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bis requests, his advice, and even his intimations, become commands; and to propose matters with the utmost tenderness. The person whoin he obliges has otherwise lost his freedom:
“ Hac ego si compellar imagine, cuncta resigno:
otia divitiis Arabum liberrima muto.” The amiable and the severe, Mr. Burke's sublime and beautiful, by different proportions, are mixed in every character. Accordingly, as either is predominant, men imprint the passion of love or fear. The best punch depends on a proper mixture of sugar. and lemon.
ON MEN AND MANNERS.
There are many persons acquire to themselves, a character of insincerity, from what is, in truth, mere inconstancy. And there are persons of warm, but changeable, passions; perhaps the sincerest of any in the very instant they make profession, but the very least to be depended on through the short duration of all extremes. It has often puzzled me, on this account, to ascertain the character of Lady Luxborough ;* yet whatever were her principles, I esteem Lord Bolingbroke's to have been the same. She seenied in all respects the female Lord Bolingbroke.
The principal, if not the only, difference betwist honesty and honour, seems to lie in their different motives: the object of the latter being reputation; and of the former duty.
It is the greatest * Sister to Lord Bolingbruke; with her the author had enjoyed a literary correspondence.
Comfort to the poor, whose ignorance often inclines them to an ill-grounded envy, that the rich must die as well as themselves. The common people call wit, mirth, and fancy, folly; fanciful and folliful, they use indiscriminately. It seems to flow from hence, that they consider money as of more importance, than the persons who possess it; and that no conduct is wise, beside what bas-a tendency to enrich us.
One should not destroy an insect, one should not quarrel with a dog, without a reason sufficient to vindicate one through all the courts of morality.
The trouble occasioned by want of a servant, is so much less than the plague of a bad one, as it is less painful to clean a pair of shoes than undergo an excess of anger.
The fund of sensible discourse is limited; that of jest and badinerie is infinite. In many companies, then, where nothing is to be learnt, it were, perhaps, better to get on the familiar footing: to give and take in the way of raillery.
When a wife or mistress lives as in a jail, the person that confines her lives the life of a jarlor.
There seems some analogy betwixt a person's manner in every action of his life
Lady Luxborough's hand-writing was, at the same time, delicate and masculine. Her features, her air, her understanding, her motions, and her sentiments were the same. Mr. W-, in the saine respects, delicate, but not masculine. Mr. G- rather more delicate than masculine.
rather more masculine than delicate, And this, in regard to the three last, extends to their rirawing, versification, &c. &c. &c.
Riches deserve the attention of young persons rather than old ones; tho' the practice is otherwise,
To consume one's time and
fortune at once, without pleasure, recompence, or figure, is like pouring forth one's spirits rather in phlebotomy than enjoyment.
Parents are generally partial to great vivacity in their children, and are apt to be more or less fond of them in proportion to it. Perhaps, there cannot be a symptom less expressive of future judgment and solidity. It seems thoroughly to preclude not only depth of penetration, but also delicacy of sentiment. Neither does it seem any way consistent with a sensibility of pleasure, notwithstanding all external appearances. It is a mere greyhound puppy in a warren, that runs at all truths, and at all sorts of pleasure; but does not allow itself time to be successful in securing any. It is a busy bee, whose whole time passes away in mere Hight from flower to flower; without resting upon any a sufficient time to gather honey.
The Queen of Sweden declared, “ She did not love men as men; but merely because they were not women.' What a spirited piece of satire !
In mixed conversation, or amongst persons of no great know. ledge, one indulges one's self in discourse that is neither ingenious nor sigrificant. Vapid frivolous chit-chat serves to pass away the time. But corked up again in retirement, we recover our wonted strength, spirit, and favour.
The making presents to a lady one addresses, is like throwing armour into an enemy's camp, with a resolution to recover it.
He that lies a-bed all a summer's morning, loses the chief pleasure of the day: he that gives up his youth to indolence, undergoes a loss of the same kind.
Spleen is often little else than obstructed perspiration. The regard, men externally profess for their superiors, is oftentimes
rewarded-in the manner it deserves.
Me thinks, all men should meet with a respect due to as high a character as they can act becomingly. Shining characters are not always the most agreeable
The mild radiance of an emerald is by no means less pleasing than the glare of a ruby. Mankind suifer more by the contlict of contrary passions, than that of passion and reason : yet, perhaps, the truest way to quench one passion is to kindle up another.
Prudent men should lock up their motives, giving only their intimates a key. The country esquire limits his ambition to a pre-eminence in the knowledge of horses; that is, of an animal that may convey him with ease, credit, and safety, the little journeys he has to go. The philosopher directs his ambition to some well-grounded science, which may, with the same ease, credit, and safety, transport him through every stage of being; so that he may not be overthrown by passion, nor trailed insipidly along by apathy.
Toin Tweedle played a good fiddle; but, nothing satisfied with the inconsiderable appellation of a fiddler, dropped the practice, and is now no character. The best time to frame an answer to the letters of a friend, is the moment you receive them, Then the warmth of friendship, and the intelligence received, most forcibly co-operate.
The philosophers and ancient sages, who declaimed against the vanity of all external advantages, seem, in an equal degree, to have countenanced and authorized the inental ones, or they would condemn their own example. Superiority in wit is more frequently the cause of vanity than superiority of judgment; as the person that wears an ornamental sword, is ever more vain
than he that wears an useful one. who has a superiority in wit is enabled, by the means of it, to see his superiority: hence a deference is expected, and offence taken on the failure. Add to this, that wit, considered as fancy, renders all the passions more sensible; the love of fame more remarkably so; and you have some sort of reason for the revenge taken by wits on those who neglect then. In the quarrels of our friends, it is incumbent on us to take a part-in the quarrels of mere acquaintance, it is needless, and, perhaps impertinent. When I have purchased aught by way of inere amusement, your reflection on the cost not only intimates the bargain I have made to be a bad one, but tends to make it so. Had I the money
those paintings cost,' says Torper, 'methinks I would have discovered some better method of disposing of it.' 'And in what would you have expended it?' • I would buy some fine horses.' · But
you have already what answer your purpose!' Yes, but I have a particular fancy for a fine horse.' And have not I, who bought these pictures the same argument on my side?' The truth is, he who extols his own amusements, and condemns another person's, unless he do it as they bear relation to virtue or vice, will at all times find himself at a loss for an argument.
People of real genius have strong passions; people of strong passions have great partialities; such as Mr. Pope for Lord Bolingbroke, &c. Persons of slow parts have languid passions, and persons of languid passions have little partiality. They neither love, nor hate, nor look, nor move, with the energy of a man of sense. The faults of the former should be balanced with their excellencies: and the blameless