bushey Grove heifers, with those exhibited by

famed centre; the Babraham, with its 142 head of Lady Pigot, Mr. C. Howard, Col. Towneley, Hon. and Shorthorns; the Wiley, of fifty years' standing; the Rev. Hill, and Mr. E. Lawford commended. These

Farnley, of Whittaker origin; the Broughton, and Mr. forined a most interesting group of animals. The class Ambler's herds. Then come the Holker, Bains and of forty-two was generally commended.

Challoner, Sandy, Captain Spencer, Grundy, Saunders The heifer calf class was a good one, and augurs and Unthank, Jonathan Peel, Col. Pennant, Sarsden, well for the future. Many breeders preferred the Atkinson and Jolly, Atherton and Dickenson, and Bidother prize calves to Mr. Middlebrough's Lady, denbam and Clifton herds. These are interesting sire Lord Clyde, which obtained the 1st prize. She records, especially to Shorthorn breeders. The Catawas rather high on her legs, with two prominent logue points to entries from some of these herds, viz., hips, narrow bind-quarters, too much scooped out, Booth's, Towneley's, Bushey Grove, Feversham, Stanand did not show high breeding. Many considered her wick, Ambler's, Webb’s, Sarsden, Grundy's, Carr's, &c. in luck, and unlikely to win at another time.

The absence of the Duchesses from Captain Gunter's Douglas' second prize calf, Pride of Athelstane, by Sir herd was a great drawback to the Show, yet they had no James the Rose (15290), and Mr. Robinson's third fame to gain, and were spared the journey, the knocks prize, Claret Cap, by Duke of Leinster (17724) were and pokes of the Londoners, and the attendant artifipromising animals. We think sufficient respect was cials. This herd was commenced in 1853, when the two not shown to Mr. Stratton's red calf, Fair Duchess, by Duchesses (67 and 70) were purchased at Lord Ducie's Knight of the Logan, out of 8th Duchess of Glouces- sale. The entire herd now numbers 45 animals, but the ter. Lady Pigot's Castianira, by Lord of the Valley only blood really prized is the Duchess tribe. These (14837) was highly commended.

females are never sold, only bulls to go abroad; others The Gold Medals.-The gold medal for the best are let for the season, at from £150 to 200 guineas cach. male animal in the Shorthorn classes was awarded to This Duchess tribe now consists of seven bulls, and six


teen females. Arch Duke is at home. Duchess the Rose of Bushey at Leeds, and Whipper-in at Battersea, 77th, at 3 years old, has taken 1st prize at Leeds, seven have each brought home their prizes, while three out of challenge Cups, and nineteen other prizes in the coun- four of the yearlings, at Battersea, were commended. ties of Durham, Lancashire, and Yorkshire. These re- This herd is announced for sale in October. sults carry us back to their origin. We well remember Mr. Wood's herd, at Stanwick Park, is also anthe Oxford Royal, and picture “ Tommy Bates," with nounced for sale, by Mr. Wetherell, at the end of Auhis favourite tribe, and all the prizes. We have also gust next. The foundation of this herd was laid some watched their progress since, but have not seen a second 50 years ago. The younger animals are chiefly deDuke of Northumberland, his style, size, quality, and scended from Booth's bull. Mr. Stratton's is an imother characteristics were so happily blended. This sort portant herd, and has been chiefly bred from one cow, has been reimported from America. Mr. Thorne bas old Mossrose. Apart from the numerous prizes this sold six, at an average of 300 guineas each, this year ; herd has obtained, it now numbers about 300. Mr. Lord Oxford, in class 1, was purchased at 400 gs. We Stratton's best sales have been chiefly to foreigners. hear that Mr. Atherton has bought Mr. Bolden's Grand The Babraham berd, although numbering with one Duchess family, consisting of 13 head, old and young exception the largest entry in the Shorthorn Herd Book, together, two or three of them barren, and several only as will be seen on reference to the two last volumes, calves, at £5,000.

has sung second to the Southdowns. But like the Of the Booth blood so much has been written, that cottage figures that prognosticate the weather, the we confine our notice to an extract from the Chester re- Southdowns now give place to the Shorthorns. Essex port, in the Royal Agricultural Society's Journal. had known its strength, as three times in five years had ** The Booth blood is now by almost universal consent, the challenge prize offered to all comers in the bull recognized as the best tribe of Shorthorns in existence ; classes been won by Mr. Webb. Leeds had the Englishthey trace back to Suwarrow (636), bred by Mr. R. Col- man as a second prize yearling bull. Battersea,

close lings, and the two bulls Pilot (496) and Albion (14), upon the heels of the clearance” from the sheep-fold, bought at the Collings' sale, by the Messrs. Booth.” brought out the family tribe of bulls—Sir Charles, Eng

The Mason blood has not been so successful at the lishman, and First Fruit; the first named being the sire Agricultural meetings; they were, as a family, rather of the second, and the second of the third ; each prolight of flesh, and not so squarely grown as the Collings' gressing onwards, finishing with the Society's gold sort.

medal for the best male animal in the show. We think The Towneley herd was started in 1849, by the pur- “ First Fruit" will be excelled by some future brother, chase of Mr. Eastwood's herd of some ten or twelve possibly the produce of some one of the five Battersea animals. The money prizes, medals, and challenge cups cows and the now famous Englishman. These animals won by this herd, must now occupy a tolerable space in were all bred by Mr. Webb. Towneley history. The herd now numbers its usual The Sarsden herd now numbers 100 Shorthorns. standard, about 50 head. The young bulls, and occa- Amongst them we find the good old blood of Sir C. sionally the females, are sold to all parts of the world; Knightley's. Lord Ducie's " Chaplet” and her little we offered 1,200 gs. for Royal Butterfly to supply a berd are also here. Royal Turk, the first prize bull at commission from Australia, which was refused ; his bro. Warwick, and second at Leeds, has done well for this ther having previously realized the same amount to the herd. The Lord of the Harem is another staunch supsame colony. The Butterflies were established from port to the future of the Sarsden herd; while the third Buttercup, and Bessy, both sisters to Princess Royal, prize bull at Battersea best showed the fruits of the past. the three from Barmpton Rose. All four of these were Bates blood has been used a good deal of late. Booth bought at Mr. Henry Watson's sale, about 1843; the and Bates blood are found to mix well, and is being two first by Mr. Eastwood, Princess Royal by Earl encouraged. Ducie, and Barmpton Rose by Sir C. Tempest. The Mr. Hewer, of Sevenhampton, commenced his herd famous Frederic was from Bessy, of the same tribe.

in 1844. It now represents nearly 100 animals, chiefly The Feversham herd was commenced by the late Lord descended from the late Earl Ducie, Lord Spencer, and Feversham, 40 years since, but made no public entrée

Sir C. Tempest's herds ; and Booth Bulls have been until Cleveland Lad was purchased of the late Mr. used during the last few years. Seventy-four prizes Bates. Two bull calves, the Dukes of Oxford and

have been taken, and sales to foreigners have succeeded Gloucester, were then purchased at the Tortworth sale, them. the former took the 1st prize at the Chester Royal, the

The Branches Park herd, commenced in 1856, has latter at Paris. Other prizes have been taken at War

created a lively interest in the Shorthorn world, and led wick, Smithfield, Birmingham, York, Leeds, Hull, Rotherham, &c., &c. The herd now numbers from 50 to

to the now popular plan of publishing annual catalogues

of the herd. The open and frank way in which this 60 head.

herd is set forth commends it to the public. Booth Mr. Ambler's herd now consists of 25 females, and blood is the tribe selected. The establishment of this 10 bulls, their maximum being 40 head. The tribes herd has two missions in view : 1st, Pure bred Shortof Booth and Bates are favourites, if combined they are horns ; 2nd, Shorthorns for dairy purposes—these are better still. The money triumphs of this berd are

nicely put, and may be read to advantage. The best innumerable, and the gold and silver cups serve as an herd consists of about 70 head, among which are the advertisement to all comers. Twenty-two bulls have Bracelet blood (Spicy and Almack's Belle), the Bonnet been sold to the continent and the colonies since 1853, tribe (Lady Grandison and Lady Windsor, her daughat an average of 125 gs., and 17 females averaging ter), the Mantalinis (Victoria, Victoria Origin, La Val115 gs. each. The sale of 50 animals in 1857 averaged lière, and Rose of Promise), Fame and Faith tribe, 84 gs. Gamester and Windsor Augustus, winners of ancestors of Crown Prince (Castanet, Castianira), May, 18 prizes, were at Battersea.

nard's tribe going back to R. Collings' blood (RosyThe Bushey Grove herd is another instance of succes- Rosedale, and White) Lady Cherry Queen and Wild ful enterprize, now numbering about 60 cows and 20 Cherry of the old Cherry Blood, and Lady Sarah, Ladye bulls. Merrie Carlisle first found Mr. Marjoribanks an Edburga of the Panton blood. Considerable losses exhibiter of Shorthorns. A commendation, and a good have been experienced, all by over feeding; but it sale of his animals led on to fature contests at the Royal. would now seem that the vessel was righting itself, and Great Mogul at Salisbury and Chester, Harkaway and all will be well, that is, if the key of the artificials be

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