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feat of his father, is a large picture in oil, done by him, which is admirably painted.

The age of Elizabeth was not deficient in engravers ; feveral of whom had confiderable merit. It will be fufficient, in this place, barely to recite their names. The artists we refer to were, Dr. William Cunyngham, Ralph Aggas, Humphrey Colej John Bettes, William Rogers, Chriftopher Saxton, George Hoefnagle, and Robert Adams. There was at this time a paffion for the portraits of remarkable perfons; and at the fame period was introduced the customs of publishing reprefentations of magnificent -funerals. i

There is no occafion to enlarge on the patrons of literaature during Elizabeth's reign, as all thofe whofe names we recollect in this view have already been noticed on other Taccounts. The perfons that occur to us, as principally deferving here to be mentioned, are lord Buckhurst, lord Burleigh, archbishop Parker, Thomas Radcliffe earl of Suffex, Robert Devereux earl of Effex, and fir Philip Sidney. We apprehend that the two laft of thefe illuftrious men -fhould be ranked above the reft as the Mæcenases of the age.

Of literary foundations there was one at Oxford, and two at Cambridge. At Oxford, Jefus College was eftablished by Dr. Hugh Price, treafurer of St. David's. The sadvantages of this inftitution are chiefly confined to the Welch; its benefactors, its principals, and its scholars, having, with very few exceptions, been natives of the principality. At Cambridge, Emanuel College was founded by fir Walter Mildmay, and Sidney-Suffex College, by the lady Frances Sidney, countess of Suffex. It may truly be faid concerning each of thefe feminaries, that they have produced names which reflect honour upon religion and learning*.

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Fairfax, Warton, Cibber, Biographia Dramatica, Berkenhout, Pin kerton, Walpole, Biographia Britannica, Ballard, Anthony Wood, Burpey, &c. &c.

The

The literary history of queen Elizabeth's reign is a curious and interesting object; on which account it has demanded an extent of difcuffion that could not be fupplied or merited by any former period. Various branches of science and of art were, indeed, in an imperfect state, compared with what has been attained in fucceeding times. Nevertheless, the age we have been treating of, conftitutes a great epocha in the Annals of British Knowledge and Literature. It was productive of manly, vigorous, and enlarged minds. Several of its authors were very illustrious; and fome of them will continue to be read and admired by the latest pofterity.

BRITISH

BRITISH AND FOREIGN

HISTORY

For the Year 1792.

1792.

A

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