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1. Exercises in Position.
2. Exercises in Gesture.
3. Exercises in Breathing.



i, as in ice.

fight, bide,
try, kite, vise.
1. A mile or two at most.
2. Let him bide his time.
3. His form is held as in a vise.
4. And give thee in thy teeth the lie.
5. My name, my fame, must be unsullied.

PECTORAL EXPULSIVE. To cultivate the Pectoral in the Expulsive Form, practice the elements, words, and sentences in the gruff, harsh tone as in the preceding lesson, but in the Expulsive Form.


1. ě, as in let.


2. 1,

3. u,

up 4. O,

on. money,

bargains, interest, nation, miserable, impression, terrible,

fiends, dismal, tempest, hideous, faithful. 1. Cursed be my tribe if I forgive him. 2. How like a fawning publican he looks! 3. Hence from my sight! I hate and I despise thee!


Contrasting Pure Tone, Aspirate, Orotund, and Pectoral in Effusive and

Expulsive Forms.
Repeat the elements, words, and sentences with

1. Effusive Pure Tone.
2. Expulsive Aspirate.
3. Effusive Orotund.
4. Expulsive Pectoral.
5. Expulsive Pure Tone.
6. Effusive Aspirate.
7. Expulsive Orotund,
8. Effusive Pectoral.

PECTORAL EXPULSIVE-WHEN USED. The Pectoral in the Expulsive Form is the quality appropriate for the expression of the more violent forms of hate, malice, scorn, revenge, etc.

It will be observed that while the same passions are expressed by different qualities, and sometimes by the same quality in different forms, yet they are always in different degrees. It is the quality of voice that indicates the emotion or passion, the form that shows its intensity. Effusive Pectoral and Expulsive Pectoral may both express dread and horror, but not in the same degrees.


Pectoral, Expulsive Form.

Clarence's Dream.


1. O, I have passed a miserable night!

So full of fearful dreams, of ugly sights,
That, as I am a Christian, faithful man,
I would not spend another such a night,'

Though 'twere to buy a world of happy days;
So full of dismal terror was the time!
Methought, that I had broken from the Tower,
And was embarked to cross to Burgundy,
And in my company, my brother Gloster:
Who from my cabin tempted me to walk
Upon the hatches, thence we looked toward England,
And cited up a thousand heavy times,
During the wars of York and Lancaster,

That had befallen us. 2.

As we paced along Upon the giddy footing of the hatches, Methought, that Gloster stumbled; and, in falling, Struck me, that thought to stay him, overboard, Into the tumbling billows of the main. O Lord! methought, what pain it was to drown! What dreadful noise of water in mine ears! What sights of ugly death within mine eyes !

3. Methought, I saw a thousand fearful wrecks;

A thousand men, that fishes gnawed upon;
Wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl,
Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels,
All scattered in the bottom of the sea:
Some lay in dead men's skulls; and in those holes
Where eyes did once inhabit, there were crept
(As 'twere in scorn of eyes) reflecting gems,
That wooed the slimy bottom of the deep,
And mocked the dead bones that lay scattered by.

4. My dream was lengthened after life;

0, then began the tempest to my soul!
I passed, methought, the melancholy flood,
With that grim ferryman which poets write of,
Unto the kingdom of perpetual night.
The first that there did greet my stranger-soul,
Was my great father-in-law, renowned Warwick;
Who cried aloud, What scourge for perjury
Can this dark monarchy afford false Clarence ?

5. And so he vanished: Then came wand'ring by

A shadow like an angel, with bright hair
Dabbled in blood; and he shrieked out aloud,-
Clarence is come, --false, fleeting, perjured Clarence,
That stabbed me in the field of Tewksbury;
Seize on him, furies, take him to your torments !
With that, methought, a legion of foul fiends
Environed me, and howled in mine ears
Such hideous cries, that, with the very noise,
I trembling waked, and, for a season after,
Could not believe but that I was in hell;
Such terrible impression made my dream!

QUESTIONS. 1. What is the topic of this lesson? 2. What the principle ? 3. Where in nature is this principle illustrated ? 4. Why are the same passions expressed by different qualities ? 5. Why does the selection require Expulsive Form ? 6. Why Pectoral Quality ?

In this and the remaining lessons on Quality the diagrams will be omitted. Pupils should be required to make them.


1. Exercises in Position.
2. Exercises in Gesture.
3. Exercises in Breathing.


oi, or oy, as in oil.

boy, noise, rejoice.

1. My voice is still for war.
2. What noise is that I hear?
3. Rejoice, ye men of Angiers.
4. Let not the sacred soil be polluted.
5. The boisterous waves lashed the shore.

PECTORAL EXPLOSIVES. Practice the elements, words, and sentences in the Explosive Form with a harsh, hard, gruff tone.

2. Į, 3. ů, 4. o,

1. ě, as in met.


hate, rang, board, banner,
tread, tocsin, armor,

carved, vassal, master,

1. Be then his love accursed !
2. I scorn your proffered treaty!
3. Blaze with your serried columns !

EXERCISES Contrasting Pure Tone, Aspirate, Orotund, and Pectoral in Expulsive and

Explosive Forms.
Repeat the above elements, words, and sentences with

1. Expulsive Pure Tone.
2. Explosive Aspirate.
3. Expulsive Orotund.
4. Explosive Pectoral.

PECTORAL, EXPLOSIVE FORM, The Pectoral in the Explosive Form is the quality for the expression of anger, rage, threatening, defiance, scorn, and contempt.

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