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His Majefty's Speech to both Houses of Parliament, January 31, 1792.

My lords and gentlemen,


HE many proofs which you have given of your affectionate attachment to my perfon and family, leave me no doubt of your participating in the fatisfaction which I derive from the happy event of the marriage which has been celebrated between my fon the duke of York, and the eldest daughter of my good brother and ally the king of Pruffia: and I am perfuaded that I may expect your chearful concurrence in enabling me to make a fuitable provifion for their establishment.

Since I laft met you in parliament, a definitive treaty has been concluded under my mediation and that of my allies, the king of Pruffia and the ftates-general of the United Provinces, between the emperor and the Ottoman Porte, on principles which appear the best calculated to prevent future difputes between thofe powers.

Our intervention has alfo been employed, with a view to promote a pacification between the empress of Ruffia and the Porte; and conditions have been agreed upon be

tween us and the former of thofe powers, which we undertook to recommend to the Porte, as the re-eftablishment of peace on fuch terms, appeared to be, under all the exifting circumftances, a defirable event for the general interests of Europe. I am in expectation of fpeedily receiving the account of the conclufion of the definitive. treaty of peace, preliminaries having been fome time fince agreed upon between thofe powers.

I have directed copies of the definitive treaty, between the emperor and the Porte, to be laid before you, as well as fuch papers as are neceffary to fhew the terms of peace, which have been under difcuffion during the negociation with the court of Petersburgh.

I regret that I am not yet enabled to inform you of the termination of the war in India: but the fuccefs which has already attended the diftinguifhed bravery and exertions of the officers and troops under the able conduct of lord Cornwallis, affords reafonable grounds to hope, that the war may fpeedily be brought to an honourable conclufion.

The friendly affurances which I receive from foreign powers, and the general ftate of affairs in


Europe, appear to promife to my fubjects the continuance of their prefent tranquillity. Under thefe circumftances I am induced to think, that fome immediate reduction may fafely be made in our naval and military establishments; and my regard for the interefts of my fubjects renders me at all times defirous of availing myself of any favourable opportunity to diminish the public expences.

Gentlemen of the house of commons,

It will, I am perfuaded, give you great fatisfaction to learn, that the extraordinary expences incurred in the course of the last year, have, in a great measure, been already defrayed by the grants of the feffion. The state of our refources will, I truft, be found more than fufficient to provide for the remaining part of these expences, as well as for the current fervice of the year, the estimates for which I have directed to be laid before you.

. I entertain the pleafing hope, that the reductions which may be found practicable in the establishments, and the continued increase of the revenue, will enable you, after making due provifion for the feveral branches of the public fervice, to enter upon a fyftem of gradually relieving my fubjects from fome part of the exifting taxes, at the fame time giving additional efficacy to the plan for the reduction of the national debt, on the fuccefs of which our future eafe and fecurity effentially depend.

With a view to this important object, let me alfo recommend it to you, to turn your attention to the confideration of fuch measures as the state of the funds and of public credit may render practicable and expedient towards a reduction in the rate of intereft of any of the

annuities which are now redeemable.

My lords and gentlemen, The continued and progreffive improvement in the internal fituation of the country will, I am confident, animate you in the purfuit of every measure which may be conducive to the public intereft. It muft, at the fame time, operate as the strongest encouragement to a fpirit of ufeful induftry among all claffes of my fubjects; and above all, must confirm and increase their

fteady and zealous attachment to that conftitution which we have found by long experience to unite the ineftimable bleffings of liberty and order, and to which, under the favour of Providence, all our other advantages are principally to be af cribed.

Speech of the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, April 5, 1792, on prefenting to his Majesty the Bill providing for the Establishment of the Duke and Duchess of York and Albany, and the Bill granting four hundred thousand Pounds toward the Reduction of the National Debt.

Moft Gracious Sovereign, It is my duty to tender to your majefty two bills, in the name, and on the behalf of, the commons of Great Britain, in parliament affembled.

In pursuance of your majefty's recommendation, your commons chearfully proceeded to make a provision for the establishment of their royal highneffes the duke and duchefs of York; and they trust that the bill, which they have paffed for this purpofe, will fully manifeft their juft fenfe of what is due to the rank and dignity of their royal highneffes, as well as the (D 2)


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fatisfaction they derive from an event which, whilft it promotes the comfort and happiness of your majefty and your illustrious family, is alfo materially conducive to the interefts and honour of your people. Other objects, no lefs interefting to your majefty's mind, conftantly directed as it is to the welfare of your fubjects, have alfo engaged the attention of your commons. The profperous and improving condition of the public revenue, and the reductions which have been found practicable in the naval and military eftablishments, afforded the means, of which your commons thought it their duty to avail themselves, of making a large addition to the fund, to be applied in the course of the prefent year, to the reduction of the public debt. Their conduct upon this, as upon other occafions, was governed by the conviction, that the efficiency and fuccefs of the plan, which has been established by parliament for this important purpofe, muft effentially tend to the future ease, and permanent fecurity of thefe kingdoms. In the adoption of thefe meafures, your commons have felt peculiar fatisfaction by finding themfelves enabled, at the fame time, to give fome immediate relief to your majefty's fubjects, whofe firmnefs in fuftaining the burthens, rendered neceflary by a due regard to the maintenance of public credit, and whofe fpirit of enterprife, and ufeful indufry, have fo effectually contributed to advance to the pre-eminence they have attained, the general interefts and profperity of the empire.

Your commons, fire, contemplate with just fatisfaction the continued and progreffive improvement in the internet fituation of the Country: to prefere, augment,

and diffuse the bleffings, of which we are in poffeffion, they confider as the most important of their duties; and, actuated by this principle, which comprehends a zealous and firm attachment to the form of government under which we live, and a faithful and vigi ant attention to the interefts and happiness of all claffes of their fellow fubjects, they are perfuaded that those measures, which are the refult of it, cannot fail to receive your majefty's most gracious approbation.

The bills, which I have in my hand, are feverally intituled, &c. To which with commons, your all humility, intreat your majesty's royal affent.

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recommending the faid wicked and feditious publications to the attention of all our faithful and loving fubjects: and whereas we have alfo reafon to believe that correspondences have been entered into with fundry perfons in foreign parts, with a view to forward the criminal and wicked purpofes abovementioned: and whereas the wealth, happiness, and profperity of this kingdom do, under divine Providence, chiefly depend upon a due fubmiffion to the laws, a juft confidence in the integrity and wisdom of parliament, and a continuance of that zealous attachment to the government and conftitution of the kingdom, which has ever prevailed in the minds of the people thereof: And whereas there is nothing which we fo earnestly defire, as to fecure the public peace and profperity, and to preferve to all our loving fubjects the full enjoyment of their rights and liberties, both religious and civil: We therefore being refolved, as far as in us lies, to reprefs the wicked and feditious practices aforefaid, and to deter all perfons from following fo pernicious an example, have thought fit, by the advice of our privy council, to iffue this our royal proclamation, folemnly warning all our loving fubjects, as they tender their own happiness, and that of their pofterity, to guard against all fuch attempts which aim at the fubverfion of all regular government within this kingdom, and which are inconfiftent with the peace and order of fociety; and earnestly exhorting them at all times, and to the utmoft of their power, to avoid and difcourage all proceedings tending to produce riots and tumults: And we do ftrictly charge and command all our magiftrates in and throughout our kingdom of Great Britain, that

they do make diligent enquiry in order to difcover the authors and printers of fuch wicked and feditious writings as aforefaid; and all others who fhall difperfe the fame : and we do further charge and command all our fheriffs, juftices of the peace, chief magiftrates in our cities, boroughs, and corporations, and all other our officers and magiftrates throughout our kingdom of Great Britain, that they do, in their feveral and refpective ftations, take the most immediate and effectual care to fupprefs and prevent all riots, tumults, and other diforders, which may be attempted to be raised or made by any perfon or perfons, which, on whatever pretext they may be grounded, are not only contrary to the law, but dangerous to the most important interefts of this kingdom: and we do further require and command all and every our magiftrates aforefaid, that they do from time to time, tranfmit to one of our principal fecretaries of ftate, due and full information of fuch perfons as fhall be found offending as aforefaid, or in any degree aiding or abetting therein; it being our determination, for the prefervation of the peace and hap pinefs of our faithful and loving fubjects, to carry the laws vigorously into execution against fuch offenders as aforefaid.

Given at our court at the Queen's House, the 21ft day of May, 1792, in the thirty-fecond year of our reign.

GOD fave the KING.

Addrefs of both Houses of Parliament to his Majefy, on the preceding Proclamation, June 1.

Moft gracious fovereign, The lords fpiritual and temporal, (D 3) and

and commons, of Great Britain, in parliament affembled, have come to the following refolution and addrefs:

Refolved, by the lords fpiritual and temporal, and commons of Great Britain, in parliament affembled, That an humble addrefs be prefented to his majefty, to affure his majefty, that we have taken into our moft ferious confideration his majefty's royal proclamation, which has, by his majefty's command, been laid before us; and we beg leave to teftify to his majefty our warm and grateful fenfe of this fresh proof of his majesty's conftant folicitude for the welfare and happiness of his people.

That we cannot fee without indignation the attempts which have been made to weaken, in the minds of his majefty's fubjects, the fentiments of obedience to the laws, and of attachment to the form of government, civil and religious, fo happily eftablished within this


That the advantages which, under the government of his majefty and his illuftrious ancestors, have been derived from legal and wellregulated freedom, and the unexampled bleffings which we actually enjoy, afford to his majefty's fubjets peculiar motives to reflect with gratitude on their prefent fituation, and to beware of thofe delufive theories which are inconfiftent with the relations and duties of all civil fociety; and we deem it, under the prefent circumftances, the peculiar duty of every good citizen to difcourage and counteract every attempt, direct and indirect, against public order and tranquillity.

That we are confident that the fentiments which we now exprefs to his majesty, are the general fentiments of the nation; that they

muft feel with us, that real liberty can only exitt under the protection of law, and the authority of efficient and regular government: they have feen, by happy experience, that the mixed form of our legiflature comprehends and provides for the various interests of the community through all its feveral defcriptions, and maintains and preferves thofe gradations of property and condition which furnish the great incentives to useful industry, and are equally effential to the vigour and exertion of every part, and to the ftability and welfare of the whole; that they therefore know that the collective strength and profperity of the empire, its wealth, its credit, and its commerce, as well as the only fecurity for the perfons, the property, and the liberties, of each individual, are effentially connected with the prefervation of the established conftitution.

That, impreffed with thefe opinions, we think it our duty to affure his majesty of our firm determination to fupport his majefty, in the refolution which his majefty has adopted; and that we are fully perfuaded, that every exertion which may be neceffary will be feconded by the zeal and gratitude of a free and loyal people.

His Majefy's Answer.

My lords and gentlemen, I thank you very warmly for this loyal, dutiful, and feasonable addrefs.

My utmof endeavours fhall never be wanting to maintain among my people a juft fenfe of the advantages of our prefent conftitution, the fource of legal and wellregulated freedom; and at the fame time to fecure to them, by a due


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