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TRADE WITH SWEDEN.

The external trade of Sweden has largely increased, institutions were established in Sweden, about twenty having more than doubled in ten years. In 1850 the years ago, for the study of the scientific principles and value of the imports was under £2,000,000; in 1860 the practical exercise of agriculture, that the manufacit had risen to £4,581,611 ; and the exports have ture of agricultural implements has been carried on as a progressed in the same ratio from £2,042,056 to special industry. At first these implements were manu£4,805,333. The gradual reduction of duties and re- factured only at the agricultural schools, of which, moval of prohibitions by the triennial customs-tariff at the present day, there are two higher and twentyhave promoted the import trade of the country. Free- three lower; bat a continuous progress in agriculture, trade has made great progress in Sweden during the and an increasing knowledge that good implements are last twelve years. Except some colonial goods on one of the most important conditions in order to obtain which finance duties are levied, all articles of food, an increase in the prodaction of agricultural produce, and all raw materials are duty-free. The same is the have now called forth special works for this branch of case with coal and machinery and implements.

manufacture. Looking at the progress of our trade with Sweden, The products of the forest form an article of export in conneetion with the products shown at the Inter- of some extent. In 1851, 865,533 dozen of deals and national Exhibition, a short account of the agricultural boards were shipped, and in 1860, 1,390,172 dozen. condition of that country cannot be without interest. Of timber and spars the export was, in 1851, 429,600 The population in 1859 was returned at 3,787,735. pieces, and in 1860, 620,406 pieces. There are some very The area of the kingdom is 170,621 British square fine sections of forest-trees shown, especially of pines and miles, of which the great inland lakes form about firs. Another product which is beginning to be more 21,614 square miles.

developed is turpentine, rosin, &c., from the extensive The agricultural statistics of Sweden have not yet forests of Sweden. The raw rosin is heated with steam, been brought to such perfection as to admit of ap

and separated into turpentine spirit, colophony or rosin, proximatively correct statements of the production and a pitchy residue, which is partly made into smali of grain or other produce of the farms; but the cakes for burning, and partly turned into lampblack. Custom House lists of imports and exports, pub Wool, made from the spines or needles of the red lished by the Board of Trade, evidently prove pine, and an oil distilled therefrom, are also now articles the great progress made. The average quantities of commerce. of grain and flour imported and exported the last The number of oil mills has declined of late years; twelve years show that tho quantity of grain in 1850 there were 60, which produced 203,421 gallons annually exported on an average, during the years of oil; in 1860 there were 43, which produced 263,859 1858 to 1860, was nearly four and a-half times as large gallons. The export of seed-cake in 1860 was 1,169 as the average annual quantity exported in the years tons. 1849 to 1857, and that the annual surplus of exports

Steamed bone-dust for cattle food made from fresh over imports, during the first-mentioned period, ex

bones from the butchers' shops is exhibited. It is stated ceeds that of the last-mentioned by 771,718 imperial to be very useful mixed with flour, bran,or groats, given quarters. Among the Swedish products exhibited are winter wheat weighing 664 lbs. per bushel-wheat of-a-pound daily, young ones two ounces ; fowls, geese,

to the animals. Grown-up cattle should have a quarterfrom ten miles south of the arctic circle; rye weighing and poultry generally, as much as they will con64lbs. the bushel, and rye and barley grown in lat. 63 deg. 30 sec., 203 feet above the level of the sea, and Those bones which are of less value are steamed and

sume, the production eggs thereby being increased. 3,900 feet below the snow region. The various agri- ground for manure. cultural societies show good collections of grain, pulse; for extracting the fat.

All bones are previously boiled seeds, flour &c.; and a large number of medals and made for the sugar refineries, of which there are 12 ;

Animal charcoal is largely honourable mentions have been awarded by the jury. the dust is used for blacking, &c. The price of steamed Cheese, beetroot sugar, potato-flour and groats, oil-bone-dust for cattle-food in Stockholm is 13s. 4d. per cakes, silk, wool, &c., are also shown, but the quan-crt; of steamed and fine-powdered bopes for matities of these required for consumption are mostly nure, 78. 4d. to 8s. 8d. ; and of animal charcoal, 16s. imported.

per cwt. About 10,000 cwt. of bones are annually Tho live stock in the kingdom was returned in 1855 exported from Sweden. as follows: Horses 390,758, oxen 309,489, cows

The manufacture of superphosphate of lime has 1,096,259, young cattle 492,902, sheep 1,587,809, swine lately been commenced in Sweden. 556,211, goats 171,939. The imports of wool into made, one in which nearly all the phosphate is made Sweden were, in 1850, 1,938, 139 lbs.; in 1855, soluble, and another with 11 or 12 per cent. soluble 3,835,528 lbs.; and in 1860, 2,378,325 lbs.

phosphate. The raw materials are principally refuse A good many agricoltural implements are now made from the animal charcoal used in the sugar refineries, in Sweden. The raw materials for these being cheap, to which a certain proportion of fine powdered copvarious useful rural machines and implements are

The coprolites are obtained from exported to Russia, Norway, and Denmark to an in- | England and the sulphuric acid partly from Sweden creasing amount every year. It is only since special | and partly from France, Holland, and Germany.

Two kinds are TEXTLESS NOTES.

rolites is added.

BY A CROTCHETY FARMER.

IX.

who seemed rather to like than dislike weeds; one we God helps those who help themselves !” Would not a

have heard actually boast that his nettles! "- - (a right appreciation of the innate force and truth of this strong expletive here, where we have, in milder mood, remarkable saying, by the labourers on whom the practice put a dash merely) 'em grew like trees." True, he was of agriculture so much depends, and of whose condition of that kidney, who have nothing small about them80 much of late has been said, tend much, and go very great men in fact, who, like Dogberry, have had their far to bring them out of what they call—or is called for losses; these losses, however, are greater than those ofother them by men more orthodox than judicious—their land

men ; and who are so apt to magnify all that they have, of bondage, into the pleasant land where the sun shines that they magnify even their defects-men, in fact, whose and plenty abounds? I do not say the whole, but "geese are always swans. ." Iflazy farmers of, or not of this assuredly I say that m of the gist of this whole la class, as the case may be, only knew, or knowing would bour question lies here. It is no use in the labourers, only consider-two very different things be it here reor other parties for them, perpetually calling to be marked--the amazing fecundity of weeds, they would helped out of their difficulties. When other men get their surely be tempted to commence a war against them, chariot wheels into the ruts of difficulty and the mire of and wage it till a weed was a rare thing to be seen on misery, they do as Jupiter advised the waggoners in the their farms. Professor Buckman, wbo bas done much fable to do, namely, "put their shoulder to the wheel." good service to agriculture in many ways, scarcely ever This the labourer must do, if he means to make any weeds, and showed how wasteful they were of the

did so good a thing as when he took up the subject of progress at all in the race which all have to run, for a living, now-a-days. Men in the middle ranks have to strength of the land when allowed to grow there. do it, and do it too without a murmur every day.

“ There appears,” he remarks, “ to be a most important Helping ourselves has in fact brought our Anglo- point connected with agrarian weeds, that has been, if Saxon race to occupy the very front of the position of not overlooked, at least not much insisted on, and this advancing humanity. There are some things doubtless mainly from want of more analyses of weeds, namely, in which our poor labourers cannot help themselves—to

that weeds common to good cultivated soil, appear to wit, the erection of cottages, or the drainage of a street; possess some of the most important chemical principles for them by others; but we insist upon the indisputable upon the fat of the

land, both of course to the prejudice such things demanding capital must of necessity be done in great quantities. Hence weeds are a twofold nuisance,

as they not only appropriate valuable space, but live truth of this that in things which demand only care, the labourers are bound to exercise it. Now, care

of the cultivated tribes."' Perhaps the most startling of time, care of means, care of the thousand-and-one series of facts he treated us with bad reference to the things which come within his province, bring with them,

enormous increase of weeds from seeding.' Of these if not competence, at all events comfort. The result of facts the few following may be useful: The groundsel all the agitation that has been made of late years on the (Senecio vulgaris) bears 130 flowers, and having 50 subject of the condition of the agricultural labourer has

seeds to each flower, the number of seeds a single plant been, we fear, too much the inculcation of the truth produces is 6,500. The corn-cockle (Agrostemma that as every thing was about to be done, or at least githago) has 7 flowers, each bearing 370 seeds, giving proposed to be done, for the labourer, it was really very duus nutans) has 25 dowers, and each bearing 150

the plant's produce at 2,590. The inusk thistle (Carlittle use for him to trouble himself with doing anything for bimself. It is now high time for those whose lines seeds, gives 3,750 as the number produced by the plant. are cast

in pleasant places, while still persisting in doing But large as these numbers seem, and prolific in profor the poor what they cannot do for themselves, to dis- duce as these weeds are, they are nothing compared to abuse at the same time the minds of the poor that the produce of other weeds and seeds which are too comeverything is to be done for them, and to inculcate the

mon in our fields. Thus the red poppy (Papaver grand truth, that in many things they can help them- rhæus), a weed which makes too many a field brilliant selves, and that no amount of “neighbour help” can

with its radiant presence, bears 100 flowers on each ever be so valuable to them as self help."

plant, and as each flower bears 500 seeds, we arrive at the astounding number of 50,000 seeds : multiply

this by the thousands of plants in a field—and we X.

have
fields with large

spaces ruby red with it and

idea be gathered of As worthless as a weed,” is a phrase often enough the amazing rapidity with which a whole district heard ; yet nevertheless that a weed is not worthless, or may soon be covered with weeds if no warfare is waged at all events that it is as carefully preserved as if it was against them. Take again the case of the corn sow anything but so, might be thought to be the case with thistle (Sonchus arvensis), we find that each plant bears some, judging from the little pains they take to get rid 100 flowers, and each flower 190 seeds, giving no fewer of it, or rather the love they seen to bear for them. than 19,000 seeds as the produce of one plant. Then Not quite worthless are weeds, when in their right again, that “curse of many a field," as it has been someplace and put to their right use—that is, collected what profanely called, the charlock (sinapis arvensis) and consumed, and their ashes kept as a valuable ma- gives 4,000 seeds to each plant, one flower being 400, nure; worthless, however, in every way, and worse than and each bearing 10 seeds. Taking all things connected worthless, when allowed to grow and multiply on the with weeds into account, the rapidity with which they land, wbich should be bearing crops of another and grow, their fecundity, the care with which they more valuable kind. Lazy farmers we have known, / spread themselves abroad, the amount of fertilizing

seen

some

can

matter they rob from the soil, and which otherwise of getting rid of the weeds brings the soil into and keeps might be assimilated by the crops which minister to it up to that condition in which plants best thrive in man, it is scarcely to be wondered at, that from those it. Surely this is a consideration of some value, and far-seeing men, the go-a-bead farmers of the day, an ought to have such weight with those who are thinking outcry should have gone forth of late, against those who about declaring war against the weeds, as to urge them will not do anything to clear their own lands from this to delay no longer, but to open fire at once. And this burden of waste, and a demand, moreover, seeing this in- mention of the same word “fire,” reminds me that weeds difference, that as they will not do this willingly, they are not worthless when taken from their wrong place, should be compelled to do it. For it is an axiom or a that is the fields, and put in their right one, the fire. maxim of ourcommon law, that I have no right to do what Once these are consumed, the result will be a valuable creates a nuisance and a loss to my neighbour. And, manure, not a worthless heap. Weed ashes are exif I can, at a court of law, get redress for a noxious ma- tremely valuable as a manure, for analyses show that nufacture, carried on in the neighbourhood, and result- they abound in alkalies and phosphates. If my readers ing in loss to me, is there much of a wrong done could have seen a plot of turnips I grew last year, with if I wish to have the power to stop my neighbour from weed ashes as a manure alone, he would, if a nonallowing the breezes which blow over and from his fields believer in the statement as to their manurial value, to mine, to bear with them thousands of seeds of weeds have quickly become convinced that he was wrong. which he is too easy or indifferent to extirpate? But after Burn then, and burn without delay, all the weeds which all, willing work is better than forced work, andwhile de- you take from your fields, and on no account throw sirous see a less lively, vigorous, and extended crop them on the manure heap. It is astonishing to note of weeds cultivated in our rural districts, and the space the vitality of weeds. Professor Buckman states that they occupy and the fertilizing matters they take from the putting of weeds into manure heaps is a most pregthe soil given to more valuable crops, I am never- nant source of evil; many a manure beap, he says, protheless sanguine enough to hope, and crotchety enough duces“ seeds enough to stock a farm." to believe, that as knowledge spreads and lightens up While thinking over the subject of weeds, let not the now darkened districts, our farmers, who look upon a warning words of the authority just quoted be overweed now as almost a necessary result of tillage as the looked, and let a cognizance of their existence bring crops alongside of which they grow in all their greenness, about a belief in their truth, and a determination that a will come to see that weeds are worse than worthless, that war unceasing in its vigilance shall be henceforth kept they are wasters, that it in every sense pays to get rid up against the whole tribe of worthless, yet too prolific of them. For it is a somewhat assuring and pleasant weeds. “ Trivial,” says the Professor-for it is the mothing to know that in extirpating weeds, we are not desty pursued by all inquiring minds, and which makes only getting rid of a perpetual and wasteful drain upon them fearful of giving too much prominence to any. the resources of the soil, but that at the same time we thing which they take in hand, which makes him call are improving the land, opening it up and exposing it to trivial what is not by any means 80—“ trivial as the the action of the atmosphere. In removing a weed which subject will appear to some, it is not only a question clings round and chokes up a plant, we not only re- of private profit, but of national importance. If all the move its blood-sucker, 80 to speak, but we loosen the weeds which occupy the place of plants that serve for soil around it, and give all the benefits of a miniature the substance of man were in a single parish collected horse-hoeing. The labour of the “weeder" is twice together, we should be astonished to perceive how great rewarded. Everything has its uses ; men have won- was the loss of food to the community at large. What dered what use a weed can possibly have; may not this the weed eats, is so much taken from human subsistence, to which we have above alluded be one of them? A and the aggregate they consume is enormous.” I thus well-weeded soil is not only productive, we venture to conclude my note, and could not conclude it better. say, because the weeds are absent from the soil, and the What need, moreover, is there for saying more, when crops which it bears are alone recipients of the fertilizing this extract says all that ought to be said ? Verbum virtue which it contains; but because the very act 'sap.

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There are few evils afflicting agriculturists that can com- a case; but we cannot perceive the slightest injustice in pare with the mischief occasioned in a well-farmed district by putting down such a nuisance; and a nuisance, in every the presence of a neighbour who does not cut dovon his weeds. sense of the word, it is. It would be invidious to mention inAt the present season, in some parts of the country, the air is dividual cases; but we presume there is scarcely one of our actually filled with floating thistle-down; and, keep land as readers, who possesses a clean-kept farm, who could not at you may, if one has a dirty neighbour, high farmiog, in its once point to some promoters of this evil, so rife at this partrue sense, is labour in vain. We cannot even hold proprie- ticular season, and who does not fully sympathize with his tors guiltless in this matter of disseminating weeds; for from brother-farmer who lives alongside of a "weedy neighbour." their woods and commons and warrens millions of seeds are Commons in general, or seaside links, are often the great hothourly winging their flight to the garden-like farms of their beds and nurseries of this pest of thistles; and we have heard tenante. In our columns mention was lately made of the insti- it mentioned that one in East Lothian supplies thistles for tution of a Chamber of Agriculture. Here, then, is a fertile nearly the whole county. In the absence of the proposed subject for immediate consideration, and one about which the Chamber of Agriculture, perhap: the committees of some of Chamber could with a good grace go to the Legislature for our agricultural clubs will put down for discussion during the protection. In the colonies, our sharper brethren have long eosuing winter the subject of “Weedy Neighbours ;” and we ago dealt with the question in a business-like way; and par- shall live in hopes of seeing a short bill passing the House of ticularly in the colony of Victoria, a very heavy penalty is en- Commous, compelling every one to cut down his thistles beforced from any one who allows weeds to go to seed.

fore they go to seed, and wing their flight to the farms of Perhaps it may be thought by some to be inconsistent with those wbo are compelled most unwillingly to receive them.British ideas of liberty and private rights, to interfere in such | Scottish Farmer,

basket.

THE AGRICULTURAL "INTEREST.” Agriculture is the most petted of all our inte-it not, on the other hand, riding rough-shod over it, rests." So, at least, declares the Times, in a leader (if and treating the wishes and claims of the interest with considerate comment on Lord Derby's capital speech

derision and contempt ?

Or, to put the point a little more direct, is the at Preston. And one reads the didactie sentence over

Press generally in the habit of petting Agriculture ? again in a sort of hazy wonder as to whether the where else has there been so common a butt for news be not too good to be trne ? Agriculture the senseless ridicule and absurd abuse as the cause of most petted of all our interests here in England! Agriculture? What other interest has been so sysAs how ?" By whom? Where? What can it mean? tematically misrepresented or so grossly maligned ?

It is only within these few last years that an agricultuPetted! surely it must be a misprint for snubbed, ral meeting has been admitted to be of any good use ; slighted, twitted, or something of that kind ! No. the very credit of struggling on through a trying change The context carries it out; and the writer really means of circumstances has been but tardily and unwillingly what he says. Lord Derby "pats it on the back," recognized; and what, further, is the fact at this and everybody else “pets" it.

moment? If Mr. Alderman Mechi, or any such an It is something to

authority," wishes to have a rap at or cast a slur upon know this; and one has a frown ready, for the spoilt the agriculturist, the clearest of type and the best of child, as scarcely so far susceptible of all the kindness places are sure to welcome his effusions; whereas the shown him. But, petted by whom, and how ? as we ready answer and straightforward contradiction go but must repeat, in our ignorance. Is it by the Govern.

too commonly from the Editor's box to his waste-paper ment? to begin in high places; and we certainly remem

Is this petting, and spoiling, and patting on

the back? If so, the farmer has had enough of it. “You ber no very particular petting of Agriculture by our don't know what I did for that boy's education," said rulers, saving, perhaps, the keeping on of the Malt-duty old Weller to Mr. Pickwick, when speaking of his son when the duty on Corn was taken off. If this be pet. Sam : " I turned him out into the street, and made ting, it is of such a kind as not one of “all our other him shift for his-self as soon as he could walk.” It interests” would ever have submitted to. But yet Ministers, noble lords, honourable M.P.'s, and potent

must be surely in something the same way that Prime petted, may be, in other ways—in grants, and aids, and editors have been petting and patronising agricultureoffers of encouragement, that put as in happy compari- by turning their backs on her, and leaving her to shift son with other countries. Again, however, we must ask, for herself, with possibly the occasional philippic of & in our utter ignorance, is it so ? When has the little gratuitous abuse.

No! The signal advance and improvement in Government ever volunteered to help on Agriculture ? Where, now, is our National“ Board” of Agriculture ? Que to no patronage of the Government, to no petting

agriculture during the last fifteen or twenty years What does it give to the Royal Agricultural Society, of the public. In every example that we might turn or any other public body instituted to advance our to, individual enterprize has had to rely mainly on the object? It is true that we may not need such coun- appreciation of fellow-labourers in the cause. Turn tenance, and that we may be all the better for over the statute-book for the period we have referred relying on our own exertions; but, still, pray do to, and with the exception of the one momentous act of

repealing the Corn Laws, it will be curious to see not let it be said that we are “petted.” Only look how little encouragement agriculture has received from at that recent outbreak in Wiltshire. Had such a the Legislature. Now that the lamented Duke of calamity happened in France, the probability is that Richmond is gone from amongst us, we may count up the diseased flock would have been bought up the true Farmers' Friends on our fingers, that is, and destroyed by order of the Emperor. Here, frieuds who think and feel with the farmer, and not after some little difficulty, we do get an Act on those who make his name a stalking-horse, simply to forced for staying so far as possible the spread of the serve their own purposes. If in its present position malady. But at the same time the farmers are sub- Agriculture has a boast, it is this that it has not been scribing and forming Mutual Preventive Associations petted, that it has not been patronized, but has made amongst themselves, without the offer of a word or a

its way onward, ofter enough traduced, and consixpence from Government. Is this the “petting" of tinually misunderstood. our contemporary ?

Let us bear in mind the hostile criticism to which the Or, possibly, it may be assumed that our special re- earlier meetings of the Royal Agricultural Society were presentatives and county aristocracy are petting the so subjected, before their purpose could be properly agricultural interest? Far from it. The country gen- developed. Let us remember how the Manchester tlemen would never be guilty of any such partiality to men hang together and fight for each other, and with “ interests." They but too often either carefully run what cool indifference the Country Party entertain any away when the farmer's case comes on, or manifest their topic that may be thought to concern their constituents. independence by going dead against him. Let us take Lord This may give a prize for a bull, and Lord That may another recent instance. The Police Gamekeeper Bill make a speech at a dinner; but the Societies of Agriwas proposed in the House of Lords by a country culture flourish mainly as Agriculture herself holds her gentleman, and carried through the House of Commons ground-by the support and exertions of her own sons. by a party of country gentlemen, though everybody And these are the petted children of fortune, tenderly else said it was a shame and injustice. Was the cherished and coddled by their “betters," much after triumphant majority over this measure making Agri- the fashion of the man who was always thrashing his culture “the most potted of all our interests ?" Or was wife, because " he was really so fond of her!"

REVIEW.

The italics are

'Every man his own Farrier," was the title of a At page 345, speaking of bleeding in cases of in. work on the veterinary art, published many years ago. flammation, the author says: "In the works on veteriAt that period, however, there were very few farmers nary medicine, up to the present day, the dangerous who had education enough to understand the technical because inflammation is running high, may be met at

recommendation of bleeding when the pulse is strong, words and phrases used in surgery or medicine, and every page. In accordance with more enlightened still fewer who would venture to practise the rules laid pathological views, efforts must now be turned towards down, in the use of the lancet or the knife, or in ad-abolishing such ancient and dangerous methods of ministering medicine in the cure of disease. The practice. It must not be forgotten that to save blood, practice of the art, more especially in the country, an animal's life. The cases are extremely rare in

and not to draw blood, is usually equivalent to saving was chiefly in the hands of men destitute of a scientific which the abstraction of blood is of any moment; and knowledge of their profession, and who acted some- to the non-professional reader we say, do not tamper times upon the rules laid down by their predecessors, with dangerous remedies ; to the professional reader, as as ignorant as themselves, or upon nustrums they had well, I have now to say, that the pulse alone cannot

indicate when bleeding is advisable." themselves invented from their own observation and

ours, but the whole passage reminded us of the death experience. Many of them possessed discernment and of the late Count Cavour, which was accelerated, at common sense, and by their constant exercise acquired least, by the repeated blood-lettings of the Piedmona certain amount of skill, which enabled them both to tese physicians. judge of the nature and seat of a disease, and the examination, which unfolds the minutest fibres of vas

With anatomical study is connected microscopic proper application for its cure. On the other hand, colar disease-auscultation, or listening, which, by the majority were mere empyrics, who with that means of an instrument enables the practitioner to “ little knowledges which the poet declares to be “a jedge of “the condition of any organ of the body by dangerous thing," and a large amount of assurance, means of sounds conveyed to the ear, when applied set up for " horse doctors” or “co'n leeches,” with a

over the region in which such organ is situated ;" perlist of nostrums of that “kill or cure" character that with the view of eliciting sounds, whereby we may

cussion, which consists in striking upon the surface were as likely, (or rather more), to do the first as the form an opinion as to whether the subjacent organs are second. Nature, in fact, was more the handmaid of these in a healthy or morbid condition." That portion men than skill or science, and whatever celebrity they of the work, on the nature and character of the fatal acquired might, in many cases, have been gained by pleuro-pneumonia, and the mode of cure, will be practising the “ laissez faire” as well, or even better breeding and keeping of cattle. The numbers that are

read with deep interest by all persons concerned in the than by the application of their medicines.

annually lost by it are fearful, and the success that has All this is now changed, since the medical" school. attended Dr. Gamgee's methods of prevention as well master" bas“ been abroad." Science in the core of as cure, renders his work, which lays down the treatment disease is no longer confined to those who minister to he practises, very valuable. From all that can be as

certained this disease is a foreign importation; for when the human species. The health of a horse, an ox, or a

importing cattle ceased during the long war, the sheep is a disease worthy of studious attention, economically speaking, as well as that of a man; and the the freedom of commerce has brought great numbers

disease disappeared, and has only been renewed since praetice of the veterinary art is found to be as amenable of foreign cattle to this country. The work, as one to the laws of science as that of the Royal College of of a series, is well worthy of a careful perasal by the Physicians itself.

farmer and grazier. There are now three Veterinary Schools, one in London and two in Edinburgh, where the practice of animal pathology is taught on those scientific

MARKET DRAYTON AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. principles which are founded upon anatomical investi

- The following awards were made at this society's meetgation. At the head of one of the Scottish institutions is ing last Thursday: For the best cultivated farm, not less Professor Johu Gamgee, already known as the author of “ Dairy Stock," and " The Veterinarian's Vade Me

than 100 acres, first prize, silver cup, Mr. Bourne, Child's cum"; while we have now in hand a new work from the Ercall; second, piece of plate, Mr. G. Boughey, Sayer same author, which bas given rise to the above remarks.* Fields Farm; highly commended, Mr. Pooler, Calvington It is a highly scientific treatise, but at the same time Farm; commended, Mr. Kemp, Tittenley Farm. Best written in a style so simple and easy that any man of and cleanest clover root, not less than five acres, first prize, com n education may understand it with a little silver cup, Mr. Pooler, Calvington; second, piece of plate, attention. We shall take a few short passages at ran- Mr. Heatley, Old Springs Farm ; highly commended, Mrdom, as illustrating the manner in which the general Blockley, Newhouse, Wollertor. Best crop of swede tur. subject is treated.

nips, not less than six acres, first prize. silver cup, Mr.

Heatley; second, piece of plate, Mr. Boughey; highly "Our Domestic Animals, in Health and Disease ; second commended, Mr. R. Heatley; commended, Mr. Kemp. division-Organs of Circulation and Respiration." By John Gamgee, Principal of the New Veterinary College, Edin

Best crop of mangolds, first prize, piece of plate, Mr. John burgb. (T. C. Jack, Edinburgh; Hamilton, Adams, and Broughton; second, medal, Mr. Wickham, Broomhall; Co. London.).

highly commended, Mr. Bourne, Child's Ercall.

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