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shall not apply to a male young person employed in day and night turns in pursuance of this exception;

And whereas this special exception is by the Act declared to apply to the factories referred to in the said section;

And whereas it has been proved to my satisfaction that in non-textile factories of the class mentioned in the Schedule hereunder, it is necessary, by reason of the nature of the business requiring the process to be carried on throughout the night, to employ male young persons of 16 or upwards at night, and that such employment will not injure the health of the male young persons employed;

Now I, the Right Honourable Richard Assheton Cross, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, by this Order, made under Part 2 of the said Act, extend the said exception to factories of such class so far as regards male young persons of 16 or upwards.

This Order shall come into effect on 1st January, 1879, and shall

, unless previously revoked, continue in force until 31st December, 1882, and no longer. Home Office, Whitehall, 10th December, 1878.

Richd. Assheton Cross.

· Schedule. Oil and seed crushing mills (factories).

THE FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT, 1878.

41 Vict., c. 16. In pursuance of the power vested in the Secretary of State by Section 67 (f) of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878 (41 Vict., c. 16), Mr. Secretary Cross has been pleased to fix the titles to be borne in future by the Inspectors under that Act, viz :

The officers hitherto known as “Inspectors of Factories ” to be styled “Her Majesty's Chief Inspectors of Factories and Workshops.”

(f) P. 64.

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The officers known as Assistant-Inspectors of Factories" to be styled “Her Majesty's Superintending Inspectors of Factories and Workshops, and

The officers known as Sub-Inspectors of Factories” to be styled “Her Majesty's Inspectors of Factories and Workshops."

Whitehall, Dec. 24, 1878,

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THE FACTORY AND WORKSHOP ACT, 1878.

41 Vict., c. 16, ss. 23, 96 (g). Order of Secretary of State defining an Attendance at

School (England). WHEREAS by the Factory and Workshop Act, 1878, it is enacted as follows : [Recites s. 23 verbatim to the words “ and six in the

evening ;” and s.96 definition of “ Education De

partment.”] Now I, the Right Honourable Richard Assheton Cross, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, with the consent of the Lords of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education, hereby for the purposes of the above enactment so far as concerns England, define “Attendance ” to mean the attendance of a child at a morning or afternoon meeting of a school during not less than two hours of instruction in secular subjects.

Richd. Assheton Cross. Home Office, Whitehall, Dec. 24, 1878.

(9) Pp. 30, 90.

INDEX.

0-

ABSTRACT OF THE ACT,

to be hung up in factory or workshop, 72.
exceptions as to domestic factories and workshops, and

certain other workshops, 58.

ACCIDENT,

from machinery, liabilities of occupier in respect of, 7, et

seq.
notice of, to be given to inspector and to certifying sur-
certifying surgeon to examine into causes of, and report to

inspector, 37.
where occupier is not actual employer, 37.
special exception as to notice of, for domestic factories and

workshops, and certain other workshops, 58.

geon, 36.

ACTION,

liability of occupier to, in respect of accidents from ma-

chinery, 7.
right of, not affected by imposition of penalties, ib.

ADULTS,

men, employment of not restricted, xi.
provision as to guarding machinery to apply to protection

of, 4.

AËRATED WATER MAKING,

as to period of employment in, 105.

employment overtime in, 108.
AGE,

no child under 10 to be employed, 27.
certificate of, required as to persons under 16, 33.
evidence of, in summary proceedings, 82.
certificate of birth to prove, in Scotland, 194.

the like in Ireland, 95.
AGENT,

servant or workman, when to be charged instead of

occupier, 77.

AGRICULTURE,

children's labour in, regulated by statute, ix.

ALMANACK MAKING,

period of employment in, 105.

employment overtime in, 108.
ALTERNATE DAYS SYSTEM,

how children may be employed on, in textile factories, 17.

in non-textile factories and workshops, 20.
ANNEALING GLASS,

employment of children and female young persons in parts

of factory where process of, is carried on, prohibited, 103.
APPEAL,

from conviction or order of justices to Quarter Sessions,

79.
proceedings on, ib.
procedure of, in Scotland, 97.

Ireland, 99.
to Secretary of State to annul appointment or revocation

of appointment of certifying surgeon, 68.
APPRENTICES,

42 Geo. 3, c. 73 relating to, repealed, 117.
to be deemed as working for hire, within the Act, 88.

ARBITRATION,

reference to, as to fencing dangerous machinery, 11.
ARTICLE

the making, &c., of any, when it constitutes a non-textile

factory or a workshop, 85, 86.
ARTIFICIAL FLOWER MAKING,

period of employment in, 105.

employment overtime in, 109.
56 ATTENDANCE”

at school, definition of, 29.
BAKEHOUSES,

definition of, 115.
special provisions as to health in, 39.
not exempted therefrom by s. 61, 60.
as to sleeping places near, 39.
special exception as to employment of male young persons

above 16 in, 46; and see pp. 121, 130.
BAND, see DRIVING STRAP.
BEETLING,

process of, included in definition of bleaching and dyeing

works, 112.
BISCUIT MAKING,

included in definition of bakehouses, 114.
special exception as to period of employment in, 44, 105 ;

and see p. 121.
BLAST FURNACES,

definition of, 113.
actual employer to report to occupier accident in, 37.
night employment in, of male young persons, 56, 111.

special exceptions as to meal hours in, 51, 106.
BLEACHING AND DYEING WORKS,

definition of, 112.
not included amongst textile factories, 84.
period of employment and meal hours in, same as in

textile factories, 42.

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