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most upright of all parasites; for she frequents the poor man's hut, as well as the palace of his superior.
What is termed huniour in prose, I conceive would be considered as burlesque in poetry: of which instances may be given.
Perhaps, burlesque may be divided into such as turns chiefly on the thought, and such as depends more on the expression: or we may add a third kind, consisting in thoughts ridiculously dressed in language much above or below their dignity.
The “Splendid Shilling” of Mr. Phillips, and the “ Hudibras" of Butler, are the most obvious instances. Butler, however, depended inuch on the ludicrous effect of his double rhymes. In other respects, to declare my own sentiments, he is rather a witty writer than a humourous one.
Scenes below verse, nerely versified, lay claim to a degree of humour. Swift in poetry deserves a place somewhere betwixt Butler and Horace. He has the wit of the former, and the graceful negligence which we find in the latter's epistles and satires. I believe, few people discover less humour in “Don Quixote” than myself. For beside the general sameness of adventure, where by it is easy to foresee what he will do on most oc. casions, it is not so easy to raise a laugh from the wild atchievements of a madman. The natural paso sion, in that case, is pity, with some small portion of mirth at most. Sancho's character is indeed comic; and, were it reinoved from the romance, would discover how little there was of humour in the character of Don Quixote.
It is a fine stroke of Cervantes, when Sancho, sick of his government, makes no answer to his comforters, but aims directly at his shoes and stockings.
OF MEN AND MANVERS. 1. The arguments against pride drawn so frequently by our clergy from the general infirmity, circumstances, and catastrophe of our nature, are extremely triling and insignificant. Man is not proud as a species, but as an individual; not as comparing himself with other beings, but with his fellow creatures.
2. I have often thought that people draw many of their ideas of agreeableness, in regard to proportion, colour, &c. from their own persons. 3. It is happy enough that the same vices which impair one's fortune, frequently ruin our constitution, that the one may not survive the other.
4. Deference often shrinks and withers as much on the approach of intimacy, as the sensative plant does on the touch of one's finger. 5. The word Folly is, perhaps, the prettiest word in the language. Amusement and Diversion are good well meaning words: but Pastime is what never should be used but in a bad sense: it is vile to say such a thing is agreeable, because it helps to pass the time away. 6. Dancing in the rough is one of the most natural expressions of joy, and coincides with jumping. When it is regulated, it is merely, cum ratione insanire.” 7. A plain, downright, open-hearted fellow's conversation is as insipid, says Sir Plume, as a play without a plot; it does not afford one the amusement of thinking.
8. The fortunate have many parasites: Hope is the only one that vouchsafes attendance on the wretched and the beggar. 9. A man of genius mistaking his talent loses the advantage of being distinguished; a fool of being undistinguished. 10. Jealousy is the fear or apprehension of superiority: envy, our uneasiness under it. 11. What some people term freedom is nothing else than a liberty of saying and doing disagreeable things. It is but carrying the notion a lit. tle higher, and it would require us to break and have a head broken reciprocally without offence. 12. I cannot see why people are ashamed to acknow. ledge their passion for popularity. The love of popularity is the love of being beloved.
13. The ridicule with which some people affect to triumph over their superiors, is as tho' the moon, under an eclipse, should pretend to laugh at the sun. 14. Zealous men are ever displaying to you the strength of their belief, while judicious men are shewing to you the grounds of it. 15. I con sider your very testy and quarrelsome people, in the same light as I do a loaded gun: which may by ac. cident go off, and kill one. 16. I am afraid humility to genius is as an extinguisher to a candle. 17. Many persons, when exalted, assume an insolent humility, who behaved before with an insolent haughtiness. 18. Men are sometimes accused of pride, merely because their accusers would be proud themselves, if they were in their places. 19. Men of fine parts, they say are often proud; I answer, dull people are seldom so, and both act on an appearance of reason. 20. It was observed of a most accomplished lady, that she was withal so very modest, that one sometimes thought she nego ted the praises of her wit, because she could depend on those of her beauty; at other times, that she slighted those of her beauty, knowing she might rely on those of her wit.
21. The only dif
ference betwixt wine and ale seems to be that of chemic and gaienic medicines. 22. It is the reduplication or accumulation of compliments, that gives them their agreeableness: I mean, when, seeming to wander from the subject, you return to it again with greater force. As a common instance: ‘I wish it was capable of a precise demonstration how much I esteein, love, and honour you, beyond all the rich the gay, the great of this sublunary sphere: but I believe that both divines and laymen will agree that the sublimest and most valuable truths are oftentimes least capable of demonstration.'
23. It is a noble piece of policy that is used in some arbitrary governments (but suitable to none other) to instill it into the minds of the people that their Great Duke knoweth all things.
24. In a heavy oppressive atmosphere, when the spirits sink too low, the best cordial is to read over all the letters of one's friends.
25. Pride and modesty are sometimes found to unite together in the same character : and the mixture is as salutary as that of wine and water. The worst combination ( know is that of avarice and pride; as the former naturally obstructs the good that pride eventually produces. What I mean, is expense. 26. A great many tunes, by a variety of circumrotatory flourishes, put one in mind of a lark's descent to the ground. 27. People frequently use this expression, “ I am inclined to think so and so;" not considering that they are then speaking the most literal of all truths. 28. The first part of a newspaper which an ill-natured man examines, is the list of bankrupts, and the bills of mortality. 29. The chief thing which induces men of sense to use airs of superiority, is the contemplation of coxcombs; that is, conceited fools; who would otherwise run away with the men of sense's privileges. 30. To be entirely engrossed by antiquity, and, as it were, eaten up with rust, is a bad compliment to the present age. 31. Ask to borrow sixpence of the muses, and they will tell you, at present they are out of cash, but hereafter they will furnish you with five thousand pounds. 32. The argument against restrain-' ing our passions, because we shall not always have it in our power to gratify them, is inuch stronger for their restraint, than it is for their indulgence. 33. Few men, that would cause respect and distance merely, can say any thing by which their end will be so effectually answered as by silence.
34. There is nothing more universally commended than a fine day; the reason is, that people can commend it without envy.
35. One may, modestly enough, calculate one's appearance for respect upon the road, where respect and convenience so remarkably coincide.
36. Altho'a man cannot procure himself a title at pleasure, he may vary the appellation he goes by considerably.
As from Tom, to Mr. Thomas, to Mr. Musgrove, to Thomas Musgrove, esquire. And this by a behaviour of reserve, or familiarity.
37. For a man of genius to condescend in conversation with vulgar people, gives the sensation that a tall man feels on being forced to stoop in a low room.
38. There is nothing more universally prevalent than flattery. Persons, who discover the flatterer, do not always disapprove him, because he imagines them considerable enough to deserve his applications. It is a tacit sort of compliment, that he esteems them to be such as it is