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1. Exercises in Position.
2. Exercises in Gesture.
3. Exercises in Breathing.


ou, as in out.
sound, hour, thou, plow,
pound, bound, mount, fount.

1. Out, out, brief candle !
2. Sound, sound the alarm!
3. A thousand at thy side shall fall.
4. Put out the light, and then put out the light.

5. A day, an hour, of virtuous liberty is worth a whole eternity of bondage.

GUTTURAL EXPULSIVE, To cultivate the Guttural in the Expulsive Form, practice tbe following elements, words, and sentences, with all the harshness and roughness of tone possible, being careful, however, not to injure the vocal organs by continuing the practice too long, or repeating too frequently


1. i, as in vile.
2. é, stern.

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3. ā,

4. U,


5. 7,


horror, eyes, defy,
bowl, steel,

clang, blade, black, plume, head. 1. Blaze with your serried columns.

2. If it will feed nothing else it will feed my revenge.


Contrasting Expulsive, Oral and Guttural, Orotund and Pectoral.

Repeat several times the above elements, words, and sentences with

1. Expulsive Oral.
2. Expulsive Guttural.
3. Expulsive Orotund.
4. Expulsive Pectoral.

GUTTURAL EXPULSIVE-WHEN USED. The Guttural in the Expulsive Form is appropriate for the expression of deep-seated revenge, settled rage, intense loathing, defiance, and similar malignant passions.


Guttural Expulsive.
The Baron's Last Banquet.


1. O'er a low couch the setting sun

Had thrown its latest ray,
Where, in his last strong agony,

A dying warrior lay-
The stern old Baron Rudiger,

Whose frame had ne'er been bent
By wasting pain, till time and toil

Its iron strength had spent.

2. “They come around me here, and say

My days of life are o'er-
That I shall mount my noble steed

And lead my band no more:
They come, and to my beard they dare

To tell me now, that I,
Their own liege lord and master born-

That I-ha! ha!-must die!

3. “And what is Death ? I've dared him oft

Before the Paynim's spear-


he's entered at my gate,
Has come to seek me here?
I've met him, faced him, scorned him,

When the fight was raging hot-
I'll try his might-I'll brave his power-

Defy, and fear him not!

4. "Ho! sound the tocsin from the tower,

And fire the culverin!
Bid each retainer arm with speed,

Call every vassal in!
Up with my banner on the wall!

The banquet board prepare!
Throw wide the portal of my hall,

And bring my armor there!”

6. A hundred hands were busy then;

The banquet forth was spread, And

rang the heavy oaken floor
With many a martial tread;
While from the rich, dark tracery,

Along the vaulted wall,
Lights gleamed on harness, plume, and spear,

O’er the proud Gothic hall.

6. Fast hurrying through the outer gate,

The mailed retainers poured,
On through the portal's frowning arch,

And thronged around the board;

While at its head, within his dark,

Carved oaken chair of state,
Armed cap-a-pie, stern Rudiger,

With girded falchion sate.

7. “Fill every beaker up, my men!

Pour forth the cheering wine!
There's life and strength in every drop,

Thanksgiving to the vine!
Are ye all there, my vassals true ?

Mine eyes are waxing dim:
Fill round, my tried and fearless ones,

Each goblet to the brim !

8. “Ye're there, but yet I see you not!

Draw forth each trusty sword,
And let me hear your faithful steel

Clash once around my board!
I hear it faintly-louder yet!

What clogs my heavy breath?
Up, all! and shout for Rudiger,

'Defiance unto Death!'"

9. Bowl rang to bowl, steel clang to steel,

And rose a deafening cry,
That made the torches flare around,

And shook the flags on high:
Ho! cravens! do ye fear him?

Slaves! traitors ! have ye flown?
Ho! cowards, have ye left me

To meet him here alone?

10. “But I defy him! let him come!"

Down rang the massive cup,
While from its sheath the ready blade

Came flashing half-way up;
And with the black and heavy plumes

Scarce trembling on his head,
There, in his dark, carved, oaken chair,

Old Rudiger sat-dead!

QUESTIONS. 1. What is the element in this lesson ? 2. What the topic ? 3. What the principle ? 4. What Form and Quality does the first stanza of the selection in

this lesson require ? 8. Why does the impersonation require the Expulsive Guttural ?


1. Exercises in Position.
2. Exercises in Gesture.
3. Exercises in Breathing.


b, as in boy.
bad, boon, bind, brown,
tube, curb,

bend, rub.
1. Brave boys of Bengal.
2. The bards of the Bible.
3. Be brave, be bold, be good.
4. Bend not before the beauteous vision.
5. Bind beauteous boughs upon his brow.

GUTTURAL EXPLOSIVE. Practice the elements and words with a gruff, growling, harsh tone, in the Explosive Form.


2. I,

1. ě, as in end.

ice. 3. ä, ask.

use. old.

4. u,

5. 0,

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