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DIAGRAM OF LESSON TWENTY-NINTE,
Gesture. 1. Exercises....
Articulation. 2. Review-Force of Voice.
Final. 3. Element-Stress. DIVISIONS..
Compound. ILLUSTRATIONS. Thorough.
3. Topic-Median Stress...
“ Break! Break! Break!"
EXERCISES IN ARTICULATION.
m, as in moon.
Radical Stress. Radical Stress is the application of the force of the voice to the first part of a vocal sound (vocal as distinguished from :ubvocal or Aspirate), or the first vocal
part of the accented syllable of a word. It is heard only in connection with the Expulsive or Explosive Form of voice.
The clear and forcible Radical Stress can take place only after an interruption of the voice. It would seem as if there is some momentary occlusion in the larynx, by which the breath is barred and accumulated for the purpose of a full and sudden discharge. This occlusion is most under command, and the explosion is most powerful, on syllables beginning with a tonic element, or with an abrupt one preceding a tonic, for in this last case an obstruction in the organs of articulation is combined with the function of the larynx.
ADVANTAGES OF RADICAL STRESS.
Radical Stress is one of the most important properties of utterance. Without it reading and speaking of a didatic, narrative, descriptive, argumentative, and impassioned poetic style become dull and lifeless.
The argumentative speaker who has not this property at command fails to produce conviction in the minds of his hearers.
Dr. Rush says of the Radical Stress: "It is this which draws the cutting edge of words across the ear, and startles even stupor into attention; this which lessens the fatigue of listening, and outvoices the stir and rustle of an assembly."
Murdoch and Russell say: "The utter absence of Radical Stress bespeaks timidity and indecision, confusion of thought, and feebleness of purpose. The speaker who fails in regard to the effect of this property of utterance solicits our pity rather than commands our respect. The right degree of this function indicates the manly, self-possessed speaker."
The following cuts indicate to the eye Expulsive Form with and without the Radical Stress. The Radical expends the full force of the voice on the first part.
WITHOUT RADICAL STRESS.
WITH RADICAL STRESS.
To cultivate the Radical Stress, practice the following elements, words, and sentences in the Expulsive and Explosive Forms, first with Pure Tone, then with Orotund, in the Moderate, Energetic, and Impassioned degree of Force. In this exercise be careful to expend the full force of the voice upon the first part of the word or sound.
EXERCISES IN RADICAL STRESS.
1. ă, as heard in add, fat.
aid. 1. Paul Revere was a rider bold. 2. Out of the North the wild news came. 3. Talk to the point, and stop when you reach it.
Combining Form, Quality, Force, and Radical Stress.
Repeat the sentences in last exercise with
1. Expulsive Form, Pure Tone, Moderate Force, Radical Stress.
2. Expulsive Form, Orotund Quality, Energetic Force, Radical Stress.
3. Explosive Form, Orotund, Impassioned Force, Radical Stress.
RADICAL STRESS-WHEN USED.
The Radical Stress is heard in various degrees. In its milder form it is the Stress appropriate for the delivery of narrative, descriptive, and didatic thought in the style of essays, lectures, and sermons; in a more energetic form it is appropriate for the utterance of argumentative speeches and orations; and in its most impassioned form for the expression of intense feeling and emotion, as anger, scorn, defiance, etc.
EXAMPLE: ANIMATED NARRATION AND DESCRIP
Radical Stress, Energetic Force, Pure Tone, Expulsive Form.
The Ride of Jennie McNeal.
1. Paul Revere was a rider bold,-
But why should men do all the deeds
The dashing ride of Jennie McNeal.
2. On a spot as pretty as might be found
In the dangerous length of the Neutral Ground,
In a cottage cozy, and all their own,
3. One night, when the sun had crept to bed,
And rain-clouds linger'd overhead,
4. For the gray hair'd colonel they hover'd near
Had been her true friend, kind and dear;