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ther profecuting his own fon, on the vagrant act, in order to have him tranfported out of the country. The poor man came forward, in the face of the court, blending his accufations with bitter tears. He declared that the conduct of his fon had, for years paft, almost broken his heart; for that he had no other mode of livelihood but vagrancy and plunder, that he was lately tried for a robbery but acquitted, through the lenity of the profecutor; and that he profecuted him now, to fave his aged eyes the miferable spectacle of feeing his own fon hanged. The unfeeling wretch in the dock fhewed not the leaft forrow for his conduct, nor made the flightest promise of amend

ment.

7. Of the two greatest prizes allotted by the national affembly of France, to important difcoveries in natural philofophy, that of 1200 livres has just been affigned to Dr. Herschel, for his aftronomical difcoveries, by the academy of fciences at Paris.

Windfor, August 17. This morning, foon after five o'clock, their majefties and the princefles fet out for Weymouth.

Weymouth, August 17. Their majefties and the princeffes arrived here, in perfect health, a little before fix o'clock in the afternoon.

Birmingham, August 17. This morning, at two o'clock, a fire broke out in our theatre, which, in three hours, reduced that elegant structure to a mere fhell. The Shakfpeare tavern adjoining is materially injured, but the fire did not extend farther than the theatre.

Dublin, Auguft 15. Mr. Knight, who apprehended James Napper Tandy, fq. by virtue of the lord lieutenant's proclamation, offering a reward of gol. applied lately for the reward, and was refufed. He has

fince been tried, before the recorder, for the affault on Mr. Tandy; when he threw himself on the mercy of the court; and Mr. Tandy and his council recommending a lenient punishment, he was fined fixpence, and ordered to be imprisoned three days.

22. The definitive treaty of peace with Tippoo Sultan was published in the London Gazette of last night; by which it appears, that the fundry diftricts ceded by Tippoo, to the three confederate powers, are productive of a revenue in pagodas, as follows, viz. To the Eaft India company, ps. 13,16,765 5 4; to the Nawaub Affoph Jah Behauder, ps. 13,16,666 6 11; to Row Pundit Purdhaun Behauder, ps. 13,16,666. Total ps. 39,50,908 8 92.

Sierra Leone-boufe, Aug. 23. On the 17th inftant arrived the Sierra Leone packet, bringing difpatches dated the 1ft of July.

It appears that the rain began to fet in about the end of May, and that a confiderable degree of ficknefs and mortality had prevailed from that time, chiefly occafioned by the infufficiency of the temporary houses, which could not be completed before the rains fet in. The foldiers, and the lower order of white people, fuffered more particularly, partly through irregularity, and the want of fresh provifions, the failors excepted, who, by being accommodated on fhipboard, were in general in good health. In all, about thirty-five white perfons have died, of whom fourteen were foldiers. The whole number of white perfons who have gone to the colony (failors included) are upward of two hundred.

Of the blacks from Nova Scotia a confiderable number have fallen fick, and many had died; but no regular returns of the mortality

among

among them could be furnished at the time of the failing of the Sierra Leone packet. It was thought, however, that the number of fick was decreased.

The colony were in anxious expectation of the arrival of the company's fhip York (which was unfortunately driven back to Plymouth by a ftorm), as many of the deaths appeared to be owing to the want of good accommodations on fhore. The natives appeared to be extremely friendly, and a few had come to work for the company. The colony were ftill in want of fresh provifions; but fish, vegetables, and fruit, were in tolerable plenty, and the fettlers had begun to fow a variety of feeds for their own fuftenance, which appeared to thrive very well.

The company's manager had collected a few fugar-canes together, with a view of beginning a plantation, which were thriving extremely well.

25. Yesterday arrived the mail from Lisbon, brought by the Expedition packet, in fixteen days, in which the rev. Dr. Willis, captain Willis, and feveral others, came pallengers. Dr. Willis's vifit to the queen of Portugal had not been attended with the defired fuccefs. See Page (11), (13).

25. This day the fum of 2000l. was paid at the exchequer to William Ruffell, efq. on behalf of the new meeting fociety in Birmingham, as a recompence for the deftruction of the new meeting-houfe in the late riots, and alfo for the furniture it contained, belonging to the rev. Dr. Priestley, and the members of the congregation.

difcoveries have been lately made; the one by a Frenchman, and the other by an Italian, at Bologna. The first is, the power of light to render the vitriolic acid altogether harmless to the human body; infomuch that a man may wafh his hands in a fubftance that would otherwife reduce them to a cinder, with this fole precaution, of fetting the bafon in the rays of the fun. The Italian's discovery confifts in proving, experimentally, that animal motion depends on electric fire. His experiments are of that cruel nature, which can only be repeated by the hardened anatomift. They are brought to what lord Bacon calls the experimentum crucis; for a mufcle being cut, and the parts feparated, the motion of the one part produces a correfpondent motion in the other, when à fubftance that is a conductor of the electric fluid is interpofed between them; but no fuch motion is produced when a nonductor is interpofed.

10. By the Scorpion floop of war, captain Hollowell, arrived at Portfmouth, there is intelligence that a dreadful hurricane happened at Antigua on the first of Auguft. Several plantations were entirely deftroyed, and a great number of negroes, with their huts, &c. washed

away.

Several merchant veffels in English Harbour were greatly damaged. The hurricane, it is faid, was nearly general throughout the Weft India iflands.

Lewes, Sept. 11. On Wednes day and Thursday 170 French emigrants, moftly priefts, were 'anded from the packets and an open boat at Brighton. More are daily ariving, and many of them are obferved to labour under very diftreffed circumftances. On Friday and Saturday, near 300unfortunate French4. Two important philofophical men of the above defcription were

SEPTEMBER.

put

put on fhore at Eaft-Bourne, many of whom were very hofpitably received by lord George Cavendish, lord Bayham, A. Pigott, efq. and many other of the nobility and gentry of that place. They afterward took different routes for the metròpolis. Many from the above place and Brighton came to this town, and fuch as could not get places on the ftage coach, hired carts for their conveyance.

[Great numbers of emigrants (of whom the major part were priefts) were landed, in the fequel, at different ports, and proceeded to London in coaches, waggons, &c. Subfcriptions, for the fupport of thefe unfortunate people, were foon fet on foot, and amounted, in a few weeks, to upwards of 20,000l.]

A court martial commenced on board the Duke, in Portsmouth harbour, on Wednesday the 12th inft. on a charge of mutiny on the 28th of April, 1787, on board his majefty's arined fhip Bounty, for running away with the fhip, and deferting his majefty's fervice, against Jofeph Coleman, Charles Norman, Thomas Mackintosh, Peter Haywood, Ifaac Morris, John Milward, William Mufpratt, Thomas Birkett, Thomas Ellifon, and Michael Byrn. The evidence for the profecution clofed on Friday night, and the court indulged the prifoners till Monday to give in their defence, and on Tuesday took the whole into their confideration, when they paffed fentence of death on Haywood, Morris, Milward, Mufpratt, Birkett, and Ellifon, the two first of whom they recommended to mercy. Coleman, Norman, Mackintosh, and Byrn, were acquitted and difcharged. Mr. Haywood is an accom.plished young gentleman, genteelly connected, with a fortune of 30000l.

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Thurfo, Caithnesshire, Sept. 18. Mr. Richardfon and Mr. Ker, fent by the British wool fociety to examine the progrefs made in the North in the improvement of wool, accompanied by feveral gentlemen of the county, and several experienced fhepherds, have lately infpected the experimental ftock of the Cheviot breed, fent by fir John Sinclair to Lanwell, in this county; when they had the fatisfaction of finding the ftock thriving beyond the most fanguine expectations. The ewes were in the higheft order, and the lambs were acknowledged to be equal to any breed in the neighbourhood of the Cheviot. Indeed the latter were in fo high a condition, as to be reckoned worth a guinea a head, and the beft tup lambs worth more. It is a good fign of the thriving ftate of the flock, when the Cheviot thepherds, who would not come north but for wages in money, are now anxious to take their wages in theep, (that is to fay, in the right of pafturing a certain number, on their own account, with the reft of the flock) as is the practice on the borders. The fuccefs of this experiment is of the greatest confequence. In the first place, it afcertains this important fact, that the Cheviot breed will thrive as well in the most northerly parts of Scotland as on their native hills. In the fecond place, their fuperiority over the black-faced breed appeared perfectly evident, upon comparing the lambs of the one fort and of the other, which the gentlemen fent by the fociety had an opportunity of doing. And, in the third place, it proves that the plan adopted on the prefent occafion, that of purchafing the beft draught ewes that could be got,

inftead of young ones only, may be fafely followed: a point of infinite importance for speedily propagating this excellent breed; for if young ewes only were to be bought, they cannot be had in great quantities, the price is neceffarily high, and the best ones cannot be purchafed almoft on any terms; whereas draught ewes must be fold by the breeder, in order to bring forward his young ftore; and, though commonly fuppofed only fit for feeding, yet they are in fome refpects better calculated for rearing lambs than even young ewes, having more experience, and in good pafture more milk. If the draught ewes are purchafed at four years old, they may give lambs for at least two feafons; and, by purchafing a confiderable number, the farmer will foon get into a stock breed on his own farm; a point of peculiar improvement.

We understand that fir John Sinclair is breeding up fome of his tenants' fons in that neighbourhood to be fhepherds; and that his plan is, gradually to convert the ftock, on the eftate of Langwell, from cattle into fheep, as foon as the people have been taught the proper management of them; a plan which, at the lowest calculation, will raife the value of that property from 300l. to 1500l. per annum, without depopulating the country, or lofing a fingle The tenants are now fo convinced of the advantage of the meafure, that many of them have applied for affiftance to their landlord, to convert their cattle ftock into theep, and to get their children educated as fhepherds. Some villages are planned out for the refidence of thofe who prefer being employed in the fishing or manufacturing line.

man.

29. At a common-hall this day, fir James Sanderfon, knt. was electd lord mayor, for the year enfuing. 1792:

OCTOBER.

1. At a court of common-council, it was moved, that an addrefs be prefented to his majefly on the fuccefsful termination of the war against Tippoo Sultan, which was agreed to; the freedom of the city was voted to marquis Cornwallis in a gold box value one hundred gui neas, and to general Medows in a gold box value eighty guineas; and the thanks of the city were voted to the officers and foldiers of the army.

5. Earl Stanhope's experiments for navigating veffels by the fteam engine, without mafts or fails, have fucceeded fo much to his fatisfaction on a fmall fcale, that a veffel of 200 tons burthen, on this principle, is now building under his direction.

The expence of this vefiel is to be paid by the navy board in the first inftance, on condition that if fhe do not anfwer, after a fair trial, the fhall be returned to earl Stanhope, and all the expence incurred made good by him.

This is undoubtedly a noble experiment, and highly honourable to his lordfhip, whatever may be its fuccefs. If it anfwer, the advantage to the public, particularly in inland navigation, will be immenfe. If it fail, he will be entitled to the praife of having beftowed much ftudy and a large fum of money on an object of national utility.

16. Lord Falmouth, fir W. Molef worth, Mr, Gregor, and other leading gentlemen refident on the coast of Cornwall, are laudably exerting themfelves to prevent the plundering of wrecked veffels by the country people; for this purpofe, a plan, drawn up by Mr. Knill, was fubmitted to the grand jury at the fummer aflizes, and referred to a committee, who have lately held a meet

(C)

ing

ing at Bodmin, and refolved to adopt

the fame.

19. On Saturday one M'Gregor, a painter in Kelfo, undertook, for a trifling wager, to fell a bullock with his fift at three blows, which he performed at the fecond. What makes it the more extraordinary, he is a very flender man, and not above five feet feven inches high.

Derby, October 23. This borough has followed the laudable example of many other boroughs, in taking off the tolls on grain, &c. coming into or paffing through the faid town. 24. William Baker, and Thomas Phebe, two gentlemen's fervants, were tried at the quarter feffions, Westminster, for being concerned with divers other perfons unknown, in making a riot on the 5th of June laft, in the parish of St. George, Ha nover-fquare, and pulling down the watch-houfe in Mount-ftreet.

Mr. Sylvefter, the common-fer jeant, opened. the cafe on the part of the crown: he requested the jury to feparate from their confideration the imprifonment of the fervants, which happened on the 4th of June, the anniversary of the king's birthday. Whether thofe fervants, who had affembled at a public house to dance and make merry, were taken into cuftody legally, or illegally, it had nothing to do with the prefent caufe, fince no tranfaction of that evening could juftify a riot on the fubfequent day.

Richard Hunt, the watch-houfe keeper, faid, that on the morning of the 5th of June, a great number of perfons affembled before the watchhoufe in Mount-ftreet, whofe behaviour was very outrageous; they threw ftones, &c. at the watch houfe windows, and continued fo to do till they were difperfed by the arrival of the military. The two defendants were apprehended and

fecured in the watch-house, upon a charge of being two active perfons in the riot; the windows of the watch-houfe were broke, but the material damage was not done till the next day. Two watchmen, and another witnefs, fwore pofitively that the defendants were particularly active in the riot; on the other hand, a great many witneffes as pofitively contradicted this testimony, and fwore that the two defendants were merely inactive spectators, and took no part whatever in the riot, Some of thefe witneffes were refpectable tradefmen.

After Mr. Mainwaring, the chairman, had fummed up the evidence, the jury found the defendants Not guilty; to the fatisfaction of a crowded court.

25. The Union packet of Dover was this day loft off Calais. The time of high tide had been fuffered to pafs, through fome unexpected delay, and the veffel ftruck in coming out of the port. In endeavouring to turn to windward, the miffed ftays, and a fresh gale blowing at the moment, fhe was driven back, and dafhed with great violence againft the extremity of the fouthern pier. This accident was perceived from the veffels in the harbour; but the fea ran too high to fend any boats to her affiftance. The people on board were more than 40 minutes in a fearful fituation, as they could not be drawn afhore without running the hazard of being crushed between the veffel and the pier. At length, from the repeated fhocks, her broadfide gave way, and fhe inftantly filled and funk. The crew and paffengers, amongst whom were four Englith gentlemen and feveral ladies, were all faved. It is 105 years fince a fimilar circumftance has occurred. The fame company embarked next morning at Calais,

on

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