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candour to make this admiffion, did in the course of a few weeks, bring in or lend his name to the bringing in of the prefent bill, which not only provides for a jurifdiction of accounts, but contains regulations for diftinguishing the ces from the other taxes, for making the cefsrolls acceffible to the burgeffes, for regulating the mode of alienating the property of the burghs, and reftraining the powers of the magiftracy in that refpect, thereby virtually admitting, that the taxes were not diftinguished, nor accefs given to the rolls to that the burgeffes are at prefent liable to the illegal exaction of taxes without the poffibility of afcertaining the extent of the illegal exaction, or any means of procuring redrefs: and that there were infances of mifconduct and dilapidation on the part of magiftrates, which required to be regulated, all of which particulars had been formerly denied; and therefore, after thefe recent inftances, that parliament has been groisly deceived by the mireprefentations of the enemies of reform, the burgeffes confidently truft, that when the fubject fhall be again brought forward, parliament will no longer refuse to hear the complaints of ten thoufand refpectable citizens, or the evidence they offer of enormous abuses, although any one or all of the officers of the crown, or any individual or individuals, however refpectable, fhould be again pleafed to deny the existence of any grievance or abufe, or, as formerly, to argue that the grievances alledged are fo atrocious as to furpaís all belief, and, on that ground, to justify the reprefentatives of the people, in refufing to admit evidence of their truth and reality.

ROBERT GRAHAME, Pref.
JOHN EWEN, Sec.

Subfcription towards the fuccour of
the People of Poland.
Manfion-houfe, 10th of Auguft, 1792.
Committee of Trustees for managing
the propofed Subfcription towards
the Succour of the People of Po-
land, viz.

The Right Hon. J. HOPKINS, Lord
Mayor of London, Chairman.
J.W.Anderfon,Efq.) Ald. and Sher.
Harvey C. Combe, of London and
Efq.
Middlefex.
William Smith, M. P. Clapham,
Surry.

John Harcourt, Efq. M. P. Hanover
ftreet, Hanover-fquare.
Philip Francis, Efq. M. P. St.
James's-fquare.

George Smith, Efq. M. P. New
Bond-ftreet.

William Manning, Efq. Billiter-fq.
John Henry Cazenove, Efq. Copt-
hall-court.

James Bell, Efq. Cecil-freet.
John Bellamy, Efq. Kenfington.
Thomas Rogers, Efq. Cornhill.
Jofiah Wedgwood, Efq. Etruria,
Staffordshire.

Samuel Smith, Efq. Swithin's-lane.
Thomas Lilley, Efq. Lawrence-
Poultney-lane.

The committee enter on the duties entrusted to them with the cheerful confidence of fuccefs. Englishmen eltimate truly the value of the object for which the king and people of Poland fo arduoufly, fo gloriously contend. Every fympathetic emotion was gratified by the principles and the conduct of their revolution.

"The means were as ftriking to the imagination, as fatisfactory to the reafon, and foothing to the moral fentiments. In contemplating that change, humanity has every thing to rejoice and to glory in; nothing to be ashamed of, nothing to fuffer. It was effected with a policy, a difcretion, an unanimity, and a fecrecy,

nover before known on any occakon."-Such is the defcription given by a diftinguified writer before this fyftem of order, and ftrength, and peace, provoked the hoftility of foreign powers.

The mind cannot conceive an attack upon any fovereign people more outrageous to the rights of nations, more repugnant to juftice. Every nation upon earth is interefted in the fate of the Polish people, but the hearts of Englishmen fwell with indignation-They recall the long continuance of their own ftruggle for their own conflitution, and with the people of Poland to accomplish the happiness which they finally obtained without the calamities that led to it. To participate in their caufe, is an English fentiment; for freedom is in its nature focial and beneficent. It has no motive to be felifh; for its own ftrength is increafed by extending to others the bleflings it enjoys.

With what rapturous fenfations then must not Britons concur with the efforts made by a virtuous king at the head of a gallant people, to deliver them from a foreign yoke, and to plant liberty and the arts, in the room of flavery and barbariím! It is for government to take meafures for the empire; but, without trenching on its functions, individuals may bear teftimony to diftreffed merit, may affif it by their purfes, and may difcountenance its perfecution by the weight of their names. It is not every day that private men can do good to nations, or have the fatisfaction, when doing it, of thinking that it must indirectly contribute to the fafety of their own countrySuch an occafion now prefents itself to the becoming pride, the patriotifm, the benevolence of Englishmen; and let no man be deterred by an idea that fuccour will come too late

to be effectual.-Ten millions of men united in the cause of their native home, of their independence, of their pofterity, with fuch heroifm as the Poles in all their former and prefent adverfity have uniformly dif played-with fuch a king to ani, mate, and fuch a conftitution to reward their toils-with an oath of fidelity upon their confciences, and with the world for fpectators, are not to be vanquished in a fhort campaign!- Their open country may be over-run, but the unconquerable wiLL" muft remain in all its vigour, and which the faintest glimpie of freedom will rally to its Itandard.

Already the report of the fpirit ftirring in England may have reached their ears; already, perhaps, they are foothing the languor of protracted hope by anticipating the energy of our efforts; and with a gratitude that outruns the fervice, are pouring forth their thanks to the Deity, who has infpired the first people, that in his eternal goodness he made free, to dedicate a part of its opulence (the fruits of that freedom) to their fuccour !-Already the re-invigorated mind of Poland may have communicated new force to its arm; and the humane, the confiderate, the fuffering Stamflaus, may have already exclaimed, with an emotion that only fuch patriotism can feel-" My expectations are not deceived the nation that I venerate will fave the people whom I love!"

Manfion Houfe, August 16, 1792,

trustees for managing the propofed At a meeting of the committee of fund towards the fuccour of the people of Poland,

The

The right hon. JOHN HOPKINS, LORD MAYOR, in the Chair.

It was refolved unanimoufly, That in confequence of the last advices from Poland, the committee of truflees think it advifeable to ad journ the further confideration of the meafure of a fubfcription towards. the fuccour of the people of that kingdom; but that the fums already fubfcribed fhould remain in the hands of the refpective bankers, until certain information be received to entitle them to proceed, or that fuch a fettlement has taken place as to make the exertions of individuals ineffectual to the propofed end.

That the committee of trufees fhall call a public meeting of the fubfcribers, to meet at the manfionhoufe, as foon as fuch information fhall be received.

J. HOPKINS, chairman.

Cafe of the fuffering Clergy of France, Refugees in England.

It is well known that the revolutions which have happened in France, have impelled, by the most urgent neceffity, a great number of this unfortunate body of respectable men to take refuge in our country; they have fled from anarchy and death to this happy ifle, bleffed with peace and benevolence.

Trained up to the profeffion of adminiftering relief to diftrefs, they are driven by diftrefs extreme, to ask shelter and bread from a generous people, whofe hearts have ever expanded to embrace and release the wants of others. They have hitherto received charitable affiftance from the voluntary bounty of fome worthy individuals. But this refource becoming daily more inadequate to the relief of those whofe fufferings claim

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immediate attention, a general fubfcription in their favour is become indifpenfably neceffary to prevent them perishing in our treets. Thofe unfortunate helplfs men are here under the facred protection of hofpitality, and they will not perish from our neglect.

It was but the other day that they were employed in diftributing alms in their own country, and they are now under the painful neceffity of begging relief in a foreign land.

Donations will be received at the following bankers. And a meeting of the fubfcribers will be held at the London Tavern, to-morrow at one

o'clock precifely, to direct the application of the donations:

Sir James Sanderson and co. bo-
rough bark.

Meffrs. Down, Thornton, and Free.
Sikes, Saith, and Snaith.
Newnham, Everett, and co
Forter, Lubbock, Bu
fanquets, and co.
Smith, Payne, and Smith.
Harley, Cameron, and co.
Moffats, Kenfington, and

CO.

Sir James Eflai'e and co.
Mefirs. Barnets, Hoare, and Hill.
Walpole, Clarke, and co.
Barclays and Tritton..
R. C. Gayn and co.
Baldero, Adey, Lufhing-
ton, and Boldero.

Fullers and Vaughan.
Baron Dimsdale, Son, Sta-

ples, and Barnard; And at the bar of Lloyd's coffeehoufe.

Polish Subfcription.

At a general meeting of the fubfcribers towards a fund for the fuccour of the people of Poland, heid at the Maufion-Houfe of London, on Thursday the 27th of September.

The

1

The right hon. JOHN HOPKINS, Lord Mayor, in the chair. It was refolved unanimously, to publish the following declaration of the fentiments of this meeting, on the event of the fall of Poland under a foreign yoke:

DECLARATION. We had hopes of being able to contribute, in fome degree, to the affiftance of the people of Poland. Thefe hopes have been defeated by the fuccefsful operations of a fuperior force, which the Polish nation, exerting their utmost unaffilted efforts in defence of their country, had no power to refit.Our only duty now is to declare our opinion of the fe tranfactions. The only confolation left us is to reflect, that we have done every thing that depended on individuals, to refcue the character of the British nation from the fcan

dal and dishonour of affecting a bafe neutrality, or of looking on with indifference, while the independence of a great kingdom, and the freedom of a confiderable portion of mankind, were facrificed to lawless violence, and crushed under the dominion of a foreign tyranny. The fact is atrocious; but the precedent is alarming. In the ruin of one helpless inoffenfive nation, the other tates of Europe, and this country in particular, ought to fee an example, and a warning of the principles and practice of ambition, which they may experience in their turn. We cannot be perfuaded that the rapid. progrefs and approach of military power; that the apparent refolution of a great confederacy to divide the continent of Europe among them, are objects and events, in which this nation has no concern. It is a thing to be believed, that the king of Poland would have been deferted, as he has been, by the natural enemies and rivals of Rufiia, if this conqueft

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had not made part of a more extenfive fyftem, concerted among them, of which Poland is only the first victim, and which is to furnish the means of equal aggrandizement to the other contracting parties. We may rely on our internal frength, or we may confide in our fituation. But what folid fecurity have we, this powerful confederacy may not be able to create, or collect, a maritime force, fufficient to contend with the navy of Great Britain? If that fhould ever happen, a single event might lay this ifland open to the fame armies of difciplined barbarians, to which the rest of Europe may have been compelled to fubmit. When the force is fufficient, the pretences never fail. In the cafe of Poland, there was none. All we have heard is, that it did not fuit the views of Ruffia, that a limited monarchy, an hereditary crown, or a reafonable conftitution of any kind, fhould exift in that country;-that the mafs of the people fhould have a law to appeal to, or a government to protect them.

We fubmit thefe reflections to the wifdom and gencrofity of the nation, with a thorough conviction that, on this fubject, their wisdom and their generofity will lead them to the fame conclufion.

of our former addrefes to the pubWe have no doubt of the fuccefs lic, and that a fum would have been

collected, which it would have been honourable in us to offer, and to the Polish nation to have accepted. But fore determined, that the feveral the object is gone. We have therefums fubfcribed fhall be returned to the fubfcribers, deducting a fmall per centage to defray the expences

incurred.

In confequence of this refolution, the accounts were examined, by which it appeared,

That

That the fubfcription (which was open but a few days when the intelligence of the unfortunate iffue of the itruggle of Poland for liberty was received in England) amounts to 40161. Is.

That the expences for advertising in the town and country newspapers, for fubfcription books, ftationary, and incidents, amounted to 2241. 175. 5d. And that the probable expence of advertifing the proceedings of this general meeting would amount to about 751. making together the fum of 3col.

Refolved unanimously,

That a deduction of one fhilling and fix pence in the pound, or guinea (indifferently), be made from the fums now lying in the hands of the bankers, to be drawn for by five of the trustees, for the payment of the expences; and that the bankers be requested, after making fuch deduction, to pay back to the individual fubfcribers the remainder of their respective fums.

Refolved unanimously,

That any fubfcriptions not called for by the fubfcribers before the ift day of January next, fhall be paid by the bankers into the hands of the Right Honourable John Hopkins, lord mayor, and John William Anderfon and Harvey Christian Combe, efqrs. fheriffs of London, to be by them prefented, together with any furplus that may remain of the 751. fet apart for advertifing, as a donation to fome public charity.

To facilitate the return of the fubfcriptions, and at the fame time to verify the claimants, each fubfcriber is directed to apply to the banker, into whofe hands he paid the moncy Thofe who fubfcribed at the London Tavern, on the 21 of Auguft, will find their fums at the houfe of Meffrs. Newnham and Co.

be

Refolved unanimously, That the thanks of this meeting given to the right honourable John Hopkins, lord mayor of London, for the very polite attention with which he accommodated the trustees with the ufe of his manfion houfe for conducting the bufinefs of the fubfcription, and for the zeal and intereft which he has manifested for the fuccefs of the meafure, in his able conduct as chairman of the committee.

Refolved unanimously,

That the thanks of this meeting be given to the committee of trustees and managers, for the unremitting attention, zeal, and ability, with which they have conducted the meafure of the fubfcription.

That these refolutions be publifhed.

JOHN HOPKINS, mayor, chairman.

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