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THIRD SCHEDULE.
SPECIAL EXCEPTIONS.

PART ONE.

Period of Employment.

Page

105

Employment of children, young persons, and women between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. in certain trades

PART Two.

Meal Hours. Cases in which provisions as to meal times are not to apply

PART THREE.

Overtime.
Factories and workshops in which young persons and

women may be allowed to work for fourteen hours a
day under certain restrictions

106

107

110

PART FOUR.

Additional Half Hour. Factories in which a child, young person, or woman may be employed for an additional half-hour

PART FIVE.

Overtime for Perishable Articles.
Factories and workshops in which women may be em-

ployed for fourteen hours a day .

110

111

PART Six.

Night Work. Factories in which male young persons may be employed at night

PART SEVEN.

Spell.
Continuous employment of children, young persons,

and women for five hours in certain textile factories
during the winter months

111 FOURTH SCHEDULE.

LIST OF FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS.

PART ONE.

Non-Textile Factories.

Page

66

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“ Print works." “Bleaching and Dyeing works.”

“Earthenware works." “Lucifer-match works.” “ Percussion - cap works.” Cartridge works.”

Paper-staining works.” “Fustian-cutting works.” “Blast-furnaces." Copper mills.” “ Iron mills." “ Foundries.” “Metal and india-rubber works." “Paper mills.” “Glass works." “Tobacco factories.” “Letter-press printing works.” Bookbinding works.” “Flax scutch mills ”

PART Two.
Non-Textile Factories and Workshops.
“Hat works.” 66
Rope works.”

Bakehouses.” warehouses." Shipbuilding yards." Quarries." “Pit-banks'

112

9 · Lace

66

66

114

FIFTH SCHEDULE.

SPECIAL EXEMPTIONS.
Straw plaiting. Pillow-lace making. Glove making.

116

SIXTH SCHEDULE.

Acts repealed

117

Orders made by Secretary of State under the Act

(Appendix)

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THE

FACTORY & WORKSHOP ACT,

1878.

41 VICT. c. 16. An Act to Consolidate and Amend the Law Relating to Factories and Workshops.

[27th May, 1878.] Be it enacted by the Queen's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

Preliminary. I. This Act may be cited as the Factory and Sect. 1. Workshop Act, 1878.

II. This Act shall come into operation on the Sect. 2. first day of January, one thousand eight hundred Commenceand seventy-nine, which day is in this Act referred Act. to as the commencement of this Act : Provided that at any time after the passing of this Act any appointment, regulation, or order may be made, any notice issued, form prescribed, and act done which appears to a Secretary of State necessary or proper to be made, issued, prescribed, or done for the purpose of bringing this Act into operation at the commencement thereo..

Short title.

ment of

B

condition of

PART I.
GENERAL LAW RELATING TO FACTORIES AND

WORKSHOPS (a).

(1.) Sanitary Provisions. Sect. 3.

III. A factory and a workshop shall be kept in a Sanitary cleanly state and free from effluvia arising from any factory and drain, privy, or other nuisance (6). workshop.

A factory or workshop shall not be so overcrowded while work is carried on therein, as to be injurious to the health of the persons employed therein, and shall be ventilated in such a manner as to render harmless, so far as is practicable, all the gases, vapours, dust, or other impurities generated in the course of the manufacturing process or handicraft carried on therein that may be injurious to health (c).

A factory or workshop in which there is a contravention of this section shall be deemed not to be kept in conformity with this Act (d).

(a) As to what are factories and workshops within the scope of the Act, see s. 93; p. 84.

(6) Special provisions are made as to limewashing, &c., for the purpose of securing the observance of this requirement as to cleanliness. S. 33, p. 38; and see s. 63, p. 60.

(c) In respect of factories and workshops where grinding, glazing, or polishing on a wheel, or any process is carried on, by which dust is generated and inhaled by the worker to an injurious extent, an inspector has power to direct the adoption of some mechanical means to prevent such inhalation. S. 36.

(d) And the occupier thereof will consequently render himself liable to a fine of £1. S. 81.

“Domestic" factories and workshops where children and young persons are not employed are exempted from the provisions of this section. S. 61.

Amongst the "nuisances” liable to be dealt with summarily

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