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material facts. It might be very true that there was only begged to remind the worthy Alderman that change was not four pounds an acre invested in the land of England; but always progress. For his own part, he thought farming was he did not know that their discussing that point could add so completely an art, so much dependent on the individual a single pound to the aggregate amount. Every man who skill and experience of the person who carried it on, that it understood his business would invest as much capital as he was almost the very last thing that ought to be made the thought he could obtain an adequate return for; and if Mr. object of a joint stock company. There might be a waste Nechi wanted to teach the farmer anything, he must not piece of land so extensive that only a joint stock company confine himself to common places, which, though they night could bring it under cultivation; but farming was, generally be amusing, were not at all useful. Mr. Mechi recom- speaking, just as much an individual occupation as the mended that a company should be formed for the purpose keeping of a shop (Hear, hear). Mr. Mechi appeared to of acquiring large masses of land, and cultivating it. People him to have lost sight on that occasion-and on many other who heard of that scheme naturally wondered how it was to occasions when making popular speeches-of an important be carried out-whether all the implements and machinery distinction between trade and agriculture. In trade, men which Mr. Mechi had himself bought were to be procured, could turn over capital again and again, as often as they could and, if so, how the thing was to be made profitable. He find customers ; whereas in farming they were dependent recollected that among other of that gentleman's potions on the seasons, and however well they might cultivate land were that farm buildings should be lighted by gas and warmed there was a limit to the produce (Hear, hear). A similar reby steam. At present, he believed, farmers found the hours mark was applicable to any comparison between agriculture of daylight quite sufficient for profitable occupation, and the and manufactures. Such comparisons, if not invidious, bodies of the animals quite sufficient for warmth. Then, tended to mislead. He made these remarks with the greatest again, there was the question of liquid manure. He must respect to Mr. Mechi. When a paper was read which might, gire Mr. Mechi credit for great courage and consistency in by its poetical exaggerations, do harm in the country-it constantly bringing forward that subject, especially as, could not do barm to those who listened to the discussionwhenever it was investigated, facis had been found against it was necessary that some one should get up and take the him. On that occasion they had been referred by him to bull by the horns (laughter), and he felt that he (Mr. Sidney) the evidence and report of the committee of the House of was in such a position that he might do that with impunity. Commons on the subject. He (Mr. Sidney) had read the His object had been to criticise, and he hoped that if he had whole of that report, and be must say that it was all in con not done any good, he had done no harm. tradiction to Mr. Mechi's theory (Hear, hear). If one Mr. J. BRADSHAW (Knole, Guildford) said, notwithstandthing were more clearly established than another in that ing the remarks of the last speaker, he considered the subreport, it was that the system of underground pipes and hose ject which had been brought forward that evening worthy had been generally abandoned, and that everyone who of serious attention. What was that subject ? " The capital had used liquid manure at all successfully bad reverted of British agriculture—its application and remuneration." to the old water-meadow system, which had been in use in on the last part of the subject he confessed he felt some this country for about three hundred years. In the experi- perplexity (laughter). The application of capital referred ments which the committee recommended to be carried

to was, he presumed, its application by the intelligence of out at Rugby, that ancient system was to be adopted. Mr. the man who had the use of the capital. In some cases it was Mechi recommended farmers to incur an expense of from applied at a lossa loss which no recommendation from one to eight pounds an acre in applying sewage manure to that Club could prevent: it was dependent on seasons and their lands. The Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Essex, on various circumstances over which the farmers had no having the command of large capital, had employed con- control. He knew land in his own neighbourhood wbich siderable suras in getting rid of a nuisance to the inhabitants 60 years ago was let at 78. per acre and was now let at 36g. of towns, to the great benefit of those towns; but he could Why had it thus increased in value? It was owing to the not find that any of them had realized a profit (Hear, improvements of agriculture and the increased hear). That the remoral of sewage was an advantage powers of consumption in the population of this country. to towns could be doubted by no one ; but it was These two things went hand in hand, and the owners of the another question whether a young gentleman, who was land, or the raw material, took advantage of the competition about to embark capital in farming operations, should be for the occupation. There was then land in bis vicinity recommended to invest any of it for the benefit of an which, in consequence of improvements, had risen within the adjacent town (Hear. hear). Let him imagine, for a last 17 years from 13s. or 143, per acre to 40s. The landlord moment, that Mr. Mechi's projected company was would make the best bargain he could, and as long as there formed, that sufficient capital had been raised, and

was a great competition among tenants he would avail himself that Mr. Mechi was consulted as to its proper applica of it (Hear, hear). He fully concurred in Mr. Denton's tion; he supposed that he would give the directors an ac- dislike to vermin, and had evinced his feeling on the subject count of the series of experiments which he had tried on by telling his gamekeeper that if he did not destroy them he his farm, the implements which he had recommended during would employ every lad in the village to do 30. As regarded the last ten or fifteen years, including Halkett's railway.

the improvement of the land, he thought landlords and tenants He would leave the meeting to judge whether or not all that would go hand in hand. There ought to be a division of would pay. The weak point of Mr. Alderman Mechi's pre- advantages on equitable terms, and where that was the case sent and past papers was that he always talked of future capital would low freely to the land, and there would be Kneersses, but never referred to his failures- his abandoned a proportionate improvement in the cultivation, Mr. Ratagay schemnet. Now, a history of failures would be very useful - bad spoken of the imports of corn as amounting to 10 milmore useful tban vague declamation. He (Mr. Sidney) líon quarters per annum. He believed that amount had only

been reached within the last two years. The average im. but where he failed to do so, there was no outlay of the portations of wheat since the repeal of the Corn Laws was tenant's capital wbich would prove more profitable to the four or five million quarters.

tenant bimself. He had come to the conclusion that drainage Mr. J. COLEMAN (Park Farm, Woburn) considered yielded 12 per cent, for the outlay. Next to drainage, liming Mr. Mechi's paper one of the most practical and sensible was generally the most profitable expenditure on the part of that gentleman had ever read. As regarded game, all far- the tenant. Lime yields good interest the second and third mers knew how great a nuisance it was; but he had met crops, and a profit the fourth crop after it has been apwith several instances in which balf-a-dozen of them were plied. He had, he might remark, observed a deficiency contending for a farm which abounded with game (Hear, of lime on Mr. Mechi's farm, and he could not agree with him hear). He thought Mr. Mechi had underrated the that lime was not as necessary in Essex as in other coun. capital invested in the soil. When they arrived at the mil- ties. With respect to manuring, which might almost be conlennium, to which Mr. Coussmaker alluded when he spoke of sidered a permanent improvement, he thought there was a every landlord purchasing just that quantity of land which he great deal of misapplied capital. When farmers applied artiwas able to hold with advantage, and of no tenant occupying ficial manures to grain crops, there were strong grounds for more than he was able to cultivate properly, the whole nation suspecting that they did not understand as they ought to do would be in a very different position (laughter). At present the preparation of home-made manures. If green crops were a large portion of the capital employed in the land did not properly managed and cared for, grain crops would take care belong to the owners or the occupiers; and a larger sum of themselves. (Hear, hear.) With reference to labour, also, was often paid for the use of it than should be, consider there was much useless expenditure of capital. How often ing the value of the security. He admitted that farmers did they see on one farm a pair of horses drawing a plough; could not fairly be expected to bring the sewage to their while on an adjacent farm, with exactly the same kind of soil, land; but let a company or the town's people convey it there, they saw a plough drawn with three or four horses, and a boy and he ventured to say they would gladly make use of it. to guide them! (Hear, hear.) Another point of great importNo one could doubt that the application of sewage would ance, which was alluded to by Mr. Mechi, was the capital be beneficial if the inhabitants of towns would get rid of a invested by farmers in the land. He was sorry to hear that nuisance to themselves by placing sewage at the farmer's gentleman introduce works which were now quite obsolete disposal. As to farming profits, though many seemed to

as authorities on this subject. Mr. Mechi stated the average regard them as a myth, profits were made, and in some in

amount of capital invested at £4 per acre. He (Mr. Sanderstances were large profits. As a class, however, none were

300) had consulted a great many persons on the subject, and 80 secret or so careful, lest others should know what their

arrived at the conclusion that the average was £5. He was profits really were, than the British farmer (Hear, hear). surprised to hear him state the rental of the lowlands of Having been brought up as a farmer, and having since managed Scotland as low as llo. per acre. farm property for others, he knew what were the feelings of lands of Scotland and Wales together.

Alderman Mechi said, that figure was applied to the lowboth parties concerned. He knew that many landlords wanted

Mr. SANDERSON: The two countries could not be classed particularly to know what the tenants' profits were. Some

together, as their soils and style of farming were widely difof them thought them much higher, others much lower, than

ferent. He thought the average rental of the lowlands of they were in reality. He had been asked to work out-by Scotland was 88s.; and the gross average yield £6 5s. the quantity of stock a tepant kept, and the quantity of

per acre.

As much as £12 per acre was, in bis corn he grew, and the average price of both--the amount of opinion, required to farm land properly, now that they had profit which he realized; and the conclusion at which he steam cultivation, artificial manures, and so many other im. had arrived was that of Mr. Mechi, namely, that with ample provements. He knew many farmers in Scotland who had capital the profits of farming were about 10 per cent.

spent more than that per acre; and he would mention four Mr. J. SANDERSON (Cannon-row, Westminster) thought cases in the counties to which he had alluded-Roxburghshire the tenant's capital in the land might be divided into three and Berwickshire. A tenant-farmer, who farmed 600 acres, parts—first, that which he invested in stock and crops ;

applied in four years 4,800 tons of lime; another, who occusecondly, that which he gave his predecessor for the unexpired

pied a farm of 500 acres, expended in seven years £2,500 on interest left by him in the soil; and tbirdly, what he expended

lime, and £3,500 on drainage; a third, who occupied about in permanent improvements. Passing over the first as not re

700 acres, had in five years expended on drains £4,040, upquiring any observation, he came to the second, namely, the

wards of £5,000 on lime, and nearly £2,000 on stable and claims of the predecessor. Now he regarded that as a worth

artificial manures; a fourth, who farmed 900 acres, in one less expenditure of capital. The in-going tenant had often to

year only, laid out £3,500 on lime, and £2,520 on drainage. pay for labour which was injurious to him and for supposed

Alderman Mechi: They had, I suppose, 21 years' leases ?

Mr. SANDERSON : Yes. advantages. That custom was most injurious to British agri

The remuneration of individual culture, as it absorbed at the outset a large portion of the ten

farmers was almost problematical, as storms, bad seasons, and ant's capital, and crippled him as regarded the carrying out of

other evils might overtake any one; but he believed that in profitable improvements. He knew that some supposed it to

general farmers obtained a very fair remuneration, and that it

was usually those farmers who spent the largest amount on be essential to good farming. No such thing: heavy out-goings

the land that got the largest amount of remuneration. (Hear, were often found in connection with inferior cultivation. He hear.) He regretted that Mr. Mechi had not once refe-red to knew large farms in Roxburghshire and Berwickshire wbich

the question of security of tenure, which lay at the foundation had changed hands without anything of that kind, and the

of agricultural improvement. (Hear, hear.) He should be style of farming in those counties was quite equal to the best sorry to dictate to that club, but as long as it confined itself cultivation in this country. As regarded permanent improve- to such questions as town sewage, arterial drainage, and ments, he considered it the landlord's place to effect drainage ; | steam cultivation, it would fall short of its mission. Were it

to deal properly with the question of the tenure of land, leases, who clong with affection to whatever was old would soon find and covenants, it would introduce quite a revolution in agri- themselves left behind. What had been said in the discussion culture. Let lenses be generally granted, and the doors of led to the conclusion that a great many farmers were willing agricultaral improvement would be thrown wide open, and to improve who had not the command of the requisite capital. there would soon be a system of agriculture in this country Notwithstanding what Mr. Sidney had said, he believed agriworthy of an advanced age, and suited to modern require culturists would do well to enocourage the formation of com. ments.

panies, which would do what individuals were already doing The CHAIRMAN wished to remove a misapprehension of in some cases—who would acquire land which was unimproved, the last speaker. He spoke of the importance of the question and bring it into a good state of cultivation. That great city was of the tenure of land, as compared with subjects on the card overflowing with capital, which found its way into a thousand for that year. All who were at all acquainted with the his- companies and speculations, some of them by no means of an tory of the Club must be well aware that the question of the English character; and when million after million went to tenure of land had engaged its attention. (Hear, hear.) In foreign countries for their improvement, perhaps to be used in fact, they were at one time taunted with having ridden that opposition to ourselves, agriculturists should rejoice at anyhobby almost to death, (Hear, hear.)

thing that tended to the useful employment of such surplus MI. SANDERSON observed, that that must bave been before English capital in their own land. (Hear, hear.) He was be became a member of the Club.

very much pleased at the course which the discussion had The CHAIRMAN said, Very possibly. He could not allow taken; there did not appear to be much difference of opinion, that objection to the proceedings of the Club to remain unre- The difference of £l an acre between himself and Mr. Sanderfuted. (Hear, hear.)

son in reference to the tenant's capital invested in land did Alderman MECHI then replied. He said Mr. Ramsay ap- not materially affect the question raised. Probably that difpeared to think that everything in agriculture should be left ference arose from Mr. Sanderson's having come in contact to go on quietly. How would any great modern improvement with a very improving class of tenants. Mr. Coleman bad, as have been effected if no one bad stepped out of the ranks and it appeared to him, taken a very sensible view of the matter ; taken a lead? In this country they lived by change and pro- and it would be a happy thing for this country if all counties gress, and no good could be done without them. Mr. Sidney resembled Bedfordshire, as regarded the work of improvehad spoken on that subject with some levity, mingling sneers with good-tempered remarks. What he said was, in effect, On the motion of Mr. ELLIS, seconded by Mr. BUTCHER, that he (Alderman Mechi) had been always changing. Why, a vote of thanks was accorded to Alderman Mechi for his he would ask whether the agricultural implements in the paper. Exhibition of 1862 were the same that they saw in that of On the motion of Mr. COLEMAN, seconded by Mr. RAMSAY, 1851 ? (Hear, hear.) Everything was changing, and those thanks were also tendered to the chairman.




"Horsey' in their tastes as are the denizens down of “the set” entered io illustration of the system. east, the Direction of both the Essex and Saffolk So- This is of the more weight, as the company genecieties fixed their meetings for this year in the Epsom rally evinced little of the spirit of customers. Much week. They did so when oscillating no doubt betwixt as they applauded the practical uses of the Bedford the double dangers of Scylla or Charybdis—whether it cultivator, often as they turned to the new “means" were not better to encounter a qualified opposition, than of their neighbour from Chelmsford, it was rather with to come in yet closer proximity with another great the curiosity to see a raree-show than with any very gathering in London? There is no cause to cavil on fixed idea of applying such an agency to their own cases. the decision thus arrived at; for the show of either So- If the Essex farmers do need waking up to the value of ciety was an indisputable success. That in Essex, in- ploughing their fields by steam, the exhibition of Tuesdeed, was altogether the most evenly good, the associan day last should have gone far to arouse them to a proper tion, of only a few seasons in work, has yet been enabled sense of their position, for the ground in famous tilth to offer. Everything was in its favour. Held in one worked capitally, with every concomitant opportunity of the most convenient and delightful of show grounds, for ascertaining the relative worth of the rival powers. the day was as propitious to the occasion, a passing But the Essex Society, as yet, ventures on no premium shower merely serving to remind one of the dreary day in this way; and 80 every man was left to judge for at Walden and its weeping rival at Romford. Then, himself—an Englishman's right, the exercise of which with really admirable arrangement, the trial field ad- has not led to so much business as some people joined the park in which the cattle stood; and so when seem to have expected. A fair premium, say of some the visitor tired of studying Shorthorn or South- twenty or thirty pounds, by next year, for the best down, when he had been duly " through” the chesnut practical plan for cultivation by steam-power, would do borses and black pigs, he had but to pass in at a gate much to develop the system in Essex, as it should dewhere a return check was handed him, to find himself velop-under the auspices of the County Society. face to face with Fowler, Howard, Coleman, and Ed- Prizes, however, are given here for collections of impledington, all alike busily engaged in solving the problem ments, which, backed by individual stands, offered samof steam cultivation. Mr. Fowler was in the trust- ples of nearly all the approved machinery that the agriworthy keeping of the Ransomes, who did very telling culturist has to select from. work with his implement, an opinion backed by the yet The stock section of the show was quite as well remore substantial compliment of the sale during the day presented, for though at present in a great degree con

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fined to the county, thc bome entries include a number Mr. Alexander's bulls were bred at Woodburn, in of all-England exhibitors. Mr. Crisp has just " quali- Kentucky, whence they were removed towards the end fied” as an occupier, and, had his horse but done 80, May of last summer, from the breaking out of the American Duke would have won the County as well as the Open war. The preference was given to the roan by El premium. Mr. Jonas Webb has a farm within the limits; Hakim, but all Bates' blood on the dam's side-a and though the Southdowns are "going,” the Suf- grandly-framed animal, with a good bull's head and folks and shorthorns still uphold the credit of Babra. neck, only qualified by a certain thickness of horn. He ham. Mr. Fisher Hobbs' improved Essex pigs are as is not only very true in his proportions, but was prowell known out of the county as in it; Mr. Badham nounced to be still superior in quality, his touch has more recently come to count himself as an Essex being something like melted butter carefully breeder; while Sir Thomas Lennard with cattle of all covered with silk velvet. For our own part, we kinds, and Lord Braybroke, Mr. Bramston, Mr. Clay- should have liked it a little firmer, particularly in a den, Mr. M‘Intosh, Mr. Christy, Mr. Sturgeon, Mr. male animal ; but the Duke of Airdrie bas never found Sworder, Mr. Piggott, and Mr. Chaplain more espe- one Europa to smile on him since he landed in England cially for their shorthorns, are all becoming deservedly in last September, and there is no knowing for how long distinguished. Under such circumstances, surely the previous he had been out of use. Hence, perhaps, the Essex Society can afford to follow the example of its over-refinement of his Grace's quality. Jonas Webb’s near neighbours in Suffolk and Norfolk, and throw their bull, another good nobbed one, and in most of his entries open to all comers. This course was recom- points quite equal to the American, still drooped a trifle mended at the nner by Mr. Papillon, one of the clus- in his quarters, and so finished second with a deservedly ter of M.P.s present, who said, " There is one way by high commendation. The Babraham cow, Marchioness which it may be possible that the successful exhibitors of Worcester, in a class all to herself, fairly deserved of to-day may be made unsuccessful exhibitors another her reward, for she was as good as anything on the year, without having cause to be ashamed of it, and ground. In every way a very sweet cow, she still that is by adopting the suggestion I heard wafted about had never been previously exhibited, being better emthe field, that this Society should be thrown more open. ployed at home in rearing five single living calves ; Instead of its being necessary for gentlemen to quality but she goes to Battersea with two other Graces, either as small owners or small occupiers in order to from the same herd, and both, it is whispered, her compete with us here, why should not we qualify to superiors in excellence. If so, Mr. Webb is pretty sure have improved our breeds of stock by getting better of “ a place" there. Through some mistake bis bull blood into our stock to compete with all England ? was not brought before the judges in the county class, Surely there are gentlemen, breeders in Essex who can where he was also entered ; and, in bis absence, the first hold a candle to any breeder in England, and therefore premium went to Mr. Sworder, and the second to Mr. I think it is important to this Society, and as worthy Crisp. And here the row fairly began. Never have we their consideration, whether we should not extend wider heard awards more discussed, although Mr. Barnett and our arms, and throw wider open the prizes this Society Mr. Barthropp stood to their colours, and answered and has to offer. I think it would do us good ourselves, explained as people one after another rose up in and that very great success would attend our efforts in judgment against them. Putting Mr. Webb's bull, as consequence.'

he literally was put, out of the question, Mr. Bramstone's The same view was supported by both the judges called Comedian “ was better than the best ;” and then, again, upon to respond for themselves and their fellows, Mr. Lord Braybrooke's Lord Clyde "was better than Barthropp, in answering for the judges of stock, said, either." Certainly, Duplicate's coarse, staring, faulty “Having had the pleasure of being present at two or shoulders

very fatal, but his back three previous meetings of this Society, I congratulate capital, and though Comedian was grand enough you heartily upon the improved condition of the for anything, he finished off and stood as badly quality of the animals exhibited to-day; they would behind as the other did before ; while Lord Clyde, do credit to any local society. If they had been sub- with a fine coat, famous quality, and true symjected to more general competition I think it would have metry, was, alas! not made up for show company; given much more satisfaction, as, by throwing open the and thus, though a prize bull of previous years, his field, there is a much greater chance of improving the being palpably passed over. There was some more pro breed of cattle, and every description of animals." And and con. over the yearling bulls, where Mr. McIntosh's he was followed by Mr. Corbet, for “the horsemen," entry was often fancied, as we suspect as much for his to the same effect: "You must raise your Society to a pedigree as anything elsema point that the judges have higher position, by throwing it open ; for, if you en- not yet to take into their consideration. The bigh comcourage the best new breeds into the county, surely mendation of Mr. Clayden was also strongly supported, there must be a concomitant benefit in doing so. It is occasionally at the expense of the prize animals, as his all very well to meet and drink each other's healths and young one was of nice quality and well covered ; and thank so-and-so, and say how well we are getting on, but Mr. Bramston had, again, his party with a son of if you can get a few foreigners together it will be better.” Comedian ; but, after all, there was not much to By the general strength of the show, Essex should quarrel with the first, as Mr. Piggott's have no great fear of “the foreigners ;" while really it bull is not only as good a one, as he is, but, with sounds only reciprocal that the Society should give and luck, will develope into something still better. There take, as they do in the other Eastern Counties.

not one of his class with more “promise" Still, there was one foreigner in great force at about him. Mr. Christy's prize heifers were all in Halstead, and this in the finest of all the classes. For good evidence of a rising herd of some extent, and the best bull of any age or breed, the open premium Mr, Clayden's yearling of noticeable quality. Then, was contested by a very strong entry of Short against these high-bred ones, there was a class of horns. Mr. Clayden showed two; Mr. Webb sent the shorthorns without traceable pedigrees, in accordance Count de Gourcy, Mr. M'Intosh The Grand Duke of with a recent resolution of the Society ; some fat stock, Essex, Mr. Bramston Comedian, and Lord Braybroke in which Mr. Christy was turning a pure-bred one his Lord Clyde ; while Mr. Upson entered four, Mr. | into the best of beer, and some "other breeds," Charles Sturgeon two, and Mr. Aitcheson Alexander chiefly commendable for Mr. Fisher Hobbs' beautitwo. Although now dating from Airdrie, N.B., ful Alderney heifers. They looked all cream and








butter, and only “proved" more and more a great authority on this branch of the business, says the closer you

study the recognized “the show of poultry was larger than in the preceding points of their order. Mr. Hobbs signalized his year, and included some first-class birds, the Dorkings return to the ranks of exhibitors by some further being especially fine." In fact, a most successful success with his pigs, beating, to his great delight, his day, well supported alike by exhibitors and visitors, old school-fellow, Mr. Crisp, for the best boar. The and equally well conducted by the office-bearers latter's all-aged pigs, however, were very coarse, with of the Society, was only damped by a dinner that bad thick skins, and the Butley breed showed far bet. was just the reverse of everything that preceded ter in the other classes, where with finer quality they it. Let the lucky people who stayed away picgot back to their now accustomed places of first and some half-a-dozen M.P.s elevated so much second. Mr. Hobbs' pen of half-a-dozen fat hogs, all above their constituents that they could scarcely much of a muchness, and Mr. Hallum's famous old see some of those they were addressing. Let each of weight-carrying hunting mare, though only to be these honourable gentlemen be armed with the longest commended as EXTRA STOCK, were two of the of speeches and commonest of common-places; let the sights of the show. There was nothing, indeed, agricultural element be kept off so long that the wonder like the chesnut from Wormingford in the riding is that anybody ever stopped for the smart something horse division, if we except only Mentmore, and Mr. Mr. Mechi was sure to be armed with. Let there be Taylor's bald.faced back. The judges refused to make " another” appropriate speech from the Chairman and any award in one or two classes; and it was only after “ another” appropriate song from Mr. Genge, until much hesitation that they elected Mainstone to be the human nature can stand it no longer, and finds relief only best thorough-bred horse in the county, Mentmore in looking at an irate old gentleman, who is eloquent on being led out alone, after the other three had been con- his own dignity, and who, having once withdrawn from demned in the local entry. A tine showy horse upwards, the Society in dudgeon, explains that-unfortunately for Mainstone, who had the honour of being bred by Lord everybody-he has been induced to come back again. Palmerston, has terribly weak ankles, rendered all the Let us not dwell over the tedium of that miserable worse for some fancy Sir Thomas Lennard has for not evening, but let us endeavour to impress upon the permitting his horses to be properly shod. He might Committee that it may be as well to have someconsult with advantage the noble President of the Suf-body to say something about agriculture, and that even folk Society on this point. With the character of a if a member of parliament comes to dine with you, good race-borse to recommend him, Mentmore rather it by no means follows that he should be always called lacks the substance of his predecessor Middlesex, but upon to make a speech. We have quoted Mr. Papilhe has famous action for getting hunting stock, and lon once, and we will quote him again. Recollect, it having worn so clean and well should be another " bar- | is the member for Colchester who is addressing us :gain" for the foreign market. There was not a pony “I must protest against its being thought necessary could " move," and the judges tried, back and forward, that upon every occasion, in whatever part of the fairly puzzled, ere they found a couple of soundish country, and upon whatever subject and matter we may “hackney mares."

be called together, if there is an unfortunate member The cart horses, now nearly all Suffolks, were better ; of parliament present he should be called upon to althoagh with many still on circuit the show of stallions make a speech. On this occasion there are five memwas not a great one. The open class, as already inen- bers of parliament present; you have listened to tioned, Mr. Crisp won with May Duke, a second prize speeches from three of them, you are about to have a horse in Norfolk and Suffolk last year; his chief oppo- speech from a fourth, and you will very soon have an Dent now being Felstead Hero, who again finished a excellent speech from a fifth. But I cannot help thinkclose second. Had the Duke served mares enough in ing that there are many men, whose place and province the district he would have, of course, stood equally high it is to handle toasts, who could do it better than any against the roughish lot that represented the county ; member of parliament, and whose platform,' to use an while the same fifteen acre occupier-surely it is time to American expression, is strictly an agricultural meetopen the lists—was first again with a clever, stylishing." This was far away the most sensible and " aptwo-year-old by the Marquis, Mr. Webb seconding him propriate” thing we heard in that five hours' heavy with a very middling one, with a white face and heels, penance; and if the Committee of the Essex Agriculthat did no great credit to the Leeds winner. But tural Society do not entertain Mr. Papillon's protest, the choice of the chesnuts was with the mares and fillies, let their sin be on their own heads. Let them listen Mr. Thompson showing a fine clean-made mare with to all the fine speeches themselves, for nobody else a foal at her foot, Mr. W. Parsons a wonderfully good will. Our readers may not find a report of the dinner four-year, of great style and substance, though picked subjoined. up " promiscuously" in a fair ; and Mr. Ward three such fillies as might challenge all Suffolk to equal. There is unfortunately no class for the three-year-old HORSES FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES. at Battersea, but the two-year-old will go on with great

JUDGES.--Thomas King, Preston, Suffolk. hopes, and Mr. Badham may plume bimself in beating

W. R. Scott, Lavenham Hall, Suffok. the yearling with a daughter of The Emperor. But he

W. C. Spoouer, Ealing House, Southampton. was not in much general force, and the Bulmer three

Stallione. year-old gelding in work must have been exhibited only on the principle of “What to eat, and drink,

First prize of £15 to W.G. Roofe, Colchester (Young Duke). and avoid." Sir Thomas Lennard entered, but

Second of £10 to W. Bott, jun., Broomfield (Champion).

Third of £5 to John Wcod, jun., Langford Hall (Britain). did not send the Hero, content to rest his renown

Two-year-old Entire Colts. on the Southdown flock, which after Poissy had it, of course, all their own way.

His first prize Market.

First prize of £10 to T. Crisp, Butley Abbey, Wickham shearling ram had the three essentials of breed, shape, Second of £5 to Jonas Webb, Babraham (The Comet). and size all in his favour. The other sheep shown were Commended.---Henry Quihampton, Little Totham (Royal not of a high character, and the best Long-woolled ram Oak); Edgar Disney, The Hyde, Ingatestone (Telegram). bad no place in his class when competing again on Friday

Cart Mares. at Bury St. Edmunds. The Essex and Suffolk Gazette, First prize of £6 to W. Parsons, Boxted.


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