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Mr. Higgins' entry by Rochester struck us as being a very the speaking pretty much confined to cross tables. Colonel good mover. We could see but little of the hackneys, nor do Gilpin's health (who was President) was in a very poor state; we think their owners wished them to be very much inspected, so that the time was taken up by Lord C. Russell, wbo made for they were very carefully clothed up during the whole of very long speeches, but not one-half the company heard him, the show; and this may also be said of most of the hunters. the room being the worst for sound eyer devoted to such i The dianer was well attended, the fare somewhat meagre, and purpose, About 200 sat down.

A SPEECH TO THE POINT.

At the meeting of the Wigton Agricultural Society, , must not be thoughtlessly wedded to old customs. There Robert Brisco, Esq. (the Chairman), Low Mill, in proposing was no doubt that old customs were a very safe guide up to the toast of the evening—" Prosperity to the Society"- a certain point, and the man was next to crazed who would said : He had heard many grumblers, taking the lowest and throw the wbole experience of his progenitors away. They most miserable views of these agricultural meetings, say might try as cautiously as they liked, but let there be a re that it was a trial for the obtaining of the prize. The solution to progress. Let them try to pick out the good prize! What was the prize to a man? It was the honour, implements, and remedy those that were not so good that It was the ambition of the man that was brought out in it. were in use by their neighbours. These were points for It was the ambition of every man to say that he held the them to consider; and such was the heavy demand made by best, that by his care and selection—it might be by his consumers in this country, that they must either do their breeding-he had produced an example to those around utmost to provide that farming must progress at a more him among his friendly neighbours; for there was no bad rapid speed than hitherto, or else give up the battle that feeling when a man could show his animals to his neigh- was now going on. England was never to yield. What bours and say, “ Now, my lads, I have beaten you all; try had not been done by farming in the last ten years ? yourselves if you can beat me next time." That was a Coming to the point of taking off the crop. It was per noble and generous feeling, and what was the result? No fectly wonderful that in the week before last in the port of man could succeed in a great object but he must at the Liverpool alone we imported 199,000 qrs. of wheat. When same time more or less diffuse the advantage and benefit to they considered that enormous quantity coming in in one those around him. There were those who would never week to fill up the deficiency they would all find in their own benefit by the advantage shown by others; but look to-day crops—when they considered that, it gave them some idea of at the number of fine creatures shown, and let their posses- the enormous demand made upon their exertions. Not only sors go back to thirty years ago. If anyone could rise from was there wheat, but maize and some other articles of food. the grave of thirty years ago and look out now, he could He had been informed from what he considered the best not believe he was in the district of Wigton. From what authority that in America—that awfully unhappy country was that change derived? Why, from the great progress that was now cutting its own throat--there was the finest they were making in England. Man was now raised up harvest this year that they had had for the last twenty years, from the common hewer of wood and drawer of water; he and they bad on their premises one-half of the crop of the was placed in his right position; and they had now machin- preceding year. Now, they would think that would flood ery of wood and iron doing what man used to do. He was them out of the market themselves. Nothing of the kind ; no longer the bard drudge. They wished to see his powers don't fear. There was a counteracting influence at work. brought to bear upon greater powers than himself, and they The Americans wanted money, and they could only look to bad introduced the steam-engine and all the more improved England, and it was for that reason that we would this implements of agriculture instead of the little old hoe that year get a quantity of grain that would not have come to used to do the work. Talking of implements, that was a us in ordinary seasons; and for this reason there was not question that had puzzled agriculturists for a long time. It the demand for our goods to America there used to be, and happened that the practical man in agriculture was rarely a ships going out for grain had to lay opon that grain the mechanic. In recent years the great Agricultural Society of cost of double freightage. That would prevent it getting to England, wbich had been the most valuable assistant that such a pitch that the landlord must consider whether he ever uny interest possessed, had brought together the great must raise his rent. There was another great point they est talents in agriculture ; and those men closeted and con- must not lose sight of. It was the great question they had sidered what was wanted, and how they thought these re- heard whispered at various times in recent years that they sults might be brought about. They went to the mechanist, were making such a change in their system of cropping in and said if he would only give them that which would ac- this country that they could sufficiently, speedily, and efficomplish their object there was the large remunerative prize. ciently meet the changes that were taking place in the Take the reaping machine, that had lain dormant for he did world. They all knew the enormous rise that had taken know how many years since Bell's time. It had lain till it place in flesh meat in recent years. They knew that wages rotted, until the model was carried away to America by in the manufacturing districts had immensely risen in reemigrants who used it and brought it to perfection when we cent years. They might always take as their weather-glass were at home sleeping, and never dreaming of such a tbing or their storm-glass wages as the best indication of what being in existence. There was one machine which he had would rule the prices of beef and mutton in the butcher taken a good deal of interest in-M'Cormick's—but it was market. If there was a great demand for labour, great a defective machine. When he examined it, he found that wages would follow, and great wages would demand animal the progression was faster than the cut, and all that was food, and when that demand came they must be prepared to wanting was the driving cog-wheel to be changed from one meet it. Certainly the Americans were a very lovg-sighted of 54 inches to one of 60 inches ; and at this moment that people. They had seen the deficiency of beef in this counmachine was working on the farm of a friend of his as per try, and had cured and sent to us a supply of what eight fect an implement as ever went across the land. He had years ago was not fit for an Englishman to eat-meat that also remarked this year how wonderfully a certain district shrunk into the shape of a sickle when put into the pan, which he should not point out-how wonderfully two or and bacon when boiled curled all up, and left nothing but three farmers got their hay in. How green and perfect in the skin. They were aware it was not fit to put into the every respect! They would ask how much more it cost frying-pan beside their own; and what was the cause ? them than that of any other farmer. It was immeasurably why, bucause it was not fed. The Americans found the cheaper; it was as 3s. is to 10s. How was that brought demand was for good material for ready cash; and they about? There was not only the quality of it, but the were now sending into this country as splendid ship beef or rapidity of getting it in, and every operation was performed salt beef as any of them could wish to put their teeth into, by a perfect set of machines." There was the mowiog ma- showing the rapidity with which they have advanced, or chine, the teddying machine, and the horse-rake, They | they would never have been the nation they are. The

comed beef they sent here would give the supply, but the portion of long wools imported had kept up, theirs had done desh meat of this country would always take the market in so too. The great benefit of interchauge between nations these districts when salt and cured beel would not be looked was proved on every side. If they looked at the French at. If there was a great return and a great security- treaty, or any other treaty, they could not find an exception ; though that he doubted-but assuming that there was a the more liberal and open they were in their intercourse begreat security in animal stock to produce that demand, it tween nations, so the more and more greatly must this became'a question for them to consider whether it was not nation thrive. There was nothing that affected their indesirable to give more attention to the production of the terests, their profits, or their happiness more than that one stock and less to wheat. When they considered the beauti. question of climate. His friend (Dr. Tiffin) had alluded to ful males they had seen to-day-oh'! those sweet Short- the great improvements made in drainage, and the difference horned bulls, that melted the heart of an agriculturist to between narrow-laid drains and wide. When they drew look upon, and far more to touch, for the touch of them to the water from the land they considered they dried it. No day was pleasing beyond measure to his young eyes as a doubt that was what they meant to do; but what did they farmer-he did consider they should give more attention gain by it? It was putting them so many degrees nearer to the rearing of stock in the north of England, because the equator. As the success of the production of all anithey were more adapted for it, and more particularly cut out mals really depended upon geothermal heat-that is, the for it. The south would surpass them in splendid land and heat of the earth-so the more rapidly they took the water in the warmth and fineness of climate, but there was a from the land the more degrees were they increasing the sterling power in the soil of the north of England that real heat of their plants. It was proved in their hot-houses was most of all qualified for the produce of young stock. and in various other things, and it was one of the leading There was a time when he was terrified and they were all points for them to attend to. Instead of adopting the pians terrified about the corn-laws. They could laugh at them of the new. society, called the Acclimatisation Society, selves now for being so mistaken, though he believed they which he said were all " bamm," they had plenty of anihad been honest in their convictions. However, “Let us mals in their own country, if they could only breed them. take the good the gods provide us." They found they had In the first place they were draining and mucking. Now, benefited beyond measure, and they thanked those manufac- muck was like a great coat upon the land, and so was the turers of Manchester who had larger brains and eyes than aftermath, which they should not be over greedy about taking they had. It was not for them to care whence the source, off

. If they cut the land in autumn and left it exposed to so that the stream were pure. With respect to wool, he re- the chilly cold of winter, they would have moss growing membered when he had a flock himself he was told that upon that land as sure as they had grass or grain growing he was

more than mad to give his attention to sheep when before. In conclusion the Chairman alluded to the question they looked at the enormous quantity of wool that came of grain growing. They would never get good crops unless from Australia. He was asked if he thought that the coarse there was a certain division, so that the air and light could grown wool of Cumberland could ever compete with that get in, and they must look up to heaven for increase of their beautiful Australian merino wool. But he pointed to the crops—they must increase the length of the heads of their prices they had got for English wool. Would the wool wheat, and not increase the number of little heads. Much buyers leave them alone till they got hold of their wool ? might be gained by a good selection of the seed, for pedigree If they looked at statistics they would find that as the pro- ' in wheat was of as great importance as pedigree in cattle,

RUTLAND AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.

ROOTS AND VEGETABLES.

The awards for these classes were made on Tuesday and agricultural knowledge than the prize system; and in Wednesday, the 14th and 15th of October. The following whatever form it may be offered, we happily find plenty of gentlemen officiated as judges on this occasion: Mr. J. competitors, and by bringing one into competition with his Painter, Nottingham; Mr. P. Parkinson, Ryball; and Mr. neighbour it creates a jealousy between competing parties, C. C. Lowe, Ryhall.

and tends to the general good of the public. We were In class 1, for Swedish turnips, cultivated on any system favoured on this occasion with capital weather, which inin quantities of not less than 10 acres, a silver cup, value creases the pleasure of an annual survey of the root crops £10, given by the Hon. G. J. Noel, M.P., awarded to Mr. of our country. There was a large entry, which extended J. Christian, Barrow; Mr. W. H. Bullivant, Ashwell, com- across a breadth of country measuring about 14 miles from mended.

east to west, and say 12 from south to north, and though we Class 2, for Swedish turnips, as above, in quantities of cannot say we saw any, one piece of swedes so good as that not less than 5 acres, prizes given by the Right Hon. Vis

of Mr. Bullivant's in 1860, for weight and quality, yet we count Campden; first prize of £7 10s., Mr. Hutton, Tix- found a general good crop, quite up to an average of years, over; second of £3 10s., Mr. T. W. Fowler, Exton.

In class 1, for swedes, we had a good entry, and after a Class 3, for Swedish turnips, as above, in quantities of here was supplied by Warner of Leicester). Mr. Bulli.

careful inspection we found Mr. Christians' al (the seed not less than 2 acres; prize of £3, given by the town and trade of Oakham, to Mr. E. G. Baker, Langham,

vant's were good, but not up to the mark in quality; Mr.

Baker's were well grown; and Earl Gainsborough's were Class 4, for mangold wartzel, as above, in quantities of clean and well cultivated, not forgetting Mr. Bradfora's, not less than 3 acres, prize of £3, given by the Hon. which, considering the thin soil and the absence of farmRoden Noel, to Mr. E. Wortley, Ridliogton; the Right yard manure, were highly creditable. In class 2, Mr. HatHon. the Earl of Gainsborough, Exton Park, com.

ton's were well grown and quite matured, and Mr. Fowler's mended.

were of first-rate quality, though evidently later sown, and Class 5, for mangold wurtzel, as above, in quantities of may yet be a heavy crop. In class 3, Mr. Baker's were not less than 1 acre, a prize of £2, given by the Society, to good, and growing on the " sunny" side of the county, as Mr. Suter, Brook.

the land was “good enough.” İn class 4, for mangold Class 6, for cabbages, as above, in quantities of not less wurtzel, Mr. Wortley showed us a much better piece than than 1 acre, a prize of £1, given by the Society, to the we once thought to find (as mangolds are considerably beRight Hon. the Earl of Gainsborough.

low an average crop); he was closely run here by his noble Class 7, for turnips (not being swedes), as above, in landlord, who gained a commendation. In class 5, for 1 quantities of not less than 5 acres, a silver cup, value £5, acre, we found Mr. Suter in his accustomed place, first. given by the town and trade of Oakham, to Mr. T. W. And here we may learn a lesson and one that convinces us Fowler, Exton; Mr. J. G, Bosworth, Greetham, highly we leave too much in the hands of disinterested seedcommended.

growers, who take no care in selecting the best and most Perhaps nothing has done more for the general spread of perfectly formed roots for reproduction, as here the grower has for several year's back grown his own seed, and we re- , by that of Mr. Bosworth's" highly commended crop, which momber in 1860 seeing his sced growing from bulbs which might fairly have been thought good cuough to take a prize were not less than 36 inches in circumference, and of a in any season. The seed in both these picces was supplied beautiiul form. But we regret that such a good selecter by Mr. Sharpe, of Sleaford, and does him great credit, as should only feel it to be worth his time to grow sufficient they are large, well-shaped roots of the noted Lincolnshire for himself. Of course this was quite visible in his crop, “round reds,” which sort are gaining great favour here, and we might truly say, it was "model" root growing. In and are a good, hardy sort. class 6 for cabbages, the Earl of Gainsborough followed up The judges kindly gave their two days' services gratui. his success of 1861, by being No. 1. Class 7, for turnips tously to the society, and were well entertained by its (not being swedes): here was the great "success" of the members each day, and signed the award after requesting year, as during our five years' “ pilgrimage" we have never the Secretary to add, “We the judges are perfectly unaniseen a piece so good as Mr. Fowler's, backed up as it was mous."

SALE OF SHORTHORNS AT SITTYTON, NEAR ABERDEEN. The twentieth annual sale of young short-horned bulls | Michael Angelo, red, calved March 13, 1862, got by Gs. and heifers, bred by Mr. Cruickshank, took place at his Lord Garlie; Mr. Masson, Whiterashes farm, on Thursday, the 9th Oct. The stock offered for sale Roley Poley, red, calved Feb. 1, 1862, got by Lord consisted of 30 boll and 10 heifer calves, and there was but Sackville; Mr. John Ross, Tollo

28 one opinion as to the very high merit of the animals gene. Rampant, red, calved March 7, 1862, got by Ivanhoe; rally. Previous to the hour of sale, Mr. Cruickshank's herd Mr. John Burr, Little Gourdass, Fyvie

33 was examined, and attracted much attention, more parti- Bridesman, red, celved March 17, 1862, got by Bridecularly the sires in use. These included “Lord Raglan” groom; Mr. Walker, Lumphart (13244), a bull of nine or ten years, of immense substance Louis Napoleon, red, calved March 19, 1862, got big and quality, the winner of many prizes, challenge cups, and Champion of England; Sir John Sinclair, Bart., gold medals; “ Ivanhoe” (14735), a son of “Lord Raglan," Caithness

29 also the winner of numerous prizes in the border counties, King Richard, red, calved Feb. 5, 1862, got by Ivanand from the famous “ Old Cherry” tribe; “ Baron Non: hoe; Mr. Youngson, Rainneshill pareil" (17376), a bull of much style; “ Champion of Eng- Louis d'Or, red and white, calved March 24, 1862, got land" (17526), is a wonderful bull, fine straight back, good by Lord Garlies; Sir John Sinclair

28 loins, and extraordinary girth, rich in colour and hair, with Lord Denman, roan, calved March 23, 1862, got by a lively, yet placid countenance: the “ Czar," a red bull, son Lancaster Royal; Mr. Inkson, Berrylegs of “ Lord Raglan," very promising and handsome (he ob- Vermilion, red, calved March 27, 1862, got by

Lori tained the first prize, as a yearling, at the Royal Northern Raglan; Mr. Gray, Denmill

21 Society's sbow, in spring and autumn last); “ President Lord Buckingham, Calved April 12, 1862, got by Lord Lincoln," another very stylish red bull, also a son of “ Lord Sackville ; Mr. Cochrane, Little Haddo

31 Raglan;" “ Lord Raglan 2nd," a fine roan, and another Lord Chancellor, roan, calved March 11th, 1862, got offshoot of the old gentleman. Probably the most attrac- by Lord Raglan ; Mr. Wishart, Cairntradlin

31 tive of this extensive stud was“ Windsor Augustus," bred | Bonaparte, red and white, calved April 4, 1862, got by by Mr. Carr, Yorkshire, and recently purchased by Mr. Lord Sackville; Mr. Murray, Kilcoy, Ross-shire 39 Cruickshank. He is a son of the noted bull "Windsor" King of the Isles, red, calved April 26, 1862, got by (Mr. Booth's). “Windsor Augustus" is a dark roan, Lord Sackville; taken out at

35 nearly two years old. He was third at the Royal Society's British King, roan, calved April 23, 1862, got by Lord show in Battersea-park. As may be remembered, there Raglan; Mr. Geddes, Orbliston

39 were complaints at the time as to the awards in this class. The Constable, red, calved April 20, 1862, by Lord Since then, “ Windsor Augustus” has competed at York, Sackville ; taken out at Darbam, and Lincoln, against the Battersea first prize bull | Heart of Oak, white, calved April 18, 1862,

got by "Whipper-in," and on each occasion he stood first, beating Lord Raglan; taken out at

25 his opponents.

Shaftesbury, roan, calved April 10, 1862, got by Lori The following is the resuit of the sale :

Raglan; Mr. Marr, Cairnbrogie

Hotspur, red, calved March 23, 1862, got by Ivanhoe;

Gs. Mr. Ledingham, Hayhillock
Bulwark, roan, calved Dec. 3, 186), got by Lord
Brougham; Mr. Maitland, Netherton, însch

34 Port and Sherry, roan, calved Dec. 9, 1861, got by Lord Maid of Kent, white, calved Feb. 20, 1802, got by Lan. Stanley; Mr. Walker, Daviot

caster Royal ; Mr. Wyness, Knaggons, Fintray Prime Minister, roan, calved Jan. 1, 1862, got by Lord Mary Stewart, red, calved March 6, 1862, got by Lord Raglan; Mr. Brown, Craig, Udny

35
Garlies; taken out at

25 Tuscan, white, calved Jan. 1, 1862, got by Lord Rag

Evangeline, red, calved March 14, 1862, lan; Mr. Wilson, Waterside

22

caster Royal; taken out at.. Sheet 'Anchor, roan, calved Jan. 21, 1862, got by Lord Polly, red, calved April 19, 1862, got by Banker (Lord Sackville ; Mr. Dean, Balquhain

31
Raglan's grandson); taken out at

13 Holbein, red and white, calved Jan. 22, 1862, got by Bianca, white, calved April 27, got by Banker; taken

out at Champion of England; Mr. Thomson, Newseat 51

13 Duke of Lancaster, roan, calved Jan. 14, 1862, got by

Regina, red, calved May 2, 1862, got by Ivanhoe; the Lancaster Royal; Mr. Keith, Chapeltown, Ellon 30

Duke of Richmond Medallion, roan,calved Feb. 14, 1862, got by Lord Rag

Letitia, red, calved May 3, got by Ivanhoe; Mr. Harlan ; Mr. Scott, Glendronach

30 May Duke, roan, calved Feb. 5, 1862, got by Lancaster

Bridal Flower, white, calved June 6, 1862, got by LanRoyal ; Dr. Thomson, Inverury

33
caster Royal; Mr. Milne, Tillycairn

14 Grand Master, roan, calved

April 30, 1862, got by Lord Jealousy, roan, calved June 3, 1862, got by Malachite; Sackville ; Mr. Beattie, Dunnydeer

Mr. Milne, Tillycairn 36

23 Percy, red, calved Feb. 6, 1862, got by Champion of

Prima, red, calved March 20, 1862, got by Ivanhoe ; England ; Mr. Maitland, Balhaggardy

42
Mr, Scott, Brotherton

28 Duke of Bedford, roan, calved March 13, 1862, got by The above figures give an average, for bull calves sold, of Bridegroom ; Mr. Donald, Waulkmill

56 | 33 guineas; and for heifer calves, of fully 22 guineas.

BULLS.

33

HEIFERS.

got by Lan.

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26

vey, Drums

THE RIGHT HON. W. E. GLADSTONE, M.P., ON AGRICULTURAL PROGRESS.

It is a pleasant thing in a lord-loving country like | tion must be a man of active mental, as well as of ours to get a nod from a great man, the more especi- active bodily habits, and the more he exercises those ally if the donor be not a mere dummy, but with gifts of the inind and that power of thought with which really “ something in him." The compliment becomes Providence has endowed him, the greater and more proportionately the more pointed when our friend, at conspicuous will be his success in his calling." This is least, affects to take an active interest in our welfare, rather a high standard; but even with such a combinaand passes on from the conventional “how-de-do ?” to tion of qualities agriculture must not be expected some more direct reference as to how we are all going on to ever pay as good a per-centage upon outlay as Moreover, he may possibly be able to assist us a little would be realized by many other means. When a if he so chooses, and as a consequence we are very man has made a fortune by business he takes to farmmuch obliged to him for his kind inquiries, and as duly ing as an amusement, and an hour or two by the impressed with what he has to tell us. Amongst Express convert the Alderman of Leadenhall Street other unexpected pleasures during the last few weeks into the Squire of Tiptree. There is the best classic the Chancellor of the Exchequer has been looking in authority, as we are pretty sure to hear at every rural upon Agriculture. He has even done the old lady the gathering, for turning the fine edge of our weapon as honour to stop and dine with her, and further favoured we fashion it into a plough-share; and “inasmuch as the party, during the course of the evening, with agriculture is by far the most healthy, by far the one of his famous addresses. And this of itself is most agreeable, and, on the whole, by far the most “something," for Mr. Gladstone cannot . speak in- satisfactory of all pursuits, it would be a very unequal differently upon any subject, while for print and force distribution of the benefits of Providence if agriculture he is the only rival of Lord Derby for the laurel leaf as had coupled with all these advantages an overbearing the most brilliant orator of the day.

share of the profits of industry.” This is candid at any But Mr. Gladstone at Mold, on Wednesday, Sept. 24, the premises upon which it is drawn. No man must

rate; but the inference is still scarcely compatible with spoke with something more weighty than even the great gift of eloquence to back him. He occupied “the it is simply an agreeable way of passing the time, rather

count upon making a fortune by farming. If anything, place of the day" as chairman of the Flintshire Agri- more playing at business than anything else. From cultural Society, and thus stood thrice-armed as the man of genius, the patron of agriculture, and the

no man, however, is more expected. Much that has Chancellor of the Exchequer. Ability, opportunity, to be done.

been done tends only to show how much more there is

" You have indeed achieved great proand power were all at his command, and an afterdinner speech under such circumstances may be yet of cultivating the ground. Great, however, as that

gress both in the application of manure and the mode worth remembering hereafter. Of course we must allow something for the position the right honourable progress has been, I believe that still more remains to gentleman occupied, and his character of the modern of the land had reached its limits, and no more could

be achieved. It was once thought that the cultivation farmer is certainly flattering enough. “Societies of this be obtained from it. It perfectly true that to some kind,” too, are of the very greatest possible interest and importance, and they more than anything else but at the same time you will recollect, that while we

extent this will always be a corn-producing country; tend to show that the agricultural interest is not always what it has been sometimes supposed to be-behind grow a great quantity of corn, the people are now so

increased in nuinbers that there is an enormous dethe rest of the world.” Such a speaker, however, as Mr. Gladstone cannot be content only with talking, but mand for all kinds of esculents which the farmers find must straightway deduce and refine upon that he may

it profitable to grow, and, conesquently, to some extent start with. He is, then, intent not so much perhaps

we do throw ourselves on foreign nations for a supply upon & picture of the farmer as he is or was, as upon

of corn, and no doubt more or less we shall always do all he must be: “There was a time, undoubtedly,

At the same time this is fraught with good ; be

when the farmer was looked upon as a different kind of person cause, while other nations supply us with corn, our from a manufacturer, and when it was supposed that a

commerce is extended ; and while on the one hand

there is an immense saving of labour here, we very average standard of mental qualities, if not strengthen those bonds of amity and cordiality which pbysical exertion, would suffice for the performance of should exist among all the nations of the world. I the duties of those who are engaged in the cultivation believe you will, however, find that the present proof the earth. But we have now found out, on the ducts of the soil in this land have by no means reached contrary, that everything more or less connects itself with the cultivation of the soil, and that it not only

their maximum." involves all the knowledge which science can bring to Entering into occasional detail, the Chancellor of the bear upon the manufacture of implements the most Exchequer dwells, as Lord Derby did at Preston, on suitable to be employed in cultivation, but a high the utilization of town sowage; and upon this topic we chemical knowledge of all the qualities of those re- may deduce a little further from the right honourable storatives which in their thousand forms replenish and gentleman's speech. There have been foolish people revive the surface of the ground; consequently, that now for years past, who have been talking and writing, the duties and functions which constitute the business and repeating themselves about the use and value of of a farmor are such as to afford the amplest scope to sewage, as if it was simply the farmer's fault that it had the greatest efforts, whether mental or ph ical, of the not been put into use, and that he did not know its value. highest order of intelligence which can be brought to Mr. Gladstone by no means goes so far as this ; but still bear upon the subject, and that, if it is pursued in the he speaks as if the sewage should be at once employed manner in which it ought to be pursued, in a manner upon the land, and he makes a point of saying this to a worthy of itself, the man who pursuos it as an occupa- meeting of agriculturists. He might much more ap

so.

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propriately address himself upon the question to his The Right Hon. PRESIDENT said I have now to propose brother-members of the Government, or the mayor and " Success to the Denbighshire and Flintshire Agricultural councilmen of our several cities. This, indeed, gives Society,” a toast which I need not say forms in the main the the very moral to the Mold address; and the eloquent principal interest of our meeting to-night (cheers). We have orator might have been very readily answered. It is

not altogether been favoured to-day with that circumstance not enough for one of his power and position to pat us which they say is always uppermost in the bearts of Englishon the back with the satisiactory comment, that “ you men-the weather, and there was in the show-yard a very free have done very well, and now see if you cannot do a exbibition of umbrellas; but with that exception, I trust, the little more." We want a helping hand at times, good show has been of a character fully worthy of the ancient repuMr. Chancellor. Will you think of us when you get tation of this society. I don't myself profers to have oven home again, and give us a lift when you can li is information, judgment, and skill, as to anthorize me for a no not often we ask; but really there is nobody now that

ment to attempt to pronounce upon the merits of either cattle, we can trust to say a good word for us. We are willing sheep, hogs, or whatever else we have seen to-day, but I do to go on if you are ready to back us ; but there are

venture to think that if this exhibition is less satisfactory than many other things like this same town sewage, the due indeed. It is impossible not to see that societies of this kind

former ones have been, they must have been very satisfactory use of which does not in the first instance depend upon

are of the very greatest possible interest and importance, and the farmer. Clear the way for us. Bring it within they more than anything else tend to show that the agrical practical reach of the farmer. You do your duty, and we tural interest is not always what it has been sometimes sup will do ours. With our recent experiences of Lords and posed to be-behind the rest of the world (eheers.) By means Commons, there is not much to look for from high of these societies you bring together the best of every descripplaces; but when the President of an Agricultural Asso- lion both of live stock and all other kinds of agricultural prociation is also a Chancellor of the Exchequer, he should duce, besides the tools and implemento by which you till the be able to shake Hope from the bottom of the box.

earth. The meaning of that is that you all give blessings to one another. Those who are able to give them, give them;

those who have occasion to receive them, receive them. There MOLD, FLINTSHIRE, Sept, 24, are few who can't teach something, and fewer still who have The annual meeting of the Denbigh and Flint Agricul. not something to learn; but it is within our own recollection tural Society took place in this town to-day, when it being that you have been beforehand in these matters as compared known that Mr. Gladstone would preside, a very much

with the rest of the world. It was thought a very great larger number of the gentry and farmers of this part of achievement, and it was a very great achievement, when, in North Wales were attracted to the show than had ever 1851, all those engaged in industrial pursuits were invited to before been known to attend. Notwithstanding torrents of send to one spot their productions for mutual comparison and rain which commenced to fall in the early part of the morn.

mutual instruction in what was called the Great International ing and continued all day, the show-yard was crowded, the Exhibition (Cheers.) The happy idea which was then 80 succattle exhibited being remarkably fine. At five o'clock acessfully carried out for the first time was imitated in various party of about 300 of the principal gentry and farmers sat foreigu countries, and the second application of it has been down to dinner at the Black Lion, under the preidency of witnessed among ourselves during the present year. Long Mr. Gladstone, who was supported by Mr. Mainwaring, before the manufacturers, and those interested in the general M.P., and Sir W. W. Wynn. The right hon. gentleman on production of articles of utility, were called upon to compare entering the room was loudly cheered. After the removal their productions, you had exhibited to them that system in of the cloth,

actual operation as au established thing, both in Scotland and Mr. GLADSTONE proceded to give the usual loyal toasts, iu England. There were, indeed, societies of this description which were drunk with enthusiasm. In giving “The all over the country, some of them great and others small

, but Health of the Prince of Wales and the rest of the Royal all flourishing, and all tending to the same great objectFamily” he alluded in the following terms to the approach- mutual benefit, which I hope will always attend their oper ing marriage of the Heir Apparent: Gentlemen, we have tions (cheera). Whatever may be the character of the exhi. all heard with no common interest of the event which oition to-day, upon which better judges than myself will proabout to take place. Tho Prince of Wales is about to be nounce, I think I may congratulate you as an association intimarried to an amiable and virtuous Princess, who has mately connected with agriculture on the present condition shown herself worthy both of her future husband and of the and prospects of those engaged in that noble pursuit (Hear, exalted station which she will one day be called upon hear). All that old English framework that binds us together

, to fulfil in this country. Among the brightest and all the three principal classes, landlords, tenant-farmers, and most happy characteristics of the present period and the peasantry of old English and old Welsh society, have the present reign none has more distinctly been subjected under the circumstances of our lifetime to conmarked than this, that the marriages of the Royal siderable pressure and considerable strain during the transifamily have been without exception marriages which, while tion from one system to another, but we have all seen with the in every respect conformable to the public interest, have deepest satisfaction and the most cordial delight that the result been also founded upon the warmth and sincerity of per- of putting the Briton upon his mettle has in this case been sonal attachments, as much as in the case of the humblest what it has undoubtedly been in other cases-namely, that he of the Queen's subjects. That was the case in the first has proved himself to be more than equal to every call that instance with Her Majesty herself. It was the case with could be made upon him, and that out of circumstances of her daughters, and we have it upon the most undoubted | danger and of difficulty he bas emerged not a loser but a gainer, anthority that it will be the case with the marriage which is and a conqueror over all the obstacles that have beset his about to take place of the Prince of Wales and the Princess course. (Cheers.)Gentlemen, I venture to hope and to be of the house of Denmark. You will all agree with me in lieve that the farming class of this country, to whom we must saying God bless them both, and may that marriage be a look as the centre of this great system of agricultural imfountain of joy both to themselves and to the people over provement in respect to the cultivation of the land, will now whom at a distant date they may be called upon to reign. feel themselves to be embarked on a career which is likely to (Cheers.)

be one of advantage and success to themselves, as udThe next toast, “ The Bishops and Clergy," was acknow.doubtedly it must always be one of progress and improvement. ledged by the Vicar of Mold, which was followed by “The There was a time, undoubtedly, when the farmer was looked upon Army, Navy, and Volunteers," in giving which Mr. Glad- as a different kind of person from a manufacturer, and when it stope observed that we alone of all nations had solved

was supposed that a very average standard of mental qualities, if the problem of vesting vast strength in a separate portion not physical exertion, would suffice for the performance of the of the community without destroying their citizenship, or duties of those who are engaged in the cultivation of the earth. endangering the liberties of the people,

But we have now found out, on the contrary, that everything Calonel Rowley responded.

more or less connects itself with the cultivation of the soil, The health of the County Members having been drunk, and that it not only invalves all the knowledge which science and acknowledged by Mx, MAINWARING, M,P.,

can bring to bear upon the manufacture of implementa the

been

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