Page images

* having much the look of soaked leather," to quote the lan- 1 ignorantly and unwittingly do, in warm, wet seasons, or, what guage of Dr. Budd. The elements of the bile, or some of is more productive of such diseased meat, wet seasons them, are thus not removed from the blood by the hepatic ( attended with great variableness of temperature-warm, close, organ, but are carried into the circulation, giving the skin, and suffocating at one time, but cold and chilling at another. flesb, and fat, the sallow appearance which they invariably The other two functions (the fat-forming and juice-forming) exhibit, not only in animals that die of rot, but in those that more immediately engaged in producing the increase of are sent to the shambles as the best rotten mutton (?), such as weight, we must postpone to next article. Bakewell boasted of producing! and as too many farmers



[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

THE AGRICULTURE OF ALGERIA. The French colony of Algeria has been brought rather tobacco varies, and the purchases by the Regie have prominently before the public here lately, by the collec- varied annually from 2,000,000 to 6,500,000 kilotion of its varied products shown in the International grammes. The cotton cultivation is steadily proExbibition, the number of premiums it has carried off, gressing. There were last year 1,209 acres under and by the large investment of British capital for cot- culture, which produced 158,642 kilogrammes. An ton cultivation and other industrial enterprises in that English company has recently entered into possession quarter. An official report of M. Mercier-Lacombe, of 25,000 hectares intended for cotton cultivation. Minister of State and Director-General of the Civil Service in Algeria, on the actual position of that colony, at two periods :

The following figures indicate the Algerian exports just published by order of the Duke of Malakoff, fur


1861. nishes therefore some useful details for estimating the


Horses (number) present condition and agricultural progress of Algeria.


Cattle We find that the whole population numbers now


13,289 about 3,000,000, of whom 2,700,000 are Arabs,




Hides (kilog.) and 192,746 Europeans. The natural land divisions

673,159 2,098,242

Wool of the colony are Tunis on the east, the empire

3,756,633 4,767,505

Wax of Morocco


75,348 on the west, and the Sahara native


276,603 546,726 tribes subject to France on the south. The northern

Wheat (hectol.) coast line of the Mediterranean is about 250 leagnies,

460,494 319,582 those of the east and west about 97 leagues, and the


247,567 386,581 Oats


30,576 total superficies is approximately estimated at 24,375 Flour (kilog.) 800,065 1,954,453 square leagues. The country naturally divides itself

Pulse into three great divisions—that on the coast which

1,527,564 4,226,534 Tobacco

1,301,613 carries the rivers to the sea, the high lands in the inte

3,422,139 Olive oil

1,672,010 1,742,923 rior where the waters are gatbered into lakes, and the Sahara. In an agricultural and pastoral point of view we distinguish the agricultural and wooded region

The total imports of the colony, which in 1851 wero in the north, known as the Tell, embracing about less than 67,000,000 francs, rose in 1861 to 116,600,000 14,000,000 of hectares, considered the granary of francs; the exports from 19,792,000 francs to 49,000,000 Algeria, yielding abundant crops, which furnish the francs. . There is, however, a much greater advance furniture woods, and wine. To the south is the Sahara, Finance, while the price of most has been greatly inhabitants with their breadstuffs, tobacco, cotton, than this, as the value of the goods is still estimated at

the tariff fixed in 1844 by the General Director of where is the pasturage of the nomad tribes. The Algerian wheats 'are divided into two classes

augmented. hard wheat and soft wheat. The former is the only

All the world knows the Arab steed. The number of variety grown by the natives. The flour of this wheat horses in the three provinces of the colony is returned furnishes a larger and better quality of bread than that at 72,703, and of mares 92,699, of mules 117,164, and of the soft wheat, and is more nutritive. The gluten, of asses 193,667. These resources are found sufficient, which is the essential ingredient necessary for conver

not only to mount the French cavalry and native sion into the alimentary pastes (vermicelli, macaroni, troops of Africa, but also to furnish horses for a certain semola, &c.), is found in larger proportion in this number of regiments, which, after a fixed period of wheat than that of any other country, not excepting service, return to France. This remount service is the wheats of Sicily and Taganrog. The chemical organized in the colony on the same plan as in France, examinations made at the laboratories of Sarbonne and There are three depôts, one at Blidat for the province Paris, and the practical results of trials, leave no doubt of Algiers, a second at Mostaganem in the province of on this point. In 1861 there were under culture with Oran, and the third at Constantine for that province. hard wheat 891,219 hectares, and with soft or imported A chief of division is placed at the head of each wheat 71,002 hectares. The produce of the former depôt, who is aided by a certain number of captains was 4,849,598 hectolitres, and of the latter 71,002 charged with the duty of purchasing. A remount hectolitres.

company is stationed at each depôt, for the purpose of The progress of agriculture is shown in the statement taking charge and transporting the horses, and for that in 1856 there were 1,270,686 hectares under cul- managing the stables. The service is centralized in ture with cereals and pulse, which yielded 6,614,094 | Algiers, under the direction of the Governor-General, hectolitres; and in 1861, 2,040,260 hectares, yielding in the hands of a colonel, who has the title of director of a crop of 12,746,651 hectolitres. Barley is a large remounts of the horse establishments. crop, the harvest of last year yielding 7,124,934 hec- The purchased mares for the army are covered by tolitres. The principal other cultures at present are imperial stallions, which are kept by the Government cotton and tobacco, although a sugar plantatiou has for the improvement of this breed. Of these there are at been commenced at Religanne. The production of present 183 stallions and five asses. But they are insufficient to supply the continuous wants of the re- From this report we find that the combined Euromount, and hence stallions are purchased from the na- pean and native population occupy about 46,000,000 tive tribes, and about 536 native stallions and 82 asses hectares, or in the proportion of one individual to fifare now held for this purpose. These are from time to teen hectares. There would be, therefore, one head of time taken to different stations and cover the mares either cattle for about forty hectares, and one sheep for of the colonists or natives gratis. Last year there were every four hectares. The colonists, looking at the officially served 24,369 mares and 4,339 asses, besides extent of their pasturage, and the climate, have a large and undefined number in private establish ample room for extension, and as France pays yearly ments. Great progress has of late years been made in about 60,000,000 francs for foreign wool, there is plenty horse breeding. In 1856 only 16,777 mares were of scope for Algerian enterprise in this direction alone. covered, 11,656 by native stallions and 5,121 by im. Spain takes from Algeria yearly a large number of cattle, perial stallions.

but these are badly cared for and fed by the natives, New and vigorous efforts have also lately been made and of a very inferior breed, hence the purchasers to improve the horses of the colony. The Government have to fatten them before slaughter. has established a breeding stud in which are included The 10,000,000 of sheep produce yearly about the choicest stallions and mares of oriental and African 150,000 quintals of wool in the grease. There is exblood, that will be crossed by horses of the best ported about 40,000 quintals of this wool, the rest being foreign stock. The prices of horses vary according consumed in the factories of Beni-Mzab, Beni-Abbes, to the character, height, and age of the animals. A and other native tribes of the interior, or for the preparacavalry horse of the height required for the military lion of tents. On the average the clip of wool weighs in regiments (1 metre 44 centimetres) costs on the ave- | the grease about 1 kilo. 500 grammes, and sells for rage 600 to 800 francs. One of less height varies ac- | 1} f. It is quite possible to double the weight of the cording to the demand from 75 to 300 francs. But the fleece by proper care, and to increase also largely the price of horses of pure blood is continually on the ad- weight of the cattle with but very little expense to the

breeders. Experience and practice have shown that a According to the official statistics collected by the flock well managed, and placed in favourable circum. administration in establishing a native tax, it appears stances, increases rapidly in production and value, and that Algeria possesses about one million head of cattle, after a very few years yields a return equivalent to the and ten million head of sheep, which includes those original capital invested. By a persistent and intelligent belonging to the colonists. A report prepared in 1860 course of action it is asserted in the report, that it is by the Commandant of the division of Algiers, quite possible, ere long, to make Algeria, as far as pointed out in strong terms the advantage which had regards wool production, a second Australia, with this resulted, and would further accrue, from attention being advantage, that she is within forty-eight hours of Marpaid to the raising of live stock.



were :

THE DINNER TO MR. M COMBIE, OF TILLYFOUR. On Thursday, July 31, the dinner to Mr. M'Combie, Tillyfour, , this purpose. For many years I was an unsuccessful exhibitor as promoted by the members of the Royal Northern Agricul- at the Smithfield Club. I went to Baker-street, I minutely tural Society, and others, in acknowledgment of his eminence examined the prize winners, I directed my attention especially as a breeder of the black polled cattle, took place in the Music to the points in wbich the English were superior to the ScotHall, Aberdeen. The company numbered about 400, repre- tish cattle: I came to the conclusion that I had been beaten, senting the leading interests in the town and county, with not because our Scottish breed was inferior to the English many gentlemen from a distance. The Marquis of Hantly, breeds. I saw that I had been beaten, because I was imperLord-Lieutenant of the County, presided ; and the Croupiers | fectly acquainted with the points of the animals most appre

Sir Andrew Leith Hay, Convener of the County: ciated in Baker-street, and the proper system of feeding them. Sir J. D. H. Elpbinstone, M.P.; and Mr. Farqubaraon, of I selected the animals best fitted for exhibition at Baker-street. Haughton. The hall was laid out with two principal end tables, I doubled, I tripled, I quadrupled the cake allowed to my feeding and five others along the area. Behind the chair was a por- stock, I attained the object of my ambition. The English agritrait of Mr. M'Combie's famous Poissy Ox; and in the centre culturists always maintained that a Scot would dever take a of the hall was a tropby formed of the cups and medals gained first place in a competition with a Shorthorn, a Hereford, or a by him. In returning thanks for his health, Mr. M'Combie said: Devon; I have given them reasons for changing their opinion. My Lord Marquis, Croupiers, and Gentlemen, I feel quite a Polled Scot, exhibited by me, took the first place at overpowered by the expressiou of kind feeling toward me which Birmingham. To a Polled Scot, exbibited by me, the has been made to-day by you, my Lord, by the Croupiers, by Prince Albert Cup was unanimously awarded at the a large number of the landed proprietors of this, the greatest late Great Iuternational Show in France, by & jury of cattle breeding and cattle feeding county in Britain-by the twelve, consisting of English, Irish, and French gentlemen, Lord Provost, by the Magistrates, by many of the influential in a competition with the finest oxen of the English breeds, citizens of Aberdeen; by tenant farmers and friends from va- in a competition with the finest oxen of the French breeds. rious parts of Scotland; by gentlemen with whom I have I feel very highly gratified that you, my Lord, representing fought hard battles in our showyards, and by many of my old the sentiments of this influential assembly of gentlemen-one servants, who have attained, by their good conduct, respecta of the most influential assemblies, I believe, that ever met in ble positions in society. I feel in my inmost heart, the the metropolis of the North-bave expressed yourself to the generous, the surpassing kinduess you have shown me. effect that I have reflected credit on Aberdeenshire, and proI am very highly gratified by the terms in which you, moted the agricultural interests of Scotland. my lord, have spoken of my exertions to improve our The Aberdeen Free Press, which reports the proceedings at polled breed of cattle, and of the success with great length, gives, as an appropriate supplement to the same which these exertions bave been crowned. I was led by a number of the paper, a complete list of the prizes taken by father, whose memory I revere, to believe that our polled cattle Mr. M'Combie with his cattle. These comprise upwards of are peculiarly suited to soil and climate, and that, if their £1,300 iu money, 66 gold, silver, and bronze medals, 5 silver properties were rightly brought out, they would equal, if not cups, a piece of plate, and a gold snuff-box. A portrait of surpass, any other breed as to weight, symmetry, and quality Mr. M'Combie's Birmingham cow, “the best animal in the of flesh. I resolved that I would endeavour to improve our show," appears in The Farmers' Magazine for August, native breed. I have exerted all my energies to accomplish






The County Society, and the Cirencester Association, which , sirable to be dispensed with. Moreover, such a beauty spots” do had for several years enjoyed but a feeble existence, united not consist of healthy fat; for it is in a sort of condensed condition, their forces in 1855, since which they have made successful to which adipose cartilage might not be an inappropriate term. progress, but wishing to keep pace with the times, and An unnatural refinement of the skin, connected with unmisfollowing the example of other places, the authorities takable iodications of morbid disease in other parts, afford resolved to hold their meetings in different parts of the very certain evidence that incestuous breeding has been adopted county; the district to be varied annually. As the open to a degree injurious to the constitution. ing of a park for the especial convenience of the good citizens

The three aged bulls which received the prizes in the first of Gloucester was appointed to take place on the 30th of class bad each of them been shown at Battersea without reJuly, and the park being well adapted for the purpose of the ward or commendation. In the cow class, Mr. Stratton obAgricultural Exhibition, it was considered expedient that the tained the first prize with an animal that the judges at Battwo celebratious should take place simultaneously.

tersea did not distinguish. Her over-fat condition appeared It is an important element incidental to provincial agricol- somewhat antagonistic to our ideas of a breeding animal, tural societies, that they excite competition of those produc- although she is a very superior specimen, and as splendid an tions of the soil which may be termed indigenous—those for animal to meet as it is possible to conceive. The first and which the immediate neighbonrhood is celebrated. When a third prizes for heiters under two years old were assigoed to spirit of rivalry is once established, provincial exhibitors are Mr. Butler for two useful animals with every appearance of enconraged to extend their competitions, and thus support the robust constitutions, and the second prize to Mr. John Lane. more formidable meetings. The most powerful auxiliary to Mr. E. Bowly and Mr. R. Stratton obtained the premiums for the success of all will surely be found in a determination to heifer calves with those which had failed to gain distinction at support each other, totally free from petty jealousies and en. the exbibition of the Royal Society. vious distinctions. When the amalgamation of the Cirences.

The Herefords entered were very many of them animals of ter with the county Association was resolved upon, other great merit ; and the first prize in the aged bull class was seaids were called into effect to give éclat to the occasion, and cured by Mr. H. Capper, wbo also received the second pre. ensure popularity. An active and most effective committee mium at Battersea. The second and third prizes went to un. was formed, including many gentlemen immediately identified successful candidates at the great metropolitan show. To Mr. with the interest of the city. Mr. Alfred Wheeler undertook Charles Vevers was awarded the first prize for bull, cow, and the reponsibilities as honorary secretary, to share in the ardu offspring, the bull a very perfect specimen-good coat, good ous labours with Mr. Trinder, who has for many years, with handler, with wonderful thigbs; if any exception could be taken great zeal and ability, devoted his services to the Society to the cow, it was her colour. The second prize bull, Mr. Duckemanating at Cirencester. Rather than have the dinner in an

bam's, was rather patchy about the rump. In the class for overcrowded heated room, it was determined that a cold one heifers under three years old, Mr. J. M. Read obtained the should be provided in a spacious tent, erected within the third prize with Theora, after having gained the first prize at precincts of the park, and the gracious custom of inviting the the late Royal show; and it is a great triumph for Mr. J. ladies to be present was a complete success. A flower show Wigmore, his taking first and second at this meeting-the on such an occasiou was an accompaniment which could not former with Curly, the latter with Gentle the First. But be dispensed witb.

this gentleman's good fortune was not confined to that class; The weather on the opening day was most propitions, one in the succeeding one, for heifers under two years old, he was of those delightful summer days we have been so long hoping first with Flirt, and second with Gentle the Second ; the third to enjoy, but till recently hoping for in vain ; and the hay prize going to Mr. W. Perry for a heifer with which he gained harvest being finished, and the corn harvest not yet commenced, a similar position at Battersea. Mr. M. Read's Miss Southam, a fortunate interregoum afforded exhibitors opportunities of who took the second prize in London, was first here; and Mr. absenting themselves from home without inconvenience. W. Evans' Nena the Second took the other prize. If we had no Scottish dairymaid in characteristic costume, as We now come to six dairy cows exhibited by Mr. T. at Battersea, the scene was graced and enlivened with many Morris, with which he obtained the prize in that class, and a fascinating dairymaid, represented in propriâ personii by the of which he has just reason to be proud. With all the nefarmers' daughters.

cessary attributes of good breeding they combine the valuable According to custom, the shorthorns prevailed in numbers qualities of usefulness, excellent milkers, and as great an over the Herefords; the former principally under the patronage aptitude to fatten as can be consistently associated with milkof the president, Mr. Edward Holland, Messrs. Lane, producing powers. Bowly, Hewer, Garne, Stratton, and Butler, the latter a gen- The fat cows must not be allowed to pass without a comtleman who has only recently come forward as an exhibitor, ment. Beauty, the Hereford with which Mr. J. Wigmore's and on this occasion with marked success. The Herefords

name again stands first in the prize-list, is a fine specimen of were mostly exhibited by Menors. John Hewer, William Perry, her class; and it could scarcely require a moment's hesitation, W. and J. Taylor, and Mr. John Wigmore, who stood boldly when they were brought out for the inspection of the judges, forth in honour of the county.

to decide to which they would award the honour ; while butIt is amusing to study the enthusiasm with which some of chers pronounced her superior in quality to her Shorthorn rival. the shorthorn advocates will carry out their fancies in support Of sheep there was a good display, the Cotswolds for which of their favourites, when they will not allow themselves to dis- this district is so famous predominating; but in estimating tinguish merit in animals of any other class, oftentimes when priority of place for generally useful purposes, Mr. Holland's there is evident superiority in the latter. Under the powerful Shropshire Downs would surely gain the highest distinction. dominion of fashion's sway, there are men who will too fre- His Grace the Duke of Beaufort patronized the meeting with quently permit themselves to be influenced beyond all pro- some good Southdowns, which, without losing that refinepriety. When we perceive animals laying on fat in patches ment so apparent in that breed, had gained a little more size approximating to deformities, how can we reconcile those pro. than usual. tuberances with that beauty of outline and elegance of propor.

The pigs were few in numbers, and only calling forth a tion indispensable with true symmetry ? These patchy protubeberances are deposits of fat, which have accumulated from passing remark, as respectable specimens of their species. over-feeding, not only of the animal exbibiting them, but also It is impossible to ignore the fact that Gloucestershire is of his antecedents; thus it becomes an inheritance most de- not a horse-breeding county. The numbers exhibited were comparatively small, and several of indifferent quality. The Heifer Calf.-First prize, £4, J. M. Read. Second of £2, exceptions as regards the latter remark generally apply to Warren Evans, Usk. Commended : The whole of the class. those which obtained rewards. The mare and foal for agri- Six Dairy Cows. The prize of £10, Thomas Morris, cultural purposes bad an easy conquest. She also carried off Maisemore. the prize at Battersea - a far greater recommendation. Mr. Fat Steer.-First prize, £6, The Earl of Radnor, Colesbill. W. Hewer gained the prize for mares or geldings suitable for second of £4, Thomas Porter, Baunton, saddle or harness. The competition lay between him and a Fat Cow.–First prize, £6, John Wigmore. Second of £4, four-years-old chesnut shown by Mr. T. Dewe-- horse with Richard Stratton. more power than the winner ; but the action of the latter was

SHEEP. so superlatively good as to demand for him priority of place.

JUDGES.-Henry Lane, Cotswold, He is by Sir Peter Laurie, dam by Shamrock, and quite a

Charles Randall, Chadbury. gentleman's hunter, to carry something under 13 stone.

LONG-WOOLS. We must not dismiss this without a meed of praise to those gentlemen who took so active a part in the proceedings, Bibury.

Five Breeding Ewes.—The prize of £5, William Smith, in arranging the details of the yard, and promoting to the utmost the convenience and enjoyment of the visitors; the

Five Breeding Theaves.--First prize, £5, J. H. Elwes,

Colesbourne. Second of £2 10s., Thomas Porter, Baunton, only drawback being the non-appearance of the prize-list on the first day, entirely owing to the negligence of the printer, Farm. Second of £2, William Garne.

Ram of any age.--First prize, £4, William Garne, Kilkenny Mr. Carrington. He may not have had sufficient experience in these matters to enable bim to judge of the very great of £2, T. Beale Brown, Hamper. Commended : W. Garne.

Shearling Ram.-First prize, £4, William Garne. Second Jisappointment occasioned to all those who are interested in the wards, when they cannot procure the necessary information. Porter, Baunton.

Ram and five Breeding Eweg.-The prize of £6, Thomas PRIZE LIST.


Five Breeding Ewes. - The prize of £5, John Moore, CATTLE.

Littlecot. JUDGES,--Henry Higgins, Wollaston, Lydney.

Five Breeding Theaves. First prize, £5, The Duke of Matthew Savidge, Sarsdon, Chipping Norton.

Beaufort, Badminton. Second of £2 10s., The Earl of SHORTHORNS.

Radnor, Bulls above two years old. - First prize, £8, George Ram of any age. First prize, £4, The Duke of Beaufort. Garne, Churchill Heath. Second of £5. William Hewer, Second of £2, John Moore. Sevenhampton. Third of £2, William Hewer. Highly second of £2, The Duke of Beaufort. Commended : John

Shearling Ram.-First prize, £4, The Earl of Radnor. commended : Richard Stratton.

Bulls above one and under two years old.—First prize, £8, Moore.
John Lane, Barton Mills. Second of £5, George Jones, Ram of any age.--First prize, £4, E. Holland, M.P.
Witley Court Third of £2, Royal Agricultural College, Second of £2, E. Holland, M.P.
Cirencester. Highly commended : Edmund Ruck. Com. Shearling Ram.- First prize, £4, E. Holland, M.P. Se-
mended : Richard Stratton.

cond of £2, E. Holland, M.P. Commended : E. Holland, M.P. Bull-calf under twelve months old. First prize, £5, Ro- Five Breeding Ewes. The prize of £4, William Hemming, bert Hewer, Sand Hill. Second of £2 10s., Edward Hoiland, Caldecott. Esq., M.P., Dumbleton, Highly commended : Richard


Five Breeding Ewes.-Not awarded. Bull, Cow, and Offspring.--First prize, £10, John Lane,

Five Breeding Theaves.--Not awarded. Barton Mills. Second of £5, Richard Stratton, Stapleton.

FAT SHEEP.-LONG-WOOLS. Highly commended : Thomas Garve.

Three Shear Hoggs.- The prize of £3, The Royal AgriculCow in-calf or in-miik.--First prize, £6, Richard Stratton. tural College. Second of £4, John Lane. Third of £2, Edward Holland, Three Eweg.—The prize of £3, Thomas Porter. Esq., M.P. Highly commended : J. W. Comely.

FAT SIIEEP.-SHORT-WOOLS. Breeding Heifer under three years old. --First prize, £6,

Three Shear Hoggs.The prize of £3, The Duke of John Lane. Second of £4, William Hewer. Third of £2, Beaufort. Richard Stratton.

FAT SHEEP.-CROSS-BREED. Breeding Heifer under two years old. First prize, £6, Three Shear Hoggo.-The prize of £3, The Royal AgriWilliam Batler, Badminton. Second of £4, John Lane.

cultural College. Third of £2, William Butler. Highly commended: W.

PIGS. Hewer. Heifer Call.–First prize, £4, Edward Bowly, Siddington. Maisey Hampton. Second of £2, Wm. Hewer, Sevenhampton.

Boar Pig under oue year old.--First prize, £4, C. Hobbs, Secoud of £2, Richard Stratton. Commended : The Earl of

Three Sow-Pigs under six months old.-First prize, £4, Radnor and Richard Stratton.

withheld. Second of £2, E. Reeve, Ross. HEREFORDS.

Sow Pig for Breeding.--First prize, £3, The Rev. Heury Bull above two years old.--First prize, £8, R. H. Capper, Bailey, Swindon. Second of £l 103., Edward Bowly. Ross. Second of £5, Thomas Edwards, Wintercott. Third Highly commended : The Royal Agricultural College and The of £2, W. Perry, Cholstrey. Commended : W. Evang. Earl of Radnor. Commended: Wm. Herbert, W. J. Sadler,

Bull above one and onder two years old.- First prize, £8, and W. Yells. W. J. Morris, Whitwick. Second of £5, James Taylor, Sow and Pigs.-The prize of £3, The Royal Agricultural Stretford Court. Third of £2, J. M. Read, Elkstone.

College. Ball Call under twelve months old.-First prize, £5, Thos.

HORSES. Edwards, Wiutercott. Second of £2 10s, Wm. Perry.

JUDGE.-John Walker, Knightwick. Highly commended: James Taylor and Jobn Wigmore. Mare and Foal.- First prize, £5, Jobn Attwater, Cubberley. Commended: W. J. Morris.

Second of £3, J. H. Elwes, Colesbourne Park,
Bull, Cow, and Offspring.--First prize, £10, C. Vevers, Agricultural Stallion.-The prize of £10, John Sivell,
Ivington. Second of £5, Thomas Duckham, Buysbam Court. Loogford. Highly commended: Jobu Crump. Commended :

Cow in-calf or in-milk.- First prize, £6, James Taylor, Colonel Kingscote, M.P.
Stretford. Second of £4, W. Perry. Third of £2, J. M. Agricultural Filly or Gelding: -First prize, £5, Edward

Phillimore, Cheltenham. Second of £3, Charles Wakefield,
Breeding Heifer under three years old.-First prize, £6, Quenington.
John Wigmore, Ross. Second of £4, John Wigmore. Tbird Mare or Gelding for Harness or Saddle.-The prize of £5,
of £2, J. M. Read,

Wm. Hewer. Sevenhampton. Highly commended : W. T. Breeding Heiser under two years old. First prize, £6, John Dewe. Commended : The whole class. Wigmore. Second of £4, John Wigmore. Third of £2, Pony not exceeding 14 bands.--The prize of £5, Wm. Wm, Perry

Smith, Bibury.


[7th dugust, 1862.) sale, with the amount of the penalty, to be paid to the treaWhereas it is expedient that the laws now in force for the surer of the county or borough where the conviction takes better detection and prevention of poaching should be place; and no person who, by direction of a justice in writing, amended: Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent shall sell any game so seized shall be liable to any penalty for Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords such sale ; and if no conviction takes place, the game or any Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Par- such article or thing as aforesaid, or the value thereof, shall be liament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as restored to the persou from wbom it had been seized. follows:

3. Any penalty under this Act shall be recovered and en1. The word "game” in this Act shall for all the purposes forced in England in the same manner as penalties under the of this Act be deemed to include any one or more bares, phea. Act First and Second William the Fourth, Chapter Thirty. sants, partridges, eggs of pbeasants and partridges, wood-two, and in Scotland under the Act Second and Third William cocks, spipes, rabbits, grouse, black or moor game, and eggs the Fourth, Chapter Sixty-eight, and in Ireland under the of grouse, black or moor game; and the words “justice" and Petty Sessions, Ireland, Act, 1851, when not otherwise "justices” in this Act shall, unless otherwise provided for, directed in this Act. mean respectively a justice and justices of the peace respec- 4. The powers and provisions of the Act of the eleventh tively of or for the county, riding, divisiou, liberty, city, and twelfth years of her present Majesty, Chapter Forty-three, borough, or place in which any game, gun, part of gun, net, shall extend and apply to this Act, and to all proceedings, anare, or engine alter mentioned shall be found.

matters, and things to be taken, had and done, and to all 2. It shall be lawful for any constable or peace officer in any persons to be proceeded against or taking proceedings under county, borough, or place in Great Britain and Ireland, in any this Act. highway, street, or public place, to search any person whom 5. No conviction or order made under this Act, or adjudihe may have good cause to suspect of coming from any land cation made on appeal therefrom, shall be quashed for want of where he shall have been unlawfully in search or pursuit of form, or be removed by certiorari or otherwise into any of her game, or any person aiding or abetting such person, and Majesty's superior courts of record ; and no warrant of comhaving in his possession any game unlawiully obtained, or any mitment shall be held void by reason of any defect therein, gun, part of gun, or nets or engines ased for the killing or provided it be therein alleged that the party has been contaking game, and also to stop and search any cart or other victed, and there be a good and valid conviction to sustain the conveyance in or upon which such constable or peace officer shall have good cause to suspect that any such game or any 6. Any person who shall think himself aggrieved by any such article or thiog is being carried by any such person, and such summary conviction may appeal to the next court of should there be found any game or any such article or thing general or quarter sessions which shall be holden not less than as aforesaid upon such person, cart, or other conveyance, to twelve days after the day of such conviction for the county, seize and detaia such game, article, or thing; and such con- riding, division, or borough wherein the cause of complaint stable or peace officer shall in such case apply to some justice shall have arisen, provided that such person shall give to the of the peace for a summons citing such person to appear before complainant a notice in writing of such appeal, and of the two justices of the peace assembled in petty sessions, as pro- cause and matter thereof, within three days after such convicvided in the Eighteenth and Nineteeth of her present M4. tion, and seven clear days at the least before such sessions, jesty, Chapter One Hundred and Twenty-six, Section Nine and shall, within three days, enter into a recognizance, or as far as regards England and Ireland, and before a sheriff or boud of caution in Scotland, with a sufficient surety, before a any two justices of the peace in Scotland; and if such justice of the peace, conditioned personally to appear at the person shall have obtained such game by unlawfully going on said sessions, and to try such appeal, and to abide the judg. any land in search or pursuit of game, or shall have used any went of the court thereapon, and to pay such costs as shall such article or thing as aforesaid for unlawfully killing or be awarded by the court; and the court at such sessions shall taking game, or shall have been accessory thereto, such per- hear and determine the matter of appeal, and shall make such son shall, on being convicted thereof, forfeit and pay any sumn order therein, with or without costs, to either party, as to the not exceeding five pounds, and shall forfeit buch game, guus, court shall scem fit, and shall, if necessary, issue process for parts of guns, nets, and engines, and the justices shall direct enforcing such judgment. the same to be sold or destroyed, and the proceeds of such


THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND, Monthly Council: Wednesday, Aug, 6.-Pre- | Adcane, Henry John, M.P., Babraham Park, Cambridge sont : Viscount Eversley, President, in the chair ; Lord Appach, Reginald, Maytham IIall, Rolvendon, Kent Walsingham, the Hon. A. Vernon, Sir A. K. Macdonald, Araujo, Captain F. J. da Silva, Rio de Janeiro Bart.; Mr. Raymond Barker, Mr. Cantrell, Colonel Arbuthnot, W. Hugh, Bridgen Place, Kent Challoner, Mr. Brandreth Gibbs, Mr. Hamond, Mr. Argent, John, Church Farm, Egham Pisher Hobbs, Mr. Lawrence, 'Mr. Milward, Mr. Aylesford, Earl of, Aylefords, Maidstone Randell, Mr. Shuttleworth, Mr. Owen Wallis, Mr.

Battcock, Frank, Hemingford Abbotts, St. Ives, Hin's, Henry Wilson, Professor Wilson, Mr. Frere, Professor Black, James, 20, Great George Street, S.W.

Bayes, Charles, Kettering Simonds and Dr. Voelcker.

Bean, Alfred William, Shooter's Hill, Kent H.R.H. the Duke of Cambridge, K.G., &c., was Beecroft, William, Upton, Chester elected a Life Governor of the Society. The Marquis Bennett, George, 30, Fenchurch Street, E.C. of Anglesey, and the Marquis of Bristol were elected Bessborough, Earl of, 40. Charles Street, Berkeley Square, W. Governors.

Beviss, John, Sydling, Dorchester, Dorset

Blundell, John, Crooke Hall, Chorley The following New Members were elected :

Bogne, Jolin Morris, Westward Park, Wigton Abercorn, Marquis of, Chesterfield House, South Audley Bond, Frederick, Whitelackington, Ilminster Street, W.

Boucherette, Henry Robert, Willingham, Lincoln

« EelmineJätka »