« EelmineJätka »
welcome inn, for just at the Lizard Point he will find in their green state, turning them into the soil when a comfortable little hostelry, whose mistress, Mrs. they are in as fresh a state as possible. Skewes, will make him feel at home before he has In returning from the far west, the tourist will fairly taken his soat under her roof.
bring with him mingled feelings of pleasure and inSea-sand and the weeds left on the shore by the waves struction. The grandeur of the cliffs of the serpentine are largely used as dressings in the Penzance districts. and the granite, the lovely wooded vallies of Cornwall The avidity with which the cultivators in this neigh- and Devon, will long dwell in his remembrance ; he bourhood collect from the shores of Mount's Bay the will reflect that it was amidst such scenery that some 86a-weed, is well worthy our attentiou. On my arri- of England's noblest children were bred; that it was here val, a brisk south-easterly wind was driving the weeds that the Devon and Cornish sailors, led on by Drake in considerable quantities on the shore between Pen- and Howard, made England's first onslaught on the zance and the village of Newlyn, and as the tide re- Spanish Armada; that here was bred Pellew and coded, there were several men employed in raking the Keats, and other gallant modern sailors, who have weeds together into heaps, others in loading carts, stood well by their country on many a glorious day. whose contents were either directly mixed with farm- Here, indeed, are nurseries of seamen worthy of our manure, or deposited for a while on the shore out of country. Let my reader, during his pilgrimage, the reach of the sea. The cultivators of the neigh- make a detour to Torbay ; let him take a glance at bourbood employ these weeds as manure, either in their Brixham, the St. Ives, and the Newlyn fishermen, and fresh state, or mixed with ordinary dung, and they he will need no explanation where England's ablenaturally enough seomed rather surprised to be told bodied seamen are reared. that sea weeds or “ tang" were deemed by the farmers And when he sees what capital roads are made of the of some districts of eastern England to possess but lit- broken granite and the limestone; the crops these tle fertilizing power. The saline weeds are used, as I formations are made to produce; to what a prohave described, mixed with the weeds and the other fitable use the sand, and the weeds of the sea shore are rubbish gathered off the surface of the land, a com- applied, he will, perchance, make sundry entries in post which, after being turned over once or twice, his note-book, to which he may hereafter very profitaforms a good dressing. If, however, neither dung or bly recur when he arrives at home, and is trying to these rakings are available, they apply these sea weeds improve better and far more easily cultivated soils.
In farm practice it is impossible to draw out a code more harm than good. Of course, we are supposing of laws that will suit all soils and all climates. Prac- that the stubbles are clean, and that they do not require tical farmers know this, and, therefore, when they read tillage in the autumn for the purpose of eradicating of any novelty in their agricultural books and papers, root weeds. When land is foul it must be stirred some they consider well whether this new improvement or time or another in order to clean it, and the best time that fresh discovery is at all likely to be suited to their for doing this is certainly directly after harvest; not farms, before they venture much in any new dodge. only because it is the easiest time for eradicating and But some earnest and go-a-head men will have all the far- killing weeds, but also because a moist and firm seedmers to be constantly trying every fresh experiment, bed may be obtained for the root crop, which cannot and some are so unreasonable that they will have it that always be secured when land has to be cleaned in the it is useless to adopt an improvement, unless it be car- spring. ried out by one universal rule. The propagation of Well; suppose a light-land stubbl : is foul ; there is such arbitrary laws retards instead of pushes on agri- no necessity, in order to clean it, to move more than 2 or 3 cultural improvements. For instance, the thin sower inches of the soil. By deeply smashing up such land says, Never use more than one bushel of seed per acre ; there is much more difficulty in freein 3 the weeds from the drainer tells us to put all drains 4 feet deep; the the mould and keeping them all on the s irface, and moresteam-cultivator orders us to smash up all sorts of land over the deep cultivation is positively injurious. Directly some 10 or 12 inches deep; the autumn tiller advises after harvest the rootlets of the couch g rass are close to us to stir, pall about, and thoroughly expose all descrip- the surface, and a good scarifier is bette : than a plough tions of soils, in every climate.
for loosening their hold of the ground. Should the land There is no doubt that autumn fallowing has done a be soft, almost any kind of broadshare, parer, or scarigreat amount of good, and has perhaps conferred more fier will do ; but if it be hard and dry, nothing makes universal benefit on agriculture than any improvement such perfect work as Coleman's scarifier. To complete of our day. But to say that it is equally adapted for this sort of tillage, the cultivator should, after the inall lands is an absurdity. Some soils require exposure terval of a few days, cross its work, and then with some to the air, and there are others that are weakened and good harrowings all the root weeds will be on the surface rendered more sterile by being over tilled in hot and of the land. Ño roll is ever needed on light land for dry weather. We are sure that the great majority of autumn tillage; the hain harrows are far better, and the light lands in East Anglia are among those soils that will, in one operation, more thoroughly knock all the cannot bear exposure to a long autumn drought; and mould out of the fine grass, than half-a-dozen ordinary on such soils repeated stirrings in the fall of the year do harrowings and rollings. And in a season like this, all the weeds so exposed will soon be rooted up, and the is grown, the greatest fear is that its removal or conland is speedily, cheaply, and efficiently cleaned, and sumption may be productive of barm. It is on the reyet not injured by unnecessary exposure to the sun. tentive and heavy lands that deep autumn tillage and
It is the greatest mistake in the world to burn the steam cultivation will work wonders ; but it by no stubble and grass, and it is also expensive and unneces- means follows that the system which will be beneficial sary to cart them off ; let all the dead vegetable matter to our clays should answer on sands and gravels. Soils lie on the surface of the ground (giving it now and then that are so utterly dissimilar may require a totally difa turn with the barrows); and when ploughed in, it will ferent treatment; we believe that not only in tillage, do as much good as a slight coat of manure. And even but also in the application of manures. We believe it the grass be not all dead, a good deep furrow with a that manuring light lands for the root crop in winter is skim-coulter will place it where its weakened vitality a mistake. They have not the power to absorb and tewill soon be smothered, and in spring hardly a living tain the soluble properties of the manure, and the heavy bit of grass will be seen.
and oft-repeated rains of winter wash through the But, suppose a light-land stubble is clean, or has porous earth, and carry the most fertilizing gases with only a few bunches of grass in it ? those few knots are them deeply into the subsoil. best forked out by hand. We are sure that all such In a recent number of the Royal Agricultural Society's stubbles are much better left undisturbed till they re- Journal there was a supposed cure for clover sickness. ceive their winter furrow late in the year. The surface The remedy was easy, for it was merely to well-tread of such soils is invariably sufficiently fine and soft to re- the seeds in the winter, and the plant would then in all ceive and absorb all the beneficial influences of the probability stand. It was argued that there must be heavy autumnal dews. Our experience, too, of other some truth in the proposed remedy, as clover hardly mixed soils not altogether light is decidedly against ever fails on a firm headland or near a well-trodden stirring them in autumn, with a view to increase their gateway. But in light-land Norfolk, where we perhaps fertility; and we have invariably found that those stube suffer more from clover sickness tban any other county, bles which are not cultivated in the fall of the year are it has always been the custom, time out of mind, to always more free from wireworms, and much kinder for stamp our young clovers with cattle and sheep in the a full plant of turnips. We must remember that light autumn and winter. Of course we do not extend this soils delight rather in shade than sunshine. Should treatment to heavy land, or to trefoils on any soils. turnips fail on weak land, we have invariably found that Solidifying the ground certainly appears to agree with no amount of artificial manure will make up the loss to the clover ; but as to its averting its disease and death, the succeeding barley crop. And we contend that this that is a fallacy. Treading may render the land so firm, is owing to the absence of the grateful shade of the tur- that the clover probably flourishes better than it would nip and the healthy consolidization of the friable soil by in looser soil ; but we never yet found that any amount the sheep's feet. Now, stiff land rejoices in just an op- of compression would prevent the plant falling away on posite treatment; clays cannot have too much sun, and land that was really clover sick. always like a summer's fallow. And when a root-crop Michaelmas, 1862.
PRIZE AGREEMENTS AND MODEL LEASES.
All is not barren. Lord Lichfield has offered a tenant-right flag--the system of equitable compensapremium for the best-drawn agreement, and Mr. Ran- tion- is one that we have fought under for more than dell proposes a code of tenant-right for the Vale of twenty years. It stands, indeed, as one of our landEvesham. It is indeed remarkable how, amidst all the marks still at the head of this column, but we will mere flow of words with which we have been inundated, not go to afirm, because the best-cultivated districts the question of landlord and tenant has come to be con- in England are farmed without leases, that leases are sidered. Let us not here be too nice in probing the never needed; no more than we maintain that from the cause which may have conduced to such a discus- tenant-right principle being abused in some parts it sion, but rather let us commend the evident expan- should never be exercised elsewhere. There is happily sion of men's minds upon the subject. Term it as we more than one way to due liberty of action and security may-security for capital-tenant-right-long leases- of position, and a man may be more hampered by a or equitable covenants-the farmer's position is in a north-country lease than by a yearly agreement with fair way of being more properly recognized. We do remunerative covenants. Sir John Pakington put not mean to say that the Government contemplates any this well at Worcester: "He did not argue in favour especial act on his behalf. We do not know that the of any particular form of lease; he did not even argue county member has any idea of doing anything more for any lease at all; he simply said, have security : than he has done in this way; and we cannot speak to whether that security was in the shape of a wellany organized movement amongst the tenantry them- considered lease, or whether it was in the shape of a selves. Those, however, chiefly interested have begun well-considered agreement for the repayment of the to talk the matter over one with another, and landlords unexhausted amount of capital invested in the soil, was have now been the first to introduce such a topic. It is comparatively immaterial. The point he urged was, gratifying, moreover, to notice not only how people's that they should have good security. If they wanted ideas have developed, but with how little prejudice we good farming, they must have good security; and they can here in England bring ourselves to an unbiassed de- would not have, in that district or any other, where the liberation of the aim to be arrived at, and the means to year-to-year system prevailed, satisfactory farming, unbe employed in its attainment. While we are bound less they got rid of occupations without security." This down to no one peculiar panacea, in Ireland they is straightforward sound common-sense reasoning, and run wild over their tenant right, and in Scotland they we only hope that it will be fully acted 01. Lord Lichcling as doggedly to their leases. Either may work field was rather for the agreement: "He believed that well enough under different habits and customs. The where a landlord had a farm in bad condition, and rew quired a considerable sum of money laying out upon tions, but he thought they should not relate so much it, if he was unable to expend the necessary amount, to a system of cultivation year after year as to the prothe best thing he could do was to grant a lease ; but as tection of the landlord against wilful waste or alteration long as he had it in his power to make the requisite of the character of his estate, such as changing it from improvements, he thought it better there should be arable to pasture, or vice versa. During the last three no lease. But then the question arose, supposing or four years of a lease, a tenant (if aware that he was there was no lease, should there be an agreement ? He about to leave) would perhaps be lempted to abandon considered that they not only wanted agreemeuts, but the proper system of cultivation, and to exhaust the mutual agreements, which should prove equally bene- land so as to get all he could from it. To meet such a ficial to the landlord and the tenant; he meant agree contingency it would always be necessary to lay down ments which should give ample security, both to the the most careful restrictions ; but, as to the proper landlord that his land should undergo no depreciation mode of cultivation from yoar to year, the less restricin value, and to the tenant for compensation for unex- tion was made the better. He had caused his own hausted outlay upon it. With such an understanding, leases to be prepared on that plan, simply on the he entertained the firmest conviction that the land ground that agriculture was a progressive science. A throughout the country would be better cultivated. landlord might be able to tell what in his opinion was When he ventured to advocate this view of the good cultivation now, but how could he tell what it subject at Newcastle, the only answer he got was might be some fourteen or twenty-one years hence ? in effect that if confidence already existed between He therefore had laid down in his leases no specific landlord and tenant you required no agreements. Well, system of cultivation to be followed, but simply bound all he could say with regard to that was simply this, the tenant to the common rules of good husbandry for that it was not practical at all ; because he did not the time being. At any time, therefore, it would be suppose anybody would tell him that every tenant open to the landlord to show that his farms were not was perfectly certain that he should always have a being cultivated according to the rules of the existing good landlord, or every landlord that he should have a mode of good husbandry, and open to the tenant to good tenant." This is all very business-like, saving show the contrary. Such cases should be referred to only that monstrously absurd commentary which competent private arbitration, and not be decided by inhis lordship’s remarks actually elicited from a tenant flexible and obsolete rules.” We have certainly farmer. It was Mr. Swaffield, who in some sensible occasionally heard some farmers talk like this, but second-rate suggestions as to a landlord keeping a good never more to the purpose ; and we have read of such bull and so forth, declared that if a tenant had the arguments in essays and reports, but this is the first confidence of his landlord, it was not required to tie time we can congratulate a landlord on volunteer him down to any agreement whatever! Only picture ing so much, and pointing what he said with his own & man like Lord Lichfield, who wished to do right, practice. All is not barren when we have such agreehaving his offers met with such a cold-water welcome ments as Lord Lichfield's, with compensation clauses as this ! Mr. Swaffield, who does not want any agree- as their great consideration ; and leases like Lord Lyttelment, would appear to agree rather better with Lord too's, where liberty of action is the first point insisted Elmley, who does not seem very anxious to give one. on. From all this we are more and more convinced “He should not go into the question of leases ; but that the great principle of right and justice for which his own opinion was, that it was entirely a personal this journal has so unceasingly and uncompromismatter between a landlord and his tenant. The noble ingly contended is gradually extending, and never lord had referred to a system of arbitration, where more gracefully than when, as in these cases, at the two contracting parties could not agree. He (Lord
the instance of the landlord himself. And two such Elmley) did not know what it was in agriculture, but examples, moreover, are the more happy and accepthe was aware that in other things it was difficult to able, as differing, in some slight degree, as to the find men well qualified to judge. He supposed it to means by which the principle should be upheld. It be the same in the agricultural as in the medical will be hard indeed if a farmer cannot do the best by world. They knew that' doctors did not agree ;' and his capital with such an agreement as that Lord Lichon the question to which the noble lord had alluded field is anxious to obtain ; and it will be equally one person might consider a certain kind of cultivation strange if Lord Lyttelton's open lease should not work to be good husbandry, while another might look upon well. We want fresh agreements in the place of it as the reverse, and he could not exactly see how obsolete forms, or in the absence of any whatever ; matters were to be satisfactorily arranged between and the established lease as clearly requires remodelling. them.” We are so far at variance with his lordship as Both are effective enough when put into fair working to think that one of the most wholesome signs of the order, while it is simply idle to attempt to set ove up times in which we live is the readiness to discuss the at the expense of the other. Perhaps in no other purquestion of landlord and tenant not " entirely as a suit do the differences of custom and locality demand personal matter," but one over which infinite good so much careful consideration ; and if leases tell in the may be arrived at, if only in enlightening landlords as Lothians, tenant-right can show as much for Lincolnto what a system of arbitration may do for agriculture. shire. The other noble lord here referred to is Lord Lyttelton, who gave a really admirable outline of what a model lease should be. His opinion was, that " where long leases were given there should be the least possible SCOUR IN CATTLE.--I have proved the following cure restriction put upon the processes of cultivation. It for many years with great success: Mis friar's balsam, 3 02. ; had been generally the custom for landlords when spirita of turpentine, 2 oz.; linseed oil
, 1 quart. Keep the drawing up leases to believe that at the moment of doing so they were fully cognisant of what was and cattle without food 12 hours before giving the medicine, obwhat would be for 14 or 21 years to come the very best serving to shake the bottle well
. Give 1š tablespoonful to a system of cultivation for the land, and therefore &
lamb, two to a sheep, and three to a calf two mornings followminute system of rotation of crops and other processes ing, which in general will stop it, if not, stop one morning and of agriculture was laid down in those leases. Every repeat agaio. J.W.T., Dungarvan, October 22, 1862.-In lease necessarily contained a great number of restric Irish Farmer's Gazette.
THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY IN
By Robert Smith, a Member of the Council of the R. A. S.
between Ellington, the property of Mr. Phillips of
Knightsbridge; The Marionette, Mr. Johnstone, PortIt may be asked, What is a horse ? and what his uses ? man-square ; Horror, Mr. Blenkiron, Eltham, Kent; in juxta-position with the meat-producing animals. and Sir John Barleycorn, Mr. Hussey, Henley, 01The one is cultivated as food for man; the other as a fordshire-all good animals, but we had hoped to see beast of burden for pleasure and profit. As the ser- better. A more instructive or interesting lesson could vant to man he has long been domesticated and culti- not be read than that of the open-judging before the yated in most parts of the globe for the purposes of war, public, every horseman having his view, and of course hunting, parade, saddle, and draught ; the latter more pronouncing his judgment. “Ellington wins,” said a especially in later times, as in the earlier periods of our Yorkshireman ; " but what a middle piece for the 1001.” history oxen were employed for the plough.
“The Marionette is second," said another; "he's a With the extension of commerce, territorial rights, fine slashing horse with fine top, and more like it, but and growing wealth came the importation of heavy horses light of leg to get weight-carriers.” “Horror," said from Flanders, and thorough-breds from the Levant. I another, ** if a little shorter on the leg, is about King John first introduced one hundred selected stal- the best of them ;" while our choice went more for lions of Flemish breed, which mainly contributed to the old Sir John's form and character : he seemed “out of foundation of our noble species of draught horse. feather" for a prize, but received a high commendation Edward the Second and Edward the Third contributed as a reward of merit. Ellington's showy action, comalike to the English war horse. Charles I. established bined with a fine figure and first-class parentage (The races in Hyde Park and at Newmarket, and Charles Flying Dutchman and Ellerdale) gave him a prestige II. sent his master of the horse to the Levant to pur- over his compeers, and it would seem that the Society's chase brood mares and stallions; these were chiefly object was fully gained by awarding their £100 prize to Barbs and Turks.
the produce of two celebrated animals to perpetuate the We have now our established breeds for established breed. There are two ways of viewing the use of this purposes. These the Society encourages by distinctive popular prize : gentlemen favourable to the turf go for classes, thus : For speed, pleasure, and carriage-work, speed and elegance, while the members of an agriculwe have the thorough-bred, hunter, carriage, and road tural society look for the “stout and good,” with the ster horses, with large and small-sized ponies ; for hope of buying a descendant in the hunting-field. propelling heavy weights and agricultural purposes, the Ellington girthed 5 feet 10 inches, and 84 inches below Suffolk, agricultural, dray, and Clydesdale horses. the knee; Sir John Barleycorn 6 feet in girth, and This is natural, substantial, and suggestive classifica- 84 inches below the knee. The Marionette, winner of tion of the English breeds, and it would be a national | the second prize, is by Touchstone, dam Marion ; and benefit were the horse breeders to confine themselves to Sir John by The Baron, dam Loveslip, by Camel. these sorts ; but alas ! there is the old story of “our HUNTERS.-The hunter is a noble animal, yet a comvillage horse," bred by everybody out of anybody's bination of sorts, derived in some instances from mare; and hence the preponderance of second-rate horses. thorough-bred mares and stout cross-bred horses; or
The breeding of horses in a country where every stout cross-bred mares, with form and action, being man loves his borse should be a national subject. united with the thorough-bred horse ; and thirdly, by But he seems, from some cause or other, an unpopular an admixture of the above crosses. The altered character animal to breed. There is a certain amount of truth in of foxhounds, and the additional speed they have acthis ; but as instances to the contrary where system is quired, compel all men to ride a better horse. Stoutadopted, we may point to the following established ness is still required, but blood has become the essential breeds, viz., the thorough-bred, coach, Suffolk, Clydes- quality. Then, let it be on the side of the sire-for dale, and Lincolnshire horses, and the pony.' It may instance, would a Booth, Quartly, Sandy, or Webb use then be asked, What of the cross-breeds, the hunter, a cross-bred male to improve and perpetuate the breed roadster, cavalry horse, cob, galloway, and the rugged of their thorough-bred animals ? With a good and animal which fills up intermediate spaces for butcher, stout form on the mare's side, and quality in the true baker, and marketing purposes ? and further, How are sense on the sire's, the best results will follow. they bred ?
The class for stallions, thorough or half-bred, brought This, the International year afforded us a good dis- together 10 specimens ; but these were of a varied deplay of all the sorts, established breeds and crosses. scription, and but few of a right sort to produce firstThe classes brought together 242 animals in the Eng-class hunters with blood and bone. If we except the lish lines, with 27 Clydesdales ; of the former, there two prize horses, they may be classed as a moderate lot. were 125 stallions, 67 mares, 20 fillies, and 30 geld. British Statesman, the property of Mr. Manning, ing8 ; of the latter, 12 stallions, 11 mares, and 4 fillies, Orlingbury, Northampton, the second-prize horse at exclusive of foals.
Leeds, had grown into a first-prize horse. His colour THOROUGH-BRED.—The 1001. prize, with 251. for and general contour is very favourable to his purpose, the second best, produced 12 entries, but as a whole but we thought his movement denoted a back stain in they were below the standard of excellence that should bis escutcheon. Billy Barlow, the property of Mr. be gained by so liberal an offer; the intent is a good Cooper, Blythburgh Lodge, Harlestone, was second. one, the result not up to the prize. The twelve from He is a well-grown, strengthy horse, but at an awkward the various causes incident to the trials and close in- age, 3 years old, for showing. He may turn either way; spections of “sound and stout to perpetuate the breed,” We get hope to see this prize given to a stout and were quickly reduced one-half ; the final decision rested ! muscular thorough-bred. British Statesman girthed 6 feet 3 inches, and 84 inches below the knee; Billy are mostly found at the foot of the mountain ranges, Barlow 6 feet 2 inches, and 8 inches below the knee. where the bill pony mare, pack horse, and small, round
The brood mares were few in number. Mr. Hawks- barrelled, active cart-horses meet, as essential animals well's chesnut mare of Yorkshire notoriety beat Lord for the several purposes of hill-side farms: the pedigree Berners' Barbara for place. The others were “nothing of a cob is rarely asked for, and still more rarely given. particular.”
Just a dozen stallions of roadster and trotting fame were The hunting geldings were more numerous than good. entered, and their flash and tutored movements well There was a want of sort about them. Less uniformity displayed ; their high knee action exciting admiration, has rarely been seen in a competitio of sixteen animals and their thick short frames setting forth the hardiness -in fact, the English hunter was uit represented, and of constitution 80 much required for a good and the observing public must have been isappointed at the “staying" roadster. The sham pace and high action sbow on view. There were a few use ul horses, but not of the groom was another feature of the ring; and as he of high merit. The first prize was awarded to a ches. returned to his allotted box, came the programme of nut, exhibited by the Messrs. Russell, Dartford, Kent; what his horse had done within the hour, and former and the second to a bay, sent by Mr. Elwes, Portman prizes won. This master of the horse is bred to it, and Square.
80 trained up in the way he is to go, that his services for Two young mares were exhibited in class 4, but only the time are really at a premium. After a lengthened one award made.
Mr. Robinson's Lady Bird, from display of all that relates to a roadster, the first Rudley, Yorkshire, well merited her reward. She was prize was awarded to Merry Legs (the second prize free and clean made, with good quality throughout. Leeds horse), the property of Mr. Johnson, Billinghay,
CARRIAGE HORSE.—This animal has shared the im- Sleaford ; the second to Mr. Martin's (Downham, Norprovement of the age, having been re-modelled from the folk) Crocus. Mr. Moss' (Leeds) Buck Merry Legs six-miles-an-hour coach horse to the high stepping car- highly commended. Merry Legs combined many exriage borse. This has been done by an infusion of the cellent qualities—he is thick, strong, and fashionable, thoroughbred element with the Cleveland mare. The with clean fast action, and of capital descent; the old management and stud routine in the production of a
Cleveland Merry Legs sort. Crocus, of the Norfolk carriage horse is worthy a trip to the north. As a class Phenomenon sort, had his admirers and favourites, but they are rarely excelled ; in fact, a north-country fair or he lacked quality. The animal that most pleased the local show is one of the greatest treats of the day, that public was the old veteran brown roan, Young Pride of is, to men whose inclinations tend that way. Many England : he had been exhibited so many times, and a good hunter is produced from the finer crossed mares won so many prizes, that he was well up to bis trotting and another cross with the thoroughbred; once more,
show business. and you have the much required hunter. On the other There were only four mares with foal at foot hand, for carriage borses a cross back again has often entered. Jessie, by Sportsman, the property of Mr. been made. Some of the smaller mares are used for J. Peel, Knowlmere, Clitheroe, was a capital 19 farm purposes, and right well do they “speed the years old mare; and Crafty, by The Judge (Mr. Percy, plough,” and breed an occasional colt. The production Eskrigg, Wigton), the second prize mare, a useful young of carriage horses to command high rates is a business which must be learned by practice before their size and Of PONIES above 12} and under 14 hands, there were combination of qualities can be produced. The Society's 9 entries. These were by no means a good lot, still there two classes for stallions and brood mares failed to bring were several meritorious ponies of their sort, but not to out the best to public inspection, neither were there please our fancy. In the first place we have a decided many to compete for the £60—six in each class. Mr. objection to the Norwegian buffy bay and mixture of Holmes' (Beverley) first prize Young Pottinger by Old brown colour, a sort of grizzle—as also to the enormity Pottinger, girthed six feet six inches, and nine inches of fat piled upon some of them. A pony should be a below the knee; the second borse, Speculation by Cle- pony-a combination, even when lean, of all that relates veland Shortlegs, exhibited by Mr. Kitchen, Dunsdale, to freedom of action, style, form, and quality ; a beauKent, measured six feet three inches, and eight inches tifully-shaped pony! If we except the worn-down old below the knee. The stallions were showy horses and pony Bobby, the animal of our choice was not there. of fair merit, but not to be compared to some we have Mr. Blenkiron's (Eltham, Kent) old horse Napoleon seen at the northern shows. The mares, as a lot, were received first honours ; and a cross-bred chesnut by a considered good, especially the prize mare exhibited by son of old Emilius, bred and exbibited by Mr. Ashwell, Mr. Cooper, Halesworth, Suffolk; the second prize Barrowby, near Grantham, received the second prize, went to a mare exhibited by the aforesaid Mr. Holmes. and Bobby was commended.
THE ROADSTER.-The altered state of locomotion The class for mares under 14 hands also contained a between town and town, by both country people and mixture of sorts, more properly to be termed cobs or commercials, has evidently reduced the demand for this Galloways than ponies. We were never less interested class of animal; and, as supply and demand regulate in the pony classes than at Battersea. Leeds produced prices, we find this style of horse declining in numbers, a capital display ; indeed quite an interest was centred and less care is consequently taken in the production, in them, especially when on parade. The two prize which ceases to be " a business ;" yet a remnant of the ponies were far the best. Ozone, by Croton Oil, the old sort is seen at many a fair and agricultural meeting property of Mr. Mathews, of Driffield, has become in Norfolk and the North. The roadster has been re- famous by first claiming the principal prize, and then modelled, to suit the altered state of society, into what the eye and purse of the Prince of Wales. Mr. Branis now designated "a hack.” The fast lumbering trotter white's (Long Melford) Suffolk Pretty Girl, by Pheno, has given way to the easy gentlemanlike back, with more menon, was a good second, and frequently on outward breed, with free yet gliding action, answering to the view between parades, for sale or admiration. whip or bridle according to the pace required. Out of The twelve geldings were a useful lot, but nothing the roadster's decay has also sprung up another im
Here again Mr. Branwbite figured as first with portant animal, the elderly gentleman's horse, styled anotber roan-Pretty Boy, by St. Hubert; this was a is the cob,” his purpose being for steady movement, thick and useful animal; he was also frequently on carrying weight rather than collar-work, and that has to view, and appeared well up to, if not beyond, the size be modelled intoform with new materials. The best cobs egistered on the Society's standard. We had a