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were left unsold. A lot of fat lambs were offered 298., but | supply of sheep, which went off at high prices. Horses in were not sold. The lambs were principally in the hands of abundance, and a fair amount of business done. jobbers. Three-parts lambs were selling at from 16s. to 24s. MALDON FAIR.-The show of cattle was limited, and and ball-breds from 119. to 20s. One lot of three-parts not of very prime order. Quite as many sheep and lambs a brought 24d., apother 21s., and another 226. 6d. In the ewe usual, which appeared to sell briskly, many of them being market there was a fair supply, and prices good. A lot of purchased and driven off the field early in the day. The bred ewes, belonging to Mr. Wilson of Cumledge, brought horses did not appear much in demand : Mesurs. A. May and 455. Mr. Hood, Bogend, sold a lot at 40s. Bred ewes were Son sold over forty by auction, realising good prices. selling at from 45s, to 370., tbree-parts bre at 368. to 38.. MOFFAT TUP FAIR.-Prices refused in the morniog and half-bred at 333. to 36s. A lot of fat sheep from Win- could not afterwards be obtained. A large number of Cbe. kerstones brought 388. 6d., but there were few of this descrip- viots were driven off unsold. Owing to the small supply of tion of sheep in the market. Mutton was selling at from 6 d. bred sheep there was a better demand for that class, and also to 7 d. per ib.

for blackfaced. Prices for one-year-old Cheviot rams ranged DURHAM FAIR.-Horses had limited demand, and prices from £2 to #7; in a few rare cases a higher figure was onwere low. Lambs 13s, to 168., milch cows £14 to £17, Irish tained. Two-year-olds, £3 to £7 108. ; three-year-olds, £3 ditto £4 to $7 each.

to £13; tap lambs, from 15s. to 20s. ; Leicester sheep, £4 to EGREMONT FAIR.-Only a limited number of cattle, £5 10s. In the afternoon a good deal of business was done which met with a ready demand at high prices. A great in the private sale of draft ewes, at prices from 21s. to 254., number of Irish cattle, which were little sought after.

the advance on last year being in general ls. a head. FINDON FAIR.— The sheep peoned were 10,000, being MOSS OF BALLOCH HORSE FAIR.-The quotations 2,000 less than last year. It was a very brisk fair, and nearly were- Draught horses, from £18 to £45 ; harness borses, all the sheep were sold at an early hoor. Lambs sold from from £20 to £30; two-year-old colts, from £15 to £25; 20s. to 30s; good useful lambs could be bought at from 26s. picked ponies, from £8 to £12. While these were the current to 274. Mr. Goring's (of Wiston) ewes sold for 40s. per head; quotations, there were several exceptional sales, both above Mrs. Hords' (Cobden) sold for 36g. per head, as did Mr. and below these figures. Meeter's. There was a large show of horses, which went off NEWARK FAT STOCK MARKET.-There was a fair at various prices, according to their quality; and beasts the supply of both beast and sheep, which met with ready sale at

There was a greater attendance at the fair than there recent rates. Beef, 7s. 6d, to 8s. per st.; sheep, 640. to 7d. has been for some years. Wether sheep very few, and none sold, the price being too high

NEWCASTLE (STAFFS.) FAIR.-The supply of stock GLOUCESTER MONTHLY MARKET.-The supply of was not so large as at some previous fairs, but still there was Beasis was large, and the whole changed hands, principally ample for the number of buyers. Barrens and calvers of firstthrough the instrumentality of the auctioneers. Only a small rate quality commanded good prices, but middling stock found number of Sheep were peoved, and there being a good attend- but few purchasers. Fat stock sold at 54d. to 6d. per lb. la ance of buyers, almost everything was sold. Beef 6d. to 7d.. the horse fair there was a large sbow, and a good amount of Mutton 7d. to 7fd., Lamb 80. to 81d. per lb., Pigs 10s. to business done. 10s. 6d. per score.

NEWTON FAIR. -Prime fat bullocks fetched 60s. per HAYLE FAIR was small, but many borses exchanged cwt., inferior ditto 588.; fat wethers, 6d. to 6d. per Ib.; hands at fair prices.

cows and Calves £13 to £18, store pigs 183. to 50s., suckert HORNCASTLE FAIR wag very thinly attended, and the

10s. to 14s. each. show of foals being limited in the extreme. There was a good

OXFORD FORTNIGHTLY MARKET.-There were 174 show of sheep, and an early clearance was effected at very high

beasts, and 2,228 sheep. The supply of fat mutton was short, prices. A very small show of beasts.

but there was a tolerably good number of store sheep and IRON ACTON GREAT FAIR.—The supply of horses, lambs, which met with an improved sale. for which the fair is particularly noted, was exceedingly large.

WELSHPOOL FAIR. --There was a large sbow of all The horse trade was, however, considered to be more slack

sorts of cattle, though not so large as we have seen. On tban has been known at any previous fair, the prices realized

Thursday pigs were lower. Good sbeep sold well. Mutton being very low, and the business effected but trifling. First

from 74. to 8d. On Friday, although there were a great class cart or draught horses brought prices varying only from

many buyers, several farmers took their stock home again, £20 to £30 each, in fact very good horses of this description having refused the prices offered. Beef from 6d. to 6d. were purchased at £20 each. Sucking colts realized from

Horses sold quite as well as last fair, or rather better. £10 to £14 each. Good hacks or farmers' nags could be ob

WORCESTER FAIR was well supplied with all kinds of tained at from £25 to £35 each. Of cattle and sheep the

stock, but sales were not brisk. Beef, 610. to 7d. per 1b. supply was very scanty, and consequently but little business

Cows and calves were plentiful, and rather easier to buy. Pigs was done. Beef 55s, to 603. per cwt. Mutton 7d. to 7d.

scarce and dear. About 6,000 sheep were penned. Sales per lb. Pigs were very pleatiful, but in this department 16.; ewes, 70.; and lambs, 8d. Horses were rather plentiful,

were but slowly effected. Wether sheep fetched fully 7 d. per trade was dull, and the sales effected were at very low rates. Bacon 9s, 6d. per score.

but chiefly of the agricultural class. Some good animals IVYBRIDGE FAIR.— There was a good supply of sheep.

fetched corresponding prices. The supply of bullocks was small. A good many sheep changed hands; sale rather sluggish.

MR. RIGDEN'S ANNUAL SALE.-The annual sale KNIGHTON FAIR.—There was a large attendance of

of ewes and letting and sale of rams came off on Wednesdealers, and trade ruled brisk, especially for store ewes, which

day afternoon last, in a field near Mr. Rigdeo's house realized extraordinary high prices, and were all quickly dis

at Hore. The weather unfortunately was not wbat could posed of. Good fat wethers made fully 7d., and Beef 6d. 80

have been wished, as it rained nearly all the morning. The 6 d. per lb. Pigs rather lower.

following were the prices obtained: Five full-mouthed LLANGYNDER FAIR was well attended, and stock sold Stenning, Godstone ; five ditto, 3 gs., Mr. Edward Cane,

ewes, 5 gs., Mr. Schü!2, London; five ditto 35 gs., Mr. freely.

Berwick; five ditto, 3 gs., Mr. E. Hartnell, Hawkhurst; LOUTH FAIR.-Prices ralod favourably for sellers, and we hear they were perfectly satisfied with the result. A quan.

ten ditto, 57s. 6d., Mr. Stenning; ten ditto 30s., Mr. Hart

nell; ten ditto, 44s., Mr. Tanner, Patcham; ten ditto, 46s., tity of lambs sold by Mr. Robson, of Brackenborongb, realized

Mr. Boys; ten ditio, 52s., Mr. Selby; ten ditto, 40s., Mr, two guiueas each. Several lots of rams were sold by auction. A splendid lot belonging to Mr. H. Young, of Belleau, ave

Tanner. Five shearling ewes, 503., Mr. Tanner; five diito,

46s., Mr. Hodson; ten dito, 44s., Mr. Tanper; ten ditio, raged £13; aud a quantity belonging to Mr. Thos. Young, of

425., Mr. Gorringe, Southwick. Rams for Letting.-No.1, Covenbam, gooi sheep, but scarcely in so fine condition as the

4 years old, by the Duke, 11 gs., Mr. Turner (Chyngton); above, averaged £il each.

No. 2, 4 years old, by diito, 10 gs., Mr. Saxby; No. 3, 3 LUTTERWORTH FAIR, - There was a good supply years old, by Plenipotentiary, obtained the second prize at of fat and store beasts ; the former sold at from 60, to 7d. per Leeds in 1861, the first prize at Lewes, and the first prize lb.; the latter met with a brisk sale, at good prices. A scanty and gold medal at Battersea, 67 gs., Jr. Cooke, for Sir T, Lennard; No. 9, 2 years old, by Bunker's Hill, obtained Kingdom. This superb flock is now being dispersed over the 2nd prize at Leeds, 23 gs., Mr. Overman (Suffolk); the world. Some of the animals have gone to Australia, No. 14, 1 year old, by Young Duke, obtained the second others to America. The Minister of Agriculture in Spain prize at Lewes, and second at Battersea, 21 gs., Mr. Gor- has secured several, and in other countries thé esteem in ringe ; No. 15, 1 year old, by ditto, obtained the first prize which the Sanday breed of Leicesters is held has been tes. at Lewes, 20 gs., Mr. A. Heasman; No. 16, 1 year old, by tified to by the numerous purchases at high prices which ditto, obtained the third prize at Battersea, 17gs., Mr. have been made at the several sales held at Holme PierreOver nan; No.17, 1 year old, by the sire of Archbishop pont. On Wednesday, large purchases were made for highly commended at Battersea, 151gs., Mr. Selby; No. Austria and Prussia. Of the shearling rams, one went to 18, 1 year old, by ditto, 14 gs., Mr. Turner, for the Duke of Mr. Princep, of Newton Regis, for twenty-seven guineas ; Newcastle; No. 19, 1 year old, by ditto, 14 g$ , Duke of another to Mr. Hetiry Mann, of Lutterworth, for twenty Newcastle.

guineas ; a third to Mr. Massey, of Hurlstov, for ten LORD POLWARTH'S FLOCK.This celebrated fico, guineas ; and a fourth to Mr. John Spencer, of Dunnington which has long eommanded top prices at the great Kelso Park, Melton, for the same price. For a three-shear Colosales, and whose strain is distinctly traceable in the flocks of nel Inge gave thirty-eight guineas ; and for another Mr. T. almost all the best breeders of pure Scotch Leicesters in this Harris; of Stony - lane, Bromsgrove, garê twenty-one conatry, originated in 1802, when 80 ewes were purchased, at guineas ; while a five-shear fell to Mr. Spencer, of Clay£2 158, each, from a well-knowa Northumberland breeder, brook, Lutterworth, for twenty guineas. A lot of five ewes Mr Jobson, of Hidgley, Dear Chillingham, and 140 ewes from obtained fifty guineas from Mr. Cresswell, of Ashhy-de-laa Mr. Waddell (also, we believe, & Northumbrian breeder), at Zouch ; another, thirty-five guineas from Mr. Dean, Derby, £2 148. Where the rams were obtained from it is now some- shire ; a third, the same figure from Mr. Dabbs, of Seck. what difficult to ascertain. At that time, however, the most ington; two others, forty-five guineas and thirty-five reputed breeders did not care to dispose of their rams, and it guineas respectively from Colonel loge; one twenty guineas is probable that these were hired from the most famous Bor: from Mr. Dester, of Tamworth; and a lot of four, forty der dock masters, of whom Mr. Robertson, of Ladykirk, was guineas from Mr. Cresswell. A lot of five shearling ewes one. Two years after Lord Polwarth had purchased the flock was knocked down to Mr. Horsfall at eighty-two and a-half from Mr. Jobson, he commenced a sale of rams at Mertoun; guineas, their destination being Konigsberg;, another at and from that time, 1804, continued thern every year at that thirty-seven and a half guineas to M. Hulbert, for Prussia ; place until 1852, when he sent his rams down to Kelso, where and another for eighty-five guineas to Mr. Fortescue, Aberthey have ever since been sold. This year it will be noticed deen. Summary of sale: 37 rams, £688 168.-average, that his Lordship realized on the average £8 lls. 2d. per £18 12s. 4d.; 174 aged ewes, £1,026 75. 60.-average £5 head more than Mr. Stark, of Mellendean, whose stock made 188. ; 71 shearling ewes, £500 6s. 6d.-average £7 1s. ; the next highest average. We believe that the esteem in total sale, £2,215 10s. Average of 245 ewes, £6 4s. 8d. ; which Lord Polwarth's flock is held is due to the fact that total, £1,526' 148.72 rams suid July 9, 1862, £1,905 15s.the blood has been kept perfectly pure during the half cen- average, £26 98. 44d, tary he has been & breeder ; whereas, many other of the border breeders, in a desire to improve their flocks, some ten or

SALES OF SHROPSHIRE SHEEP.--Almost the last, fifteen years ago introduced the Cotswold element, with an

but far from the least important of these ram sales was held effect opposite to that intended. We have been unable to when Mr. John B. Lythall, the Secretary of the Birwingbar

on Wednesday in last week, at Grendon, rear Atherstone, obtain the average prices of Lord Polwarth's every year during Cattle Show, sold and let thirty-five shearling and five other the fifty-eight they have been disposed of by auction, but the following averages will show how they have been gradually rams, the property of Mrs. Baker, at an average of nearly £10 growing in favour : 1820, 35 at an average of £3 158.; 1840, each; and also disposed of fifty ewes at 526. per head, and a 46 at an average of £5 118. ; 1853, 40 at an average of £6 like number of theaves at 68s. 188. 100.; 1859, 44 at an average of £11 ls, ld. ; 1860, 43 The annual sale of the Earl of Dartmouth's celebrated at an average of £10 8s.; 1861, 35 at an average of nearly Shropshire rams and ewes took place at Petshull on £17; 1862, 39 at an average of nearly £18.

Friday last, and was attended by several of the leading flockSALE OF MR. SANDAY'S LEICESTER SHEEP masters of this and the adjoining counties, and went off in a AT HOLM PIERREPONT.-The great sale of sheep very spirited and satisfactory manner. At one o'clock the from the justly celebrated flocks of Mr. Sanday took place company sat down in a plendid marquee, erected for the on Wednesday, and drew together a large attendance of occasion, to luncheon. At hall-past two o'clock the business breeders and flockmasters from the Continent, as well as commenced under the hammer of Mr. Noek (of the firm of from every part of this country. Mr. Stratford officiated as Nock and Wilson, Bridguorth), when ninety store ewes were auctioneer. The pens comprised 36 rams and 245 ewes, sold, averaging £2 108.; vinety yearling ewes made an avealmost all of them either prize winners, or the immediate rage of £i 3s. The rams also met with good competition, descendants of prize winners, or animals which had been reaching as bigh as teri and thirteen guineas. Twenty.one highly commended at the principal show in the United ) were sold at an average of 88 58.

THE METEOROLOGY OF SEPTEMBER.

Fine weather prevailed at the commencement of the partial clearness of the sky, solar radiation had

ir at of our last monthly period. Yet, although the days proached 120°; but on the 1st of September the from the 28th of August to the 1st of September sky was generally covered with clouds, and the therwere fine, they were somewhat cold, as seen by com- mometer placed in the full rays of the sun only reparing the mean temperatures obtained on those gistered $7°. The barometer reached a maximum days with their áverage values. This was owing to reading on August 29th of 30.0 in., and remained the general prevalence of north-easterly winds, at a tolerably high reading till the 1st of September, which also had the effeet of rendering the atmo- but, on the 2nd, it began to fall with rapidity, phere tolerably dry, The coldest day was the 1st indicating a change in the weather, which' took of September, when the meau temperature was re- place on the evening of that day, when the wind presented by 56°, which was nearly 30 below the shifted from N.E. to S.W., and rain commenced average for the day. During the first four days falling, but fell only to a small amount. The pre(August 28th to 31st), however, in consequence of vious part of the day had been generally fine, although cloudy, the thermometer in the sun's rays though a N.E. wind was blowing, with tolerable giving as high a reading as 112°. A great contrast briskness throughout. On the 15th the temperato this state of things was afforded on the morning ture reached the highest point obtained during the of this day in a part of the county of Wilts, which month, viz., 74 degs., and the mean temperature of was visited by a fearful storm of hail and rain, ac- the day was 5 degs. above its average. The 16th, companied by thunder and lightning: The storm 17th, and 18th, were generally cloudy days, and was of so violent a character that in about half-an- their mean temperatures differed but little from hour the ground was covered with hail-stones, their average. On the 18th day the barometer which completely thrashed the standing crops of reached its extreme highest reading of 30.3 inches. barley, &c,, destroying, as a well-known poet has and variations only to the amount of about half-anremarked

inch were experienced to the end of our period (the “ The big hopes

26th September). On the 19th and 20th the atAnd well-earn'd treasures of the painful year." mosphere was very dry, the degree of humidity for

those days being represented 72 degs., The temBut perhaps the most singular circumstance con- perature was also very high, the means exceednected with this storm was its extremely local cha- | ing their respective averages by 35 degrees racter, for (as a writer in the county paper remarks), and 4 degrees. The sky also was freer “ its violence seems to have been limited to about from cloud than at any other part of the half a mile in breadth, and two miles in length.” month. But on the 20th and 21st the sky reHow thankful ought we to be, when we reflect that 'mained uniformly covered with dense clouds, and these visitations are of such rare occurrence, and temperature changes on those days were necessarily that when they do take place, they are so frequently very small

. The thermometer placed in a position partial, as in the present case! From the 3rd to the to catch the rays of the sun only reached heights 6th of September, with a continuance of S.W. winds, of 70 and 77 deg. on these days; whilst that in the the weather was of a cold, damp description, with shade gave 61 and 60 deg. The morning of the fogs generally prevalent during the night and early 23rd, however, was exceedingly clear, and the morning hours. The mean temperature for these lowest temperature we had yet experienced was four days was almost 30 below the average temper- recorded, viz., 39 deg. A thermometer read at the ature of the period. Rain fell on the 3rd, 5th, and same time placed on the grass gave 32 deg. This 6th, to the amount of nearly four-tenths of an inch. cold morning temperature had the effect of reThe mercurial column reached its minimum reading ducing the mean for the day, which was nearly 3 on the 3rd, of 29.5 inches, and increased slowly deg. below its average. From the 24th to the end during the three following days, and rather more of our period the days were generally damp and rapidly on the 7th and sth, reaching a reading cloudy, and also very warm, especially the 26th, closely approaching 30 inches on the latter day. which was nearly 5 deg. above its average temperaAs might be expected from these signs, the weather ture. On the 25th heavy rain fell, during which on the 7th, 8th, and 9th days was fine although the wind changed to S.W. from S.E. A dense cloudy; the temperature was much higher than it fog also prevailed on the morning of the 25th. had been during the preceding period, exceeding its Glancing over the tables of results, we find that the average value on these days, on the 9th, by as much highest barometer reading occurred on the 18th, as 54 degs. The wind still came from the S.W, with and was 30.3 in.; the lowest was 29.5 in. on the very gentle motion, and rain fell to no measurable 3rd, giving a range for the month of 0.8 in. The amount; but the following day (the 10th) was ex. highest temperature in the shade was 73.8 deg. on ceedingly damp and disagreeable, with the wind the 15th, and the lowest 39.2 deg. on the 23rd; varying from S.W.to N.E.; heavy rain fell during making a range of 34.6 deg. The highest reading the earlier portion of the day, and fog prevailed at in the rays of the sun was 121.5 deg. on the 28th night. The mean temperature of the day was 4 of August; the lowest on the grass was 32.0 deg. degs. lower than its average; but the next day on the 23rd of September. The dampest day in was even colder, being no less than 53 degs. below the month was the ioth; the driest days were the its average. The barometer, which had fallen 19th and 20th. The total amount of rain collected about a quarter of an inch on the 10th, rose from the 28th of August to the 26th of September throughout the 11th, and reached a maximum was 0.95 in., an exceedingly small amount, and again of 30.0 inches on the morning of the 12th, which fell on eight days only. which was a fine bright day, generally free from The past month, therefore, has been chiefly recloud, and a reading of 118 degs. was obtained in markable, firstly, for the unusual absence of rain, the rays of the sun. The 13th day, during wbich the total for the month being about one-third of its the barometer was falling somewhat rapidly, was average quantity; secondly, for the singular disalso fine, but was more cloudy than the 12th. On tribution of the wind between the two opposite the 14th the sky was generally covered with clouds directions S.W. and N.E., which were both in throughout the day, and a small quantity of rain great excess over their average amounts for the fell; but in the evening the wind changed from month. S.W. to E., and under the influence of the latter The weather during the past month has therewind the sky became freed from clouds. The fore been advantageous to the progress of those most remarkable thing, however, in connection agricultural operations which are generally conwith this day, was its small range of temperature, ducted therein, as the absence of rain has enabled which amounted only to 9 degs. From the 15th harvesting to be actively carried forward--we trust to the 20th a fine, dry, warm period prevailed, al- to a satisfactory completion.

METEOROLOGICAL ELEMENTS FOR THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF LONDON;

FROM AUGUST 28th TO SEPTEMBER 26Th, 1862.

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94

1862.
Aug 28 72.4

29 69.5
30 69.0

31 70.1 Sept. 1 66.8

2 71.9 3 64.8 4 67.8 5 65.0 61 68.0 7 68.0 81 70.8 9 73.4 10 62.0 111 64.1 12! 69.8 13 70.6 14 65.5 15 73,8 16 69.9 17 65.6 18 68.2 19 71.7 20 70.4 2160.8 22 60.0 23 65.8 24 65.6 25 68.2 26 69.8

48.8 49.1 48.5 53.5 46.5 53.6 48.5 46.6 45.6 48.7 52.1 48.9 56,1 49.2 40.4 42.5 56.4 56.1 52.1 54.2 46.7 43.6 50.1 50.1 53.1 51.1 39.2 45.5 54.5 51.7

58.5 121.5
56.8 116.5
56.8 117.0
60.0 117.5
56.2 97.3
60.2 112.4
55.2 110.0
55.8 104.0
54.3 115.3
57.2 98.8
59.1 89.0
59.9 96.0
62.9 115.7
53.5 97.4
51.8 95.0
56.8 117.5
61.7 115.4
59.2 94.5
61.8 114.6
59.1 110.5
55.4 87.0
55.1 104.3
59.5 119.0
60.2 116.2
55.6 70.3
54.6 77.0
52.6 104.0
55.9

88.8
58.3 90.3
59.4 99.4

1.8 7.5 7.5 6.0 9.8 8.8 4.8 9.5 9.0 9.8 6.7 9.3 8.0 8.5 7.5 3.8 7.5 7.0 4.3 7.0 7.5 6.0 1.0 2.5 10.0 10.0

7.5 10.0 7.5 8.5

Inches.
0.00 N.E. Generally clear.
0.00 N.E. Partially cloud; hazy.
0.00 NE, sw Generally cloudy.
0.00

N.E. Cloudy; clear night.
0.00 N.E. Generally overcast.
0.03 N.N.E. Cloudy; rain at night.
0.22 s.w. Cloudy ; rainy afternoon.

s.w. Clear morning ; cloudy. 0.13 calm. Cloudy; rain; fog at night.

Generally overcast; haze.

s.w. Partially cloudy. 0.00 s.w. Generally overcast.

s.w. Mostly cloudy. 0.36 8.w. Cloudy; rain; fog at night. 0.00 w.s.w. Variable. 0.00 s.w. Mostly clear.

s.w. Generally cloudy. 0.06 8.w., E. Cloudy till evening; rain. 0.00

N.E. Fine; light clouds.
0.00 N.E. Generally cloudy.
0.00 N.E. Partially cloudy.

N.E. Fine; light clouds.
N.E. Generally clear.
N.E. Clear ; night overcast.
N.E. Overcast; thin rain.

E.N.E. Overcast.
0.00 E. Generally cloudy.
0.00 E., ESE Overcast.
0.13 SE., sw Overcast; fog; rain.
0.00 s.w. Generally cloudy.

0.00

86 81 76 79 79 75 81 90 72 72 83 73 87 93 92 92

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38.0 54.2 53.0 46.1 49.8 40.1 38.0 42.6 44.2 52.0 48.9 32.0 40.0 51.9 46.2

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00

• The "temperature of vegetation" is that obtained from & self-registering thermometer placed on the grass

at night. It is therefore a minimum reading for the previous twenty-four hours.

TABLE SHOWING THE PRINCIPAL FLUCTUATIONS IN THE ATMOSPHERIC WAVE, FROM

AUGUST 28TH TO SEPTEMBER 26TH, 1862.

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Aug. 29, 9 p.m.
Sept. 3, 3 p.m.

8, 9 a.m.
10, 9 a.m.
12, 9 a.m.
14,

Sept. 18, 9 a.m. ..

20, 3 p.m.
22, 9 a.m.
24, midnight
25,

noon....

9 p.m. 26, 3 p.m.

29.78

29.66

30.03

29.79

29.64

29.75

* All the readings are reduced to the constant temperature of 32 degs.

REVIEW OF THE CORN

CORN TRADE

DURING THE PAST MONTH,

a full

The past month has been very favourable for the and Denmark excepted), produce a decline there, completion of the harvest; but in some northern no advance can be expected till supplies fail, or and cold districts all is not yet gathered. The stocks get worked up close. Should a substitute opening and closing of September were brilliant ; for cotton be found, a more healthy tone may oband the fall of rain was but light in the interim, tain in our several markets; but, without it, we and this was very favourable to the grass and roots. may drag on heavily to the close of the cereal As to the yield of the season, it appears that the season. The potato crop, though partly diseased, first gatherings were the worst ; and where the crop appears fair, on the whole, as yet, so that no presof white wheat was blighted, as, in very many cases, sure is likely to obtain on cereals. The following growers almost got nothing for their pains; but, prices of wheat have been recently quoted at the in some localities, there is satisfaction, and the red places of growth; At Paris the best samples of the wheat is but little complained of. The continued new crop do not exceed 546, per qr., some not absence of statistics leaves much to conjecture ; | being worth over 49s. per qr. At Brussels as but, taking Ireland and Scotland into account, much as 61s. per qr. has been paid. In Amwhere reports are less favourable, we retain the sterdam about the same price was paid for high impression that there is a large deficiency. If the mixed Polish. In Switzerland 5ls, was course of prices at the commencement of the sea- price. In Bavaria only 458. was paid for the best son were to be taken as a criterion, all the reports of the new crop. Hambro' was still too high for of a deficiency would be falsified, for the average profitable imports, 548. being the quotation for decline, in four weeks, has been about 5s. to 6s. per Mecklenburg and new white Holstein; while at gr., though starting with but moderate rates. Nor Stettin 52s, was quoted, fine new at Dantzic to 56s. have the English supplies been heavy, as testified per qr., some weighing 64lbs. per bushel., new by the weekly sales, which, for four weeks this Gbirka had sold at Odessa at 35s., Sandomirka at season, were 202,671 qrs., against 323,235 qrs. in 388. Prices at Konigsberg for high-mixed wheat 1861. But the arrivals from abroad have been were to 50s.; native at Cologne was yet held at going on at the rate of one and a-quarter millions 548. The highest rates at Galatz were 358.; at a month, or fifteen million qrs. 'a year, which, Alexandria, 296. 6d. ; but the low qualities of according to the received computation of our Egypt were used here mostly by distillers, 335. necessities, would leave ten million qrs. as a national | 6d. being paid for such. In America the new growth-enough to meet our annual wants. The white wheat comes fine, and rates for the best decline in the general averages has been slight, say Kentucky were to 538. 6d. per gr. of 480lbs., old only 1s. 6d. per qr., the sales representing business winter red being quoted to 458, per gr., spring a förtnight back commencing at 578. 4d., and clos- to 418. per gr. of 480lbs. ing at 55s. 4d., which, however, is 10d. above the The first Monday opened on a moderate supply rates of 1861, when, in consequence of the demand of English, mostly new, and a heavy arrival of for France, prices gradually rose till January, foreign. The morning's show from Essex and when they reached 62s. Id. The aspect of affairs, Kent was good, and chiefly of the new crop in however, in that country is now totally changed, white qualities. The weather having been very fine as, by the lowest estimate, the French have an ave- for an entire week, the market was excessively dull, rage crop; and the freedom of trade in that coun- and a reduction of 3s. to 4s. per qr. had to be subtry makes it very possible that we may have im- mitted to, in order to make sales, though red samports thenee, prices permitting; and some have ples went off better than white at scarcely so great already arrived. The North of Europe, too, gives a reduction, The quantity of foreiga also put the a favourable result as respects wheat; and so does trade very much in the power of buyers, and America, the Western States not yet having felt all sorts were down is. to 28. per gr., except the effects of the war ; but with victory now de- picked qualities of old Danzic. Though the clared in favour of the South, where prices have arrivals off the coast were not numerous, sales been extravagant, much may be drawn to this were difficult and prices somewhat in buyers' favour, quarter, as well as to Italy and Portugal, where The country markets this week varied exceedthere is an undoubted deficiency. It is, however, ingly, not being prepared to follow the London very remarkable that our heavy imports have example. So small a supply was exhibited at found the season close with general complaints on Birmingham, that difference obtained in the part of granary keepers as to the lightness prices. Spilsby, Bourn, and some other places of stocks, showing, indeed, a consumptive de- only declined 18. per qr. : the majority were down mand which has exceeded the highest estimate, Is. to 28. per qr. Boston, Ipswich, and Newbury and indicating that future prices must depend noted a reduction of fully 28.; Hull, Leeds, and mainly on the continuance of foreigą supplies. Stockton lowered rates 2s. to 38., and Gaipsboro' While distress exists in the North, low rates will was 38. to 4s. cheaper for new samples ; but old be welcomed as a relief ; and if the Baltic accounts, wheat was generally little altered, from its scarcity. which represent the wheat crop as good (Sweden Liverpool gave way 3d, per cental on Tuesday, but

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