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favourite in the out-of-condition colt exhibited by Mr. / for single barness ; but for the dray, and propelling Parmenter, of Bratton Fleming, near Barnstaple; his heavy weights, not to be compared with either the breeding first-rate, by Henry VIII., dam à noted Clydesdale, dray, or agricultural horse. This, the pony mare.

divisional year, gave the Suffolks a class to themselves, The ponies under 12hands, if we except the little of which they made good use, both in number and Shetlands, were few in number-collectively five ani- quality, the four classes representing 59 animals, viz., mals to compete for five prizes. The stallion prize was 18 old stallions, 13 young do., 14 mares, and 14 állies. won by Mr. Baker's (Linton, Devon) Exmoor The The occasion had been anticipated, and they were im. Gem, beating his only competitor, Merit ; this appeared mensely fat-60 much so that many were really deto be easily accomplished. He was thought to combine formed in consequence. This was an error of judgment, more of the pony element than any other in the yard. their heavy tops overpowering their legs, and, in many The two mares were pretty little animals, for the use of instances, weighing down their backs. Apart from this, young aspirants for saddle honours, but no further : they it was observed by many that the younger Suffolks are shared the spoil.

getting too long, over-topped, and light in the forelegs. The two little grey and dun geldings ran a more for- This was most observable in the filly class. Their colour midable race, Lord Braybroke’s grey Exmoor Comet is improving, the dark and pale chesnuts giving way to beating Mr. Hewer's (Sevenhampton) Welsh Dick the cherry-red of the county. It is singular to observe Turpin ; these, like the preceding, were fancy animals. that the dark colour belongs to the square deep-grown, These remarks not only bring us to the end of the pony

and the pale colour to the thinner borses. The deepand riding classes, but to the end of the horse stand, grown dark horses point to a dash of the Midland. where some twenty rugged little Shetland ponies dwelt The old stallion class brought out the pick of the in open space, much to the amusement of the passers-by. shows-Mr. Biddell, Playford, Ipswich, receiving first Although these little pigmies could share no golden honours for bis five years old Colonel, a large yet square honours with their comrades of larger size, they more made animal upon short legs ; his colour dark and than shared the pony market, and a good trade was hardy-looking, but not of a tint to suit fancy breeders, really made in Shelties. If we trace these little fellows This horse was immensely fat; he shook as he walked to the homes of their fathers, in some parts of the

- curious incident. He was a popular borse with Shetlands, we find that about one-fourth of the inhabit- many breeders, but did not please the Suffolk men so ants' capital is invested in ponies.

The colts are well as Mr. Crisp's (Butley Abbey, Wickham Market) sought after for low underground work at the collieries, second prize old horse Marquis. There were some but mares are never used. The Shetlands are bred in training or young horses in this class, but many of them the rudest manner imaginable, hence their present infe- too small in the bone below the knee. The Colonel's riority, but, like other mountain ponies, they might be

fat sides answered well to the tape, girthing 8 feet, and much improved. Mr. Walker, Bressy, Lerwick, Shet- 10 inches below the knee. He weighed nearly a ton, land, informs us that he realized from £5 to £12 each and was sold for nearly £300. The Marquis, in fair for his Battersea lot; but when the margin was struck, condition, girthed 7 feet 8 inches, and 10 inches below it did not pay beyond home prices.

SUFFOLK Horses.-A material change has been The two years old stallions made a great display, recently made in both the form and style of this but, as a lot, would not stand the close scrutiny peculiar class of borse. The old Suffolk punch, like the to the showyard. Many of them were too lengthy and coarse Lincolnshire horse, has become extinct. The light below the knee. This is a point that requires atplain head, short low forehead, short neck, and punchy- tention : the carthorse element should be preserved. A body animal, have been changed for one of more growth few more moves in this direction, and they may be and fashion ; but there are doubts amongst the older classed with the Clevelands. Not so with the prize heads whether this “growth” has not been carried animals. They were of a different form, especially the too far, and whether the Suffolks are really better in sort first-prize colt, Boxer, exhibited by Mr. Giles, Bull than their forefathers of the punch family. They are pe- Hill, Great Clacton, Essex. His girth was 7 feet, and culiar to the county from whence they take their name, 10 inches below the knee. Mr. Crisp's second-prize and also great favourites in the neighbouring districts; colt is a promising young horse. Mr. Stearn's (Hadbut, if we except the amateur fashion of the day, they leigh, Suffolk) highly-commended and Mr. Mumford's have not found their way to the general farm, either in (West Creeting, Suffolk) commended colts were also the Midlands or other counties, where the improved good specimens. black and brown horses still prevail. Several good

The mares and foals formed an interesting class, and Suffolks have reached the Western counties. Mr. were constantly admired. The first-prize mare, the Harris, of Bithadon, near Barnstaple, has been fortu- property of Mr. Thompson, Thorpe, Colchester, was of nate with a stallion, which received first honours at the good quality and size. Mr. Wolton, of Woodbridge, Barnstaple meeting of the Bath and West of England received the second prize for a dark-coloured mareSociety in 1858, and has done much good in the dis- good animal, with smart-looking foal by Canterbury trict. The Wells meeting of this Society, in the present Pilgrim. She has won many prizes in Suffolk. Our year, also brought out some Suffolk mares, and a

choice, by far, went in favour of Mr. Hodgson's stallion from Harptree Court, the property of Mr. (Wickham Market) six years old mare Smart, by Taylor. The present style, improved colour, and Canterbury Pilgrim. She is a first-class mare, with general contour of the Suffolks denote a family like

the exception of her colour, which is rather too dark ness, which has sprung more particularly from the

for a Suffolk. She had won four first prizes, and has Woodbridge district. This uniformity of colour and recently beaten a host of competitors on their own outline attracts the eye, and at once stamps them as a ground, in Suffolk. We have since heard that she was peculiar race. The formation of the Èast Suffolk lame when led out for exhibition at Battersea. The Agricultural Society in 1831 first brought them fillies made a great display, especially when on parade : out in numbers; since which period upwards of their uniformity was complete, still, as a class they 100 of these improving animals have been annually were rather too lengthy and light below the knee. We shown for the Society's prizes. Subsequent shows, may be prejudiced, but, looking at them with a Lincolnfostered by the agricultural journals, have led to in- shire eye, we should prefer & squarer form upon creased inquiry for the Suffolk. He is a capital horse stouter lege. Much judgment was required to distin

the knee.




gaish the preponderating points in these animals. The by Col. Pennant, Carnarvon) were immensely fat, girthprize filly exhibited by Mr. G. Tomline, M.P., Nacton, ing respectively 7 feet 2 inches and 7 feet, and each Ipswich, was perfect in colour and beautiful in sym- 10 inches below the knee. Col. Pennant's horse had metry, but rather pigeon-toed, and does not carry her more fashion, and consequently most admirers. head well when walking. The second-prize filly ex- The six years old prize mare, Bonnie, the property of hibited by Mr. Barthropp, Cretingham, was a clever Mr. Allwater, Cubberley, Cheltenham, made up for the one, with famous back and loins, good head, neck, and colts by representing the true type of an agricultural shoulders, but lacks the splendid red colour of her half- horse. The second prize went to Diamond, the property sister the first-prize filly. Mr. Ward's (East Mersea, of Mr. E. Redding, Compton Marsh, Farringdon; and Essex) commended filly was also a good one: she took | Smiler, exhibited by the late Sir R. Throckmorton, the first prize in Essex, and second in Suffolk this commended. year. Mr. Wolton's filly-a heavy animal with good Only 5 fillies appeared. The breeders of this class of action-was highly commended. Mr. Barthropp's borse rarely make a special display of their young aniblood ran high in this class, his Hero being the site of mals, while it is an acknowledged business with the the first, second, and third animals, although coming Suffolk breeders. The five were wanting in quality. from different stables. Sir Thomas Lennard may well The first prize was awarded to Bonny, Mr. E. Phillibe proud of such an animal.

more, Cheltenham ; the second to Sally, the Duke of AGRICULTURAL HORSES

Richmond; and Clyde, also from Goodwood, comCOMPETE AS SUFFOLKS.—The Society has for many mended. years offered distinct prizes for two classes of heavy DRAY HORSES.-There were but 11 entries in the breeds of horses, viz., the agricultural and the dray four classes_5 old stallions, 3 young ditto, 2 mares and borse. These are really distinct animals, and have foals, and 1 two-year-old filly. This slender entry distinct occupations; but the result has not been equal again dictates the propriety of merging this class with to the Society's intentions. The agricultural horse the other agriculturals, leaving the Suffolks to compete either is, or ought to be, a somewhat finer animal in amongst themselves. There is in truth but little differ. form, style, and movement to the dray-horse. Now ence between these bay, black, and brown horses, their that the Suffolks have a class allotted to them, descent being the same, some growing larger and better and the judges and breeders are spared the vex

than others. The dray horse being used for the purpose ing question of deciding between opposite animals, of moving heavy weights short distances, a slow prothe Society may fairly allow them to remain (ascess, none but the massive animal of nearly a ton weight in the case of the Shropshire sheep), and put the other being able to accomplish it, it is a case of weight agricultural and dray horses into one class : this would versus weight, and not of agricultural merit. be a convenience and little consequence to the few One prize only was awarded in the old stallion class, who compete in the Dray-horse class. The show of viz., to Enterprise, exhibited by Mr. J. Foster, BingSuffolks at Battersea stamped them as an established ham, Nottingham, who well deserved his honours; he breed, and the same may be said of the heavy bay, was of a singular colour (a black roan), full of quality, brown, and black horses of the northern and midland and of substantial make, girthing 7 feet 7 inches, and 11 counties; but they are yet diversified in colour, and inches below the knee. Only one prize was awarded in want uniformity of outline. As a model horse, of all the two-years-old class, viz., to Mr. Neale, Mansfield, we have seen at the twenty-four anniversary meetings for his dark grey colt, London Prince. This was a useof the society, our choice would fall upon the Messrs. ful horse, but of no special pretension; he girthed 7 E. and M. Read's (Beamish Burn, Chester-le-Street, feet 4 inches, with 10 inches below the knee. Mr. Durham) bay agricultural champion-horse, Nonpareil, Fullard, of Thorney, Peterboro', had the mare and foal the first prize winner at many exhibitions. His last Alle class all to himself, exbibiting two massive bay mares England victory was attained at Chester in 1858. This of rather the old sort, consequently received but one class of horse is bred in all the midland and northern prize. Mr. Tombs, Langford, Lechlade, also monopocounties, but more especially in Lincolnshire. They are lized the class for fillies, receiving the first prize for the usually sold as two years old colts at the autumnal fairs, only two-years-old. and bought by dealers, who take them to the southern CLYDESDALE HORSES.-These celebrated agriculcounties to be worked for a time upon arable farms: the tural horses are very popular in the North of England, best then find their way to London and other populous and of course in their native country. The best are to towns. The stallions fetch enormous prices, some be found in the counties of Lanark, Renfrew, Ayr, having been sold from £300 to £500. There are farmers Stirling, and Dumbarton. Of the 27 specimens, 7 were in Lincolnshire who keep a considerable number of sent from Lanark, 6 from Perth, and the others about robust mares for breeding purposes only, their foals sel- equally from Renfrew, Ayr, and the border counties. ling at £20 each and upwards. This year's show of The Clydesdales, like the other Scotch produce, came to agricultural horses was below the usual standard of the show in select, yet excellent form for displaying the excellence ; still, many were splendid specimens of the type of the breed. Single specimens have been seen at breed. They numbered forty animals—17 old stallions, previous meetings. 11 young diito, 7 mares, and 5 fillies.

Enough may be said in a few words of the stallion There were four good animals in class 1. Mr. Kemp-class, viz., that the prize-horse Sir Walter Scott, exson's (Pegsdon, Hitchin) Champion was a capital young hibited by the Duke of Hamilton, was the best entire bay horse, taking the first prize at three years old. The cart-horse in the show. Many must remember his gay second prize went to the old veteran exhibitor, Mr. style of action, quality, and massive form. Four out of Mathew Read, Beamish Burn, Durham, for his six years five of the three-year-old stallions were noticed by the old England's Glory, a horse of great substance, with judges, three receiving prizes and one highly comgrand appearance. He girthed 7 feet, and 11 inches mended. They were a good lot, but it must be remembelow the knee : Champion 6 feet 11 inches, and 104 bered that they were a year older than the English-bred inches below the knee.

colts. The young stallions were below the average of former Of the mares (with foal at foot) the first prize went years. The best recommendation about Mr. Begbie's to Rosie, exhibited by Mr. Kerr, Mid Calder, Edin(Mordan, Surrey) prize horse, Young Briton, was his burgh; second to Mr. James Gray, Yoker, Renfrew; action. Both this and the second-prize horse (exhibited | third to Colonel Buchanan, Coatbridge, Lanark.

The mares commanded most attention, especially | remaining unnoticed by the judges out of Mr. Stirling's those in foal, exhibited by Mr. W. Stirling, M.P., six entries, viz., five mares and a stallion, had won the Keir, Dumblane. The first prize mare Nancy bad first prize at Glasgow, Killarney (Royal Irish), Carlisle been shown once before as a three years old at Glasgow, (Royal), Dumfries (Highland), and other local prizes. gaining the first prize in her class, and the medal as thé From thirty to forty Clydesdales are kept at Keir, all best animal in the yard. The third prize mare had been of the purest blood, and the second prize mare did well a former winner, including the second prize at the to secure a place in her company. The three years old Highland Society's meeting at Perth in 1861, and the filling were short in number, but good in sort; the difbighly commended mare had won mapy prizes at Car- ference of a year in age gave them again, as with the rick, &c., and the commended mare has also been a entire colis, an unfair position over the English two winner at local shows; the above four animals are all years old. The best Clydesdales fetch high prices, from Keir. The second prize went to a mare the pro- especially for exportation to the colonies; as much as perty of the Duke of Hamilton.

£100 to £150 are paid for mares, and from £200 to We may further remark that the only animal, a mare, ' £400 for stallions.



It is the time for putting in the wheat, or “wbeat- / wheat for different soils ; 3rd, the best change of cliseed time;" I therefore venture a word or two of a sug- mate, i. e., from a warm to a cold district, or vice versá, gestive kind to my brother-farmers, relative to a change 4th, the best change from different soils, i. e., from clay of seed. It is the invariable tendency of wheat to de- to chalk, or peat to loam or sandy, or to gravelly soils, generate in quality, and decrease in yield, in some disa or vice versa in each case respectively, or whatever tricts, and to improve in others, particularly in respect changes may have been found desirable from soil to soil to quality. On good wheat lands, i, e., such lands as in any case. are to be found around Newbury, Guildford, Ux- A friend of the writer occupies a farm in Bedfordbridge, and other similar soils, also on our better clayey shire, and another in the Lincolnshire marshes. His loams, and in some cases on our warmer “chalks and custom, relative to his seed corn is, to change it from gravels," the wheat is much improved in quality from one farm to the other annually; and he assures me he a change of seed; but on our rich loams, peaty lands, does it with great benefit both cases, one of the proofs sandy soils, and soils under rich culture and in high being, and that under repeated trials, and upon both condition, the quality degenerates, often very injuri- farms, he finds that in competition with other kinds of ously, so much so, as to induce the better order of far- seed wheat the importations in both cases ripened earlier mers to change their seed every year—a good custom, by about ten days than those varieties grown for comand the result of experience. Such being the case, it is parison. The Bedfordshire farm is a retentive clay, the important that the subject be well discussed, and I marsh farm a thin loam, upon a silty or sea-sand subhope many of the intelligent readers of the Mark Lane soil. This is a fact worth knowing, and I trust my Express will take it up, and give us their views and readers will give us many such, and also many other their matured experience.

useful facts tending to elucidate this subject. I write from a midland county. Some years ago it At the risk of being thought presumptuous I will was my practice to exchange seed wheat with a friend in offer my advice. Every farmer should regulate his Dorsetshire. It was expensive in transit; but our course in these matters according to his best judgment united testimony was, that it greatly increased our pro- and experience. The varieties of wheat are very nu. duce and amply repaid us. In my own case my wheat merous; he best knows what sorts have proved well was grown of better quality, or rather it retained its under his culture; these he should adhere to rather quality; and in my friend's case, the wheat I sent him tenaciously, but with occasional deviations, or by inwas greatly improved by the change in quality as well troductions of new sorts, if well recommended. He as yield. We continued this practice for several years. should always change his seed; but he must be very Sometimes the wheat sent was from peaty soils, some-careful that the seed is clean, and from a favourable distimes from the Lincolnshire marsh districts ; but in trict or climate ; this he soon ascertains, either by his either case the change was very beneficial. The seed I re

own exprerience, or on the information of others. The ceived invariably came off the chalky downs of Dorset. great thing is, that he takes care to do it. Depend I never did better, and I have cause to regret that the upon it, that if this change be judiciously effected, practice was given up. I believe it was in error. I it will amply repay the little additional cost. My discovered that my friend had a peaty soil upon his own opinion inclines most to a change from either & farm in Dorset. I advised him to try a change from chalky, gravelly, or peaty soil, to a good loam, or a the peat to the chalk, which he did, and found it bene- clayey loam, or beavy clay, and vice versii ; also a ficial. In the meantime I obtained my seed from the change from a warm, or a dry climate or soil, to a cold chalky district of Norfolk, which being much nearer, or a wet climate or soil; and I should demur as to taking seemed more desirable ; but so far as I could judge, it seed-corn from a cold or wet climate at all. I should was not with like beneficial results.

also recommend sowing the best and heaviest grain, and The points I wish more particularly to have cleared not to drill in more than from six to nine pecks per acre, up are-1st, the nature of the change, i. e., the kind always taking into consideration the fertility of the soil of wheat; 2nd, the best change, and the best kinds of and the order of seeding.


as an

In another part of the Magazine will be found a Charles had referred to that blessed bill of Sir Baldwin full report of the very successful show of the Here- Leighton's. It would have been far more worthy of fordshire Agricultural Society, but in no place will Sir Baldwin if he had brought in a bill respecting the be found any report of the proceedings at the Tenant-right question (loud cheers), to put industrious dinner of that Society, which followed as usual, tenants in a position to have demanded from their in due course. After the experience of last year, landlords a fair remuneration for the permament imwhen we saw that three county members were in-provements in their farms, whenever their landlords vited to reply to one toast, and two town members choose to turn them out (cries of That's it! and great to the next, it was only with some reluctance that we applause). This Poaching Bill would only fill their ventured on any second such an entertainment. In gaols (loud cheers), and unfortunately at their cost. the course of the morning, however, we heard that He had no objection to gentlemen preserving game, but the farmers in those parts had been speaking out, and let them take care of it themselves, and not when they it was with the liope of hearing something more from caught a poacher make the tenants assist towards prothem that we booked another place in the long-room secuting him (continued applause). He thought the of The Green Dragon. Our report must tell how time was como when it was their duty to speak out.” grievously this bope was disappointed-how carefully We think so, too, and we offer Mr. Evans, as we offered the farmers and the farmers' interests were kept at Mr. Sewell Read, as an example for his fellows to speak arm's-length-and how tedious and out-of-place were out. But how to all this answered Sir Charles Boughthe generality of the addresses for which the Stewards ton, who had just characterised the new Poaching Bill would seem to have so studiously provided. Still, in " excellent” one? We must leave to Mr. Evans comparing one with another, how " Battersea” won at the triumph of telling the story out : “ He saw that Battersea, got beaten at Leominster, and righted Sir Charles had left the room, and if he had not, he again at Ludlow, it transpired that at this same Lud. (Mr. Evans) had intended to give him something more low show there had been a dinner, where the farmers to take with him." And who is this Mr. Evans, behad a chance of speaking for themselves, and they did yond a successful candidate and a man who himself it in this way-Amongst the distinguished visitors pre offers premiums for the encouragement of agriculture ? sont was, by very right of his position, Sir Baldwin Who is it that thus speaks out so boldly against the new Leighton, one of the members for Shropshire, and Game Bill? Some crusty curmudgeon may-be, who famous in the House for his great triumph in carrying has no sympathy with a sportsman's life, and who hates through the New Police Game-keeper Bill. Sir the very sight of one near his premises ? Far from it Baldwin, who was unfavourably received,spoko -Mr. Evans is a good fellow, who dearly loves a horse pleasantly of the use of town sewage, or the good and hound, and who is a thousand times over a better policy of amalgamating local societies, and, remark- sportsman than any of those ho denounces ! ably enough, of anything but his pet piece of re. What say the yeomen of Leicestershire to this, when cont legislation, the very thing of all others my Lord Berners publicly asked them the other day if

would have supposed a representative would they had any nuisance to complain of, and they sat in have talked over with his constituents. Sir Baldwin, silence under him? But the cheering for Read and however, was “unfavourably received" in the outset, the hisses for Howes—the applause for Evans, the disand hence perhaps his remarkable silence on so salient approbation for Leighton, and the flight of Boughton, a topic. But he was succeeded by another distin- will carry their weight with them, and the flame will guished visitor, Sir Charles Boughton, who rose to burst out again and again now that it has been once give the healths of the County Members, and who in roused. The supporters of that “ blessed Bill” are doing so went a little more into their recent acts and every one of them marked men. It is not every farmer deeds. “There had been a bill introduced,” said Sir who is in the position to speak out, with Mr. Read and Charles," and a most excellent one too, for the preser- Mr. Evans; but where are those of their follows vation of game (hisses). It was a bill of course on which who do not feel with thom ?. Turn to the Norfolk there might be diversity of opinion, but he thought it Journals, the Hereford Times, or, for a third, a most excellent one.” At this reiteration there were to the Staffordshire Advertiser, where Sir John more “ hisses,and signs of disapprobation;" 80 Pakington, another strenuous supporter of the new Bill, that Sir Charles pulled up rather suddenly, by saying is thus fairly faced : “ I think the tenant-farmers would that he “had great pleasure in proposing the healths find no sympathy in the House of Commons at the of the County Members." And his toast, after its ad- present time; for there is not a session in which anmirable introduction, was honoured in this wise:-“All other burden is not placed on the shoulders of tenantpersons present drank the health of Lord Newport, but farmers, by adding increased expenditure to the poormany refused that of Sir Baldwin Leighton." rates, highway-rates, or other rates, not forgetting the

Later in the evening, of course, Mr. Matthew county and police rates. And it is a great wonder Evans, who had gained a premium for the culti- where the money is found to meet all the payments vation of root crops, was called upon to return which are demanded with such promptitude, under thanks for “the successful candidates." He began by such adverse circumstances as the farmer has had to saying, that he would quite as soon have the honour as contend with from bad seasons, notwithstanding what the money-that he had been a member of the Lud- such persons as Sir John Pakington say, who told the low Society since its first establishment and that is one farmers of Worcestershire, at the recent meeting, that sovereign subscription was not enough, he would it was impossible to deny that the agricultural interest give ten. Further, he thought that if the gentlemen in England was now and had for some time been in a withdrew their subscriptions altogether it would not state of great prosperity. There is only one question break up the society; and then he proceeded to com- which I would require Sir John to answer. If such is ment on the speech of Sir Charles Boughton, “ Sir the prosperity of agriculture, how is it that there has


been imported and required for human food a larger | Poaching Bill. I begin to despair of any measure ever amount of corn and breadstuff during the last three being adopted by the Legislature for the protection years than was ever kuown in the same time? and of the tenant's capital invested in the soil.” This, howwhat has been the cause? The deficiency of the home ever, is not froma speech, but in a letter to the Editor, produce. Now, whether that will give prosperity I and from some anonymous fellow, no doubt! Not a will leave your readers to answer. Also look at the bit of it, Sir John. Joseph Wright, of Tomborn Park, apatby of the House of Commons last session towards is the man you have to answer as to your share in one the farmers, in passing one of the most unconstitu- of "the most unconstitutional Aets that ever passed tional Acts that ever passed the Legislature, viz., the I the Legislature,"

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by his side like a mighty phalady, whether he be at the bar or DEAR SIR.--Your paper may justly be called a pioneer of in the senate. What would be the education of youth withagricultural progress. One week you direct the mind of the out prizes? No better than a Chinese puzzle that no youth enquiring farmer to the best points of the most approved would ever find out. breeds of our varied stock, how to keep them healthy both in The grand stimulus of prizes not only applies to individuals the field and in the stall, and upon what to feed them, and but to nations; and what has England done in the bour abe how to grow it. Another week you discourse on the moral was threatened by a foreign foe? She called her gallant philosophy of farming, its jurisprudence as I may say, and volunteers out, and offered prize on prize for the best markspoint out the shoals and quicksands that underlie the path man, knowing full well that men alone would not do : good to improvement, and block up the way by vested interests of shots are what must be had; and the prize system alone has certain parties. It is the importance of these points being made the volunteers what they are the best shots in the ably discussed that makes your paper more valuable to the world, the pride and the safeguard of their country, bome, rising farmer than any of the great books on agriculture, for and beauty. there is often too much bone and too little muscle. Farming There is a great inconsistency and a marked selfishpen now is taking its natural place in human history. In days in the Council doing away with prizes for implements and gone by, when we had more fields than mouths to fill, high- not with cattle. It seems too ridiculous to contemplate, class farming was not of that importance ; but now it is indeed but still it is a solemn fact; and when I have conversed with reversed, and we are so short of home-grown edible for our the members of the Council, one and all told me-indeed their rapidly increasing population, that it often causes our great answers were all stereotyped---" that the actions of all ploughs aod justly proud country to bow down to the insults of the were so much alike that they could not tell one from the foreign foe, lest in chastising them, as we easily rould, we other." I asked them if they had never experienced the same might suffer for the want of bread. This state of things has sort of difficulty in judging between two yearling balls ? naturally, bught the greatest minds of our nation to bear They seemed very much bothered with the question, but upon agriculture, and now wealth and genius side by side are answered honestly, and said, " that they had felt the same diffiworking out the great problem of feeding the human race, culty with the bulls as with the ploughs.” I naturally said, and what better could occupy the mind of genius than an “ Then why did you not also withdraw the prizes from the increase of the quantity and quality of the food of man ? cattle ?" They said that they had never been asked to do so, Our agricultural societies are so established for drawing to- but that a great number of the large implement makers gether the best portions of our stock, implements, and roots, bad petitioned them not to give any more prizes for impleand judges are appointed to give prizes for the best article in ments. each department, that the mind of the general agriculturist I now come to a very grave part of the subject. It may may have his judgment assisted by the awards of men who appear a very honest thing at first sight, but it is nothing have had more time on their hands to travel and seek infor- else than a subtle attempt of the large makers to monopomation.

lize the whole implement trade into their own hands. If our agricultural societies fail to carry out this vital prin. These large makers think that they are on the top of the ciple, they become at once a stambling block and a snare. tree: they feel that they have all to lose and nothing to Now, the Council of the Bath and West of England 80. goin by going into frequent contest with their brother

makers. ciety have ceased to give prizes for implements, for the last four or five years.

Who and what placed these large implement makers on

the top of the tree ? Nothing more nor less than the prizes It would be difficult to account for such a proceeding upon they have had given to them by the different agricultural any known principle of human progress. However much the present age is marked with high art Crimean hero, they begin to play the Mawworm, and say

societies; and now that they are loaded with medals like a and great earneatness, it is nevertheless full dark spots of " Away with prizes!"--they are sick of them. They are quite retrogression, and surely this must be one of them. From the welcome to their mock modesty, providing that they do not earliest ages to the present day, it has ever been the wise break down the wheel of fortune that may bring prizes to custom, whenever there has been a difficulty, to offer a prize others. Class IX, in the Interpaiional Exhibition shews the for the best means of bridging it over. If a new disease should

bulk of these large makers, who wish prizes to be done away show itself, which cannot be successfully treated, we offer a with, in their true light. I will not use names, for I do prize, and at once the minds of great power and learning are not deal with individuals, but with principles. Many of set to work, and often in a short time a remedy is found, and

them have put over or in front of their stands 20 to 30 the inventor wears his honours with just pride, and another medals, in handsome frames--the honours they have won page is added to human progress; but for the wholesome in many a hard contest. I do not find fault with the disstimulus of the prize the disease might have travelled on un- play of these prizes, for they have as much right to show checked, and cut of the very mind that discovered the anti- thein at the Exhibition as a knight to wear his garter, for dote. The youth at school rises early in the morning, that he victories won in battle, at a court levee; but what I do find may take a prise home to his mother, and the father proudly fault with, and what every honest man will, is the tells his friends that his boy has come home with a prize from

display of prizes by a set of gentlemen who have the moEton.

desty to petition for the cessation of them. The sort of At college the same grand stimulus gondo the youth on paper on which their prayer was written was not thick until he attains high academical honours, which are ever after I enough to hide the cloven foot, Honours have been

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