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FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT, 1878.

41 Vict., c. 16, s. 52 (b). EMPLOYMENT, &c., DURING MEAL HOURS. Order of Secretary of State extending Special Exception.

WHEREAS the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, Section 52, contains a special exception to the effect that the provisions of the Act which require that a child, young person, and woman shall not, during any part of the times allowed for meals in a factory or workshop, be allowed to remain in a room in which the manufacturing process or handicraft is being carried on, shall not apply in the cases therein referred to;

And whereas it has been proved to my satisfaction, that in factories and workshops of the classes mentioned in the Schedule hereunder, it is necessary, by reason of the con. tinuous nature of the processes and the special circumstances affecting such classes, to extend thereto the foregoing special exception, and that such extension can be made without injury to the health of the children, young persons, and women affected thereby;

Now I, the Right Honourable Richard Assheton Cross, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, by this Order made under Part 2 of the said Act, extend such exception accordingly.

This Order shall come into operation on 1st January, 1879, and shall, unless previously revoked, continue in force until 31st December, 1882, and no longer. Home Office, Whitehall, 10th December, 1878.

Richd. Assheton Cross.

Schedule. (a) Textile factories wherein female young persons or

(6) See preceding note.

women employed in a distinct department, in which there is no machinery, commence work at a later hour than the men and other young persons, subject to the condition that all in the same department shall have their meals at the same time.

(6) Non-textile factories and workshops wherein is carried on the making of wearing apparel.

(c) Non-textile factories and workshops wherein there are two or more departments or sets of young persons, subject to the condition that all in the same department or set shall have their meals at the same time.

FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT, 1878.

41 Vict., c. 16, s. 54 (c). OVERTIME 30 MINUTES. INCOMPLETE PROCESS. Order of Secretary of State extending Special Exception.

WHEREAS the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, Section 54, contains a special exception to the effect that if, in any factory or workshop or part thereof to which the exception applies, the process in which a child, young person or woman is employed, is in an incomplete state at the end of the period of employment of such child, young person or woman, the provisions of the Act with respect to the period of employment shall not prevent such child, young person, or woman from being employed for a further period not exceeding thirty minutes ;

Provided that such further periods, when added to the total number of hours of the periods of employment of such child, young person, or woman in that week, do not raise the total above the number otherwise allowed under the Act;

And whereas this special exception is by the Act declared

(c) By s. 54 a Secretary of State is empowered to extend the exceptions contained in that section to any class of non-textile factories or workshops. P. 53.

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to apply to the factories and workshops referred to in the said section ;

And whereas it has been proved to my satisfaction that in non-textile factories and workshops of the class mentioned in the Schedule hereunder, or parts of such non-textile factories and workshops, the time for the completion of a process cannot by reason of the nature thereof be accurately fixed, and that the extension of this exception to such class of factories or workshops or parts thereof can be made without injury to the health of the children, young persons, and women affected

thereby;

Now I, the Right Honourable Richard Assheton Cross, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, by this Order, made under Part 2 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, do extend this exception accordingly,

This Order shall come into operation on 1st January, 1879, and shall, unless previously revoked, continue in force until 31st December, 1882, and no longer. Home Office, Whitehall, 10th December, 1878.

Richd. Assheton Cross.

Schedule. Non-textile factories and workshops or parts thereof in which is carried on the process of baking of bread or biscuits.

FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT, 1878.

41 Vict., c. 16, s. 57 (d).

WATER MILLS. LOST TIME. Order of Secretary of State granting Special Exception. I, the Right Honourable Richard Assheton Cross, one of

(d) By s. 57 a Secretary of State is empowered to grant to factories driven by water-power, which are liable to be stopped by drought or flood, a special exception permitting the employment of young persons and women during a period from 6 A.M. until 7 P.M. P. 55.

Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, by this Order, made under Part 2 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, grant to every factory falling within the class of factories mentioned in the Schedule hereunder, a special exception permitting the employment therein of young persons and women during a period of employment from 6 A.M. to 7 P.M., for the purpose of recovery of time lost from the stoppage of such factory by drought or flood, subject nevertheless to the following conditions 1. No person employed under this special exception shall

be thereby deprived of the meal hours by the Act pro

vided, or be so employed on Saturday. 2. Notice of the time lost and the cause thereof shall be

reported to the Inspector within three days of such

loss. 3. Notice of the recovery of the time lost shall be reported

to the Inspector, day by day, as the same has been

recovered. 4. This special exception shall not be available

(a) for the recovery of any time lost more than twelve months previously;

(b) for the recovery of time lost from the stoppage of the factory by drought, for more than 96 days in any period of twelve months ;

(c) for the recovery of time lost from the stoppage of the factory by floods, for more than 48 days in any

period of twelve months. 5. This special exception will not authorise the employ

ment of children. This Order shall come into effect on the 1st January, 1879, and shall, unless previously revoked, continue in force until 31st December, 1882, and no longer. Home Office, Whitehall, 10th December, 1878.

Richd. Assheton Cross.

Schedule. Factories in which water-power alone is used to inove machinery

FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT. 1878.

41 Vict., c. 16, s. 58 (e).

NIGHT WORK. MALE YOUNG PERSONS ABOVE 16.

Order of Secretary of State extending Special Exception.

WHEREAS the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, Section 58, contains a special exception to the effect that nothing in the Act shall prevent the employment, in factories to which the exception applies, of male young persons during the night, if they are employed in accordance with the following conditions : (1.) The period of employment shall not exceed 12 con

secutive hours, and shall begin and end at the hours

specified in the notice in the Act mentioned ; and (2.) The provisions of Part 1 of the Act with respect to the

allowance of times for meals to young persons during the period of employment shall be observed with the necessary modifications as to the hour at which the times

allowed for meals are fixed; and (3.) A male young person employed during any part of

the night shall not be employed during any part of the 12 hours preceding or succeeding the period of employ

ment; and (4.) A male young person shall not be employed on more

than 6 nights, or in the case of blast furnaces or paper

mills 7 nights, in any two weeks. And the said Act declares that the provisions of the Act, with respect to the period of employment on Saturday, and with respect to the allowance to young persons of 8 halfholidays in every year or whole holidays in lieu of them,

(e) By s. 58 a Secretary of State is empowered to extend to any class of non-textile factories or workshops or parts thereof the exception contained in that section. P. 57.

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