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alienable right to Liberty and the pursuit of happiness." I therefore believe it to be a great crime to deprive any innocent human being of an “inalienable right;" and a sin against God of no ordiDary magnitude to turn the “temple of the Holy Ghost” into an article of merchandise, or, in the nervous language of Whittier,
“ To herd with lower natures the awful form of God.”
I also acknowledge that, in these days, when a cowardly, shortsighted, un principled expediency too often usurps the place of truth and duty, I wished all, especially the youth of my country, to see that the founders of our Republic-Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, and others—were always and earnestly on the side of Freedom as opposed to Slavery; and that most of our wisest and best men and ablest writers-poets, essayists, historians, divines-down to the present day, have taken the same high Christian ground. I acknowledge, too, that I love, as I hunibly hope, truth and honesty, and hate all shams, whether in politics, morals, or religion; and that, in the preparation of my book, I felt it to be my duty to represent my authors fairly; to set forth what has chiefly characterized their writings; to let them speak out the deep feelings of their heart. To do this in many cases, I could not, simply as an honest man, but bring into view their anti-slavery opinions and principles as shown in their writings and actions. I say this not apologetically; for I trust that I shall never be given over to do a deed or say a word to conciliate the favor of the slaveholder, or of his more guilty Northern apologist. I know very well that there are some books that pretend to give a full and fair view of American authors, but from which are very scrupulously excluded every anti-slavery sentiment from the writings of those most known as anti-slavery men.
But could I be so dishonest as well as mean as to act thus,—to keep out of view the most warmlycherished sentiments of my authors as well as my own, in the hope of greater pecuniary gain, or to secure favor and commendation from the friends and champions, lay or clerical, of our “ peculiar institution,”
-no one could despise me half so much as I should despise myself.
11 Cor. vi. 19.
I was also blamed by some for not introducing more Southern authors into my book. But, in the preparation of the work, I never thought or cared what was the latitude of the writer's birth, but only what were his merits. In my second edition, having sixty new names, I introduced a few more Southern writers, numerically, but not more in proportion ; for if seven-eighths of our inost eminent poets, historians, essayists, and theologians woulil be born in the free States, I see not how I could help it; and, having had nothing to do with the arrangement, I do not see exactly how I am to be blamed for it."
In this third edition no additional matter, of course, has been introduced, as the work is stereotyped; but a few typographical errors have been corrected, and the Index has been carefully and thoroughly revised and reset.
In conclusion, I would make my most grateful acknowledgments to those—and they are many—who made various friendly suggestions for the improvement of my humble volume. They will see that in most cases their views were partially if not wholly adopted; and if I did not avail myself of their hints in all cases, it was simply because I could not do so consistently with my own taste and judgment. But I do not the less appreciate their true kindness, and the interest they manifested in my book; and I am sure that, knowing the many difficulties that beset one, on every side, engaged in such a work,--the diversities of taste, the dif: ferences of judgment, the mass of material to be selected from, the various considerations to be taken into account in admitting or rejecting both writers and selections,—they will look upon the result of my labor now completed, with kindliness, if not with commendation.
CHARLES D. CLEVELAND. PHILADELPHIA, August 18, 1859.
1 Of the one hundred and sixty-eight authors in my book, forty-eiglt were born in Massachusetts; twenty-five in New York; twenty-three in Connecticut; seventeen in Pennsylvania; eleven in Maine; six in New Hampshire; six in Virginia ; five in Maryland; four in New Jersey; four in South Carolina; three in Vermont; three in Rhode Island; three in Scotland; two in Ohio; one in Delaware; one in Louisiana; one in Michigan; one in Africa; one in Bermuda; one in Ireland; one in South America; and one in the West Indies.
William B. Tappan's Lines on............
33 The Excellence of our Constitution...... 69
33 The People the Source of all Power..... 69
A Decal gue of Canons for Practical
The Brotherhood of Man.....
Washington resiguing his Commission 88
Melitates the Choic: of Hercules......... 57 The Fop's Decline.............
The Goodness of God as manifested in Tho Mocking-Bird.
The Dying Indian......
111 JOSEPI DEXNIE:
The Hasty Pudding..
The Star-Spangled Banner..
Appeal to Young Men.....
208 Biographical Sketch...
Quarrel of Squire Bull and his Son...... 215