« EelmineJätka »
BY A. J. DUGANNE.
great bulk of his estate to tenant farmers, and reserve to poaching are the game preservers themselves; and some straighthimself his woodlands and the entire right of sporting. We laced gentlemen have been known without hesitation to buy will suppose the case of a 400-acre farm, which pays a what they knew full well must be their neighbour's eggs; rental of £600 a year, and is assessed to the parochial and others are so over-anxious to have pheasants' eggs that rates at £500. On this farm there may be woods and they have not unfrequently bought their own. plantations to the extent of say 20 acres, and these, We have no sort of sympathy for poachers, especially those unless they grow underwood, will probably appear in the marauding blackguards who assemble in gangs for a midrate-book at the nominal sum of 5s. an acre. Now, it is night's battue, nor do we at all object to the moderate preonly on this small assessment that the landlord oon- servation of game. We only say that, if game costs so much tributes to the parochial and county rates, and it is evident for its preservation, and gentlemen will have great prethat the wood is charged for the timber it may grow, and serves, and can quietly shut their eyes and their consciences not for the game it may produce. The shooting over to all the evils it entails, and will farm the land themthis farm and the woods would readily let for £15 to £20 selves, or let it at game rents, we say by all means let the a? year. We wont stop to enquire if this little rental ap- great and noble of the land enjoy their degenerate and igpears ander schedule A and B in the assessor's property noble sport; but, for the sake of aristocratic honour and tax returns, but we would ask if game pays any tithes, high-born justice, if on no higher grounds, let them pay for or a farthing to the poor's, county, church, or highway the protection of their costly game themselves, and not sad. rates? We know that it does not. Yet it causes dle that tax on their already over-burdened tenants. And if more sorrow and trouble to the conscientious and really Parliament must meddle with the hated game-laws, we hope good clergyman, swells the poor's rates, doubles the county that the interference may end in their total repeal; and that expenditure, and empties more parish churches than any- the great Council of the nation, in lieu of the game-laws, thing else, barring only the sad national sin of drunkenness, will amend, simplify,
and strengthen the present law of The rural police have all along been a great nuisance to trespass. That would at onco do away with half the evils the occapiers of the land. Appointed, as they are, to pro- of game preserving, and would at the same time be a real tect the farmer's goods and chattels, they are regarded only boon, not only to the tenantry, but even to the landed proas the idle servants of the magistrates, and do the farmer prietors of England. no sort of good beyond hauling up before the Bench a poor
CLARE SEWELL READ. old woman for pulling sticks from a hedge, or a naughty Plumstead House, Norwick, boy for stealing a turnip. The truth is, that, though the July 24, 1862 police have really so much to do, if they did it properly, they do hardly anything; and so even the Government whose own officials are never overworked--thought that they wanted more employment, and wished to make them the means for gathering agricultural statistics. But this
HARVEST AND VINTAGE. did not very well suit the magistrates; the policeman would be taken a little from their control, and so the majority, without consulting the wishes or regarding the interests of the farmers, decided against the Government scheme. Yet
I dreamed of a marvellous harvest, this was the time for forcing on the county rates the long
I dreamed of a threshing-floor, cherished idea of making the police deputy-gamekeepers.
Where men, like grain, by angels twain, Nothing could suit better. The time was well chosen.
Were garnered in measureless store The Government had admitted that the police wanted some
All bound in sheaves, like corn in the leaves, extra employment, and here was plenty that would suit both
And flailed from husk to core, masters and men. The Night Poaching Bill could not be
And the angels sang, with voices sweet, carried by any Government as & Government measure, but
“ Oat of the grain the dross we beat, now the great county party requires some little gratitude
Out of the chaff we winnow the wheat : and acknowledgment for all the recent courtesies it has
True souls are the wheat of a nation !” shown the Ministers; and thongh one official protests against the measure, the other members support it, either by their
I dreamed of a wonderful vintage, votes, or still more significantly by their absence.
I dreamed of a wine-press red, There is no property so difficult and expensive to pre
Where men, like grapes, by angel-shapes,
Were trodden with wrathful tread; serve and protect as game. The farmer's live and dead stock may be a hundred times as valuable, but it requires
As grapes ye work, to must and to mark,
And crush them shred by shred. comparatively little attention to keep it safe. The stately and valuable oak stands in no need of protection from the
And the angels sang, with tongues divine,
* Out of the murk the most we fine, police; whereas a promising but tiny sapling, not worth a penny, falls an easy prey to the first idle boy's knife. So it
Out of the grapes we mellow the wine: is but seldom that a farmer has a horse or a plough stolen,
Brave hearts are the wine of a nation!" whereas the landlord is constantly losing his dear pheasants
I would that my dreams were real or his blessed rabbits. As the law now stands, the police
That angels this land might beat! are restrained in a great measure from materially assisting
And scourge our sod with the flails of God, the game-keepers, as the game really pays nothing for a
And scatter the chaff from the wheat, constabulary protection : this is but fair. But if this new
And mightily tread, in our wine-press red, Poaching Act pass into law, the police will be three-fourths
All dross beneath their feet! of their time attending the keepers; and it will be only
That our souls right sing, in joyous strain, common justice to have a Game Preserver's County Rate, out “Out of the chaff the wheat we gain, of which all the expenses of the police-watching, the appre
Out of the murk the wine we drainhension, the conviction, and the maintenance of the poacher
The wheat and the wine of our nation!" should be defrayed; and also there should be a supplementary poor's rate contributed by the same gentlemen, and
I pray that the Angel of FREEDOM out of that the wives and children of the apprehended
May strive with the Angel of War, poacher should be sustained.
Till men, like grain, these winnowers twain There is, however, one clause of the bill to which we
Shall flail from husk to core; cannot object. From henceforth every game dealer must
Till men, like wine, in libation Divine, keep a register of all the game be buys; and it will be in
To Thee, O God! they pour; teresting to the public to know how many hares and rabbits And for evermore sing, with tongues Divine, this noble Lord or that great Squire sells off his estate. But
"God of the True ! this wbeat is thine ! it will be only fair that a like register should be kept by
God of the Free ! receive this wine, every gamekeeper of all the live pheasants and eggs they buy.
The heart and the soul of our nation !" It is a well-established fact that the only patrons of egg
ARE THE LONG-WOOLLED SHEEP OF TWEEDSIDE PURE LEICESTERS?
By John Wilson, Edington Mains, Berwickshire.
Happening a short time ago to meet with an acquaint-| Wooler, in Northumberland, which, from the day in the ance who is a breeder of Leicester sheep, our conversation calendar on which it takes place, is known as St. Ninian's, turned upon the discussions which had taken place last or, in northern dialect, St. Ringan's fair. The site of this year, first at Kelso and afterwards in Edinburgh, upon the fair lying in the part of Northumberland which in the proposal which had been made to have in future two dis- olden time was called Bamboroughshire, the graziers and tinct classes of Leicester sheep at the Shows of the High-dealers from Yorkshire, by whom these ewes used to be land Society. This naturally enough led to the question bought, got into the way of calling their purchases “ Bam. which I have placed at the top of this communication. As boroughshire sheep,” which for handiness was shortened the gentleman referred to seemed much interested by some into Bampshire, and has now, as we have seen, got varied facts which I then adduced in support of the affirmative of into Barmshire and Barnshire. The fair just referred to has this question, and expressed the opinion that they would now greatly declined from its formerimportance, in conse. be equally interesting to many others, I am induced to quence of the annual drafts of ewes from the innumerable give them publicity.
flocks of Northumberland, Merse, and Teviotdale being All who take an interest in this question are aware that bought up at home, or at local markets, by dealers who the proposal referred to above was made with the view of convey them by rail to the great markets annually held at obviating the very great dissatisfaction which has again York, Harwood, &c. Forty years ago the sheep bred in and again been produced by the way in which the pre- the districts just referred to were all but exclusively Leimiums for Leicester sheep have been awarded at the cesters, and it was to these that the name Bampshire was Shows of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scot. first applied. About that date, however, many of our farland. The Directors of that Society, with the laudable mers began to try a cross betwixt Cheviot ewes and Lei. motive of avoiding partiality, or even the appearance of it, cester rams, and these two breeds were found to blend so have usually endeavoured to procure judges wholly uncon. readily, not only in a first cross, but also with a continued nected with the district in which their Show is held, and used of the pure Leicester ram and the cross-bred ewes have frequently obtained a portion of them from the mid- for successive descents, and to produce so useful an animal, land counties of England. When the latter class of judges at once hardy, prolific, of good size, with great aptitude to have been a majority, as at the last Show at Berwick, they fatten, and excellent quality both of wool and mutton, that have with perfect consistency awarded the prizes in every this mixed breed rapidly superseded the pure Leicester, instance either to sheep from the south, or, failing these, except in the case of ram-breeding flocks. I may here notice to such as approached the nearest to the English type. that in the Border districts a pure Leicester is invariably And so it has happened that the Border sheep, although called a bred sheep par excellence. Sheep of the first and constituting the vast majority in point of numbers, have second cross betwixt Leicester and Cheviot are in like been entirely ignored, and the prizes have been given to manner called half-bred, or two-parts bred, as the case may animals which, in the opinion of nearly every spectator, be; but when they are the produce of a pure Leicester were utterly inferior to all the better specimens of those ram and ewe of the mixed breed of three or four or more which had been passed over. In such cases the third descents, I suspect that, when taken south, the old name judge, being usually e north country breeder, has been of Bampshire is often applied indiscriminately to them as placed in the disagreeable position of having to dissent well as the pure Leicesters. The latter, as I have said, from his colleagues at every decision, and had better are now found only in the hands of regular ram breeders; not have been there at all. Au Perth last year the case was but that their flocks are still comparatively numerous, may reversed; as two of the judges were Scotch and one Irish. be inferred from the fact that, at the ram fair now annually The latter, having been used to sheep of the English type, held at Kelso in the month of September, from 1,600 to could only look on and see his colleagues award the prizes 2,000 shearling Leicester rams are presented for sale, and quite contrary to his judgment. I do not see how the are most of them bred in the surrounding districts. Directors could have come to any other decision than that And now again for the question, Are these rams really which they adopted, viz., to deal with all Leicester sheep pure Leicesters? They certainly differ much in appear as constituting one breed. At the same time I am fully ance from the type of sheep now found in the midland persuaded that their premiums will never be awarded in counties of England. They are stronger in the bone, a way that will secure the confidence of the mem larger in frame, have white faces and legs, and are altobers of the Society, unless the decisions are made by men gether of a more robust form than their modern English who at least recognize the genuineness of the Border sheep, kindred. Are these diversities, then, due to crossing, or and their eligibility to carry prizes when of sufficient merit. are they entirely owing to selection, and the influence of Now, it is well known that this is not the case with breeders climate? Now, without claiming absolute purity for every from the midland counties of England, who, for the most dock, I do believe that those of the best breeders on the part, have no scruple in expressing the opinion that our Borders can establish as direct and pure a descent from Border sheep are not Leicesters at all. And our south Bakewell's flock as any now to be found elsewhere. Let country neighbours, while refusing to call our sheep us inquire when, and by whom, the Leicester breed was Leicesters, have provided another name for them. In most first introduced to the Borders. It is well known that this of the reports of the recent show at Leeds, notice was was largely due to the Messrs. Culley, who, in 1767, mi. taken of an experiment then in progress on the farm grated from the county Durham to Tweedside, and brought where the steam-ploughs were tried, for the purpose of with them excellent breeds of live stock, and in particular testing the comparative merits of a number of different a flock of sheep of the pure Leicester, or Dishley breed, breeds of sheep, amongst which was enumerated the Barm- as they were then called. Mr. George Culley was the pershire breed. Again, in the prize report on the farming of sonal friend of Bakewell, and the author of a treatise on Yorkshire, in the 22nd volume of the “Journal of the live stock, in which his description of the Dishley breed Royal Agricultural Society of England," p. 122, the author of sheep quite corroborates the opinion which it is my speaks more than once of the Barnshire breed of sheep. present object to substantiate. Another person who took Now, I daresay, many persons, in reading these reports, a leading part in introducing the new breed was the late must have been puzzled as to the locality of this Barm or Mr. Robert Thomson, of Lilburn, and afterwards of ChilBarn shire, and may have felt some curiosity to know what lingham Barns in Northumberland, who in his youth re. kind of sheep was referred to. The explanation is just sided for some time with Bakewell as his pupil, and whose this: A fair for the sale of draft.ewes has for e very long flock, long known as one of the best on the Borders, was ţime been held annually, in the month of September, near bred directly from Bakewell's. I cannot, of course, speak
of the flocks of the breeders now named from personal ob. Much as the Leicester sheep of the South and of the Bor. servation, as they had all either died or retired from busi- ders now differ from each other, I believe that both can equally ness by the time I began; but I inherited from my father claim and prove direct descent from Bakewell's flock. Divera flock of Leicesters which had been bred chiefly from sity of climate and of general treatment, and diversity of taste their flocks, and I have thus been familiar from my earliest in the breeders, have for a prolonged period been at work to years with the style of sheep which they introduced. produce the change; and these are influences potent enough About thirty-five years ago, and for many subsequent to account for all the change which has actually taken place, years, there existed a small flock of Leicesters, the pro- although both started with like materials. Bakewell, we perty of Mr. Luke Scott, formerly tenant of Easington know, bad just the common long.woolled sheep of his day to Grange, near Belford, which I knew well, and which, in work upon; and he, by skill and perseverance, so changed several respects, may be said to have been unique. them as to originate what has ever since been recognised as a Mr. Scott, although a steady and upright man, had not distinct breed. The materials which proved 30 plastic in his prospered in business. From ever I knew him he had no skilful hands are still as susceptible of modification as ever farm of his own, and his little flock, numbering some twenty they were. As a matter of fact, not our sheep only, but all exes and their produce, to which he clung with fond affection our domesticated animals are constantly varying. It is not and an almost desperate tenacity, was boarded out, sometimes only the flocks of widely remote districts that exbibit this in one place and sometimes in another, often exposed to great variation; it can be seen any day, and everywhere, by comstraits, and never enjoying anything like fair treatment. He paring together any given number of flocks in the same neigh. has often told me that the foundation of this flock was laid by bourhood, each of which will be found to have well-marked the purchase of a few shearling ewes from a Mr. Yellowly, family features, by which it can be readily discriminated from then in good repute as a breeder of pure Leicesters. As long the others. as Mr. Robert Thomson continued a breeder, Mr. Scott had The point of real practical importance is, that everywhere used only rams, or their progeny, of bis own breeding : and the Leicester breed retains the qualities wbich from the first for the 20 or 25 years which elapsed betwixt Mr. Robert made it so valuable. It is true ibat it is not now put to the Thomson's retirement from business and the final breaking-up same use as formerly. It no longer yields directly our staple of Mr. Scott's little Rock, the latter was maintained entirely supplies of butcher meat; but crosses betwixt it and the by the use of his own rams. So jealously did this exclusive Dowas in the south, and betwixt it and the Cheviots and old man watch over the purity of his idolised little flock, that Blackfaces in the north, now constitute the main supplies to I recollect of his telling me how a favourite ewe bad made her all our markets. escape from the enclosure in which she was confined, and had
January, 1862. got access to a ram of a neighbouring flock. Most persons would have thought it enough in such circumstances to have sold or destroyed the progeny of this mésalliance; but so Before publishing the foregoing statements, it occurred to irremediably did the old man consider bis ewe to bave been me that it would be well to submit them to two gentlemen contaminated, that, favourite as she was, he caused her in- who I knew were well qualified to jadge of their accuracystantly to be slaughtered. Mr. Scott let out on hire as many viz, John Gray, Esq., of Dilston, and Thomas Scott, Esq., late of his rams as he could, but never sold either male or female of Beal. It is with peculiar gratification that I append the except to be slaughtered. And what, then, were the charac- following excerpts from the letters with which they favoured teristics of this interesting little flock, separated from Bake- me on returoing my mauuscript. Mr. Gray says :well's by but one intermediate link? Their faces and legs
“I have been favoured by reading your paper on the genuinewere invariably white-as much 80 as any Cheviot's. Their ness of the Border Leicester, and, as I am going from home in wool formed a close-set, compact fleece, inclining to coarseness the morning, I give you, at a late hour, a hasty line, to say how in the breech, and often scanty, or altogether awanting, on the entirely my opinion concurs with your own as to the still exist. belly. The rams carried their heads well up, being strong and
ing purity of the ram-breeding flocks in the Border counties. full in the neck-vein, and remarkably wide in the chest. They
I quite agree with all you say of George Culley and
Robert Thomson, first at Lilburn (when the first sale by auction were particularly clean in the legs, and seldom soffered from in the North of a pure-bred Bakewell flock took place) and next foot-lameness. They were vigorous and active, and in token at Chillingham Barns, where he had annual lettings, at which I of this were pugnacious to a fault, being more troublesome in took rams, and learned my first lessons in the symmetry and this respect than the rams of any breed of sheep I have ever quality of the pure Leicester. I well remember also his sale of bad to do with. Owing to their own purity of breeding, they
all his flock there in May, 1814, when I was, though young, one possessed in a remarkable degree the capacity of imparting dowing. I regularly attended the public lettings at Mr. Culley's account, and partly because many farmers reckon more by the The last of his diminished flock was at a poor place by the road price they get per head than by the aggregate amount of mut- south of Wooler, called Plea Place, where his son once asked ton and wool in sheep of smaller size, I was induced to follow me to stop and look at a sheep which he thought combined in the public taste and to cultivate a large-sized sheep, but without perfection what I had described at some meeting as the true macrificing purity of blood. This laste prevailed, I think, pretty qualities of a pure Leicester
of the judges, and presided at the dinner in a barn full and overtheir own characteristics to every flock into which they were too, and hired rams very often. Those two flocks were certainly introduced. Mr. Scott never bad many of our ram breeders pure Leicesters, if Bakewell's were pure-and we can go no us direct customers, as they objected to the comparative want farther back. But then there were two families in Bakewell's of size of his sheep; but I have the best means of knowing dock, distinguished as blue caps and red legs, which came out
at times in their descendants. You must have seen and known that most of them freely availed themselves of bis blood by
a kind of Leicester with blue faces, generally bare on the scalp, biring rams from those who did deal with him directly.' 80
and red when lambed, and when mature, easily broken by flies, "much was this the case, that there is probably no Leicester on which account they were not favourites with the sbepherds. flock on the borders, of any considerable reputation, that has they were good feeders, but light of wool. The red or browa not this blood largely in it. The comparative want of size, to legs were a hardier tribe, and good in carcass also. I remember which I have just referred, always appeared to me to be less an
one of the best rams I ever had being of that kind-hired at inherent quality than the inevitable consequence of loug.con
sixty guineas from Mr. Thomson (descended from Bakewell's).
That class of sheep was then used and approved by Messrs. Jobtinued hardsbips. I bare thus shown that we got the genuine
son of Turvilaws, Vardy of Fenton, Smith of Norham, Smith of Bakewell blood to begin with, and that, in one instance at Hayfarm, &c., &c., and continued in those families until within least, it was preserved amongst us, until a very recent date, in the last twenty years. So long as a sheep-flock was kept at Milla degree of purity not equalled auywhere else, unless, perhaps, field Hill no alloy or impure cross was ever admitted; but yet in Mr. Valentine's flock. Let me not, however, be misunder
the character of the sheep was rather altered to suit the taste of
those who hired my rams. The original breed was from Thomstood as if I wished to convey the impression that the breeders
son's and Culley's, my father having bought gimmer's from whom I have named were the ouly persons on Tweedside who Thomson at an early time. By way of a change, I hired sheep were direct introducers of Bakewell's blood. There were from Burgess, and then I had three for two years from Lord many others whom I cannot enumerate. I may mention, Althorp, got by Buckley's best ram, called Big B., which his however, as being Berwickshire breeders, the late William Lordship had for two seasons. Those sheep were perfect as to Robertson, Esq., of Ladykirk, and his tenant and intimate shape and quality, but on a low leg, with a round full carcass,
fulálling Bakewell's toast, 'small in size, and great in value.' friend the late James Thomson, Bogend, who both, down to a
If I had fed all my sheep to the end for the fat market none yet recent date, went annually to Leicestersbire and hired could have paid better than those for early maturity and the rams from the best flocks there. Mr. Robertson's flock of amount of mutton produced per acre, although not in large about eight bundred ewes was dispersed in consequence of his
frames ; but in that neighbourhood all the ewes are sold for
them death abont 1830, and is still represented in the district. Mr. breeding another year in Yorkshire, and the buyers Thomson's remains intact in the hands of his grandson at
to stand on a higher leg, and make a bigger, if not better, show
in the pens at York and Wakefield; and so also with dinmons Mungo's walls, and is still used as a ram-breeding flock. sold in the autumn to be fed in the South, Chiefly on this
... The flocks at Ladykirk generally on the Borders, and has wrought, together with the and Bogend were purely Leicester to the end, if Leicestershire effects of climate, in changing considerably the look and charac- rams hired at good prices were pure.
I had the privilege of ter of the Leicester sheep in those parts from that of the original being well acquainted with both Mr. Robertson and Mr. ThomLeicester of that county and Warwickshire, &c. I have seen son, who for many years used to have their horses rested with most marked changes produced by local circumstances on Lei- me in passing Millñeid Hill, so that I might have a view of the cester sheep. I once bought some shearling rams in this county
But even in these there was as great a difference between for a friend in Ireland, i saw the sheep in Queen's County three those from Stone, Stubbins, Burgess, and Buckley, as now exists years after, and could hardly believe them to be the game, so between those of Nottinghamshire and Northumberland." coarse were they in wool, and so changed in character. * You are quite right as to the origin of the name Barm, or Barn- Mr. Scott Bayi :thire sheep. I remember old Green, a large buyer from Yorkshire in the beginning of this century, who always used that
“Your remarks are in perfect accordance with my recollection term in speaking of the drast ewes he bought in Bamborough of the conversations which I have heard upon the subject by my shire and Glendale. Your account of old Luke Scott's little
seniors. There is nothing I could add of my knowledge to the flock is very curious and strictly true. I knew him at Easing
very full history you have given of the breed in this district.” ton, and used to meet him at the shows at Chillingham Barns, Journal of Agriculture.
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.-MEETING AT LINCOLN.
The society held its show this year at Lincoln, two large For the best Cow, more than four years old, first price £3, and commodious closes, comprising several acres in extent, Mr. Henry Ambler. Second £4, Mr. William Smith, West and conveniently situate on the Monk's-road, being the Rasen. site. This society, after more than a quarter of a century For the best Heifer, three years old, first prize £7, Lady of experience and usefulness, is more flourishing than ever. Pigot. Second £3, John Lynn, Stroxton. Its last show, which was hela at Brigg, was the most suc- For the best Two-year-old Heifer, first prize £6, Lady Pigot. cessful the society had ever had. The show commenced Second £4, Mr. Stewart Marjoribanks. on Wednesday, and was continued over Thursday. The For the best One year old Heifer, first prize £6, Lady Pigot. show of implements was the best the society has brought Second £4, Mr. S. Marjoribanks. together.
For the best Heifer "Calf, under one year old, first prize, The show-yard was opened at twelve o'clock on the Wed- £4, Lady Pigot. Second £2, Mr. Wm. Torr. nesday, when the weather was delightfully fine. On Thursday the weather was very unfavourable, a
COTTAGERS' PREMIUMS. steady rain having set in at early morning, and continued For the best Milch Cow, having produced a Call within till the day had far advanced. The hull classes were re- nine months, first prize £4, George Foster, Stainfield. Second markably well represented. The show of sheep was not so £2, Edward Richardson, Hainton. large as in some former years, but the specimens, especially For the best Heifer, under two years old, first prize £2, the rams, maintained the celebrity of the society in this George Foster, Stain field. Second £1, Thomas Brackenbury, department. The show of horses was very large and supe Great Sturton. rior. The pig pens were occupied with excellent animals.
LEICESTER SHEEP. The show of poultry was also good, although there was For the best Shearling Ram, first prize £10 and the second nothing remarkable amongst the birds. The rain, which £5, Mr. John Borton, Barton House, Malton. came on heavily in the afternoon, kept away many visitos. For the best Ram of any age, first prize £10 and the second JUDGES
£5, Mr. John Borton, LEICESTER SHEEP AND Pics.-I1y. Robinson, Carnaby Marris, Ulceby Chase.
For the best Peu of ten Ewes, prize of £7, Mr. Thomas House, Lowthorp, Hull; Luke Borman, Irby, Grinysby. LONG-WOOL SHEEP.-William Ashton, Iladsack Lodge, Thomas Marris.
For the best Pen of ten Shearling Gimmers, prize £7, Mr Worksop; Howard Mackinder, Langton Grange, Spilsby; W. Chatterton, of Tathwell, Lonth
LONG WOOL SHEEP (not being Leicesters). CATTLE.—R. J, Wiley, Winkerfield, Catterick, York:
For the best Ram of any age, prize £15, Mr. Thomas B. shire; William Sanday, Holme Pierrepont, Notts; R. Marsball, Branston. Searson, Cranmore Lodge, Marke Deeping.
For the best Shearling Ram, first prize £10 and the second Blood Horses.-John Booth, Killerby, Calterick; £6, Mr. Charles Clarke, Scopwicke.*Third £3, Mr. T. CartCharles Wood, Dalton, Beverley; W. Godson, Normanby- wright, Dunstan Pillar. by.Stow, Gainsboro'.
For the best Two-Shear Rat, first prize £8, Mr. R. W. Draught Horses.-W. Wood, Harboro', Grimsby; Holmes, Nettlebam. Second £3, Mr. George T. Havercroft, J. Brooks, of Wootton, Ulceby; Robert Wright, Nocton, Wootton Dale. Lincoln.
For the best Three-Shear Ram, first prize £6, Mr. Charles IMPLEMENTS.-W. M. Epton, Langton, Wragby; R. G. Clarke, Scopwicke. Second £3, Mr. George T. Havercroft, F, Howard, Temple Bruer; F. Straw, Skillingthorpe, Wootton Dale. Lincoln.
For the best Pen of 10 Ewes, first prize of £8 to Mr. PRIZES.
Robert Wright, of Nocton Heath. Second of £3, Mr. Henry SHORTHORNED CATTLE.
Grantham of Sturton.
For the best Pen of 10 Shearling Gimmers, first prize For the best Bull, above one year old, £20 to Mr. Henry £7, Captain Hy. V. Grantham, of Scawby. Second of £3, Ambler, of Watkinson Hall, bear Halifax.
Mr. Wm. Abraham, of Barnetby-le-Wold.
For the best Pen of 10 She Lambs, first prize £5, Mr.
Second £2, Mr. Ambler.
Robert Wright, of Nocton Heath.
For the best Stallion for Draught Horses, first prize kW, For the Best Bull Call, under a year old, first prize £5, Mr. Daniel Howsin, jun., of Bathley, Newark, Second So, Lady Pigot, Branches Park, Newmarket. Second £3, Mr. Mr. T. Johnson, of Hatfield Doncaster, George Bland, Coleby Hall,
For the best Mare for Breeding Draught Horses, first
prize £8, Mr. F. Rudgard, of Greetwell. Second £8, Mr. Large Breed, prize 48, Mr. W, B. Wainman. Commended : Geo. Bland, of Coleby Hall.
Mr. R. E, Duckering, of Northorpe.
Small Breed, prize £3, Mr. W. B. Wainman.
For the best portable thrashing machine, £10 to Messrs. Bardney.
Robey and Co., of Lincoln ; best plough for light land, .£3 to For the best Cart Filly Foal, prize £3, Mr. Joseph John. to Messrs. Horosby and Sons, and £1 to J. Cooke, Lincoln; son, of Beckingham,
best plough for heavy land, £3 to Messrs. Horpsby, and £1 Thorough-bred Stallion for getting Hunters, the prize to to J. Cooke ; best subsoil plough, £2 to Mr. G. E. Marris, of Mr. Bland, Boston, for Dagobert, by Ion.
Kirmond, and £1 to Simpson and Co., Lincoln ; cultivator, Five-year-old Hunting Gelding or Mare, the prize to Mr. £3 to W, Ashton, Horncastle, and £l to Geo. Hunter, J. W. Richardson, Willington, for Sampson.
Ulceby; scarifier, £3 divided between Simpson of Lincoln
aud Trotter of Lincoln, and £1 to Amies and Barford, PeterPIGS.
boro'; drill for general purposes, £5 to Jas. Coultas, jun., and For the best Boar, Large Breed, first prize £5, Mr. T. £2 to Coultas and Son; ridge drill
, £2 to Thos. Harrison, M. Richardson, of Hibaldstow Old Leys. Second £2, Mr. Lincoln, and £1 to Jas. Clarke, Lincola; liquid manure drill, Benj. Bowles, 'of Great Hale, Sleaford.
£2 to W. Watkinson, Louth; horse hoe for corb, £1 to Jobn For the best Boar, Large Breed, not exceeding twelve Fletcher, Winterton; grubber, £% to A. Thompson, Keelby, months old, prize 43, Mr. R. E. Duckering, of Northorpe. and £l to W. Ashton ; harrows for light land, £2 to W. Commended : Mr. John Hickman, of Hull.
Asbton, and £l to Amies and Barford; harrows for heavy For the best Boar, Small Breed, first prize £4, Mr. W. land, similar award; chain barrows, £2 to T. and R. Trotter; B. Wainman, of Carhead, Cross Hills. Second £2, Mr. waggon for general purposes, £3 to Robt. Speucer, Glentworth, L. T. Thornton, of Swallow Beck, Lincoln. Commended : and £l to W. Procter, Lincoln ; two-horse cart, £2 to W Mr. L, T, Thornton).
Procter ; one-borse cart, £2 to Hayes and Son, Stamford ; For the best Boar, Small Breed, not exceeding twelve clod crusher, £2 to Amies and Barford ; roller for general months old, prize £3, Mr. W. B. Wainman.
purposes, £2 to ditto; dressing machine, £3 to Revill, LinFor the best Sow, Large Breed, first prize £4, Mr. Chas. colo, and £1 to John Baker, Wisbech; chaff-cutter, £3 to Fletcher, of Hemingby. Second £2, Mr. W. B. Wainman, T. and R. Trotter, and £l to Simpson and Co.; turnip-cutter, of Carhead, Cross Hills,
£2 to T. and R. Trotter; cake-breaker, £l to Amies and For the best Sow, Small Breed, first prize £4 Mr. L. T. Barford ; mill for crushing agricultural produce, 63 to John Thornton, of Swallow Beck, Lincoln. Second £2, Mr. W. Tye, Lincoln, and £1 to T. Harrison, Lincoln ; steaming B. Wainman, of Carhead, Cross Hills.
apparatus, £3 to Simpson and Co., and £1 to Amies and For the best Three Breeding Pigs, of the same Litter, 1 Barford.
THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF IRELAND.
MEETING AT LIMERICK. The twentieth anniversary of the Royal Agricultural | place in Ireland. Whether in point of the number of Society's Show was celebrated in the ancient city the animals sent in for competition in the various deof Limerick. The Society could scarcely make a partments, the quality and well-known character of better selection for ensuring a successful demon- most of the prize animals in the several sections, exstration, nor one in which so many elements of tent, variety, and comprehensiveness of the display of hopeful anticipations presented themselves as those implements, and, though last not least, the complete which Limerick presented, pointed as these were financial success which resulted, the exhibitions of by the favourably-known character of the county 1860 and 1861 will long be regarded as events of which for its superior agricultural resources. Causes, how- the Society and the country may feel proud. ever,
over which neither the Council nor the Contrasting the number of animals entered for comlocal Committee could exercise control nor in- petition in the more important sections of the present fluence, combined to render the character of the show with those exhibited in the similar class at the show far less valuable and attractive than that three preceding shows, we find the numbers to run which the friends and supporters of so valuable an in- thus :stitution had anticipated. Some attribute this very unfavourablo state of matters to the unpropitious cha
1862, 1861, 1860,
1859, racter of the weather; others to the indifference which
Limerick. Belfast. Cork. Dundalk. the tenant-farmers and agriculturists of the locality and adjoining counties manifested for its prosperity;
59 108 92 115 while some state that the general condition of the
14 country, both as regards harvest prospects and the re
7 14 cent unhappy agrarian outrages which have been per- Ayrshire
7 39 22 36 petrated, as well as the show at York coming off at West Higbland
4 10 the same time, nay more or less account for the Kerry
11 11 falling-off so unmistakably felt. Be the causes what Horses
32 52 58 71 they may, the fact of the show presenting a falling-off Sheep.
153 109 174
210 in the number of the entries in almost all the sections Swine
55 82 and classes, as well as being under the average of “intrinsic merit," cannot be denied--a result much to be The prize list of the Limerick show was, on the regretted, but nevertheless true.
whole, spirited and creditable. Independent of parent The show of Cork in 1860, and that of Belfast in Society's prizes, consisting of £700 in cash, with 12 1861, were, perhaps, in every respect the most suc- medals and five challenge cups, the local Society's subcessful agricultural exhibitions which have ever taken scriptions amounted to £1,500, being an excess of