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Pectoral Explosive and Expulsive.

Catiline's Defiance.

1. Conscript Fathers!


I do not rise to waste the night in words;
Let that plebeian talk; 'tis not my trade;

But here I stand for right-let him show proofs-
For Roman right; though none, it seems, dare stand
To take their share with me. Ay, cluster there!
Cling to your master, judges, Romans, slaves!
His charge is false;—I dare him to his proof.
You have my answer. Let my actions speak!

2. But this I will avow, that I have scorned,

And still do scorn, to hide my sense of wrong!
Who brands me on the forehead, breaks my sword,
Or lays the bloody scourge upon my back,
Wrongs me not half so much as he who shuts
The gates of honor on me-turning out

The Roman from his birthright; and, for what?
To fling your offices to every slave!

Vipers, that creep where man disdains to climb.
And, having wound their loathsome track to the top
Of this huge, moldering monument of Rome,
Hang hissing at the nobler man below!

Come, consecrated lictors, from your thrones;
Fling down your scepters; take the rod and ax
And make the murder as you make the law!

3. Banished from Rome! What's banished, but set free
From daily contact with the things I loathe ?

"Tried and convicted traitor!" Who says this?
Who'll prove it, at his peril, on my head ?

4. Banished! I thank you for't. It breaks my chain!
I held some slack allegiance till this hour;
But now my sword's my own. Smile on, my lords!
I scorn to count what feelings, withered hopes,

Strong provocations, bitter, burning wrongs,
I have within my heart's hot cells shut up,
To leave you in your lazy dignities.
But here I stand and scoff you! here, I fling
Hatred and full defiance in your face!
Your consul's merciful-for this all thanks;
He dares not touch a hair of Catiline!

5. "Traitor!" I go; but I return. This-trial? Here I devote your senate! I've had wrongs To stir a fever in the blood of age,

Or make the infant's sinews strong as steel.

This day's the birth of sorrow! This hour's work

Will breed proscriptions! Look to your hearths, my lords!
For there, henceforth, shall sit, for household gods,
Shapes hot from Tartarus!-all shames and crimes!
Wan treachery, with his thirsty dagger drawn;
Suspicion, poisoning his brother's cup;
Naked Rebellion, with the torch and ax,
Making his wild sport of your blazing thrones;
Till Anarchy comes down on you like night,
And massacre seals Rome's eternal grave!

6. I go; but not to leap the gulf alone.

I go; but, when I come, 'twill be the burst
Of ocean in the earthquake-rolling back
In swift and mountainous ruin. Fare you well!
You build my funeral pile; but your best blood
Shall quench its flame! Back, slaves! I will return!


1. What is the topic of this lesson?

2. Define the Pectoral Explosive.

3. What is the principle in this lesson?

4. Why does the selection require Explosive Pectoral?

5. Does it require Explosive Pectoral throughout?

6. Might the selection be given in some other form and quality and still be impressively given?

7. What other combination would you suggest?

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1. The curfew tolls.

2. He knew that it was wrong.
3. The general reviewed his army.
4. Few shall part where many meet.
5. The demand determines the value.

Guttural Quality.

The Guttural is that quality of voice in which the sound is sent forth from the organs in a rough, harsh, discordant tone, with the resonance in the lower part of the throat. It resembles in quality the growling utterance of the lower animals. It differs from the Pectoral only in degree. They are, indeed, one and the same quality, the Pectoral being but a milder form of the Guttural. To cultivate this quality of voice practice the elements, words, and sentences with a muffled, harsh, smothered tone.


1. 1, as heard in lull, fill.

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gratitude, enemies,

lives, harshness,

1. Cursed be my tribe if I forgive him.

2. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee speak.


Contrasting Effusive, Oral and Guttural, Orotund and Pectoral. Repeat the above elements, sounds, and sentences with 1. Effusive Oral.

2. Effusive Guttural.
3. Effusive Orotund.

4. Effusive Pectoral.

Guttural EFFUSIVE-When Used.

The Guttural, in the Effusive Form, is the quality appropriate for the expression of dread, horror, settled hate, malice, loathing, contempt, and suppressed anger.

Guttural, Effusive Form.



Now o'er the one half world

Nature seems dead; and wicked dreams abuse
The curtained sleep; now witchcraft celebrates
Pale Hecate's offerings; and withered murder,
Alarumed by his sentinel, the wolf,

Whose howl's his watch, thus, with his stealthy pace
toward his design

Moves like a ghost. Thou sure and firm-set earth,
Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear
Thy very stones prate of my whereabout,

And take the present horror from the time,
Which now suits with it.


Merchant of Venice.


How like a fawning publican he looks!
I hate him, for he is a Christian;
But more, for that, in low simplicity,
He lends out money gratis, and brings down
The rate of usance here with us in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,

I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
He hates our sacred nation; and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe
If I forgive him!


1. What Quality is presented in this lesson?

2. Define it.

3. What is the difference between the Quality in this lesson and the Quality presented in Lesson XV?

4. What is the topic in this lesson?

5. What the principle?

6. Mention some example in nature illustrating the principle. 7. Why does the selection require the Guttural Quality?

8. Does it require the Effusive Form on every word?

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