« EelmineJätka »
kept a little more within bounds : to pursue the system prize cow, Fillpail, girthed 7 feet 9 inches. The milking would indeed be adding fuel to fire, with the eyes open. properties of these animals were at one time much exThe death of the beautiful two-year-old heifer Ladye tolled. Large and important dairies were kept in LeiAlfrida was a serious loss, not alone as regards bercestershire, and high prices realized for the breeding money value, but as the future parent of an important stock; but for the want of a master hand, or head, to tribe. On 1st January, 1862, 106 prizes, and many maintain the breed, they have glided down hill, others gold and silver medals had found their way to Branches taking up the vacant ground. Park. The farm of 525 acres, revels in the returns made to it by the Shorthorns : it needs no other aid NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK POLLED. than this highly prized manure.
In no instance do “ the counties” struggle harder to Mr. Holland, of Dumbleton Hall, has a rising berd, get a place in public estimation than in Norfolk and established about 1852, by the purchase of a few good Suffolk. The old Norfolk sheep have passed away, but females and a bull from Mr. Stratton, since which, additions have been made from the herds of Lord Exeter, collected into force, and have this year done honour
not the polled cattle. The scattered herds are being Messrs. Featherstonaugh, Adkins, Atherton, Bell, Craw-able battle alongside the more numerous tribes from ley, and Surtees. Duke of Cambridge (12742), Gene- the other counties. Lord Sondes long since came to ral' Havelock by Cherry Duke 2nd (14255), Master their rescue, and occasionally exhibited specimens of Butterfly 5th (14921), and Duke of Cambridge (15921), his " milk-and-beef”-producing-animals; but they have succeeded each other at Dumbleton. A daughter had not been seen in force until the Battersea meeting, of Lady Charlotte, with a bull calf by Butterfly will where Sir E. Kerrison, Sir Willoughby Jones, and be put in training for Worcester. Lady Charlotte is of Messrs. John Smith, Samuel Wolton, A. W. Crisp, G. the Sartees blood, 81 guineas was paid for her at the Hampton, and W. Ransome supported Lord Sondessale. There are herds springing up in almost every thus forming an interesting class of 27 entries. corner of the shires. Bedfordshire is doing well. The Biddenham herd, and Mr. Pawlett's (of Beeston), are
We noticed that the animals sont from the county of
Norfolk were of a darker red than those from Suffolk. coming on. Mr. C. Howard's neighbour, Mr. Robin.
Climate may have much to do with this : we have son, is also growing in force. Mr. Pawlett has ten cows frequently noticed the rich red colour of the Devon in his herd, which cost over £1,000. These are chiefly change with change of climate. In confirmation of the in calf to Sir James. This herd now numbers twenty great interest taken by Lord Sondes in this breed of one females and nine bulls. Mr. Howard has some of cattle, we notice that his prize animals were bred by the Charmer blood from Sylph; the Graceful from himself, at Elmham Hall, Thetford, Norfolk. Much Wood's, Pearls from Crofton's blood, the Gurguins, interest-even curiosity—has sought the starting point and Lady Spencer's of Mason blood. The Lady of these animals. Some declare them to be Devons Spencer family produced the first prize yearling bull at “ without horns”-a joke, but not fairly put. Their Leeds; they are of good size and quality, and Mr. Howard origin seems more properly to be that of an introduction is opening up a good foreign trade. Mr. Robinson, of of Scotcb polled Galloways to these counties for grazing Clifton Pastures, is an older breeder, and well up in Shorthorns. His Claret family is as well known in the purposes, even as far back as the middle of the last
century. The change in colour is probably owing to a show-yard as the history of the Duke of Thorndale on both sides of the Atlantic. This famous bull is being selection.
cross with the then native breed, or to the influence of jointly used by Messrs. Howard and Robinson. Mr.
After the introduction of Devons by the late Lord Robinson has added another Duke to his herd, the 2nd Leicester, the polled stock would appear to have been Duke of Airdrie, from the Speke sale; this looks like somewhat neglected. Until about twenty years ago going on. Colonel Pennant's herd is gaining strength, they had got into very few hands. At the present time the particulars of which have been chronicled with the
there are upwards of sixty herds of pure-bred polled Drax Abbey and Whitewell herds in the 20th volume cattle to be found in the county of Norfolk alone. of the Farmers' Magazine. The Athelstaneford, Mr. Amongst the principal breeders are Lord Sondes, who Bolden's and Mr. Stirling's are given in vol. 16. The has 80 head ; Messrs. Hudson, of Castleacre; T. W. Aylesby (Mr. Torr's), Captain Gunter's and the Bushey George, of Eaton ; Oliver, of Dorking; Hudsons, of Grove herds in vol. 15.
Billingford ; Quarles, Blakeney, Wrighton, and Griggs,
of Gately; Sir Willoughby Jones, Bart., Cranmer; Col. THE LONG-HORNS.
Mason, of Necton, &c. The Duke of Bedford at WoThese were the pet cattle of the late Mr. Bakewell, bourne, Mr. Tollemache in Cheshire, Mr. Webb and since whose death they have gradually decreased, and Mr. Garth in Berks, Mr. Hampton in Sussex, are also are now only to be found in the hands of a few veterans, breeders of the Norfolk and Suffolk polled cattle. who yet admire the sort. They have long been peculiar A good cow gives six gallons of milk per day when in to the midlands, especially Leicestershire, and around full profit. These steers at three years old weigh from Warwick. Mr. Bakewell reared some beautiful cattle 50 to 60 stone (of 141bs.). These are favourites with at Dishley. These were fine in the horn, had small the west end butchers. Where little care has been heads, clean throats, straight backs, and wide quarters, bestowed upon them, they are light-made in every way but were light in their carcase and offal. They were -not so with the specimens exhibited at Battersea. also gentle and quiet in temper, and grew fat with a The first prize cow, Duchess of Norfolk, the prosmall proportion of food; but these fattening animals, perty of Sir E. Kerrison, and the second prize cow like those of other breeds, gave less milk than the Hetty, the property of Sir W. Jones, were of a large “bony ones.” The characteristics of the breed were caste, yet round in form, with expressive countenances exemplified in the present classes. The prize bull denoting their feeding properties, while the herdsman Tom at 4 years and 6 months girthed 8 feet 2 inches ! assured us that they were well up to three gallons of He was the property of Col. Inge, Thorpo, Tamworth, milk per meal, and of a hardy constitution. Lord which, with the four best cows, the property of Col. Sondes also exhibited a beautiful cow in this class, Inge and Messrs. Warner and Twycross, formed a com- which unfortunately calved in the
eaving plete study of themselves—both massive and elegant; her a bad chance for competition. However, she aptly Mr. Warner's (of Weston Hill, Nuneaton) first prize illustrated the milking qualities of the breed. His first cow, Lupin, was in fact a splendid animal. The 2nd and second prize heifers in-milk-Coral and Ruby
made a good display, as also Sir E. Kerrison's bull, Sark is situated about 6 miles to the east of Guern. Bowbearer ; Mr. J. Smith's (Crownthorpe, Wymond-sey, on which it depends, and is about 5 miles long and ham, Norfolk) Red Jacket; Mr. Wolton's (Newbourn 3 broad. Hall, Woodbridge, Suffolk) Eclipse ; and Mr. Crisp's These islands are all famous for their breed of dairy (Chillesford, Wickham Market, Suffolk) Duke. The cows. Such has been the exactness of the Government yearling heifers formed a pretty group. Five of the to preserve them entire, that strict laws have been laid eight entries were from the herds of Lord Sondes and down to protect them against Freneb importations. The Sir E. Kerrison, the former gaining first honours with Guernsey and Sark cattle now form one family, and the Cherry, and the latter second with Plover the 2nd, by Jersey, commonly called Alderney, another ; the purity Bowbearer. Mr. W. Ransome, St. Albans, Herts, ex- of each being strictly preserved by each class of breeders. hibited a polled roan heifer in this class of good merit,
JERSEY, COMMONLY CALLED ALDERNEY, - This as regards form; but by the Suffolk breeders it was breed is peculiar to the island; and the prohibition laws, designated “The disowned."
first established about 1780 and revised in 1827, have
had the desired effect of maintaining the original purity WELSH CATTLE.
of the breed. So stringent was the law against the introNorth WALES.—The cattle districts of Carnarvon, duction of any French cattle into Jersey, that a penalty Merioneth, and Anglesea failed to produce competition of £60 was enforced against any fraudulent intruder. in four classes, and Mr. Harvey, of Harroldstone, There are no large breeders upon the islands; the ordiPembroke, stood alone with his two entries in the cow class: these were large and good. The counties
of nary size of farms from 6 to 8 acres ; those of 30 to 60
acres are the exceptions. From £4 to £5 per acre is Flint, Denbigh, and Montgomery are famous for dairy paid for good land, and even £8 to £10 around St. produce, while in the former, rearing of cattle is almost Heliers. The climate is good ; never very hot or very exclusively attended to. These oxen or runts are chiefly cold. The two leading breeders are Mons. A. Le Galexported to England, and are grazed most in the lais, of La Moie House, and Mr. Bartholomew Watts, counties of Leicester, Northampton, and Warwick. of St. Heliers. About 1,800 head of cattle are annually It is estimated that 25,000 leave their native homes exported, representing in monoy value about £20,000. annually for the English market.
This is the main source of profit derived by the landSouth WALES.—The five classes open to the six owners and farmers, the prosperity of the island depend. counties of Cardigan, Radnor, Pembroke, Brocknock, ing on the purity of its cattle. The Jerseys are very Carmarthon, and Glamorgan contained but nine re- beautiful of their order, and most docile in their habits. presentatives - 1 bull, 3 cows, and 5 heifers, six of Their value ranges from £15 to £20, but from £20 to which were exhibited by Mr. Sewell Read, Plumstead, £40 are given for selected animals. The breed has been Norfolk. Mr. Brown, of Haverfordwest, Pembroke, unquestionably improved since the formation of the took the ball prize against merit; Mr. S. Read four Jersey Royal Agricultural Society. This Society has prizes for his females, and Mr. Harvey, of Harrold- laid down formal rules for judging their cattle, which stone, Pembroke, a prize for his in-calf heifer. These are handed to the judges before they commence work, as were useful of their order; but in the midst of the follows: A Jersey cow, to be perfection, must have 36 International Meeting failed to elicit admiration, while points of excellence, and a bull 33 points. No prize is at Chester the Welsh classes formed a very interesting given to a bull with less than 25, cow or a heifer with less portion of the show. They may yet be materially im- than 26. These numbers, without pedigree, are approved proved, and wait attention from the entorprising man and marked with the Society's brand, but cannot (in the
absence of pedigree) receive a prize. It is understood IRISH CATTLE.
by pedigree that the parent stock must have been prize The Kerrys, from the mountainous province of animals, and marked with the Society's approval brand. Munster, were small in size and small in number. They The points of excellence referred to are such as pedigree, were much alike, of a black colour, and said to re- good head, clear colour, bold eye, deep chest, round present the true type of their order, viz., small cottage body, straight back, general appearance, with many cows and good inilkers. The nine entries came direct points for milking properties, such as large bag, milk from their father-land, and we had among them two veins, &c. The favourite tribe is that of a dark grey, “ Kings of Kerry," a Mountain Chief,” and “Moun- and bronze colour, fine in bone, active in step, and tain Maid,” a “ Lady," and“ Kathleen of the Lakes,” pleasing in appearance. The cows are much sought and, lastly, a “Kate Kearney,” which shared the seven after for their dairy qualities, giving about sixteen quarts prizes amongst them. The prize bull, “ King of Kerry," of milk per day, and averaging 6lbs. of butter per week the property of Mr. John Borthwick, of Prospect, from calving to calving, the milk exceedingly rich in Carrickfergus, Antrim, was a most symmetrical littló quality. A large and successful dairy of these cows is fellow-in fact, one of the best animals in the show- kept by Mr. Dumbrell, at Ditchling, Hurstpierpoint, yard. Some of the females fetched high prices. Sussex, who is now breeding his own stock, to save the
loss which importers have suffered in having to acclimaCHANNEL ISLANDS.
tize a delicate and valuable animal. These islands, situated in the English Channel, are The paper read by Mr. Dumbrell at the London four in number-viz., Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, and Farmers' Club, in April last, will be read, and even reSark—all subject to England.
read, by breeders with much interest. He states that Jersey is situated 18 miles from the coast of Nor- “the importation of butter alone amounted in the last mandy, in France, and 84 miles from Portland, in Dor- year to one million seven hundred thousand cwts." setshire; is 12 miles long and 6 broad, and contains Again : “For butter-making, there is no breed produ30,000 acres. The valleys are finely watered by brooks, ducing the quantity and quality of cream equal to that and abound in cattle and sheep. St. Heliers and St. of the Channel Islands." The Jersey is a smaller animal Aubin the chief towns,
than the Guernsey; the latter being larger in body, is Guernsey is of a circular form, from 25 to 30 miles coarser in quality. Next to these rank the Ayrshire in circumference; the soil verdant, though billy. Port cows. The four classes open to the Jerseys contained St. Pierre the only town.
20 specimens. Mr. B. Watts' prize bull Noble was a good Alderney is small
, only 8 miles in circuit; fortile in animal, as also were the many prize animals exhibited corn and pasture lands. St. Ann the only town, by Mons. A. Le Gallais ; while the prize cow in Class
III. was about the worst of her class. We especially mother, daughter, and son (yearling bull), are the finest admired Mr. Dumbrell's highly commended bull, Prince specimens of the breed that have yet appeared. The Paris Peacock.
Society, founded in 1854, have just sent their medal GUERNSEYS.—The island of Guernsey has also its to Mr. M'Combie. This distinction, which is of gold, Royal Agricultural Society, the twentieth report of is specially awarded for the polled cows which he showed which was published in February last. A body of sixty at Battersea. A similar medal has been assigned to Sir members have formed themselves into a company for Edward Kerrison, for his polled Norfolk and Suffolk the mutual insurance of their cattle, numbering some cow. These medals were first founded at the suggestion 400 head—a good resolve. The Guernsey cow being of of M. Dutrone, who was at the Battersea Exhibition, a larger frame, has a natural tendency to milk, and gives and it was on his report that the medals for this year more butter than the Jersey, but scarcely so fine in were awarded. The third prize cow, the property of quality. The numbers exhibited were limited, but the the Earl of Southesk, was also a good one, but had no animals shown were very good; the prize heifer exhi- chance with Nos. 1 and 2. These cows girthed rebited by Mr. J. Rougier, of Golden Spurs, St Peter's spectively 7 feet 11 inches and 7 feet 6 inches. Port, especially so. The bulls were also good specimens The two years old heifers were also good as a class; of the breed. There are better cows in the island than the first and second were easily selected: they also bethose exbibited, but are in the hands of breeders, who longed to Mr. M'Combie : and were again beautiful will neither show nor sell tnem. About 1,000 are an. specimens. Lord Southesk's third prize heifer was a nually sold, but not the best. The quantity of milk and promising animal. In the yearling class the Earl of butter from a Guernsey cow varies much. With some Southesk came to the front rank; this class was not so it ranges as high as 20 quarts of milk and 2lbs. of butter good as the others. per day ; but the average may be placed at 13 quarts
This polled breed of cattle has been known from time per day, and from 7 to 10lbs. of butter per week. In immemorial in the county of Angus, and the border the purchase of Guernsey cows, especial care should be counties of Kincardine, Aberdeen, and Moray. We had to their purity, as thousands of French cows have been sent to England since the change of tariff. Guern- , this race :
may note the following as the principal breeders of
Mr. M'Combie, Tillyfour, Aberdeen ; sey cows do not reach such fancy prices as the Jerseys; Earl of Southesk, Kinnaird Castle, Brechin, Porfar ; a good cow can be had at from £14 to £18, and up to Sir G. M. Grant, Ballingdalloch, Morayshire ; Messrs. £30.
Bowie, Mains of Kelly, Brown of Westerton, Walker POLLED ABERDEEN AND ANGUS.
of Portletben, Collie of Ardgay, Walker of Montbletton, These classes elicited general admiration, their Paterson of Mulben, F. Mains of Ardestie, M‘Combie jet black colour, bright silky skins, fine touch, and of Easter Skene, s. Conglass, Lyhell of Shielhill, robust carcases upon short legs, denoting what they Wemyss of Wemyss Castle, H. Shaw of Bogfeur, and really are-a bardy, rent-paying class of animals. Walker of Hardhuncart; Mrs. Scott of Balwyllo, Col. There were 27 entries, all of which were symmetrical Gordon of Fyvie Castle, Sir A. Burnett of Crathes enough for a prize. The aged bulls were very good ; Castle, and Major Taylor of Rothieway, with many our choice lay with the old second prize bull Druid, ex- others who breed excellent cattle. Mr. Watson, of hibited by the Earl of Southesk : he had kept his shapes Keillor, in Angus, did more to improve the breed than free from patchiness, and well covered on the best parts. any other man : and many a rising herd owes much of Still, the judges and the public went against us in its merit to a large infusion of Keillor blood. Mr. Watfavour of Mr. Lyell's (Shielhill, Forfar) young bull son, however, has for some time ceased to exhibit Prospero. The old bull girthed 8 feet 2 inches, the cattle, and has now given up farming. A number of young one at 3years old 7 feet 6 inches. The highly enterprising breeders seem almost simultaneously to have commended bull exhibited by Mr. Walker, Portlethen, improved this kind within the last ten years, but no Aberdeen, was a promising animal. The two years old herd has stood so prominently before the public as that bulls came to hand with less condition about them, ex- of Tillyfour. In the mountain districts of all the northcept Mr. Pierson's (of tho Gwynd, Arbroath, Foi far) eastern counties, polled cattle are extensively bred, and prize bull Young Alford, which was too fat; had Mr. amongst these may be found good examples of the Parquharson's (Houghton, Alford, Aberdeen) second ancient race, as it was, 'ere developed by recent imprize bull Garibaldi been in the same condition, he would provement. The improved animals are bred upon vahave been at the top of the tree.
rious soils; to the North of Aberdeen, where they are The prize bull Rifleman, exhibited by Mr. W. brought to the greatest perfection, the land is naturally M'Combie, of Tillyfour, Aberdeen, in the yearling class, of a moderate quality. The admirers of this breed conwas a perfect model. The second prize bull exhibited sider their extreme hardiness and healthiness to be by Mr. Lyell was good, but wanting in style and quality. amongst their chief merits. Some of the cows are very The Earl of Southesk's third prize bull was of great good milkers, both in quantity and quality, but those size, but wanting about the tail, where the first prize of the improved “beef-making" breed are generally ball is so remarkably good.
inferior for dairy purposes to those of the old type. The cow class was a good one, the finest that has ever Nothing is better for feeding purposes than the first been brought to a show-yard. The first prize cow cross between a good Shorthorn bull and a polled cow; Pride of Aberdeen, the property of Mr. M'Combie, was the second cross, however, is inferior. The pure breed, one of the best, if not the best female in the yard. She as also the crosses, command the attention of the Westhas carried first honours wherever exhibited, including end butchers. As regards prices, bulls range from £40 the 50 guineas cup in 1860. She is the dam of the to £200, cows and heifers from £30 to £100 each. first prize yearling bull, and second prize two years old The Kinnaird herd, consisting of about 70 head, 20 of bull. The second prize cow Charlotte, also the pro- which are breeding cows, owe their marks of improveperty of Mr. M'Combie, has had nine calves, is eleven ment to the Keillor family. The pedigree of this herd years old, and won the 50 guineas cup at Aberdeen last had been strictly kept long before the day of the new year. She is the dam of Pride of Aberdeen, commonly Polled Herd Book, edited by Mr. Ravenscroft, of called the Paris cow, having gained the first prize at the Edinburgh, and published by Blackwood and Sons, International Exhibition in 1856. Her bull calf was only a few months since. It contains some valuat her side at Battersea, her shapes held up like a four able information, about 800 entries having already years old. It may be truly written that the three, I been made,
While England has its Booth, Bates, and Quartlys, , indifferent, only five animals competing: all receiving Scotland boasts of its M'Combie, whose prize list stands prizes. These short-legged bulls girthed well, averagthus : Taken at International and local exhibitions, not ing 7 feet each, while the Welsh prize bull was only 6 less than 250 prizes, 17 gold, and 40 silver medals, 2 feet 4 inches. In the cow class there was an important great gold medals in France, 4 cups, and lastly the discovery by the tape : the first-prize cow at 5 years Prince Consort's cup at Poissy, value 100 guineas, for and 2 months old girthed 6 feet 1 inch, the second at 4 the best ox of any breed native or foreign. Many of years 6 feet 10 inches, and the third at 4 years and 5 these animals have been sold to go abroad. The months 6 feet 9 inches. There was so little difference Emperor of the French paid Mr. M Combie £275 for for choice in these classes, that our curiosity did not a cow and heifer at the Paris meeting in 1856.
lead us to any particular scrutiny. POLLED GALLOWAY.
AYRSHIRE. This breed seems almost identical with the Angus, The Ayrshires are an important breed, and considered but, owing to local tastes and practices in management, indigenous cattle of the county of Ayr. They bave been these southern cattle cannot advantageously compete improved in size, shape, and quality, especially around with the others in the show-yard, and are now exhi- Cunningham. The favourite colour is a mixed brown bited as a separate class.
and white, some very dark, but scarcely two alike ; in The entries comprised 6 bulls, 3 cows, 5 heifers, and diversity of colour, not unlike a tulip-bed. The Ayr6 yearlings—20. These were chiefly from Kirkcud- shires have a remarkable tendency to adapt themselves bright and Dumfrieshire. The six females exhibited to local circumstances. The breeders, like those of the by the Duke of Buccleugh were all good specimens, Channel Isles, are prejudiced as to shape. For instance, gaining five prizes and a high commendation. Their an Ayrshire cow must have a small head, long and narsimilarity of colour, form, &c., lengthened the line of row at the muzzle, horns rather wide apart, neck long polled cattle to advantage-80 much so, that a casual and slender, thin shoulders, light fore-quarters, large observer would not distinguish where the Angus began hind-quarters, straight back, deep carcase, wide over or the Galloway left off. The English grazier is most the hips, legs small and short, firm joints, milk-veins familiar with the Galloway steer, he having found bis large and prominent, square bag, teats short, all pointway over the borders, it would almost seem, for gene- ing outwards at a considerable distance from each other, rations; and the Galloway is spoken of in Suffolk and skia thin and loose, hair soft and woolly. These are the Norfolk as having been the origin of the now beautiful characteristics of a dairy cow. race of cattle the Norfolk and Suffolk Polled.
Milk and butter is the prevailing element; a bad Scotland has adopted black as her standard cattle milker soon comes to the hammer. The produce of colour, wbile England has taken to red. Both colours butter from these cows is very great: the quiet and conare admissible; and formerly brindled, grey, dun, and tented are most preferred. They have a natural hardiblack and wbite cattle were frequently seen. Slight ness of constitution, arising from their depth of carcase traces of horns are sometimes found on the heads of
upon short legs. even very well bred animals; but this is considered a
The Duke of Athole, of Dunkeld, Perth, exhibited blemish.
some fine specimens of this breed, especially bis 7 years HIGHLAND.
old dairy cow Colly Hill, which was regularly milked The display of these animals was by no means strik- throughout the show, giving full 45 gallons of milk per ing. This might possibly arise from the evenness of day. Her bag and teats were well placed, and her genetheir show: yet, the gallant style and fearless expression ral appearance most complete. Her girth was 6 feet 9 were not there. The Highland cattle differ materially inches, length from top of the tail to the shoulder 9 ft., in character, probably more from a difference in climate across her hips 1 foot 10 inches. and quality of berbage than to their being sprung from The Ayrshires were divided into seven classes : 3 for distinct races, or to their being produced by crosses bulls, cows in milk, cows in calf, heifers under 3 years, with other breeds. It is only lately that any marked and under 2 years ; and numbered 56 entries. improvement has taken place; in the northern and cen- Lanarkshire seems to be the stronghold of the Ayrtral Higblands the cattle are yet defective. They have shires, from which county no less than 32 specimens possession of nearly all that division of Scotland, in- were entered. Perth, Dumfries, and Forfar sent 6 each, cluding the Hebrides, from the Frith of Clyde on the 4 only being entered from the county of Ayr. The most west to the Murray Frith on the north. The most successful exhibitors were, the Duke of Hamilton and valuable of these are the cattle of the western Highlands Brandon, the Duke of Atbol, the Earl of Strathmore, and Isles, known in England as the West Highlanders, Mr. Stewart, of Strathaven, Lapark (who gained seven of which we have occasionally seen some splendid spe- prizes); Mrs. Wilson, of Kilbarcharn, Renfrew ; Mr. cimens at the Smithfield Club Show. Mr. Owen A. Oswald, Auchincruive, Ayr; and Mr. Walter Weir, Wallis' prize steer of last Christmas, and again at Barmullock, Lanark. The show of Ayrshires, as a lot, Poissy, is fresh in our memory, as also a remarkable were not up to the excellence we had anticipated, but a animal exhibited some few years since by Mr. M.Combie, more even class of animals, combining uniformity of but we saw no such animals at Battersea.
character and display of milking qualities, could not be The competition in the three bull classes was very I found,
SIR.-At the Annual Cop Dioner, in May last, Mr. W., varieties in the same field, which, although planted at the same Woodward, of Northway House, remarked that increasing time, on the same day, ripened at intervals of a fortnight complaints were made by the maltsters of many lots of barley apart, so that it had become difficult to discover the best time pot sprouting well and at the same time on the floor. This taking colour and maturity into consideration) to cut the he (Mr. W.) attributed not only to the barley crop being cut crop For this last reason be said it behoved the agricultorist before it was thoroughly ripe, but also to the great mixture of I to beatir himself
and make the best selection of one variety of
seed, according to his soil and situation. He further said that Not satisfied with our jonrney on Thursday, we started when the proper time of year came round, he should be pleased again, on Monday last, through another district, commencing to see any of the gentlemen tben present, and others who took at Stratford Bridge, on the Worcester Road. We there inan interest in barley-growing, at his house, and to accompany spected a piece of barley, and found it a fair average crop for them in a tour of inspection of the crops growing in the neigh- the season, but very much mixed. Going on to another field bourhood. Many eminent agriculturists present concurred in we found the same results ; and in a small field close by a bad these remarks, and promised that they would willingly lend a crop vot forward enough for us to pick out the different helping hand to try and remedy the evil.
sorts. The next field was one of Mr. Joseph Hall's of Ripple, A short time ago Mr. Woodward kindly sent me an invita showing a fair crop, from seed of “ Potter's " barley, obtained tion (which was to include any friends of mine who might by Mr. Hall this year from Hertfordshire, but far from being wish to accompany me) which I was only too glad to accept; all of one sort, although mueh cleaner than anything we had and accordingly, a small party of gentlemen met at Northway seen that day. Not far from this we inspected a field belongHouse, on Thursday, the 7th instant. The preliminary busi-ing to another party; this was a bad crop, and all manner of nens of the day was the discussion of a splendid luncheon sorts, as was the case with several large fields in this vicinity which Mr. and Mrs. Woodward had placed before us, and
-in all instances two or three kinds, at least, mixed. Making about the excellence of which there was no difference of our way to Mr. H. Lane's farm, we examined several of his opinion. This we concluded by drinking the usual loyal fields, and found the crops very good indeed for the season ; toasts, together with the "Health of Mr. and Mrs, Woodward his principal growth is " Potter's,” but like all the others, not and Family," and "Improvement in Barley Growing ;” and
clean. Going on towards Mr. Hail's residence, we examined then we commenced our journey of inspection of the different several fields by the way, and found the same remarks applicabarley.fields in the district.
ble to all of them. The last field examined was one of Mr. Our first halt was in a field at Bredon, where we found a
Hall's own, near the new railway. Here were two sorts of very fair average crop for the season ; we examined it carefully from that he had obtuined in Hertfordshire, the former was a
barley in the same field, the one from his own seed, the other and found it composed of two or three different sorts of bar. ley. We then journeyed ou to Kemerton, where, in one field
complete mixture, the latter (Potter's) the cleanest of any we
had seen. This Mr. Hall is going to have picked over at once, we found much the same state of things, with the crop above an average one; and in the same parish, a few fields further
ricked by itself, and put by for seed for next season. on, we examined another piece, with a good crop, in which
Having thus examined the state of the barley crop in not less than six or seven varieties were all growing together of a railway train or the driving-boz of a trap, but patiently
this district (not hastily and inefficiently from the carriage From here we travelled ou to a field in the occupation of Mr. Heory Batt, who takes great interest in the growing of bar
and carefully, in company with gentlemen eminent for their ley, and who is most anxious to get a true sort; as in other
experience and information), I think I may fairly claim the places, we made a very careful examination, and found bis like right to offer some advice upon a subject which I have made the others, far from being of one sort. From here we went
my study for some time past, and with which the nature of on to Bredon's Norton, to inspect a field of our host's. It
my business affords me peculiar opportunities of becoming was a piece of very fine" Chevalier” barley, and we found it acquainted. It is highly necessary that the attention of the to be the cleanest we had seen, but it was not free from ad.
English farmer should be directed, when growing barley, mixture with another sort. One portion of this field was
to produce that which is fit for the maltster, leaving the planted with “ Potter's” barlcy; the difference was quite dis
coarser growths, for grinding purposes, to be supplied by cernible even to the very drill, and although planted at the
the foreigner. There need be no fear of this not proving same time, it has given a much larger crop than the Chevalier
remunerative, for, with the improvements which are being and is about one week earlier. I must not omit to mention
made in the art of brewing, the increased demand which is here, that Mr. Woodgard has had the Chevalier seed on his yearly arising for good malt liquors, and the vast con
sumption of the great breweries at Burton and elsewhere farms from seven to eight years, and it is very evident from this circumstance, and the crop being a thickly-sown one (tbe it is certain that good malting barleys will always command
(demands which there is the greatest difficulty in supplying), ears were short) that it is high time he changed it for some
a price which will amply repay the grower for the care and from a distant part, as all who are acquainted with barley
attention bestowed upon them. growing are aware of the benefits resulting from a frequent
The operations need not be very troublesome, nor very change of seed. From this we wended our way to a field at Eckington, presumed to have been sold with old-fashioned “Red expensive. The sorts I should recommend for cultivation
“ Chevalier's," " Golden Melon," " Potter's," and Rowed” barley, but such a mixture of sorts did the crop pre
“ Thanet." All these abound in the district, but, as I have sent, that it was impossible to tell which was predominant. We next moved on towards Bredon Hill, and, not far from Nafford
shown, are so intermingled together, or mixed with other
sorts, which have various qualities and ripen at different Mill, inspected a field of Mr. Joseph Crump's of Woollershill. This was by far the best piece of barley, we had seen, but late ing, to obtain a single sample of any one kind pure and un
times, that I have found it impossible, without careful pick-too late, in fact, to enable us to distinguish the object we bad in view. The seed of this barley Mr. Crump bad from friends, that they should send trustworthy persons
mixed. I should suggest, therefore, to my agricultural Hampsbire some fourteen or fifteen years back, and has never
barley fields to cut-off a sufficient number of ears of one sort, lost sight of the sort, and very wisely be bas acted, for I can
and that the best in the crop, to plant an acre the next season, speak from experience of this barley, having watched it care
and, when that season comes, let the crop from the picked fully for several years, as being well adapted to our district.
seed be carefully gone over, and all the ears of the wrong It has always maintained those qualities required by the malt.
sorts taken out. If this plan should be fairly carried out by ster, ond has likewise proved satisfactory to the grower. We each farmer, we should have the evil remedied; and a boon adjourned from the field to Mr. Crump's residence, where we
would be conferred, not only upon the agriculturist himself, were treated with generous hospitality, and met with a hearty but upon the maltster and upon the country at large. This velcome ; after partaking of which we retraced our way to
operation, to be successful this season, should be comEckington to inspect a field planted from the same kind of menced immediately, before the barley is thoroughly ripe, seed a Mr. Crump's. Here we were greatly disappointed; otherwise it will be too late to distinguish the different the crop was very bad indeed, but being a little earlier than
sorts, Mr. Woodward is having an acre of " Chevalier's" that at Nafford, we had an opportunity of testing the sorts, and an acre of " Potter's picked over; and I have myself and found, that in this respect, this piece of barley was better put on some hands to pick over two or three acres ; and I than most others, although more than one sort was present. earnestly trust that other cultivators will also come to the
Our expedition terminated for the day at Eckington ; but I rescue, so that we may be able unitedly to accomplish this have since received three or four samples of barley from E. great public good. Holland, Esq., M.P., of Dumbleton, stating his regret at not I have taken advantage, Mr. Editor, of the great circubeing able to join the party, as be regards the mixed seed lation of your paper, to place this matter at some length question as most important one ; and enclosing
specimens before the agriculturists of this district. I am conscious from one of his own fields, the seed down being professedly of having but feebly set forth a subjeot, the importance of the " Golden Drop;” but, this, like all the others we had in which ought to command, and, I trust, will obtain general spected, contains three or four different kinds.
attention; and I shall be most happy to give the fullest