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alienable right to Liberty and the pursuit of happiness." I therefore believe it to be a great crime to deprive any innocent human being of an “inalienable right;" and a sin against God of no ordiDary magnitude to turn the “temple of the Holy Ghost” into an article of merchandise, or, in the nervous language of Whittier,

“ To herd with lower natures the awful form of God.”

I also acknowledge that, in these days, when a cowardly, shortsighted, un principled expediency too often usurps the place of truth and duty, I wished all, especially the youth of my country, to see that the founders of our Republic-Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, and others—were always and earnestly on the side of Freedom as opposed to Slavery; and that most of our wisest and best men and ablest writers-poets, essayists, historians, divines-down to the present day, have taken the same high Christian ground. I acknowledge, too, that I love, as I hunibly hope, truth and honesty, and hate all shams, whether in politics, morals, or religion; and that, in the preparation of my book, I felt it to be my duty to represent my authors fairly; to set forth what has chiefly characterized their writings; to let them speak out the deep feelings of their heart. To do this in many cases, I could not, simply as an honest man, but bring into view their anti-slavery opinions and principles as shown in their writings and actions. I say this not apologetically; for I trust that I shall never be given over to do a deed or say a word to conciliate the favor of the slaveholder, or of his more guilty Northern apologist. I know very well that there are some books that pretend to give a full and fair view of American authors, but from which are very scrupulously excluded every anti-slavery sentiment from the writings of those most known as anti-slavery men.

But could I be so dishonest as well as mean as to act thus,—to keep out of view the most warmlycherished sentiments of my authors as well as my own, in the hope of greater pecuniary gain, or to secure favor and commendation from the friends and champions, lay or clerical, of our “ peculiar institution,”

-no one could despise me half so much as I should despise myself.

11 Cor. vi. 19.

I was also blamed by some for not introducing more Southern authors into my book. But, in the preparation of the work, I never thought or cared what was the latitude of the writer's birth, but only what were his merits. In my second edition, having sixty new names, I introduced a few more Southern writers, numerically, but not more in proportion ; for if seven-eighths of our inost eminent poets, historians, essayists, and theologians woulil be born in the free States, I see not how I could help it; and, having had nothing to do with the arrangement, I do not see exactly how I am to be blamed for it."

In this third edition no additional matter, of course, has been introduced, as the work is stereotyped; but a few typographical errors have been corrected, and the Index has been carefully and thoroughly revised and reset.

In conclusion, I would make my most grateful acknowledgments to those—and they are many—who made various friendly suggestions for the improvement of my humble volume. They will see that in most cases their views were partially if not wholly adopted; and if I did not avail myself of their hints in all cases, it was simply because I could not do so consistently with my own taste and judgment. But I do not the less appreciate their true kindness, and the interest they manifested in my book; and I am sure that, knowing the many difficulties that beset one, on every side, engaged in such a work,--the diversities of taste, the dif: ferences of judgment, the mass of material to be selected from, the various considerations to be taken into account in admitting or rejecting both writers and selections,—they will look upon the result of my labor now completed, with kindliness, if not with commendation.

CHARLES D. CLEVELAND. PHILADELPHIA, August 18, 1859.

1 Of the one hundred and sixty-eight authors in my book, forty-eiglt were born in Massachusetts; twenty-five in New York; twenty-three in Connecticut; seventeen in Pennsylvania; eleven in Maine; six in New Hampshire; six in Virginia ; five in Maryland; four in New Jersey; four in South Carolina; three in Vermont; three in Rhode Island; three in Scotland; two in Ohio; one in Delaware; one in Louisiana; one in Michigan; one in Africa; one in Bermuda; one in Ireland; one in South America; and one in the West Indies.

CONTENTS.

66

JONATHAN EDWARDS:

PAGE FRANCIS HOPKINSON:

PAGR

Biographical Sketch........

25 Biographical Sketch......

59

His Religious Feelings........

25 Specimen of a Collegiate Examination..

His Resolutions......

26 On White-Washing......

The Freedom of the Will....

31 Mistake persus Blunder..

65

The Permission not tho Production of The Battle of the Kega.

Evil......

32

JAMES WILSON:

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN:

Biographical Sketch....

68

William B. Tappan's Lines on............

33 The Excellence of our Constitution...... 69
Biographical Sketch.....

33 The People the Source of all Power..... 69

First Entrance into Philadelphia......... 33 The Anti-Sla very Character of the Con-

On the Return of Peace......

38

stitution.............

The Way to Wealth...........

38

The Whistle..........

41 TUOMAS JEFFERSON :

A Parable against Persecution............ 42

Biographical Sketch.....

72

Turning the Grindstone.......

43

The Rights of Man.....

Memorial to Congress on Slavery......... 4 Passage of the Potomac through the

Blue Ridge........

75

JOIN WITHERSPOON :

Influence of Slavery....

76

Biographical Sketch..

45

A Decal gue of Canons for Practical
be Pernicious Example of the Stage.. 46 Life..
Character of Theatrical Representations 47 His Dying Conncil..
Character of Actors.......

47

Principles Regulating Money .............. BENJAMIN RUSII :

Biographical Sketch...

78

GEORGE WASHINGTON:

Female Education ..........

79

Biographical Sketch....

45 The Use of Tobacco.......

81

Valedictory Counsels of Washington.... 50 The Bille as a School-Book... ........... 82

The Brotherhood of Man.....

52
Providence ruling the Affairs of Na LINDLEY MURRAY:
tions.........

52
Biographical Sketch...

84

Pleasures of Private Life....

53 Moderation in One's Desires.......

85

Slavery......

53

Einployment Essential to lealth......... 863

Virtue and Happiness........................

54

The Blessings of Afiiction............... 80

Agriculture..

5+

55 DAVID RAMSEY:

Biographical Sketch...

87

JOIN ADAMS:

Washington resiguing his Commission 88

Biographical Sketch..

55

Mrs. Adams's Letter to her Husband JOIN TRUMBULL:

(note)............

56

Biographical Sketch....

89

Melitates the Choic: of Hercules......... 57 The Fop's Decline.............

90

The Fourth of July.

55 The Belle..........

91

11

War.

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107

TIMOTIIY DWIGHT:

ALEXANDER WILSON:

Biographical Sketch.

102 Biographical Sketch...

144

Duelling

103

Pleasures in contemplating Nature...... 145

The Notch of the White Mountains..... 104 The Bald Eagle..

146

The Goodness of God as manifested in Tho Mocking-Bird.

148

Creation .....

105

Goffe, the Regicide...

106 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS:

Evening after a Battle...

Biographical Sketch....

149

I love thy Kingdom, Lord........ 107 The Gospel a Guspel of Liberty and

Pence....

152

PHILIP FRENEAU:

The Value of the Bille................. 155

Biographical Sketch...

108 The lour-filass......

156

The Dying Indian......

109
The Wild Honeysuckle.............

111 JOSEPI DEXNIE:

The Prospect of Peace...........

111 Biographical Sketch..........

157

May to April.................

112 Account of the “ Portfolio" (note)........ 157

Night

158

PHILLIS WIIEATLEY PETERS:

Jack and Gill: a Criticism.................. 100

Biographical Sketch.......

113
Lines on the Death of Dr. Sewall......... 114 JOHN M. MASON:
On the Death of an Infant.....
115 Biographical Sketch......

164

A Farewell to America.....

115 llamilton's Death.....

165

Politics and Religion...

JOEL BARLOW:

Character of Hamilton.

108

Biographical Sketch...

117 Gospel for the Poor........

109

The Hasty Pudding..

118

To Freedoni......

119 JOSEPH TIOPKINSON:

Biographical Sketch..

170

JOHN MARSIALL:

Ilail, Columbia.........

170

Biographical Sketch...

120

Charncter of Washington...

121 CHARLES BROCKDEN BROWY:

Bingraphical Sketch.......................... 172

ALEXANDER HAMILTON:

The Pestilence of 1798...........

172

Biographical Sketch.....

1:23 Perilous Encounter with a Panther..... 175

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......... 180

228

* 232

SAMUEL J. SMITH:

PAGE WILLIAM TUDOR:

PAGE

Biographical Sketch

178 Influence of Females on Society

* Peace, be Still”.

179 Character of James Otis......

220

A Morning Hymn.............

Cause of the American Revolution....... 221

For an Album.......

180

FRANCIS S. KEY:

JOSIAH QUINCY:

Biographical Sketch..

Biographical Sketch.

The Star-Spangled Banner..

2:22

The Limits to Laws..........

182

Life......

224

An Embargo Liberty.

184 Hymu...........

2:24

New England...

184

John Quincy Adams...

185 JOSEPH T. BUCKINGHAM:

Biographical Sketch......

225

ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER :

National Feeling-Lafayette.............. 226

Biographical Sketch....

186 The Evils of Lotteries..........................

The Right Use of Reason in Religion... 187

The Bible

189 WASHINGTON ALLSTOX:

The Consolations of the Gospel............ 189 H. T. Tuckerman's Lines on .............

Biographical Sketch........

2:28

WILLIAM WIRT:

The Address of the Sylph of Spring...... 230

Biographical Sketch..

191 America to Great Britain.......

231

Jobn P. Kennedy and his Works (noto) 191 Benevolence..

The Blind Preacher.......

193 Truth...

233

The Power of Kindness.....

196

Humility.

233

Common Sense........

196

Burr and Blannerbasset....

197 | BENJAMIN SILLIMAN:

Every One the Architect of his own Biographical Sketch.......

233

Fortune .........

19

Nature of Geological Evidence........ 234

Application of the Evidence-Fossil

ROBERT TREAT PAINE:

Fishes of Mount Bolca.......... 236

Biographical Sketch..

Aidams and Liberty...

202 TIMOTHY FLINT:

Biographical Sketch..

236

WILLIAM SULLIVAN:

Indian Mounds........

Biographical Sketch...

203

Fashion and Ruin rersus Industry and

The “Federalists".

Independence....

238

The Washington Administration......... 206 The Shores of the Ohio...

239

The Indian Belle and Beau.....

240

LYMAN BEECHER:

Biographical Sketch........

206 WILLIAM ELLERY CHANNING:

The Sin of Trafficking in Ardent Spirits 207 James Russell Lowell's Lives on.......... 241

Appeal to Young Men.....

208 Biographical Sketch...

The Duellist Unfit for Ofice...... 209 The Purifying Inflaence of Poetry....... 243

The East and the West One..

210

Books...........

2+5

The Moral Dignity of the Educational

JAMES K. PAULDING:

Profession....

Biographical Sketch.....

211 Milton and Johnson ..........

........... 246

Murderer's Creek ..........

212 Christianity the Great Einancipa-

Quarrel of Squire Bull and his Son...... 215

tor ..........

............. 217

Character of the Negro Race............... 248

WILLIAM TUDOR :

Every Man Great......

............... 219

Biographical Sketch..

217

Acvuot of the “ Monthly Anthology" GULIAN C. VERPLANCK:

(note)..........

217 Biographical Sketch...

250

Account of the “ North American Re John Jay.........

.......... 251

view" (note)...

The Schoolmaster ....

............ 201

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