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By the sinking or the swelling in the anger of the bells,

Of the bells

Bells, bells, bells
In the clamor and the clangor of the bells !

QUESTIONS. 1. What is the topic of this lesson ? 2. What is the difference between the Orotund Explosive and Pure

Tone Explosive ? 3. When should the Orotund Explosive be used ? 4. Where in Nature is this principle taught? (This question is not

answered in the lesson.) 5. Why does the selection require the Orotund ? 6. Why the Explosive Form? 7. Could the selection be given with equal impressiveness in any

other quality ?


1. Exercises........


Articulation. 2. Element-Quality.


Advantages. 3. Topic-Explosive Orotund....

How Acquired.
Class Exercise.

4. Selection. “Bells" (third stanza).

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First position.

1. Change from first to third position by stepping forward with the right foot.

2. Change from third to fourth position by stepping forward with the left foot.

3. Change from fourth to first position by bringing up the right foot. Repeat.

EXERCISES IN BREATHING AND GESTURE. 1. Inhale through the nostrils quietly, and exhale quickly. Repeat several times. EXERCISES IN ARTICULATION.

ě, is in ell.

pest, jet,
neck, end, send.
1. Let come what may.
2. Men, men, for shame.
3. The people are in debt.
4. The end of all things is at hand.
5. I would never lay down my arms.

Oral. 11 The Oral is that quality of voice in which the sound is sent forth from the organs in a thin, feeble tone, with the resonance in the forward part of the mouth.

It is heard in the utterance of persons in feeble health, and frequently by those who are afflicted with affectation.

But little difficulty will be experienced in producing this quality of voice sufficiently perfect for practical purposes.

A greater difficulty will be to avoid its unconscious use.

No defect is more common, particularly with ladies, than the too frequent use of the oral tone.

It is rarely required except in impersonation. To cultivate the oral quality, practice the following sounds, words, and sentences in a thin, feeble tone with the resonance near the front teeth. Like the Pure Tone and Orotund, it may be given in all the Forms, but there are few selections that will require the oral throughout, and none, so far as known, that will demand the Oral Explosive. EXERCISES IN ORAL, EFFUSIVE FORM,

1. ē, as in me.
2. ā,

3. u,


4. 7,
arm, weak, sick, feeble,
down, grass, shade, tree,
restore, aloud, shroud, fatal.

1. Let me lie down.
2. Comrades, I am dying now.



Contrasting Oral Orotund and Pure Tone, Efusive Form. Repeat the above sounds, words, and sentences with

1. Effusive Oral.
2. Effusive Orotund.
3. Effusive Pure Tone.

7 ORAL, EFFUSIVE FORM_WHEN USED. The Oral in the Ef'usive Form is used in the expression of weakness, feebleness, and languor, and chiefly in the utterances of children. In the following selection the Oral Effusive will be required only in the utterances of the dying child, all the other parts of the selection should be given with Pure Tone, Expulsive Form.


Oral Quality, Effusive Form.

The Death of Little Jim. 1. The cottage was a thatched one, the outside old and mean,

But all within that little cot was wondrous neat and clean; The night was dark and stormy, the wind was howling wild, As a patient mother sat beside the death-bed of her child: A little worn-out creature, his once bright eyes grown dim:

It was a collier's wife and child, they called him little Jim. 2. And O! to see the briny tears fast hurrying down her cheek, As she offered up the prayer, in thought, she was afraid to

speak, Lest she might waken one loved far better than her life; For she had all a mother's heart, had that poor collier's wife. With hands uplifted, see, she kneels beside the sufferer's bed, And prays that God would spare her boy, and take herself


3. She gets her answer from the child; soft fall the words from

him. “Mother, the angels do so smile, and beckon little Jim. I have no pain, dear mother, now; but O! I am so dry, Just moisten poor Jim's lips again, and, mother, don't you

cry." With gentle, trembling haste she held the liquid to his lip;

He smiled to thank her as he took each little, tiny sip. 4. “Tell father, when he comes from work, I said good-night

to him And, mother, now I'll go to sleep.” Alas! poor little Jim!

She knew that he was dying; that the child she loved so

Had uttered the last words that she might ever hope to hear:
The cottage door is opened, the collier's step is heard,
The father and the mother meet, yet neither speaks a word.

5. He felt that all was over, he knew his child was dead;

He took the candle in his hand and walked toward the bed;
His quivering lips gave token of the grief he'd fain conceal,
And see, his wife has joined him, the stricken couple kneel:
With hearts bowed down by sadness, they humbly ask of

In heaven once more to meet again their own poor little Jim.

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QUESTIONS. 1. What quality of voice is presented in this lesson? 2. Define the Oral. 3. Where is it chiefly heard ? 4. Where is it frequently improperly used ? 5. Are there many selections that will require the Oral throughout? 6. When should the Oral Effusive be used ? 7. Does the selection require the Oral Effusive throughout? 8. Why does the utterance of the child require Oral Effusive ? 9. What do the other stanzas of the selection require ? 10. Why?



1. Exercises.....


2. Element-Quality.

3. Topic-Effusive Oral.......

How Acquired.
Class Exercises.

4. Selection. “Death of Little Jim."

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