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1. What are the general divisions of Force?
12. How many subdivisions are given?
13. Why is perfect command of all divisions of Force important? 14. How may Force of Voice be acquired? In what other way? 15. In practicing exercises in Force, what is important with reference to Pitch?
16. Define Subdued Force.
17. In the expression of what styles of thought and feeling will Subdued Force be chiefly employed?
18. With what qualities of voice?
19. Why cannot Orotund, Pectoral, and Gutteral be given with Subdued Force?
20. With what Form can Subdued Force be given? 21. Why do the selections require Subdued Force? 22. Why Pure Tone? Why Effusive Form?
4. Selections. "The Death-Bed." "The Burial of Arnold."
2, as in zone.
Moderate Force. Moderate is the degree of Force ranging from the mild to the more earnest conversational tones. To cultivate the Moderate Force practice the following sounds, words, and elements, repeating each six times, beginning with the most Subdued Force and gradually increasing, but retaining the pitch with which each is begur.. It is not necessary to begin each separate exercise with the same pitch, but simply to retain the pitch throughout with which you begin. It would be well to vary the key with each sound or word or sentence, so as to widen the compass of voice as much as possible. The primary object of the exercise is to increase the force on any key without changing the pitch. Every voice should have power to increase force at pleasure on two octaves at least.
1. Effusive Form, Pure Tone, Moderate Force. (First Degree.)
2. Expulsive Form, Pure Tone, Moderate Force. (Second Degree.)
3. Effusive Form, Orotund, Moderate Force. (Third Degree.)
4. Expulsive Form, Orotund, Moderate Force. (Third Degree.)
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MODERATE FORCE-WHEN USED. Moderate is the appropriate degree of Force combined with Pure Tone, Expulsive Form, for the expression of narrative, descriptive, didactic, unimpassioned thought; combined with the Orotund, Effusive Form, for the expression of the milder forms of sublimity, reverence, devotion, and adoration; with the Orotund, Expulsive Form, for introductory and unimpassioned parts of speeches, sermons, and orations.
EXAMPLE: DIDACTIC THOUGHT.
1. 'Tis not enough the voice be sound and clear,
'Tis modulation that must charm the ear.
2. All affectation but creates disgust,
And e'en in speaking we may seem too just.
3. Some placid natures fill the allotted scene
With lifeless drawls, insipid 'and serene;
4. He who in earnest studies o'er his part,
Will find true nature cling about his heart.
A single look more marks the internal woe
EXAMPLE: INTRODUCTORY AND UNIMPASSIONED.
Moderute Force, Pure Tone, or Orotund, Expulsive Form.
Appeal in Behalf of Ireland.
S. 8. PRENTISS.
1. Fellow-citizens: It is no ordinary cause that has brought together this vast assemblage on the present occasion. We have met, not to prepare ourselves for political contests; we have met, not to celebrate the achievements of those gallant men who have planted our victorious standards in the heart of an enemy's country; we have assembled, not to respond to shouts of triumph from the West; but to answer the cry of want and suffering which comes from the East. The Old World stretches out her arms to the New. The starving parent supplicates the young and vigorous child for bread.
2. There lies upon the other side of the wide Atlantic a beautiful island, famous in story and in song. Its area is not so great as that of the State of Louisiana, while its population is almost half that of the Union. It has given to the world more than its share of genius and of greatness. It has been prolific in statesmen, warriors, and poets. Its brave and generous sons have fought successfully all battles but their own. In wit and humor it has no equal; while its harp, like its history, moves to tears by its sweet but melancholy pathos.
3. Into this fair region God has seen fit to send the most terrible of all those fearful ministers that fulfill his inscrutable decrees. The carth has failed to give her increase. The common mother has forgotten her offspring, and she no longer affords them their accustomed nourishment. Famine, gaunt and ghastly famine, has seized a nation with its strangling grasp. Unhappy Ireland, in the sad woes of the present, forgets, for a moment, the gloomy history of the past.
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